Twickenham (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Twickenham
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Twickenham in Greater London.
County Greater London
Electorate 79,172 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Twickenham, Whitton, Hampton and Teddington
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of Parliament Rt Hon Vince Cable (Liberal Democrat)
Number of members One
Created from Brentford
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency London

Twickenham is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Vince Cable, a Liberal Democrat.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

Hampton Court Palace
Twickenham constituency within the county of Middlesex, showing boundaries used from 1918-45
Twickenham constituency showing boundaries used from 1945-50 - in wards, identical to present boundaries

The seat covers the south western part of the London Borough of Richmond, that part of the borough on the north bank of the River Thames.[n 3] It chiefly contains the towns or London districts of Twickenham, Hampton, Teddington and Whitton. Smaller sub-localities by order of commercial activity are Hampton Hill, Hampton Wick, St Margarets, Fulwell, Strawberry Hill and Hampton Court hamlet proper.[n 4] Features includes Hampton Court Palace, Bushy Park (one of the Royal Parks of London), and the Rugby Football Union's national ground, Twickenham Stadium.



History of boundaries[edit]

1918-1945

During this period the Hamptons (Hampton, Hampton Hill, Hampton Court and Hampton Wick) were excluded from the seat, which instead contained two urban districts to the north of subsequent boundaries, Isleworth and Hounslow, an area at the time with key economic sectors of construction, brewing, warehousing and goods transportation. As such these areas had some support for the Labour Party, who in their best result in the seat, lost the 1929 by-election in the seat by 503 votes (1.6% of the vote).

1945-date

In 1945, the area saw as an unusual corollary to its shift southwards, the swing nationally, of +11.7% (Con-to-Lab) converted in this middle-class urban setting to a loss in Conservative share of the vote[n 5] of -15.3% to the main beneficiary, a Liberal, George Granville Slack. From 1974 until seizing victory in 1997 the runner-up party became the Liberal Party or their successor, the Liberal Democrats and the ward boundaries became only slightly adjusted to reflect changes made in the borderlines made at the local level of government.

Latest boundary review[edit]

Before the 2010 general election the Boundary Commission's review recommended and led to no changes.[n 6][n 7]

The seat has electoral wards:

History[edit]

Twickenham was from 1931 until 1983 a safe seat of the Conservative Party and from 1983 until 1997 a marginal seat for that party. Liberal Democrat Vince Cable, from 2010 a Secretary of State (and Rt Hon), gained the seat at the 1997 landslide conservative defeat. Cable increased his majority in each of the three general elections since, and the seat is one of very few in Britain that gave the Liberal Democrats a majority of votes in the 2005 and 2010 elections, their 6th best performance in 2010.[n 8] Mr Cable has been Secretary of State for Business since 2010.

Constituency profile[edit]

As described by the boundaries, the area enjoys substantial parkland and Thameside landscapes, coupled with a variety of commuter train services to Central London including semi-fast services from Twickenham itself to London Waterloo. Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 significantly lower than the national average of 3.8%, at 1.7% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1918 William Joynson-Hicks Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1929 by-election John Ferguson Conservative
1932 by-election Hylton Murray-Philipson Conservative
1934 by-election Alfred Critchley Conservative
1935 Edward Keeling Conservative
1955 by-election Gresham Cooke Conservative
1970 Toby Jessel Conservative
1997 Vince Cable Liberal Democrat

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Tania Mathias
Liberal Democrat Vince Cable
Labour Nick Grant
UKIP
General Election 2010: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Vince Cable 32,483 54.4 +2.7
Conservative Deborah Thomas 20,343 34.1 +1.7
Labour Brian Tomlinson 4,583 7.7 −3.7
UKIP Brian Gilbert 868 1.5 +0.0
Green Stephen Roest 674 1.1 −1.7
BNP Chris Hurst 654 1.1 N/A
Citizens for Undead Rights and Equality Harry Cole 76 0.1 N/A
Magna Carta Paul Armstrong 40 0.1 N/A
Majority 12,140 20.3
Turnout 59,721 74.8 +2.4
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +0.5

