Tynemouth (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Coordinates: 55°01′59″N 1°25′05″W / 55.033°N 1.418°W / 55.033; -1.418

Tynemouth
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Tynemouth in Tyne and Wear.
Outline map
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
County Tyne and Wear
Electorate 76,618 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements North Shields, Whitley Bay, Monkseaton, Tynemouth and Cullercoats
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Alan Campbell (Labour)
Number of members One
Created from Tynemouth and North Shields
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency North East England

Tynemouth is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Alan Campbell, a member of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

The seat covers Tynemouth, North Shields, Whitley Bay, Cullercoats, Monkseaton, and since 2010 Shiremoor and Backworth.

Since the May 2010 general election, the seat has electoral wards:

  • Chirton (Chirton and part of North Shields)
  • Preston (Preston village and part of North Shields)
  • Collingwood (Part of North Shields, Preston Grange, Preston Farm, New York and Murton)
  • Cullercoats (All of Cullercoats)
  • Monkseaton North (The eastern area of Monkseaton and part of Whitley Bay)
  • Monkseaton South (The western part of Monkseaton and part of Whitley Bay)
  • St Mary’s (Northern Whitley Bay, Wellfield and Earsdon Village)
  • Tynemouth (All of Tynemouth Village and part of North Shields)
  • Valley (Shiremoor and Backworth)
  • Whitley Bay (Whitley Bay town centre)[2]
History of Boundaries

Pre-2010 the constituency did not include the Shiremoor and Backworth ward of 'Valley', instead including the Percy Main ward of 'Riverside'. This effectively meant the constituency stretched only as far north as Whitley Bay and Earsdon, while extending quite far along the north bank of the Tyne, touching the edge of Wallsend. The A19 road acted as a straight inland boundary in all instances.

History[edit]

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.

Political history

The seat has historically shown the highest level of support for the Conservative Party in the Tyne and Wear area, with the Conservatives holding the seat from 1950 until 1997, though sometimes with small majorities. However, since the 1997 general election, it has been represented by a Labour MP.

Prominent frontbenchers

The present member, Alan Campbell reached the level of government below a Minister of State in 2008, as a Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Office.

Constituency profile[edit]

A coastal seat on the northern bank of the Tyne. North Shields and the communities along the Tyne itself tend to be more industrial and working class, once dominated by coal mining and shipbuilding. The coastal towns to the north, such as Whitley Bay, tend to be more middle class dormitory towns for Newcastle commuters.

This has tended to be one of the more Conservative seats in the Tory desert that is the North East. As a relatively middle class area it returned Conservative MPs from 1950 to 1997, albeit often on narrow majorities. It has been represented by Labour since 1997, though the Conservatives remain strong at a local level.

Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 close to the national average of 3.8%, at 3.9% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, lower than the regional average by 0.5%.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1885)
Election Member[4] Party Notes
1885 Richard Sims Donkin Conservative
1900 Frederick Leverton Harris Conservative Later MP for Stepney and East Worcestershire
1906 Herbert James Craig Liberal
1918 Charles Percy Conservative
1922 Alexander West Russell Conservative
1945 Grace Colman Labour
1950 Irene Ward Conservative Represented Wallsend 1931-1945
Feb 1974 Neville Trotter Conservative
1997 Alan Campbell Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Glenn Hall[5]

For the 2010 election, this was the primary target seat for the Conservatives in North East England following impressive local council victories since 2006 and the recent marginality of Alan Campbell's 2005 re-election.

General Election 2010: Tynemouth[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Campbell 23,860 45.3 -3.0
Conservative Wendy Morton 18,121 34.4 -2.2
Liberal Democrat John Appleby 7,845 14.9 -0.2
BNP Dorothy Brooke 1,404 2.7 +2.7
UKIP Natasha Payne 900 1.7 +1.7
Green Julia Erskine 538 1.0 +1.0
Majority 5,739 10.9 +1.2
Turnout 52,668 69.6 +3.6
Labour hold Swing -0.4

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

With a local Whitley Bay councillor as their candidate, the Conservatives hoped to snatch the seat, but could only diminish Labour's Alan Campbell's majority. In the Mayoral election held on the same day, Mayor Linda Arkley (Conservative) also failed to be re-elected.

