2,000 Guineas Stakes

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2,000 Guineas Stakes
Group 1 race
The Finish of the Two Thousand Guineass at Newmarket Samuel Henry Alken.jpg
The Finish of the Two Thousand Guineas at Newmarket
by Samuel Henry Alken (1810–1894)
Location Rowley Mile
Newmarket, Suffolk, England, UK
Inaugurated 1809
Race type Flat / Thoroughbred
Sponsor QIPCO
Website Newmarket
Race information
Distance 1 mile (1,609 metres)
Surface Turf
Track Straight
Qualification Three-year-olds
excluding geldings
Weight 9 st 0 lb
Allowances
3 lb for fillies
Purse £450,000 (2014)
1st: £255,195
Engraving of the 1874 2,000 Guineas, from the Illustrated Sporting and Dramatic News, May 1874
2000 Guineas Stakes
2014
White, red sash, red and white striped cap Green, pink sash and cap, white sleeves Purple, white seams, striped sleeves, purple cap
Night Of Thunder Kingman Australia

The 2,000 Guineas Stakes is a Group 1 flat horse race in Great Britain open to three-year-old thoroughbred colts and fillies. It is run on the Rowley Mile at Newmarket over a distance of 1 mile (1,609 metres), and it is scheduled to take place each year in late April or early May.

It is one of Britain's five Classic races, and at present it is the first to be run in the year. It also serves as the opening leg of the Triple Crown, followed by the Derby and the St Leger, although the feat of winning all three has been rarely attempted in recent decades.

History[edit]

The 2,000 Guineas was first run on 18 April 1809, and it preceded the introduction of a version for fillies only, the 1,000 Guineas, by five years. Both races were established by the Jockey Club under the direction of Sir Charles Bunbury, who had earlier co-founded the Derby at Epsom. The races were named according to their original prize funds (a guinea amounted to 21 shillings, or £1.05).

By the mid-1860s, the 2,000 Guineas was regarded as one of Britain's most prestigious races for three-year-olds. The five leading events for this age group, characterised by increasing distances as the season progressed, began to be known as "Classics". The concept was later adopted in many other countries.

European variations of the 2,000 Guineas include the Irish 2,000 Guineas, the Mehl-Mülhens-Rennen, the Poule d'Essai des Poulains and the Premio Parioli. Elsewhere, variations include the Australian Guineas and the Satsuki Shō.

The 2,000 Guineas is served by trial races such as the Craven Stakes and the Greenham Stakes, but for some horses it is the first race of the season. The 2,000 Guineas itself can act as a trial for the Derby, and the last horse to win both was Camelot in 2012. The most recent 2,000 Guineas participant to win the Derby was Australia, placed third in 2014.

Since 2001, the 2,000 Guineas and the 1,000 Guineas have offered equal prize money. Each had a purse of £350,000 in 2012.

Records[edit]

Leading jockey (9 wins):

  • Jem RobinsonEnamel (1825), Cadland (1828), Riddlesworth (1831), Clearwell (1833), Glencoe (1834), Ibrahim (1835), Bay Middleton (1836), Conyngham (1847), Flatcatcher (1848)

Leading trainer (7 wins):

  • John ScottMeteor (1842), Cotherstone (1843), Nunnykirk (1849), West Australian (1853), Fazzoletto (1856), The Wizard (1860), The Marquis (1862)

Leading owner (7 wins): (includes part ownership)

  • Sue MagnierEntrepreneur (1997), King of Kings (1998), Rock of Gibraltar (2002), Footstepsinthesand (2005), George Washington (2006), Henrythenavigator (2008), Camelot (2012)
  • Fastest winning timeMister Baileys (1994), 1m 35.08s
  • Widest winning margin (since 1900)Tudor Minstrel (1947), 8 lengths
  • Longest odds winnerRockavon (1961), 66/1
  • Shortest odds winnerSt Frusquin (1896), 12/100
  • Most runners – 28, in 1930
  • Fewest runners – 2, in 1829 and 1830


Winners[edit]

