Tynemouth (UK Parliament constituency)
|for the House of Commons|
Boundary of Tynemouth in Tyne and Wear.
Location of Tyne and Wear within England.
|County||Tyne and Wear|
|Electorate||76,618 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||North Shields, Whitley Bay, Monkseaton, Tynemouth and Cullercoats|
|Member of Parliament||Alan Campbell (Labour)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Tynemouth and North Shields|
|European Parliament constituency||North East England|
- 1 Boundaries
- 2 History
- 3 Constituency profile
- 4 Members of Parliament
- 5 Elections
- 5.1 Elections in the 2010s
- 5.2 Elections in the 2000s
- 5.3 Elections in the 1990s
- 5.4 Elections in the 1980s
- 5.5 Elections in the 1970s
- 5.6 Elections in the 1960s
- 5.7 Elections in the 1950s
- 5.8 Elections in the 1940s
- 5.9 Elections in the 1930s
- 5.10 Elections in the 1920s
- 5.11 Elections in the 1910s
- 5.12 Elections in the 1900s
- 5.13 Elections in the 1890s
- 5.14 Elections in the 1880s
- 6 See also
- 7 Notes and references
Since the May 2010 general election, the seat has electoral wards:
- Chirton (Chirton and part of North Shields)
- Preston (Preston village and part of North Shields)
- Collingwood (Part of North Shields, Preston Grange, Preston Farm, New York and Murton)
- Cullercoats (All of Cullercoats)
- Monkseaton North (The eastern area of Monkseaton and part of Whitley Bay)
- Monkseaton South (The western part of Monkseaton and part of Whitley Bay)
- St Mary’s (Northern Whitley Bay, Wellfield and Earsdon Village)
- Tynemouth (All of Tynemouth Village and part of North Shields)
- Valley (Shiremoor and Backworth)
- Whitley Bay (Whitley Bay town centre)
- History of Boundaries
Pre-2010 the constituency did not include the Shiremoor and Backworth ward of 'Valley', instead including the Percy Main ward of 'Riverside'. This effectively meant the constituency stretched only as far north as Whitley Bay and Earsdon, while extending quite far along the north bank of the Tyne, touching the edge of Wallsend. The A19 road acted as a straight inland boundary in all instances.
The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885.
- Political history
The seat has historically shown the highest level of support for the Conservative Party in the Tyne and Wear area, with the Conservatives holding the seat from 1950 until 1997, though sometimes with small majorities. However, since the 1997 general election, it has been represented by a Labour MP.
- Prominent frontbenchers
A coastal seat on the northern bank of the Tyne. North Shields and the communities along the Tyne itself tend to be more industrial and working class, once dominated by coal mining and shipbuilding. The coastal towns to the north, such as Whitley Bay, tend to be more middle class dormitory towns for Newcastle commuters.
This has tended to be one of the more Conservative seats in the Tory desert that is the North East. As a relatively middle class area it returned Conservative MPs from 1950 to 1997, albeit often on narrow majorities. It has been represented by Labour since 1997, though the Conservatives remain strong at a local level.
Workless claimants, registered jobseekers, were in November 2012 close to the national average of 3.8%, at 3.9% of the population based on a statistical compilation by The Guardian, lower than the regional average by 0.5%.
Members of Parliament
- Constituency created (1885)
|1885||Richard Sims Donkin||Conservative|
|1900||Frederick Leverton Harris||Conservative||Later MP for Stepney and East Worcestershire|
|1906||Herbert James Craig||Liberal|
|1922||Alexander West Russell||Conservative|
|1950||Irene Ward||Conservative||Represented Wallsend 1931-1945|
|Feb 1974||Neville Trotter||Conservative|
Elections in the 2010s
For the 2010 election, this was the primary target seat for the Conservatives in North East England following impressive local council victories since 2006 and the recent marginality of Alan Campbell's 2005 re-election.
|General Election 2010: Tynemouth|
|Liberal Democrat||John Appleby||7,845||14.9||-0.2|
Elections in the 2000s
With a local Whitley Bay councillor as their candidate, the Conservatives hoped to snatch the seat, but could only diminish Labour's Alan Campbell's majority. In the Mayoral election held on the same day, Mayor Linda Arkley (Conservative) also failed to be re-elected.