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Vincent Cable 26,696 51.6 +2.9
Conservative Paul Maynard 16,731 32.4 −1.0
Labour Brian Whitington 5,868 11.4 −2.4
Green Henry B.L. Gower 1,445 2.8 0.0
UKIP Douglas Orchard 766 1.5 +0.3
Independent Brian P. Gibert 117 0.2 N/A
Rainbow Dream Ticket George Weiss 64 0.1 N/A
Majority 9,965 19.3
Turnout 51,687 71.8 +5.4
Liberal Democrat hold Swing +2.0
General Election 2001: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Vincent Cable 24,344 48.7 +3.6
Conservative Nick R.S. Longworth 16,689 33.4 −4.3
Labour Dean P. Rogers 6,903 13.8 −1.8
Green Mrs. Judy S.M. Maciejowska 1,423 2.8 N/A
UKIP Ray T. Hollebone 579 1.2 N/A
Majority 7,655 15.3
Turnout 49,938 66.4 −12.6
Liberal Democrat hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Vincent Cable 26,237 45.1 +5.4
Conservative Toby Henry Francis Jessel 21,956 37.8 −12.6
Labour Mrs. Eva Tutchell 9,065 15.6 +6.3
Independent English Conservative and Referendum Jane Harrison 589 1.0 N/A
Rainbow Dream Ticket Terence D. Haggar 155 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Anthony J.W. Hardy 142 0.2 −0.1
Majority 4,281 7.3
Turnout 58,144 79.3
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing +9.0
General Election 1992: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Toby Henry Francis Jessel 26,804 50.4 −1.5
Liberal Democrat Vincent Cable 21,093 39.7 +1.4
Labour Michael D. Gold 4,919 9.3 +0.9
Natural Law Gary P. Gill 152 0.3 N/A
Democratic Liberal and Conservatives D.W. Griffith 103 0.2 N/A
Liberal A.J. Miners 85 0.2 N/A
Majority 5,711 10.7 −6.8
Turnout 53,156 84.2
Conservative hold Swing −1.5

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Toby Henry Francis Jessel 27,331 51.9 +1.5
Liberal John Waller 20,204 38.3 −2.5
Labour Valerie Vaz 4,415 8.4 +0.9
Green D.S. Batchelor 746 1.4 +0.5
Majority 7,127 13.5
Turnout 52,696 81.5
Conservative hold Swing −0.5
General Election 1983: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Toby Henry Francis Jessel 25,110 50.4 −1.8
Liberal John Waller 20,318 40.8 +10.9
Labour Mrs. P.A. Nicholas 3,732 7.5 −9.2
Ecology J.J. Clarke 424 0.9 N/A
National Front T.J. Denville-Faulkner 234 0.5 −0.7
Independent R.W. Kenyon 40 0.1 N/A
Majority 4,792 9.6
Turnout 49,858 77.8
Conservative hold Swing +7.0