Year Winner Jockey Trainer Owner Time
1809 Wizard Bill Clift Tom Perren Christopher Wilson
1810 Hephestion Frank Buckle Robert Robson 2nd Earl Grosvenor
1811 Trophonius Sam Barnard Dixon Boyce Robert Andrew
1812 Cwrw Sam Chifney, Jr. William Chifney 3rd Earl of Darlington
1813 Smolensko H. Miller Crouch Sir Charles Bunbury
1814 Olive Bill Arnull Dixon Boyce Charles Wyndham
1815 Tigris Bill Arnull Dixon Boyce 1st Baron Rous
1816 Nectar Bill Arnull Dixon Boyce Lord George Cavendish
1817 Manfred Will Wheatley Robert Stephenson Scott Stonehewer
1818 Interpreter Bill Clift Richard Prince 3rd Baron Foley
1819 Antar Edward Edwards [1] James Edwards Sir John Shelley
1820 Pindarrie Frank Buckle Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1821 Reginald Frank Buckle Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1822 Pastille Frank Buckle Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1823 Nicolo Will Wheatley Joe Rogers Joe Rogers
1824 Schahriar Will Wheatley James Haffenden
1825 Enamel Jem Robinson Charles Marson 2nd Marquess of Exeter
1826 Dervise John Barham Day Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1827 Turcoman Frank Buckle Robert Robson 4th Duke of Grafton
1828 Cadland Jem Robinson Dixon Boyce 5th Duke of Rutland
1829 Patron Frank Boyce Charles Marson 2nd Marquess of Exeter
1830 Augustus Patrick Conolly Charles Marson 2nd Marquess of Exeter
1831 Riddlesworth Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1832 Archibald Arthur Pavis Jonathan Peel
1833 Clearwell Jem Robinson 3rd Earl of Orford
1834 Glencoe Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1835 Ibrahim Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1836 Bay Middleton Jem Robinson James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1837 Achmet Edward Edwards James Edwards 5th Earl of Jersey
1838 Grey Momus John Barham Day John Barham Day Lord George Bentinck
1839 The Corsair Bill Wakefield John Doe 1st Earl of Lichfield
1840 Crucifix John Barham Day John Barham Day Lord George Bentinck
1841 Ralph John Barham Day W. Edwards 4th Earl of Albemarle
1842 Meteor Bill Scott John Scott John Bowes
1843 Cotherstone Bill Scott John Scott John Bowes
1844 The Ugly Buck John Day John Barham Day John Barham Day
1845 Idas Nat Flatman Robert Boyce, Jr. 2nd Earl of Stradbroke
1846 Sir Tatton Sykes Bill Scott William Oates Bill Scott
1847 Conyngham Jem Robinson John Day Sir Robert Pigot
1848 Flatcatcher Jem Robinson Henry Stebbing B. Green
1849 Nunnykirk Frank Butler John Scott Anthony Nichol
1850 Pitsford Alfred Day John Day Harry Hill
1851 Hernandez Nat Flatman John Kent, Jr. Viscount Enfield
1852 Stockwell John Norman William Harlock 2nd Marquess of Exeter
1853 West Australian Frank Butler John Scott John Bowes
1854 The Hermit Alfred Day John Day John Gully
1855 Lord of the Isles Tom Aldcroft William Day James Merry
1856 Fazzoletto Nat Flatman John Scott 14th Earl of Derby
1857 Vedette John Osborne, Jr. George Abdale 2nd Earl of Zetland 1:51.00
1858 Fitz-Roland John Wells George Manning Sir Joseph Hawley
1859 The Promised Land Alfred Day William Day William Day
1860 The Wizard Tom Ashmall John Scott Anthony Nichol
1861 Diophantus Arthur Edwards Joseph Dawson 7th Earl of Stamford 1:43.00
1862 The Marquis Tom Ashmall John Scott Stanhope Hawke
1863 Macaroni Tom Chaloner James Godding Richard Naylor
1864 General Peel Tom Aldcroft Tom Dawson 5th Earl of Glasgow 1:48.50
1865 Gladiateur Harry Grimshaw Tom Jennings, Sr. Frédéric de Lagrange