General Election 2005: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Campbell 20,143 47.0 -6.2
Conservative Michael McIntyre 16,000 37.3 +3.8
Liberal Democrat Colin Finlay 6,716 15.7 +4.1
Majority 4,143 9.7
Turnout 42,859 66.9 -0.5
Labour hold Swing -5.0

Labour MP Alan Campbell was returned in 2001 with smaller majority on the back of Tony Blair's second landslide.

General Election 2001: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Campbell 23,364 53.2 -2.1
Conservative Karl Poulsen 14,686 33.5 +0.1
Liberal Democrat Penny Reid 5,108 11.6 +2.8
UKIP Michael Rollings 745 1.7 +0.8
Majority 8,678 19.7
Turnout 43,903 67.4 -9.8
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

In 1997 Labour won their largest Tynemouth majority ever. The Conservatives chose Gateshead Councillor Martin Callanan as their candidate to replace the retiring Neville Trotter. He would latterly become a North East MEP.

General Election 1997: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Alan Campbell 28,318 55.4 +10.4
Conservative Martin Callanan 17,045 33.3 -12.7
Liberal Democrat Andrew Duffield 4,509 8.8 +0.7
Referendum Party Clive Rook 819 1.6
UKIP Frank Rogers 462 0.9
Majority 11,273 22.0
Turnout 77.11
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +11.5

In 1992 Neville Trotter narrowly won his final term as the Labour candidate's fourth attempt failed. Many council seats were also unexpectedly won on the back of John Major's victory such as Whitley Bay and Monkseaton.

General Election 1992: Tynemouth[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Neville Trotter 27,731 46.0 +2.8
Labour Patrick J. Cosgrove 27,134 45.0 +6.2
Liberal Democrat Philip J.S. Selby 4,855 8.1 −9.9
Green Andrew Buchanan-Smith 543 0.9 N/A
Majority 597 1.0 −3.5
Turnout 60,263 80.4 +2.3
Conservative hold Swing −1.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Neville Trotter 25,113 43.2
Labour Patrick J. Cosgrove 22,530 38.8
Liberal D.F. Mayhew 10,446 18.0
Majority 2,583 4.4
Turnout 78.1
Conservative hold Swing

1983: Neville Trotter's biggest majority on the back of Mrs. Thatcher's landslide.

General Election 1983: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Neville Trotter 27,029 48.06
Labour Patrick J. Cosgrove 17,420 31.3
Liberal D.F. Mayhew 11,153 20.1
Majority 9,609 17.3
Turnout 74.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

1979: Patrick 'Paddy' Cosgrove's first of four attempts to win the seat. Cosgrove was the Labour councillor for Whitley Bay Ward.

General Election 1979: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Neville Trotter 29,941 51.57
Labour Patrick J. Cosgrove[n 3] 22,377 38.55
Liberal R. Pinkney 5,736 9.88
Majority 7,564 13.03
Turnout 77.69
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Neville Trotter 24,510 43.16
Labour J.E. Miller 21,389 37.66
Liberal Rodney S. Turner 10,895 19.18
Majority 3,121 5.5
Turnout 74.29
Conservative hold Swing

February 1974: Neville Trotter, a Newcastle City Councillor and Chartered Accountant, becomes MP.

General Election February 1974: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Neville Trotter 26,824 44.22
Labour D. Carlton 20,437 33.69
Liberal Rodney S. Turner 13,393 22.08
Majority 6,387 10.53
Turnout 80.02
Conservative hold Swing

1970: Jeremy Beecham would later become leader of Newcastle City Council and a Peer.

General Election 1970: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Dame Irene Mary Bewick Ward 30,773 51.36
Labour Jeremy Hugh Beecham 23,927 39.93
Liberal Rodney S. Turner 5,221 8.71
Majority 6,846 11.43
Turnout 75.85
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

1966: Gordon Adam would latterly become a North East MEP and make a failed bid to become Elected Mayor of North Tyneside in 2001.

