Tyne–Wear derby

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Tyne–Wear Derby
Wear–Tyne Derby, North East Derby
Uniforms
Newcastle United vs. Sunderland
City or region England Tyne and Wear (England), North East England
Teams involved Newcastle United & Sunderland
First contested 1883
Number of meetings 152
Most wins Newcastle (53)
Most player appearances Jimmy Lawrence (27)
Top scorer George Holley (15)
Most recent meeting Newcastle United 0–1 Sunderland
Premier League
21 December 2014
Next meeting 4 April 2015
Largest victory Newcastle United 1–9 Sunderland
First Division
5 December 1908

The Wear and Tyne or Tyne and Wear derby also known as the North-East derby is a local derby between the association football clubs Newcastle United and Sunderland. The derby is an inter-city rivalry in North East England with the two cities of Newcastle and Sunderland just ten miles apart. Newcastle play their home matches at St. James' Park while Sunderland play their home matches at the Stadium of Light. The first meeting of the two sides took place in 1883, with the first competitive fixture being an 1888 FA Cup tie, which Sunderland won 2–1. To date, Newcastle have won the fixture 53 times, with Sunderland recording 50 victories and the sides drawing 49 times.[1] The latest meeting of the two sides occurred on 21 December 2014, a Premier League match at St. James' Park, which Sunderland won 0–1.[2]

History[edit]

Rivalry beyond football[edit]

The history of the Tyne and Wear derby is a modern day extension of a rivalry between Newcastle and Sunderland that dates back to the English Civil War when protestations over advantages that merchants in Royalist Newcastle had over their Wearside counterparts led to Sunderland becoming a Parliamentarian stronghold.[3]

Tyne and Wear again found themselves on opposite sides during the Jacobite Rebellions, with Newcastle in support of the Hanoverians with the German King George, and Sunderland siding with the Scottish Stuarts.[4]

Football rivalry[edit]

Players warm up at the Stadium of Light ahead of the derby game.

Prior to the beginning of the twentieth century, the main rivalries in Newcastle and Sunderland were cross-town affairs. In Newcastle, a rivalry existed during the 1880s between Newcastle East End (later to become Newcastle United) and Newcastle West End, which was ended with West End's bankruptcy in 1892. Meanwhile on Wearside, a group of players broke away from Sunderland, and formed the rival Sunderland Albion in 1888, though Albion was forced to fold four years later. The first meeting between the two took place in 1883, with the first competitive fixture, an FA Cup tie in November 1887. Sunderland won the game 2–0.

Around the turn of the 20th century, the rivalry began to emerge. The 1901 Good Friday encounter, late in the 1900–01 season at St James' Park had to be abandoned as up to 120,000 fans made their way into a ground which then had a capacity of 30,000. The news was met with anger, and rioting followed, with a number of fans injured. However, in general, although the derby attracted big crowds – with fans often climbing trees and buildings for views of the game – there is little evidence to suggest any animosity between the two sets of supporters in the pre-war and immediate post-war period.[citation needed] On 5 December 1908, Sunderland beat Newcastle 9–1 at St James' Park, despite this Newcastle still won the league title that season finishing 9 points ahead of their local rivals who finished 3rd.[5][6] The result remains the biggest ever win in a Tyne–Wear derby, as well as the Wearsiders' biggest ever win away from home[7] and Newcastle's biggest ever home league defeat. Newcastle's largest victory margin in a derby is 6–1, which they have achieved twice – at home in 1920 and away in 1955.[5]

In 1979, Sunderland won 4–1 at Newcastle, with Gary Rowell (who was born in Seaham, just outside of Sunderland) scoring a hat-trick.[8] On New Year's Day 1985, Newcastle-born Peter Beardsley scored a hat trick in Newcastle's 3–1 victory in the fixture.[9]

In 1990, the sides met in a Second Division play off semi final dubbed 'the biggest Tyne–Wear derby in history'.[6] The first leg, at Roker Park, ended goalless after Sunderland missed a penalty, who then won the second leg 2–0 at St James' Park. Towards the end of the second leg, some Newcastle fans invaded the pitch in the hope of forcing an abandonment.[10] However, the game was resumed and Sunderland completed the win.[11] Sunderland went on lose the final to Swindon Town, but were still promoted due to financial irregularities at Swindon.

