Two Mules for Sister Sara
|Two Mules for Sister Sara|
1970 original american movie poster
|Directed by||Don Siegel|
|Produced by||Martin Rackin
|Screenplay by||Albert Maltz|
|Story by||Budd Boetticher|
|Music by||Ennio Morricone
|Edited by||Robert F. Shugrue|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Running time||114 minutes
|Box office||$4.7 million|
Two Mules for Sister Sara is an American-Mexican western film starring Shirley MacLaine (billed above Clint Eastwood in the film's credits, but not on the poster) set during the French intervention in Mexico. The film was released in 1970 and directed by Don Siegel. It was to have been the first in a five-year exclusive association between Universal Pictures and Sanen Productions of Mexico. The film marked the second of five collaborations between Siegel and Eastwood, following Coogan's Bluff (1968). The collaboration continued with The Beguiled and Dirty Harry (both 1971) and finally Escape From Alcatraz (1979).
The plot follows an American mercenary who gets mixed up with a nun and aids a group of Juarista rebels during the puppet reign of Emperor Maximilian in Mexico. The film featured both American and Mexican actors and actresses, including being filmed in the picturesque countryside near Tlayacapan, Morelos.
A drifter named Hogan spots and saves a naked woman from being gang-raped by several bandits whom he shoots and kills. He later learns that the woman, Sara, is a nun working with a group of Mexican revolutionaries who are fighting the French. When Sara requests that Hogan take her to a Mexican camp, he agrees because he had previously arranged to help the Mexican revolutionaries attack the French garrison in exchange for a portion of the garrison's strongbox if they are successful.
As the duo heads toward the camp, Hogan is surprised that the nun smokes his cigars and drinks his whiskey. When he attempts to detonate a charge to destroy a French ammunition train, he is shot with an arrow in the shoulder. Sara is able to bandage him, but he is still unable to shoot the charge to disable the train. Sara assists him in angling his rifle, and the two are able to destroy the train together. Eventually the two reach Juarista commander Col. Beltran's camp and Sara reveals the layout of the French garrison. She then reveals to Hogan that she is not a nun but a prostitute posing as a nun, and the two team up, infiltrate the fortress and open the gates for the Mexican revolutionary forces to swarm through.
A battle ensues. Hogan singlehandedly guns down several French soldiers. The French retreat and the Mexicans capture the fort. As promised, Hogan receives a large portion of the riches in the fort. Now wealthy and his job completed, Hogan and Sara set off together for further adventures.
Budd Boetticher, a long term-resident of Mexico renowned for his series of Randolph Scott westerns, wrote the original 1967 screenplay that was bought with the provision that he would direct. Boetticher had planned the film for Robert Mitchum and Deborah Kerr, who had played a man of action and a nun in Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison. Kerr's character was a member of the Mexican aristocracy escaping the vengeance of the Mexican Revolution, with Mitchum's cowboy protecting her as he led her to safety to the United States.
Carrol Case sold the screenplay to Martin Rackin, who had Albert Maltz, also living in Mexico, rewrite the story. Maltz's version had Clint Eastwood playing a soldier of fortune for the Juaristas and Shirley MacLaine playing a revolutionary prostitute now set during the French intervention in Mexico. The film saw Eastwood embody the tall mysterious stranger once more, unshaven, wearing a serape-like vest and smoking a cigar and the film score was composed by Ennio Morricone. Although the film had Leonesque dirty Hispanic villains, the film was considerably less crude and more sardonic than those of Leone.
Boetticher expressed disgust with MacLaine's bawdy character obviously not looking like a nun as opposed to his idea of a genteel lady whose final revelation would have been more of a surprise to the audience. Though Boetticher was friends with both Eastwood and director Don Siegel, Siegel understood Boetticher's dislike of the final film. Boetticher asked Siegel how he could make an awful film like that with Siegel replying that it was a great feeling to wake up in the morning and know there was a check in the mail, while Boettcher replied it was a better feeling to wake up in the morning and be able to look at yourself in the mirror.
Anachronistic use of dynamite
Plot twists in the film revolve around the use of dynamite. Both dynamite and the word "dynamite" were invented in 1867 by Alfred Nobel, whereas the events depicted are supposed to take place during the French intervention in Mexico (between 1861 and 1866), before M. Nobel obtained patents for his invention: in England on May 7, 1867 and in Sweden on October 19, 1867.
Eastwood had been shown the script by Elizabeth Taylor during the filming of Where Eagles Dare with the view of Taylor playing the female role. The role of Sister Sara was initially offered to Taylor (Taylor then being the wife of Richard Burton), but she had to turn down the role because she wanted to shoot in Spain where Burton was filming his latest movie. Sister Sara was supposed to be Mexican but Shirley MacLaine was cast instead. Although they were initially unconvinced with her pale complexion, Eastwood believed that the studio was keen on MacLaine as they had high hopes for her film Sweet Charity, in which she played a taxi dancer. Both Siegel and Eastwood felt intimidated by her on set, and Siegel described Clint's co-star as, "It's hard to feel any great warmth to her. She's too unfeminine and has too much balls. She's very, very hard." Two Mules for Sister Sara marked the last time that Eastwood would receive second billing for a film and it would be 25 years until he risked being overshadowed by a leading lady again in The Bridges of Madison County (1995).