1866 Lord Lyon R. Thomas James Dover Richard Sutton
1867 Vauban George Fordham John Day 8th Duke of Beaufort
1868
(dh)
Formosa
Moslem
George Fordham
Tom Chaloner
Henry Woolcott
Alec Taylor, Sr.
William Graham
William Stirling Crawfurd
1869 Pretender John Osborne, Jr. Tom Dawson John Johnstone
1870 Macgregor John Daley J. Waugh James Merry
1871 Bothwell John Osborne, Jr. Tom Dawson John Johnstone
1872 Prince Charlie John Osborne, Jr. Joseph Dawson Joseph Dawson
1873 Gang Forward Tom Chaloner Alec Taylor, Sr. William Stirling Crawfurd 1:46.00
1874 Atlantic Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth
1875 Camballo John Osborne, Jr. Mathew Dawson Clare Vyner
1876 Petrarch Harry Luke John Dawson, Sr. Viscount Dupplin
1877 Chamant Jem Goater Tom Jennings, Sr. Frédéric de Lagrange
1878 Pilgrimage Tom Cannon, Sr. Joe Cannon 4th Earl of Lonsdale 1:56.00
1879 Charibert Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth 1:51.00
1880 Petronel George Fordham Joe Cannon 8th Duke of Beaufort 1:52.00
1881 Peregrine Fred Webb Robert Peck 1st Duke of Westminster 1:49.00
1882 Shotover Tom Cannon, Sr. John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster 1:53.40
1883 Galliard Fred Archer Mathew Dawson 6th Viscount Falmouth 1:50.40
1884 Scot Free Billy Platt Tom Chaloner John Foy 1:48.00
1885 Paradox Fred Archer John Porter William Broderick Cloete 1:51.40
1886 Ormonde George Barrett John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster 1:46.80
1887 Enterprise Tom Cannon, Sr. James Ryan Douglas Baird 1:45.60
1888 Ayrshire John Osborne, Jr. George Dawson 6th Duke of Portland 1:52.20
1889 Enthusiast Tom Cannon, Sr. James Ryan Douglas Baird 1:45.20
1890 Surefoot John Liddiard Charles Jousiffe Archie Merry 1:49.80
1891 Common George Barrett John Porter 1st Baron Alington 1:47.00
1892 Bona Vista Jack Robinson William Arthur Jarvis Charles Day Rose 1:54.00
1893 Isinglass Tommy Loates James Jewitt Harry McCalmont 1:42.40
1894 Ladas John Watts Mathew Dawson 5th Earl of Rosebery 1:44.20
1895 Kirkconnel John Watts Jos Day Sir John Blundell Maple 1:42.40
1896 St Frusquin Tommy Loates Alfred Hayhoe Leopold de Rothschild 1:43.60
1897 Galtee More Charles Wood Sam Darling John Gubbins 1:40.60
1898 Disraeli Sam Loates John Dawson, Sr. Wallace Johnstone 1:41.80
1899 Flying Fox Morny Cannon John Porter 1st Duke of Westminster 1:43.00
1900 Diamond Jubilee Herbert Jones Richard Marsh HRH Prince of Wales 1:41.60
1901 Handicapper Bill Halsey Fred Day Sir Ernest Cassel 1:43.00
1902 Sceptre Herbert Randall Bob Sievier Bob Sievier 1:39.00
1903 Rock Sand Skeets Martin George Blackwell Sir James Miller 1:42.00
1904 St Amant Kempton Cannon Alfred Hayhoe Leopold de Rothschild 1:38.80
1905 Vedas Herbert Jones Jack Robinson West de Wend-Fenton 1:41.20
1906 Gorgos Herbert Jones Richard Marsh Arthur James 1:43.80
1907 Slieve Gallion Billy Higgs Sam Darling Henry Greer 1:41.80
1908 Norman Otto Madden John Watson August Belmont, Jr. 1:44.60
1909 Minoru Herbert Jones Richard Marsh Edward VII 1:37.80
1910 Neil Gow Danny Maher Percy Peck 5th Earl of Rosebery 1:40.40
1911 Sunstar George Stern Charles Morton Jack Barnato Joel 1:37.60
1912 Sweeper Danny Maher Atty Persse Herman Duryea 1:38.40
1913 Louvois Johnny Reiff Dawson Waugh Walter Raphael 1:38.80
1914 Kennymore George Stern Alec Taylor, Jr. Sir John Thursby 1:38.00
1915 Pommern Steve Donoghue Charles Peck Solomon Joel 1:43.40
1916 Clarissimus Jimmy Clark Willie Waugh 7th Viscount Falmouth 1:39.60