In a memorable derby on 25 August 1999, Newcastle manager Ruud Gullit dropped leading scorers Alan Shearer and Duncan Ferguson to the bench. Sunderland went on to win the game 2–1 at St. James' Park thanks to goals from Kevin Phillips and Niall Quinn, and in the face of outrage from Newcastle fans, Gullit quit before their next match.[6][12] Sunderland repeated the feat a year later, in a match remembered for Sunderland goalkeeper Thomas Sørensen saving a Shearer penalty. Another eventful derby on 17 April 2006, Newcastle came from one nill down at half time to beat Sunderland 4–1 at the Stadium of Light.[13] One of Newcastle's scorers that day, Michael Chopra, later joined Sunderland and played in 3 derbies against Newcastle. On 25 October 2008, Sunderland beat Newcastle 2–1 at the Stadium of Light, their first home win in a derby for 28 years.[14]

On 31 October 2010, Newcastle beat Sunderland 5–1 at home,[15] with their captain Kevin Nolan scoring a hat-trick in the match, while Sunderland's former Newcastle defender Titus Bramble was sent off. Newcastle led the return fixture in January 2011 1–0 thanks to another Nolan goal, only for Sunderland's Asamoah Gyan to equalise in injury time.[16] The next derby took place in August 2011 at the Stadium of Light, where Newcastle won 1–0 thanks to a Ryan Taylor free kick. The return fixture at St. James Park ended 1–1. Both sides were charged by the FA for failing to keep their players under control, charges which they both accepted.[citation needed]

On 14 April 2013, Sunderland defeated Newcastle 3–0 at St James' Park in manager Paolo Di Canio's second game in charge, their first away win in the fixture in 13 years. The attendance for the game was 52,355 with 2,000 Sunderland fans, this included the suspended Black cats midfielder Craig Gardner. The Sunderland goalscorers were Stéphane Sessègnon in the 27th minute, Adam Johnson in the 74th minute and David Vaughan in the 82nd minute.[17] The following season saw Sunderland do the double over Newcastle for the first time since the 1966/67 season and win three derbies in a row since 1923[18]- the Black Cats edging a 2–1 Stadium of Light on 27 October 2013,[19] before a repeat 0–3 victory at St James Park on 1 February 2014, with goals from Fabio Borini, Adam Johnson and Jack Colback.[2] On 21 December 2014, Adam Johnson scored a late goal in the 90th minute past goalkeeper, Jak Alnwick, at St James' Park ensuring that Sunderland had defeated Newcastle in 4 consecutive derbies- a new record.

Away fans bans and policing[edit]

The 1996–97 season saw Sunderland join Newcastle in the Premier League. However proposals were put forward to ban Newcastle fans from the aging Roker Park on safety and security grounds. A last-minute agreement by Sunderland and Northumbria Police was to allow 1,000 Newcastle supporters to attend the game. However, Newcastle had already made arrangements for a live televised beamback, and so rejected the offer. Responding to criticism from fans, Newcastle's then Chief Executive Freddie Fletcher suggested that the state of Roker Park was to blame and told fans: "Don't blame Newcastle. Don't blame Northumbria Police. Blame Sunderland!"[20]

In response to the ban on Newcastle fans at Roker Park, Newcastle placed a similar ban on Sunderland fans for the return fixture at St James' Park.[citation needed]

Fearing that this would set a precedent for future derby matches, supporters groups and fanzines of both sides joined together to form the Wear United pressure group. Supporters of both sides were assured that away fans would be able to attend future derby games, though this was probably more to do with the fact that the 1996–1997 season was Sunderland's last at Roker Park before moving into the brand new Stadium of Light.[citation needed]

