Tycho G

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Tycho G
SN1572.Companion.jpg
Tycho G as seen by Hubble. NASA image.
Observation data
Epoch J2000      Equinox J2000
Constellation Cassiopeia
Right ascension 00h 25m 19.9s[1]
Declination 64° 08′ 18.2″[1]
Apparent magnitude (V) 17
Characteristics
Spectral type G2 IV[1]
B−V color index 0.60 [1]
Astrometry
Proper motion (μ) RA: −2.60 [1] mas/yr
Dec.: −6.11 [ ±1.34] [1] mas/yr
Details
Mass about 1 [1] M
Radius 2 [ ±1] [1] R
Luminosity about 1 L
Temperature 5750[1] K
Metallicity about 100% Sun [1]
Other designations
Database references

Tycho G is the surviving binary companion star of the SN 1572 supernova event.

The star is located about 7500 light-years away in the constellation Cassiopeia. It is a subgiant, similar to our Sun in luminosity and color but more evolved.

Tycho G is still close to the center of the supernova remnant and had triggered once the explosion of its binary companion white dwarf star by contributing mass to it.

Evidence for companion hypothesis[edit]

  • Tycho G is traveling at a rate of 136 km/s, which is more than four times faster than the mean velocity of other stars in its stellar neighbourhood.
  • Tycho G's metallicity is about 3 times higher than the mean metallicity of other stars in its stellar neighbourhood.

Origin of the name[edit]

The supernova SN 1572 is often called "Tycho's supernova", named after Tycho Brahe who observed the "new star" in 1572.

The postfix "G" originates from the candidate companion stars considered, labelled Tycho A to Tycho V.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]