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Toby Henry Francis Jessel 30,017 52.2 +5.7
Liberal John Waller 17,169 29.9 +5.7
Labour David Wetzel 9,591 16.7 −12.1
National Front M. Braithwaite 686 1.2 N/A
Majority 12,848 22.4
Turnout 57,463 80.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Toby Henry Francis Jessel 24,959 46.5
Labour M. Cunningham 15,452 28.8
Liberal Susan Veronica Kramer 13,021 24.2
Anti EEC W. Burgess 287 0.5 N/A
Majority 9,507 17.7
Turnout 53,719 74.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Toby Henry Francis Jessel 27,595 46.3
Liberal Susan Veronica Kramer 16,092 27.0
Labour R.M. Taylor 15,909 26.7
Majority 11,503 19.3
Turnout 59,596 83.1
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Toby Henry Francis Jessel 28,571 54.4
Labour John H.W. Grant 16,950 32.3
Liberal David K. Rebak 6,516 12.4
Independent Richard Franklin 462 0.9 N/A
Majority 11,621 22.1
Turnout 52,499 70.9
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Gresham Cooke 26,512 47.7
Labour David Carlton 18,884 34.0
Liberal Simon Goldblatt 10,160 18.3
Majority 7,628 13.7
Turnout 55,556 78.6
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Gresham Cooke 27,427 48.9
Labour W Eric Wolff 15,231 27.2
Liberal John Woolfe 12,306 22.0
Independent Michael H. Craft 1,073 1.9 N/A
Majority 12,196 21.8
Turnout 56,037 77.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Gresham Cooke 33,677 57.2
Labour Anne Patricia Clark 16,638 28.3
Liberal K. Arthur Powell 8,589 14.6
Majority 17,039 28.9
Turnout 58,904 79.8
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Gresham Cooke 33,726 58.4
Labour Pat O'Gorman 17,450 30.2
Liberal Miss Margaret Neilson 6,626 11.5
Majority 16,276 28.2
Turnout 57,802 77.0
Conservative hold Swing
Twickenham by-election, 25 January 1955
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Roger Gresham Cooke 23,075 64.0 −1.9
Labour R. P. Pitman 12,953 36.0 −1.9
Majority 10,122 28.1 −3.9
Turnout 36,028
Conservative hold Swing −1.9
General Election 1951: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Keeling 39,080 62.1
Labour Miss Ethel E.B. Chipchase 23,871 37.9
Majority 15,209 24.2
Turnout 62,951 81.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Keeling 36,757 55.9
Labour John Thomson Stonehouse 23,088 35.1
Liberal Derek A. Forwood 5,950 9.0
Majority 13,669 20.8
Turnout 65,795 85.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Keeling 26,045 48.0 -15.3
Labour Arthur James Irvine 22,736 41.9 +4.2
Liberal George Granville Slack 5,509 10.2 +10.2
Majority 3,309 6.1
Turnout 54,290 74.0
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Keeling 37,635 62.3
Labour Co-op Percy Holman 22,823 37.8
Majority 14,812 24.5
Turnout 60,458 66.5
Conservative hold Swing
Twickenham by-election, 22 June 1934
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alfred Critchley 23,395 56.1 −0.1
Labour Co-op Percy Holman 19,890 43.9 +0.1
Majority 5,505 12.2 −0.2
Turnout 43,285 55.5 +3.6
Conservative hold Swing −0.1
Twickenham by-election, 16 September 1932
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Hylton Murray-Philipson 21,688 56.2 −17.8
Labour Co-op Percy Holman 16,881 43.8 +17.8
Majority 4,807 12.4 −35.6
Turnout 38,569 51.9 −19.4
Conservative hold Swing −17.8
General election, 1931: Twickenham
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Ferguson 39,161 74.0 +26.3
Labour Co-op Percy Holman 13,793 26.0 −20.1
Majority 25,398 48.0 +46.4
Turnout 42,954 71.3 +21.8
Conservative hold Swing +23.2

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Twickenham by-election, 8 August 1929
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir John Ferguson 14,705 47.7 −0.8
Labour Thomas Jackson Mason 14,202 46.1 +11.3
Liberal Frederick Graham Paterson 1,920 6.2 −10.5
Majority 503 1.6 −12.1
Turnout 49.5 −20.3
Conservative hold Swing −6.6
General Election 1929: Twickenham[3]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. Sir William Joynson-Hicks
Labour Thomas Jackson Mason
Liberal Frederick Graham Paterson
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Twickenham[4]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. Sir William Joynson-Hicks
Labour Stanley Simon Sherman
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
William Joynson-Hicks
General Election 1923: Twickenham[5]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Rt Hon. Sir William Joynson-Hicks
Labour Stanley Simon Sherman
Liberal Charles Baker
Majority
Turnout
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1922 : Twickenham[6]

Electorate 37,073

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir William Joynson-Hicks
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918 Twickenham[7]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist n/a
Labour Rev. Humphrey Chalmers n/a
Majority n/a
Turnout n/a
Unionist win
  • denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ However mostly further south as the river is on a north-south axis at this point
  4. ^ An ill-defined but major neighbourhood of East Molesey often self-identifies as and ascribes to itself Hampton Court by virtue of its station and long standing sweep of shops of that name, across historic and actual boundaries, across the Thames in Surrey, this is not part of the Hampton Court hamlet mentioned.
  5. ^ Also known as one-party swing
  6. ^ The Commission received only eleven representations related to its original proposals, of which ten were in support
  7. ^ For the wider subregion of London used as a whole in the 2007-8 review see 'South London'
  8. ^ By share of the vote, behind five seats: Orkney and Shetland, Westmoreland and Lonsdale, Bath, Yeovil, and Norfolk North
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  3. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  4. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  5. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  6. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  7. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Sources[edit]

Coordinates: 51°25′41″N 0°20′42″W / 51.428°N 0.345°W / 51.428; -0.345