1917 Gay Crusader Steve Donoghue Alec Taylor, Jr. Alfred Cox 1:40.80
1918 Gainsborough Joe Childs Alec Taylor, Jr. Lady James Douglas 1:44.60
1919 The Panther Dick Cooper George Manser Sir Alec Black 1:44.40
1920 Tetratema Brownie Carslake Atty Persse Dermot McCalmont 1:43.20
1921 Craig an Eran John Brennan Alec Taylor, Jr. 2nd Viscount Astor 1:41.60
1922 St Louis George Archibald Peter Gilpin 1st Baron Queenborough 1:43.60
1923 Ellangowan Charlie Elliott Jack Jarvis 5th Earl of Rosebery 1:37.80
1924 Diophon George Hulme Dick Dawson HH Aga Khan III 1:39.00
1925 Manna Steve Donoghue Fred Darling Henry Morriss 1:39.40
1926 Colorado Tommy Weston George Lambton 17th Earl of Derby 1:43.60
1927 Adam's Apple Jack Leach Harry Cottrill Charles Whitburn 1:38.20
1928 Flamingo Charlie Elliott Jack Jarvis Sir Laurence Philipps 1:38.80
1929 Mr Jinks Harry Beasley Atty Persse Dermot McCalmont 1:39.80
1930 Diolite Freddie Fox Fred Templeman Sir Hugo Hirst 1:42.40
1931 Cameronian Joe Childs Fred Darling Arthur Dewar 1:39.40
1932 Orwell Bobby Jones Joseph Lawson Washington Singer 1:42.40
1933 Rodosto Roger Brethès Harry Count Princesse de Lucinge 1:40.40
1934 Colombo Rae Johnstone Thomas Hogg 1st Baron Glanely 1:40.00
1935 Bahram Freddie Fox Frank Butters HH Aga Khan III 1:41.40
1936 Pay Up Bobby Dick Joseph Lawson 2nd Viscount Astor 1:39.60
1937 Le Ksar Charles Semblat Frank Carter Evremond de Saint-Alary 1:44.60
1938 Pasch Gordon Richards Fred Darling Henry Morriss 1:38.80
1939 Blue Peter Eph Smith Jack Jarvis 6th Earl of Rosebery 1:39.40
1940 Djebel Charlie Elliott Albert Swann Marcel Boussac 1:42.60
1941 Lambert Simnel Charlie Elliott Fred Templeman 2nd Duke of Westminster 1:42.60
1942 Big Game Gordon Richards Fred Darling HM King George VI 1:40.80
1943 Kingsway Sam Wragg Joseph Lawson Alfred Saunders 1:37.60
1944 Garden Path Harry Wragg Walter Earl 17th Earl of Derby 1:39.60
1945 Court Martial Cliff Richards Joseph Lawson 2nd Viscount Astor 1:40.80
1946 Happy Knight Tommy Weston Henri Jelliss Sir William Cooke 1:38.20
1947 Tudor Minstrel Gordon Richards Fred Darling Arthur Dewar 1:37.80
1948 My Babu Charlie Smirke Sam Armstrong HH Maharaja of Baroda 1:35.80
1949 Nimbus Charlie Elliott George Colling Marion Glenister 1:38.00
1950 Palestine Charlie Smirke Marcus Marsh HH Aga Khan III 1:36.80
1951 Ki Ming Scobie Breasley Michael Beary Ley On 1:42.00
1952 Thunderhead Roger Poincelet Etienne Pollet Eugène Constant 1:42.48
1953 Nearula Edgar Britt Charles Elsey William Humble 1:38.26
1954 Darius Manny Mercer Harry Wragg Sir Percy Loraine 1:39.45
1955 Our Babu Doug Smith Geoffrey Brooke David Robinson 1:38.83
1956 Gilles de Retz Frank Barlow H. Johnson Houghton Anthony Samuel 1:38.76
1957 Crepello Lester Piggott Noel Murless Sir Victor Sassoon 1:38.24
1958 Pall Mall Doug Smith Cecil Boyd-Rochfort HM Queen Elizabeth II 1:39.43
1959 Taboun George Moore Alec Head Prince Aly Khan 1:42.42
1960 Martial Ron Hutchinson Paddy Prendergast Reginald Webster 1:38.33
1961 Rockavon Norman Stirk George Boyd Thomas Yuill 1:39.46
1962 Privy Councillor Bill Rickaby Tom Waugh Gerald Glover 1:38.74
1963 Only for Life Jimmy Lindley Jeremy Tree Monica Sheriffe 1:45.00
1964 Baldric Bill Pyers Ernie Fellows Mrs Howell Jackson 1:38.44
1965 Niksar Duncan Keith Walter Nightingall Wilfred Harvey 1:43.31
1966 Kashmir Jimmy Lindley Mick Bartholomew Peter Butler 1:40.68
1967 Royal Palace George Moore Noel Murless Jim Joel 1:39.37
1968 Sir Ivor Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Raymond Guest 1:39.26
