Tyne Bridge (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 54°58′05″N 1°36′22″W / 54.968°N 1.606°W / 54.968; -1.606

Tyne Bridge
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Tyne Bridge in Tyne and Wear for the 2005 general election.
Outline map
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
County Tyne and Wear
19832010
Number of members One
Replaced by Gateshead, Newcastle upon Tyne Central
Created from Newcastle upon Tyne Central

Tyne Bridge was a parliamentary constituency in the north east of England, represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, from 1983 until 2010. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election.

History[edit]

Tyne Bridge contained some of the UK's most deprived areas, and was a safe seat for the Labour Party throughout its existence.

Boundaries[edit]

The City of Newcastle upon Tyne wards of Benwell, Elswick, Scotswood, and West City; and the Metropolitan Borough of Gateshead wards of Bede, Bensham, Dunston, and Teams.

The constituency covered central Tyneside in Tyne and Wear, with part of the constituency being north of the River Tyne in Newcastle, and the other part being south of the river, in Gateshead. It is named for the Tyne Bridge that crosses the river. It included Newcastle city centre; before 1983, this area was in the Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central seat.

Boundary review[edit]

Following a review of parliamentary representation in Tyne and Wear, the Boundary Commission for England abolished the Tyne Bridge constituency. At the 2010 general election it was replaced by the new constituency of Gateshead south of the River Tyne, and by the Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central constituency to the north.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[1] Party
1983 Harry Cowans Labour
1985 by-election David Clelland Labour
2010 constituency abolished: see Gateshead
and Newcastle-upon-Tyne Central

Elections[edit]

Elections of the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Tyne Bridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Clelland 16,151 61.2 −9.3
Liberal Democrat Chris P. Boyle 5,751 21.8 +9.5
Conservative Tom E. Fairhead 2,962 11.2 −2.1
BNP Kevin Scott 1,072 4.1 +4.1
Respect Miss Jill C. Russell 447 1.7 +1.7
Majority 10,400 39.4
Turnout 26,383 49.3 +5.1
Labour hold Swing −9.4
General Election 2001: Tyne Bridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Clelland 18,345 70.5 −6.3
Conservative James Stuart Cook 3,456 13.3 +2.2
Liberal Democrat Jonathan C. Wallace 3,213 12.3 +4.4
Socialist Labour James Fitzpatrick 533 2.0 N/A
Socialist Alliance Samuel J. Robson 485 1.9 N/A
Majority 14,889 57.2
Turnout 26,032 44.2 −12.9
Labour hold Swing

Elections of the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Tyne Bridge[2][3][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Clelland 26,767 76.8 +10.0
Conservative Adrian H. Lee 3,861 11.1 −11.0
Liberal Democrat Mrs. Mary Wallace 2,785 8.0 −3.1
Referendum Party Graeme R. Oswald 919 2.6 N/A
Socialist Alternative Mrs. Elaine Brumskill 518 1.5 N/A
Majority 22,906 65.7 +21.0
Turnout 34,850 57.1
Labour hold Swing +10.5
General Election 1992: Tyne Bridge[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Clelland 22,328 67.2 +4.1
Conservative Charles M. Liddell-Grainger 7,118 21.4 +0.8
Liberal Democrat John S. Burt 3,804 11.4 −4.9
Majority 15,210 45.7 +3.3
Turnout 33,250 62.6 −0.5
Labour hold Swing +1.7

Elections of the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Tyne Bridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Clelland 23,131 63.0 +2.5
Conservative Michael Walton Bates 7,558 20.6 +9.5
Social Democratic John C. Mansfield 6,005 16.4 −13.3
Majority 15,573 42.4
Turnout 36,694 63.1
Labour hold Swing
  • Death of Cowans
By-election 1985: Tyne Bridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Clelland 13,517 57.8 +1.3
Social Democratic Rod Kenyon 6,942 29.7 +11.4 [6]
Conservative Jacqui Lait 2,588 11.1 −14.1
Independent John Connell 250 1.1 N/A
Independent George Weiss 38 0.2 N/A
Independent Peter R. Smith 32 0.1 N/A
Majority 6,575 28.1
Turnout 23,367 38.1 −23.4
Labour hold Swing
Registered electors 61,400
General Election 1983: Tyne Bridge
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Harry Cowans 21,127 56.5 N/A
Conservative Randall S. Crawley 9,434 25.2 N/A
Liberal Tony Dawson 6,852 18.3 N/A
Majority 11,693 31.3 N/A
Turnout 37,413 61.5 N/A
Labour win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 7 Jan 2011. 
  3. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.166 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  4. ^ The 1997 election result is calculated relative to the notional, not the actual, 1992 result.
  5. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 
  6. ^ Change from the Liberal candidate who represented the SDP-Liberal Alliance in the 1983 general election.