Twentynine Palms, California

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"Twentynine Palms" redirects here. For other uses, see Twentynine Palms (disambiguation).
City of Twentynine Palms
City
Northeast view of Twentynine Palms from Donnell Hill on the south side of town
Northeast view of Twentynine Palms from Donnell Hill on the south side of town
Motto: " A Beautiful Desert Oasis "
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Location in San Bernardino County and the state of California
Coordinates: 34°08′08″N 116°03′15″W / 34.13556°N 116.05417°W / 34.13556; -116.05417Coordinates: 34°08′08″N 116°03′15″W / 34.13556°N 116.05417°W / 34.13556; -116.05417[1]
Country  United States
State  California
County San Bernardino
Incorporated November 23, 1987[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 59.143 sq mi (153.179 km2)
 • Land 59.143 sq mi (153.179 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)  0%
Elevation[1] 1,988 ft (606 m)
Population (2014 (est.))
 • Total 25,768
 • Density 440/sq mi (170/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92277-92278
Area code(s) 760
FIPS code 06-80994
GNIS feature ID 1652804
Website www.ci.twentynine-palms.ca.us

Twentynine Palms (also known as 29 Palms) is a city in San Bernardino County, California, United States. It was previously called Twenty-Nine Palms.

Geography[edit]

The city is located in the Mojave Desert in Southern California.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 59.1 square miles (153 km2), all land.[3]

The city is at an elevation of 1,988 feet (606 m).[1]

The Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms is located there.

Climate[edit]

Due in large part to its elevation of more than 1,100 ft (340 m) above sea level, Twentynine Palms has a slightly cooler climate, especially during winter, than Palm Springs, but with essentially the same subtropical desert characteristics. Temperatures reach 100 °F (38 °C) on 90 days, 90 °F (32 °C) on 155 days, and the freezing mark on 24 nights annually. Extremes range from 10 °F (−12 °C) on December 23, 1990 to 118 °F (48 °C) on July 11, 1961.

Climate data for Twentynine Palms, California (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 85
(29)
90
(32)
95
(35)
102
(39)
112
(44)
117
(47)
118
(48)
116
(47)
114
(46)
106
(41)
93
(34)
92
(33)
118
(48)
Average high °F (°C) 61.5
(16.4)
65.3
(18.5)
72.3
(22.4)
79.8
(26.6)
89.3
(31.8)
98.0
(36.7)
102.7
(39.3)
101.0
(38.3)
94.7
(34.8)
82.8
(28.2)
69.4
(20.8)
60.1
(15.6)
81.4
(27.4)
Average low °F (°C) 40.8
(4.9)
43.4
(6.3)
48.2
(9)
53.8
(12.1)
62.5
(16.9)
69.7
(20.9)
76.2
(24.6)
75.2
(24)
68.0
(20)
56.8
(13.8)
46.3
(7.9)
39.7
(4.3)
56.7
(13.7)
Record low °F (°C) 11
(−12)
18
(−8)
23
(−5)
29
(−2)
33
(1)
43
(6)
53
(12)
52
(11)
38
(3)
24
(−4)
14
(−10)
10
(−12)
10
(−12)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.52
(13.2)
0.57
(14.5)
0.45
(11.4)
0.13
(3.3)
0.09
(2.3)
0.01
(0.3)
0.54
(13.7)
0.80
(20.3)
0.39
(9.9)
0.18
(4.6)
0.24
(6.1)
0.57
(14.5)
4.49
(114.1)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 3.2 3.2 2.5 1.2 0.8 0.2 1.6 2.6 1.6 1.1 1.2 2.4 21.6
Source: NOAA (extremes 1935–present)[4]

Oasis of Mara[edit]

One popular tourist attraction at Twentynine Palms is the Oasis of Mara, which is visited by some 140,000 people every year.[5]

History[edit]

Twentynine Palms was named for the palm trees found there in 1852 by Col. Henry Washington while surveying the San Bernardino base line.[6]

There's a small Indian reservation belonging to the Twentynine Palms Band of Mission Indians. The nearby Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms was founded in 1952.

2000[edit]

[clarification needed] As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 14,764 people, 5,653 households, and 3,855 families residing in the city. The population density was 269.3 inhabitants per square mile (104.0/km²). There were 6,952 housing units at an average density of 126.8 per square mile (49.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 71.0% White, 9.4% African American, 1.5% Native American, 3.8% Asian, 10.2% Pacific Islander, 6.2% from other races, and 6.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.9% of the population. The Hispanic population has increased 50% since the 2000 census.

There were 5,653 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.8% were married couples living together, 13.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 25.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.6 and the average family size was 3.1.

In the city the population was spread out with 31.2% under the age of 18, 15.2% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 16.7% from 45 to 64, and 8.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 27 years. For every 100 females there were 101.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,178, and the median income for a family was $32,251. Males had a median income of $25,081 versus $25,141 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,613. About 13.6% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.3% of those under age 18 and 10.0% of those age 65 or over.

Demographics[edit]

The population was estimated to be 25,768 in 2013.[8]

The 2010 United States Census[9] reported that Twentynine Palms had a population of 25,048. The population density was 423.5 people per square mile (163.5/km²). The racial makeup of Twentynine Palms was 17,938 (71.6%) White (60.8% Non-Hispanic White),[10] 2,063 (8.2%) African American, 329 (1.3%) Native American, 979 (3.9%) Asian, 345 (1.4%) Pacific Islander, 1,678 (6.7%) from other races, and 1,716 (6.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5,212 persons (20.8%).