In January 2014, following violence after the previous year's derby in Newcastle, a 'bubble trip' was announced for Sunderland fans wishing to travel to St James' Park for the game- supporters would be denied entry unless they travelled to the game on official buses leaving from Sunderland, regardless of where they lived.[21] The measure resulted in an angry response from both Sunderland and Newcastle supporters, with websites and fanzines from both sets of fans issuing a joint statement opposing the measure.[22] Subsequently, a row broke out between the clubs and Northumbria Police as to why the bubble trip was being implemented, and Sunderland AFC withdrew the conditions, and in a joint statement with Newcastle United, criticised Northumbria Police's claims that they had not directed changes in kick off times over many years as 'false and absurd', and that all future games would kick off at times to suit the clubs and any TV broadcasts.[23]

Hooliganism and violence[edit]

The Tyne–Wear derby has on occasion experienced incidents of football hooliganism. In 1990, as Sunderland led the playoff semi final 2–0, some Newcastle fans entered the pitch,in the hope of getting the match abandoned. There were 160 arrests in connection with a game in 2001.[24] In 2008, after Sunderland beat Newcastle at home for the first time in 28 years, there was a small pitch invasion by Sunderland fans, and missiles were thrown at Newcastle midfielder Joey Barton, although manager Roy Keane played down the seriousness of the incident.[25] On 16 January 2011 in the FA Premier League clash at the Stadium of Light, a 17 year old Sunderland fan ran onto the pitch and pushed over Newcastle goalkeeper Steve Harper, and was among 24 people who were arrested in connection with a string of hooligan incidents at the game.[26] However, incidents of violence are not as common as sometimes suggested – for example Sunderland were awarded the best behaved fans award for the 2010–11 season, despite the derby day arrests.[27]

On 14 April 2013, some Newcastle United fans rioted on the streets of Newcastle-upon-Tyne following the 3–0 defeat by Sunderland at St. James' Park,[28] with one fan's attack on a police horse gaining international media attention. Four police officers were injured and 29 arrests made.[29] Confrontation between fans of the rival teams at Newcastle's Central Station was shown in the series All Aboard: East Coast Trains in an episode entitled Derby Day.[30]

Summary of Results[edit]

Pie chart of results of Tyne-Wear Derby matches
Newcastle wins Sunderland wins Draws Newcastle goals Sunderland goals
League 51 45 43 210 206
FA Cup 2 3 3 8 11
League Cup 0 0 2 4 4
Playoffs 0 1 1 0 2
Texaco Cup 0 1 0 1 2
Anglo-Scottish Cup 0 1 0 0 2
Total 53 51 49 223 227

Records and statistics[edit]

Derby double[edit]

For either team to beat the other in both league games in a season is seen as a great achievement and a sign of superiority.[citation needed] Newcastle have achieved the double in 9 seasons (most recently in the 2005–06 season), while Sunderland have managed 6 doubles (most recently in the 2013–14 season).[1]

Newcastle doubles[edit]

Season Home Away
1909–1910 1–0 2–0
1911–1912 3–1 2–1
1913–1914 2–1 2–1
1920–1921 6–1 2–0
1955–1956 3–1 6–1
1956–1957 6–2 2–1
1992–1993 1–0 2–1
2002–2003 2–0 1–0
2005–2006 3–2 4–1

Sunderland doubles[edit]

Season Home Away
1904–1905 3–1 3–1
1919–1920 2–0 3–2
1923–1924 3–2 2–0
1954–1955 4–2 2–1
1966–1967 3–0 3–0
2013–2014 2–1 3–0

Biggest wins[edit]

Sunderland 9–1: (A) 5 December 1908

Newcastle 6–1 (H): 9 October 1920, (A) 26 December 1955

Most consecutive wins[edit]