1969 Right Tack Geoff Lewis John Sutcliffe, Jr. Jim Brown 1:41.65
1970 Nijinsky Lester Piggott Vincent O'Brien Charles Engelhard 1:41.54
1971 Brigadier Gerard Joe Mercer Dick Hern Jean Hislop 1:39.20
1972 High Top Willie Carson Bernard van Cutsem Sir Jules Thorn 1:40.82
1973 Mon Fils Frankie Durr Richard Hannon, Sr. Brenda Davis 1:42.97
1974 Nonoalco Yves Saint-Martin François Boutin María Félix Berger 1:39.58
1975 Bolkonski Gianfranco Dettori Henry Cecil Carlo d'Alessio 1:39.49
1976 Wollow Gianfranco Dettori Henry Cecil Carlo d'Alessio 1:38.09
1977 Nebbiolo Gabriel Curran Kevin Prendergast Niels Schibbye 1:38.54
1978 Roland Gardens Frankie Durr Duncan Sasse John Hayter 1:47.33
1979 Tap On Wood Steve Cauthen Barry Hills Tony Shead 1:43.60
1980 Known Fact [a] Willie Carson Jeremy Tree Khalid Abdullah 1:40.46
1981 To-Agori-Mou Greville Starkey Guy Harwood Andry Muinos 1:41.43
1982 Zino Freddy Head François Boutin Gerry Oldham 1:37.13
1983 Lomond Pat Eddery Vincent O'Brien Robert Sangster 1:43.87
1984 El Gran Senor Pat Eddery Vincent O'Brien Robert Sangster 1:37.41
1985 Shadeed Lester Piggott Michael Stoute Maktoum Al Maktoum 1:37.41
1986 Dancing Brave Greville Starkey Guy Harwood Khalid Abdullah 1:40.00
1987 Don't Forget Me Willie Carson Richard Hannon, Sr. James Horgan 1:36.74
1988 Doyoun Walter Swinburn Michael Stoute HH Aga Khan IV 1:41.73
1989 Nashwan Willie Carson Dick Hern Hamdan Al Maktoum 1:36.44
1990 Tirol Michael Kinane Richard Hannon, Sr. John Horgan 1:35.84
1991 Mystiko Michael Roberts Clive Brittain Lady Beaverbrook 1:37.83
1992 Rodrigo de Triano Lester Piggott Peter Chapple-Hyam Robert Sangster 1:38.37
1993 Zafonic Pat Eddery André Fabre Khalid Abdullah 1:35.32
1994 Mister Baileys Jason Weaver Mark Johnston G. R. Bailey Ltd 1:35.08
1995 Pennekamp Thierry Jarnet André Fabre Sheikh Mohammed 1:35.16
1996 Mark of Esteem Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 1:37.59
1997 Entrepreneur Michael Kinane Michael Stoute Tabor / Magnier 1:35.64
1998 King of Kings Michael Kinane Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor 1:39.25
1999 Island Sands Frankie Dettori Saeed bin Suroor Godolphin 1:37.14
2000 King's Best Kieren Fallon Sir Michael Stoute Saeed Suhail 1:37.77
2001 Golan Kieren Fallon Sir Michael Stoute Lord Weinstock 1:37.48
2002 Rock of Gibraltar Johnny Murtagh Aidan O'Brien Ferguson / Magnier 1:36.50
2003 Refuse to Bend Pat Smullen Dermot Weld Moyglare Stud Farm 1:37.98
2004 Haafhd Richard Hills Barry Hills Hamdan Al Maktoum 1:36.64
2005 Footstepsinthesand Kieren Fallon Aidan O'Brien Tabor / Magnier 1:36.10
2006 George Washington Kieren Fallon Aidan O'Brien Magnier / Tabor / Smith 1:36.86
2007 Cockney Rebel Olivier Peslier Geoff Huffer Phil Cunningham 1:35.28
2008 Henrythenavigator Johnny Murtagh Aidan O'Brien Sue Magnier 1:39.14
2009 Sea the Stars Michael Kinane John Oxx Christopher Tsui 1:35.88
2010 Makfi Christophe Lemaire Mikel Delzangles Mathieu Offenstadt 1:36.35
2011 Frankel Tom Queally Henry Cecil Khalid Abdullah 1:37.30
2012 Camelot Joseph O'Brien Aidan O'Brien Smith / Magnier / Tabor 1:42.46
2013 Dawn Approach Kevin Manning Jim Bolger Godolphin Racing 1:35.84
2014 Night of Thunder Kieren Fallon Richard Hannon, Jr. Saeed Manana 1:36.61

a Nureyev finished first in 1980, but he was relegated to last place following a stewards' inquiry.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Randall, John; Morris, Tony (1985). Horse Racing: The Records. Guinness Superlatives Ltd. p. 14. ISBN 0-85112-446-1.