Tyao Khamti

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Ahom dynasty
Ahom insignia plain.svg
1 Sukaphaa 1228–1268
2 Suteuphaa 1268–1281
3 Subinphaa 1281–1293
4 Sukhaangphaa 1293–1332
5 Sukhrangpha 1332–1364
Interregnum 1364–1369
6 Sutuphaa 1369–1376
Interregnum 1376–1380
7 Tyao Khamti 1380–1389
Interregnum 1389–1397
8 Sudangphaa 1397–1407
9 Sujangphaa 1407–1422
10 Suphakphaa 1422–1439
11 Susenphaa 1439–1488
12 Suhenphaa 1488–1493
13 Supimphaa 1493–1497
14 Suhungmung 1497–1539
15 Suklenmung 1539–1552
16 Sukhaamphaa 1552–1603
17 Susenghphaa 1603–1641
18 Suramphaa 1641–1644
19 Sutingphaa 1644–1648
20 Sutamla 1648–1663
21 Supangmung 1663–1670
22 Sunyatphaa 1670–1672
23 Suklamphaa 1672–1674
24 Suhung 1674–1675
25 Gobar Roja 1675–1675
26 Sujinphaa 1675–1677
27 Sudoiphaa 1677–1679
28 Sulikphaa 1679–1681
29 Supaatphaa 1681–1696
30 Sukhrungphaa 1696–1714
31 Sutanphaa 1714–1744
32 Sunenphaa 1744–1751
33 Suremphaa 1751–1769
34 Sunyeophaa 1769–1780
35 Suhitpangphaa 1780–1795
36 Suklingphaa 1795–1811
37 Sudingphaa 1811–1818
38 Purandar Singha 1818–1819
39 Sudingphaa 1819–1821
40 Jogeswar Singha 1821–1822
41 Purandar Singha 1833–1838

Tyao Khamti was the king of Ahom kingdom from 1380 CE to 1387 CE. His accession to the throne puts an end to the interregnum in Ahom kingdom which lasted from 1376 CE to 1380 CE, after king Sutuphaa was treacherously murdered by Sutiya king. But his weakness towards his elder queen and to her acts of atrocities towards common people, ultimately leads to his own assassination, followed by another interregnum.

Ancestry and Accession to the throne[edit]

Tyao Khamti was the third son of Ahom king Sukhaangphaa. After the death of king Sukhaangphaa, his two elder sons subsequently succeeded him, Sukhrangphaa from 1332 CE to 1364 CE, and Sutuphaa from 1364 CE to 1376 CE. In 1376 CE, Ahom king Sutuphaa was treacherously murdered by the Sutiya king. The nobles led by the Burhagohain and the Borgohain came into conclusion that none of the princes were fit enough to rule the kingdom, therefore, the ministers, Burhagohain and Borgohain ruled the kingdom without any king for four years (1376-1380). Finding it difficult to rule the state without a king, the nobles installed Tyao Khamti as the king of Ahom kingdom in 1380 CE.[1]

Reign[edit]

Affairs in Royal family[edit]

Tyao Khamti had two wives. Out of the two, the younger queen or the second wife was his favorite. Tyao Khamti had appointed his elder queen in charge of the kingdom, in his absence. The younger queen was pregnant at the time of thking’s departure. The elder queen was jealous of the younger queen as the latter was more favorite to the king and also she was about to give birth to king’s first child, which will enhance her position. Therefore in order to get rid of younger queen, the elder queen took advantage of her position as regent to cause a false accusation to be preferred against her. The charge was investigated and declared true, whereupon the elder queen ordered her to be beheaded. The ministers however, seeing that she was pregnant, instead of killing her set her adrift on the Brahmaputra on a raft. The raft floated for some time and landed in Habung village, where a Brahman gave the unfortunate woman shelter. She died after giving birth to a boy and told the Brahmin about the real identity of the boy. The Brahmin brought up the young prince along with his other children. The young prince took the Brahmin and his family as his own and spent his childhood with them. Later the boy would be crowned as the king of Ahom Kingdom in 1397 CE, and was named as Sudangphaa.[2][3][4]

Assassination[edit]

Tyao Khamti was horrified to hear of the execution of his favourite wife, especially when a new and impartial enquiry showed that the allegations against her were false. He was, however, too much under the influence of his elder queen to venture to take action against her. This, and his failure to prevent her from committing numerous acts of oppression, irritated the nobles so much that in 1389 CE, they caused him to be assassinated. The notorious elder queen was also put to death and was entombed along with the king in Charaideo.[5][6][7]

Character and Legacy[edit]

Not much is written about Tyao Khamti’s character in ancient Ahom chronicles, yet one can find that he was brave and courageous, from the fact that he personally led the army against Sutiya kingdom and achieved victory, yet his inability to take action against his elder queen, showed the weakness in his character. His assassination resulted in another period of interregnum which lasted from 1389 CE to 1397 CE, till his son Sudangphaa by his second wife ascended the throne.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gait E.A. A History of Assam 1926 2nd edition Thacker, Spink & Co Calcutta page 82
  2. ^ Gait E.A. A History of Assam 1926 2nd edition Thacker, Spink & Co Calcutta page 82
  3. ^ Barua Gunaviram Assam Buranji or A History of Assam Publication Board of Assam Guwahati 4th edition 2008 page 56-57
  4. ^ Barbaruah Hiteswar Ahomar-Din or A History of Assam under the Ahoms 1st edition 1981 page 33
  5. ^ Gait E.A. A History of Assam 1926 2nd edition Thacker, Spink & Co Calcutta page 297
  6. ^ Barua Gunaviram Assam Buranji or A History of Assam Publication Board of Assam Guwahati 4th edition 2008 page 56
  7. ^ Barbaruah Hiteswar Ahomar-Din or A History of Assam under the Ahoms 1st edition 1981 page 33

References[edit]

  • Barbaruah Hiteswar Ahomar-Din or A History of Assam under the Ahoms first edition 1981 Publication Board of Assam Guwahati
  • Barua Gunaviram Assam Buranji or A History of Assam fourth edition 2008 Publication Board of Assam Guwahati
  • Gait E.A. A History of Assam second edition 1926 Thacker, Spink & Co Calcutta