Newcastle

5 games: 24 February 2002 – 17 April 2006

Sunderland

4 games: 14 April 2013 – 21 December 2014

Most Consecutive Draws[edit]

4 games: 8 April 1985 – 13 May 1990

Most Derby Appearances[edit]

Club Player League Cup Total
Newcastle Jimmy Lawrence 22 5 27
Sunderland George Holley 17 5 22

Most Derby Goals[edit]

Club Player League Cup Total
Newcastle Jackie Milburn 9 2 11
Sunderland George Holley 13 2 15

Attendances[edit]

Highest attendances[edit]

Venue Attendance Score Date
Newcastle 70,000 Newcastle United P–P Sunderland 1901[31]
Sunderland 68,004 Sunderland 2–2 Newcastle United 1950[32]

Lowest attendances[edit]

Venue Attendance Score Date
Newcastle 17,494 Newcastle United 1–3 Sunderland 1893[31]
Sunderland 5,000 Sunderland 2–0 Newcastle United 1888[33]


Crossing the Divide[edit]

There are a number of players who have donned both the black and white stripes of Newcastle as well as Sunderland's red and white stripes. Here are the players who have appeared in the first teams of both sides.

Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 2010 7 0
Sunderland 2014–present 9 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1902–1904 44 0
Sunderland 1908–1910 28 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1951–1963 447 35
Newcastle 1963–1965 84 14
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1889–1896 115 6
Newcastle 1896–1897 15 3
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1930–1932 32 18
Sunderland 1932 7 2
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1983–1984 44 4
Sunderland 1989–1992 137 (1) 2
Newcastle 1992–1995 75 (12) 4
Sunderland 1995–1997 87 (1) 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 2002–2007 105 (3) 3
Sunderland 2010–2013 30 (0) 1
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1995–1999 41 (51) 22
Newcastle 2004 2 (16) 0
Sunderland 2004–2005 5 (16) 1
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1949–1951 84 27
Newcastle 1953–1955 51 18
  • Alan Brown
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1976–1982 99 (28) 25
Newcastle 1981–1982 5 3
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1996–2004 24 (13) 2
Sunderland 2004–2007 69 5
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1889–1897 215 154
Newcastle 1897–1898 29 12
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 2000–2006 21 1
Sunderland 2007–2009 34 6
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1988–1997 191 (49) 27
Sunderland 1997–1999 83 (2) 16
Newcastle 2005–2006 10 (15) 1
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1975–1982 215 (3) 6
Newcastle 1982–1987 134 5
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 2008–2014 115 4
Newcastle 2014–
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1993–1995 70 55
Sunderland 2007–2008 7 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1930–1931 22 11
Sunderland 1931–1933 77 7
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1924–1926 3 0
Sunderland 1927–1929 11 1
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1961–1966 35 (1) 0
Newcastle 1966–1971 86 (4) 4
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1991–1997 71 (8) 9
Newcastle 2001–2006 55 (8) 2
Sunderland 2006–2007 7 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1968–1973 7 0
Sunderland 1973–1974 2 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1965–1971 69 (11) 16
Sunderland 1976–1977 9 (1) 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1982–1983 8 2
Sunderland 1984–1986 48 (13) 5
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1968–1975 251 (17) 19
Sunderland 1975–1977 9 2