General Election 1966: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Dame Irene Mary Bewick Ward 29,210 49.62
Labour Gordon Johnston Adam 25,814 43.85
Independent Dr. James C. Edwards 3,846 6.53
Turnout 78.45
Majority 3,396 5.77
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Dame Irene Mary Bewick Ward 33,342 56.29
Labour Albert Edward Booth 25,894 43.71
Turnout 78.96
Majority 7,448 12.57
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Dame Irene Mary Bewick Ward 32,810 56.37
Labour William H. Hutchinson 18,866 32.42
Liberal David N. Thompson 6,525 11.21
Turnout 80.53
Majority 13,994 23.96
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Irene Mary Bewick Ward 30,949 55.12
Labour James Finegan 20,113 35.82
Liberal Roy Cairncross 5,082 9.05
Turnout 79.35
Majority 10,836 19.29
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Irene Mary Bewick Ward 33,800 56.39
Labour Grace Mary Colman 26,144 43.61
Turnout 84.54
Majority 7,656 12.77
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Irene Mary Bewick Ward 28,785 49.30
Labour Grace Mary Colman 23,148 39.65
Liberal E.B. Slack 6,452 11.05
Turnout 84.01
Majority 5,637 9.65
Conservative gain from Labour Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Grace Mary Colman 13,963 46.07
Conservative Alexander West Russell 10,884 35.91
Liberal Lt. Kenneth Paterson Chitty 5,460 18.02
Turnout 76.85
Majority 3,079 10.16
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander West Russell 16,003 47.1
Labour Dr. S. Segal 10,145 29.8
Liberal John Stanley Holmes 7,868 23.1
Turnout
Majority 5,858 17.3
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander West Russell 17,607 51.8
Liberal John Stanley Holmes 8,295 24.4
Labour T.H. Knight 8,110 23.8
Turnout
Majority 9,312 27.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander West Russell 11,785 37.0
Liberal R. Irvin 10,545 33.1
Labour J. Stuart Barr 9,503 29.9
Turnout 83.3
Majority 1,240
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1924: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander West Russell 11,210 45.2
Liberal Harry Barnes 6,820 27.4
Labour J. Stuart Barr 6,818 27.4
Turnout 84.6
Majority 4,390 17.8
Conservative hold Swing
Harry Barnes
General Election 1923: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander West Russell 9,612 41.0
Liberal Harry Barnes 9,008 38.3
Labour W. Pitt 4,875 20.7
Turnout 81.1
Majority 604 2.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1922: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Alexander West Russell 11.244 48.1
Liberal Herbert James Craig 6,787 29.0
Labour George Harold Humphrey 5,362 22.9
Turnout 83.5
Majority 4,457 19.1
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

1918: Dixon Scott is perhaps more famous as the founder of Newcastle's 'News Cinema', the modern 'Tyneside Cinema'.

  • Denotes a candidate given the 'coupon' as the official Coalition candidate.
General Election 1918: Tynemouth

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative
  • Charles Percy
5,883 34.7
Liberal Comdr. Herbert James Craig 5,434 32.2
Ind. Labour Party George Harold Humphries 2,566 15.2
Independent Henry Gregg 2,495 14.8
National Party Dixon Scott 517 3.1
Turnout 63.8
Majority 449 2.5
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing
Herbert James Craig
General Election December 1910: Tynemouth

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Herbert James Craig 4,106 51.1
Conservative Charles Percy 3,939 48.9
Turnout 79.4
Majority 177 2.2
Liberal hold Swing
General Election January 1910: Tynemouth

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Herbert James Craig 4,487 52.9
Conservative E.G. Spencer-Churchill 3,993 47.1
Turnout 83.3
Majority 494 5.8
Liberal hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election January 1906: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Herbert James Craig 4,286 54.9
Conservative Frederick Leverton-Harris 3,522 45.1
Turnout 86.6
Majority 764 9.8
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1900: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Frederick Leverton-Harris[8] 3,501 53.1
Liberal F.D. Blake 3,094 46.9
Turnout 82.0
Majority 407 6.2
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1895: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Sims Donkin 3,168 51.7
Liberal F.D. Blake 2,959 48.3
Turnout 80.5
Majority 209 3.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1892: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Sims Donkin 3,121 52.9
Liberal J. Annand 2,783 47.1
Turnout 80.9
Majority 338 5.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1886: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Sims Donkin 2,795 55.1
Liberal W.T. Raymond 2,277 44.9
Turnout 76.1
Majority 518 10.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1885: Tynemouth
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Sims Donkin 3,027 57.2
Liberal J. Spence 2,269 42.8
Turnout 79.4
Majority 758 14.4
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Cosgrove was a Whitley Bay councillor and leading North East barrister
References