The film was shot over 65 days in Mexico and cost around $4 million. Many of the cast and crew, including MacLaine, were stricken by illness while filming due to the adjustment to the food and water in Mexico.
Bruce Surtees was a camera operator on the film and acted as a go-between between Siegel and cinematographer Gabriel Figueroa, which led to his working on Siegel's next film The Beguiled. Figueroa used many photographic filters for effects in the film.
Eastwood revealed that he actually killed a rattlesnake for a scene in the film, as Mexican authorities did not want it released in the area after filming was over. Eastwood noted that he did not want to kill it, as he is opposed to killing animals.
- Shirley MacLaine as Sara
- Clint Eastwood as Hogan
- Manuel Fábregas (billed as Manolo Fábregas) as Col. Beltrán
- Alberto Morin as Gen. LeClaire
- Armando Silvestre as 1st American
- John Kelly as 2nd American
- Enrique Lucero as 3rd American
- David Estuardo as Juan
- Ada Carrasco as Juan's mother
- Pancho Córdova as Juan's father
- José Chávez as Horacio
- José Ángel Espinosa as French Officer
- Rosa Furman as Sara's friend
The film returned $4.7 million in North American domestic rentals, rendering it a solid, modestly profitable hit (a movie's gross is often close to twice the domestic rentals figure).
Two Mules for Sister Sara received moderately favorable reviews, and Roger Greenspun of The New York Times reported, "I'm not sure it is a great movie, but it is very good and it stays and grows on the mind the way only movies of exceptional narrative intelligence do". Stanley Kauffman described the film as "an attempt to keep old Hollywood alive—a place where nuns can turn out to be disguised whores, where heroes can always have a stick of dynamite under their vests, where every story has not one but two cute finishes. Its kind of The African Queen gone west". In a review by the Los Angeles Herald-Examiner, Two Mules for Sister Sara was called "a solidly entertaining film that provides Clint Eastwood with his best, most substantial role to date; in it he is far better than he has ever been. In director Don Siegel, Eastwood has found what John Wayne found in John Ford and what Gary Cooper found in Frank Capra." The New York Times in its book, The New York Times Guide to the Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made included Two Mules for Sister Sara in its top 1,000 films of all time. Author Howard Hughes joked that critics "couldn't argue that Eastwood's acting was second to nun."
|1971||Laurel Award||Clint Eastwood||Best Action Performance||Won||3rd place|
|1971||Laurel Award||Shirley MacLaine||Best Comedy Performance, Female||Nominated||5th place|
- McGilligan (1999), p. 183
- Hughes, p. 21
- Eliot (2009), p. 117-118
- Issuu – You Publish
- Frayling (1992), p. 7
- Smith (1993), p. 76
- Schickel (1996), p. 225
- Senses of Cinema, Ride Lonesome: The Career of Budd Boetticher
- Schickel (1996), p.226
- McGilligan (1999), p. 179
- p. 219 Davis, Ronald L. Just Making Movies University Press of Mississippi
- p. 56 Dixon, Wheeler K. Film Talk Rutgers University Press
- McGilligan (1999), p. 181
- p. 11 Eastwood, Clint, Kapsis, Robert E., Coblentz, Kathie Clint Eastwood: Interviews University of Mississippi Press
- McGilligan (1999), p. 182
- Munn, p. 93
- p. 101 Clint Eastwood
- p. 46 Maltin, Leonard The Art of the Cinematographer Dover Publications
- Munn, p. 98
- Hughes, p. 25
- Kauffman, Stanley (August 1, 1970). "Stanley Kauffman on Films". The New Republic.
- Schickel (1996), p. 227
- Canby, Maslin & Nichols (1999)
- Canby, Vincent; Maslin, Janet; Nichols, Peter (1999). The New York Times Guide to the Best 1000 Movies Ever Made. New York: Times Books. ISBN 0-8129-3001-0.
- Eliot, Marc (2009). American Rebel: The Life of Clint Eastwood. Harmony Books. ISBN 978-0-307-33688-0.
- Frayling, Christopher (1992). Clint Eastwood. London: Virgin. ISBN 0-86369-307-5.
- Hughes, Howard (2009). Aim for the Heart. London: I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84511-902-7.
- McGilligan, Patrick (1999). Clint: The Life and Legend. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-638354-8.
- Munn, Michael (1992). Clint Eastwood: Hollywood's Loner. London: Robson Books. ISBN 0-86051-790-X.
- Schickel, Richard (1996). Clint Eastwood: A Biography. New York: Knopf. ISBN 978-0-679-42974-6.
- Smith, Paul (1993). Clint Eastwood: A Cultural Production: Volume 8 of American Culture. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0-8166-1960-3.
- Two Mules for Sister Sara at the Internet Movie Database
- Two Mules for Sister Sara at AllMovie
- Two Mules for Sister Sara at the TCM Movie Database
- Two Mules for Sister Sara at Rotten Tomatoes