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1996 17 0
Newcastle 1997–2009 462 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1907–1909 1 0
Newcastle 1910–1919 1 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1963–1973 60 (6) 2
Sunderland 1973–1975 80 (1) 2
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1909–1913 30 8
Newcastle 1913–1920 58 16
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1976–1983 101 0
Sunderland 1987 8 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1980–1981 18 (1) 4
Newcastle 1982 0 0
Sunderland 1993 10 (1) 2
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1889–1891 18 2
Sunderland 1892–1897 91 13
Newcastle 1897–1899 35 10
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1991–1993 83 39
Sunderland 1995–1997 37 (3) 2
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1971–1978 210 (6) 10
Sunderland 1985–1987 37 (3) 2
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1891 2 0
Newcastle 1895–1896 9 8
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1898–1904 165 6
Newcastle 1904–1910 131 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1923–1929 227 0
Newcastle 1929–1934 160 0
Sunderland 1934–1935 0 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1926–1928 66 23
Sunderland 1928–1930 51 17
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1996–1998 75 0
Newcastle 1998–2000 0 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1962–1974 296 3
Sunderland 1974–1977 86 2
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1905–1906 4 1
Sunderland 1906–1908 28 7
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1919–1920 29 4
Sunderland 1920–1921 10 2
Sunderland 1922 0 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1947–1952 33 0
Newcastle 1952–1954 5 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1962–1971 243 (1) 97
Sunderland 1974–1976 109 40
Sunderland 1979–1981 56 (4) 25
Sunderland 1983–1984 7 (6) 3
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1903–1904 12 0
Newcastle 1905–1906 1 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1999 11 1
Sunderland 2012–2013 14 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle (as East End) 1889–1892 57 0
Sunderland 1892–1897 1 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1946–1948 64 29
Sunderland 1948–1958 348 100
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 2007 14 0
Newcastle 2009–2013 52 1
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle (as East End) 1888–1889 10 5
Sunderland 1889–1893 32 4
Newcastle 1894–1896 27 10
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1889–1891 5 2
Newcastle (as East End) 1891–1892 17 4
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1964–1969 90 (3) 25
Newcastle 1978–1981 21 (3) 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1942–1951 143 28
Sunderland 1958–1961 71 11
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1927–1928 22 0
Newcastle 1928–1934 80 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1924–1930 200 24
Sunderland 1930–1936 55 6
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1979–1986 200 (5) 3
Newcastle 1992–1995 132 (1) 1
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1980–1985 190 (1) 52
Sunderland 1997 7 1
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1977–1982 69 (5) 3
Sunderland 1983–1984 0 (1) 0
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1985–1986 30 (1) 7
Sunderland 1988 18 3
Team Career Apps Goals
Sunderland 1901–1903 1 0
Sunderland 1904–1907 51 2
Newcastle 1907–1913 108 4
Team Career Apps Goals
Newcastle 1964–1973 52 (4) 2
Sunderland 1973–1974 34 (7) 1