The Census reported that 21,701 people (86.6% of the population) lived in households, 3,347 (13.4%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 8,095 households, out of which 3,505 (43.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 4,412 (54.5%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 1,041 (12.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 394 (4.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 401 (5.0%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 51 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,708 households (21.1%) were made up of individuals and 453 (5.6%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.68. There were 5,847 families (72.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.10.

The population was spread out with 6,411 people (25.6%) under the age of 18, 7,512 people (30.0%) aged 18 to 24, 6,396 people (25.5%) aged 25 to 44, 3,277 people (13.1%) aged 45 to 64, and 1,452 people (5.8%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.5 years. For every 100 females there were 129.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 139.9 males.

There were 9,431 housing units at an average density of 159.5 per square mile (61.6/km²), of which 2,742 (33.9%) were owner-occupied, and 5,353 (66.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.6%; the rental vacancy rate was 9.2%. 6,876 people (27.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 14,825 people (59.2%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Twentynine Palms had a median household income of $42,572, with 14.4% of the population living below the federal poverty line.[10]

Elections[edit]

In the state legislature Twentynine Palms is located in the 18th Senate District, represented by Republican Jean Fuller, and in the 65th Assembly District, represented by Republican Paul Cook.

In the United States House of Representatives, Twentynine Palms is in California's 8th congressional district, represented by Republican Paul Cook.[11]

Education[edit]

Copper Mountain College, is a community college serving the Morongo Basin.[12]

The Morongo Unified School District provides an education for public school students.[13]

Mayfield College,[14] offers a training program to prepare active duty service members for careers in the Heating, Ventilation, Air Conditioning, and Refrigeration (HVAC/R) industry.

Media[edit]

The Desert Trail newspaper in Yucca Valley is published weekly.[15] The Sun Runner Magazine of California Desert Life and Culture is published bi-monthly.[16]

There is one AM station: KNWH a transmitter of KNWQ-1140 KNews Radio – Twentynine Palms (San Bernardino) CA US news/talk, and several FM Stations: KCDZ Z107.7 – Twentynine Palms (San Bernardino) CA US hot ac, Low Power FM Translator and K214CR|r.KCRW-89.9 NPR – Twentynine Palms (San Bernardino) CA US public.[17]

Infrastructure[edit]

Roads[edit]

Cemetery[edit]

Established in the early 1930s, the Twentynine Palms Public Cemetery is located there at 34°09′15″N 116°05′58″W / 34.15417°N 116.09944°W / 34.15417; -116.09944.[18]

Notable people[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

Music[edit]

A song, "The Lady from Twentynine Palms," was recorded by Frank Sinatra in 1939.[20]

Former Led Zeppelin singer Robert Plant had a hit single called "29 Palms", from his solo album Fate of Nations in 1993.

The band Sublime mentioned the city of Twentynine Palms, CA in their song "April 29, 1992 (Miami)" off of their self-titled album.[21]

Sam Roberts mentions Twentynine Palms in his song "Faultline Blues".[citation needed]

Track two of the album "Places" by Brad Mehldau, released in 2000, is named after the city.[citation needed]

Keith Gattis' song "El Cerrito Place" mentions the Joshua Tree National Park as well, "Somehow I wound up in the desert just after day light, where the Joshua Trees grow that little place you always liked."[citation needed] The song was originally recorded by Charlie Robison, and then later by Kenny Chesney.[citation needed]

Film[edit]

Some scenes in the 1963 comedy film It's a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World were shot in Twentynine Palms.

Twentynine Palms is a 2003 drama/horror movie.[22]

TV[edit]

A portion of an episode called "Tanks for the Memories" from the TV show Home Improvement was filmed at the Marine Corps Air Ground Combat Center Twentynine Palms in 1995.[citation needed]

Radio[edit]

On April 22, 1945, The Jack Benny Program was broadcast from 29 Palms naval base. There were plenty of jokes made about the base's dry, hot weather, along with a comedic sketch of the town's history.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Twentynine Palms". Geographic Names Information System, U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved October 12, 2014. 
  2. ^ "California Cities by Incorporation Date" (Word). California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Retrieved August 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b "2010 Census Gazetteer File - Places - California". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 10, 2014. 
  4. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-07-03. 
  5. ^ Oasis of Mara - Joshua Tree National Park (U.S. National Park Service)
  6. ^ Gudde, Erwin Gustav; Bright, William (1998). California Place Names: The Origin and Etymology of Current Geographical Names (4th ed.). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. p. 277. ISBN 0-520-24217-3. LCCN 97043168. "Washington ... found 29 'cabbage trees' ... the common name for the Washington palm." 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Twentynine Palms city". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  10. ^ a b http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/06/0680994.html.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  11. ^ "California's 8th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. 
  12. ^ Copper Mountain College
  13. ^ Morongo Unified School District – Home
  14. ^ Mayfield College
  15. ^ Desert Trail: About Us
  16. ^ The Sun Runner: About Us
  17. ^ http://radiostationworld.com/locations/united_states_of_america/california/radio.asp?m=pal
  18. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Twentynine Palms Cemetery
  19. ^ Niemann, Greg (2006). "6: Pursuit of a Renegade Indian". Palm Springs Legends: creation of a desert oasis. San Diego, CA: Sunbelt Publications. ISBN 978-0-932653-74-1. 
  20. ^ Alphabetical List of Songs recorded by Frank Sinatra
  21. ^ http://www.lyricsfreak.com/s/sublime/april+29+1992_20133116.html
  22. ^ IMDB.com retrieved April 26, 2008

External links[edit]