In addition, the guest system operated in British football during World War II meant that most teams fielded guest players. Amongst these was the Newcastle forward Jackie Milburn who made two guest appearances for Sunderland against Gateshead twice during the 1944–45 season. Sunderland drew the first game 2–2 and lost the other 4–2. Another Newcastle striker, Albert Stubbins also guested for Sunderland several times during the 1941–42 season, including an appearance in the Wartime Cup Final, which Sunderland lost to Wolverhampton Wanderers despite a Stubbins goal.

Managers

Bob Stokoe, who won the FA Cup as a player with Newcastle in 1955, was manager of Sunderland between 1972 and 1977, guiding the Wearsiders to their famous FA Cup victory in 1973 and promotion to Division One in 1976. He returned to manage them briefly again in 1987.

On 15 May 2007 Newcastle appointed Sam Allardyce as their new manager, who played for Sunderland in the early 1980s.[34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.11v11.com/teams/sunderland/tab/opposingTeams/opposition/Newcastle%20United
  2. ^ a b http://www.theguardian.com/football/2014/feb/01/newcastle-united-sunderland-premier-league-match-report
  3. ^ Middlebrook, S. Newcastle Upon Tyne: Its Growth and Achievement, p. 87. Newcastle Chronicle and Journal, Newcastle Upon Tyne, 1950 and Corfe, Tom History of Sunderland, pp. 35–45. Frank Graham, Newcastle Upon Tyne, 1973
  4. ^ Griffiths, Bill A Dictionary of North East Dialect, p. 86. Northumbria University Press, Newcastle Upon Tyne, 2004
  5. ^ a b http://www.realradionortheast.co.uk/presenters-shows/shows-j7rb/the-real-radio-legends-ryxr/the-derby-newcastle-v-sunderland-t6rz/newcastle-v-sunderland-the-stats/lew93uwx/
  6. ^ a b c http://www.fifa.com/classicfootball/stories/classicderby/news/newsid=1325124.html
  7. ^ http://www.safc.com/page/ClubHistoryDetailMore/0,,10281~1742750,00.html
  8. ^ http://blog.sport.co.uk/Football/938/Top_Ten_Tyne-Wear_Derbies.aspx
  9. ^ http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/newcastle-united/nufc-news/2010/11/02/beardsley-i-m-delighted-for-hat-trick-ace-nolan-72703-27584013/
  10. ^ Days, pp 275–276.
  11. ^ "Newcastle 0 – 2 Sunderland". Soccerbase. Retrieved 6 January 2009. 
  12. ^ Donoghue, John (26 August 1999). "Football: Gullit's gamble backfires". The Independent (London). 
  13. ^ "Sunderland 1–4 Newcastle". BBC News. 17 April 2006. 
  14. ^ Lawrence, Amy (26 October 2008). "Premier League: Sunderland 2–1 Newcastle United". The Guardian (London). 
  15. ^ Ashdown, John (31 October 2010). "Newcastle v Sunderland – as it happened – John Ashdown". The Guardian (London). 
  16. ^ Blackburn, Martin. The Sun (London) http://www.thesun.co.uk/sol/homepage/sport/football/3354076/Sunderland-1-Newcastle-1.html |url= missing title (help). 
  17. ^ http://www.soccer-blogger.com/2013/04/14/newcastle-vs-sunderland-2013-highlights-0-3-sessegnon-johnson-vaughan-goals-video/
  18. ^ http://uk.eurosport.yahoo.com/football/premier-league/2013-2014/newcastle-united-sunderland-618647.html
  19. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/sport/0/football/24599741
  20. ^ Candlish, Alan Ha'Way/Howay The Lads: The History of the Rivalry Between Newcastle United and Sunderland, p. 322. Sports Books Limited, Cheltenham, 2006
  21. ^ http://www.sunderlandecho.com/news/local/all-news/sunderland-fans-angry-as-bubble-trip-newcastle-transport-plan-confirmed-for-tyne-wear-derby-1-6351335
  22. ^ http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/north-east-news/newcastle-united-sunderland-fans-unite-6476229
  23. ^ http://www.thenorthernecho.co.uk/news/10919970.Sunderland_lift__bubble_match__derby_travel_restriction_as_Tyne_Wear_rivals_and_police_row_over_match_arrangements/?ref=var_0
  24. ^ http://www.thesubsbench.ca/?p=304
  25. ^ Wilson, Jonathan (25 October 2008). "Crowd trouble mars Sunderland-Newcastle Premier League derby". The Daily Telegraph (London). 
  26. ^ [1]
  27. ^ http://www.sunderlandecho.com/news/local/safc_fans_top_league_1_3492417
  28. ^ "Newcastle United v Sunderland: Riots after Tyne-Wear derby as fans clash with police". The Telegraph (London). 15 April 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-15. 
  29. ^ "Man 'disgusted' at Tyne-Wear derby police horse attack". BBC News. 17 April 2013. 
  30. ^ http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/north-east-news/tyne-wear-derby-trouble-takes-centre-6391916
  31. ^ a b http://www.chroniclelive.co.uk/news/local-news/wear-tyne-derby-what-newcastle-fans-1373140
  32. ^ http://www.nufc.com/html/mackemrecord-two.html
  33. ^ http://www.nufc.com/html/mackemrecord-one.html
  34. ^ "Newcastle name Allardyce as boss". BBC Sport. 2007-05-15. Retrieved 2007-05-15.