|General Election 2005: Tynemouth|
|Liberal Democrat||Colin Finlay||6,716||15.7||+4.1|
Labour MP Alan Campbell was returned in 2001 with smaller majority on the back of Tony Blair's second landslide.
|General Election 2001: Tynemouth|
|Liberal Democrat||Penny Reid||5,108||11.6||+2.8|
Elections in the 1990s
In 1997 Labour won their largest Tynemouth majority ever. The Conservatives chose Gateshead Councillor Martin Callanan as their candidate to replace the retiring Neville Trotter. He would latterly become a North East MEP.
|General Election 1997: Tynemouth|
|Liberal Democrat||Andrew Duffield||4,509||8.8||+0.7|
|Referendum Party||Clive Rook||819||1.6|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||+11.5|
In 1992 Neville Trotter narrowly won his final term as the Labour candidate's fourth attempt failed. Many council seats were also unexpectedly won on the back of John Major's victory such as Whitley Bay and Monkseaton.
|General Election 1992: Tynemouth|
|Labour||Patrick J. Cosgrove||27,134||45.0||+6.2|
|Liberal Democrat||Philip J.S. Selby||4,855||8.1||−9.9|
Elections in the 1980s
|General Election 1987: Tynemouth|
|Labour||Patrick J. Cosgrove||22,530||38.8|
1983: Neville Trotter's biggest majority on the back of Mrs. Thatcher's landslide.
|General Election 1983: Tynemouth|
|Labour||Patrick J. Cosgrove||17,420||31.3|
Elections in the 1970s
1979: Patrick 'Paddy' Cosgrove's first of four attempts to win the seat. Cosgrove was the Labour councillor for Whitley Bay Ward.
|General Election 1979: Tynemouth|
|Labour||Patrick J. Cosgrove[n 3]||22,377||38.55|
|General Election October 1974: Tynemouth|
|Liberal||Rodney S. Turner||10,895||19.18|
February 1974: Neville Trotter, a Newcastle City Councillor and Chartered Accountant, becomes MP.
|General Election February 1974: Tynemouth|
|Liberal||Rodney S. Turner||13,393||22.08|
1970: Jeremy Beecham would later become leader of Newcastle City Council and a Peer.
|General Election 1970: Tynemouth|
|Liberal||Rodney S. Turner||5,221||8.71|
Elections in the 1960s
1966: Gordon Adam would latterly become a North East MEP and make a failed bid to become Elected Mayor of North Tyneside in 2001.
|General Election 1966: Tynemouth|
|General Election 1964: Tynemouth|
Elections in the 1950s
|General Election 1959: Tynemouth|
|General Election 1955: Tynemouth|
|General Election 1951: Tynemouth|
|General Election 1950: Tynemouth|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1940s
|General Election 1945: Tynemouth|
|Conservative||Alexander West Russell||10,884||35.91|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing|
Elections in the 1930s
|General Election 1935: Tynemouth|
|Conservative||Alexander West Russell||16,003||47.1|
|Labour||Dr. S. Segal||10,145||29.8|
|Liberal||John Stanley Holmes||7,868||23.1|
|General Election 1931: Tynemouth|
|Conservative||Alexander West Russell||17,607||51.8|
|Liberal||John Stanley Holmes||8,295||24.4|
Elections in the 1920s
|General Election 1929: Tynemouth|
|Conservative||Alexander West Russell||11,785||37.0|
|Labour||J. Stuart Barr||9,503||29.9|
|General Election 1924: Tynemouth|
|Conservative||Alexander West Russell||11,210||45.2|
|Labour||J. Stuart Barr||6,818||27.4|
|General Election 1923: Tynemouth|
|Conservative||Alexander West Russell||9,612||41.0|
|General Election 1922: Tynemouth|
|Conservative||Alexander West Russell||11.244||48.1|
|Liberal||Herbert James Craig||6,787||29.0|
|Labour||George Harold Humphrey||5,362||22.9|
Elections in the 1910s
1918: Dixon Scott is perhaps more famous as the founder of Newcastle's 'News Cinema', the modern 'Tyneside Cinema'.
- Denotes a candidate given the 'coupon' as the official Coalition candidate.
|General Election 1918: Tynemouth
|Liberal||Comdr. Herbert James Craig||5,434||32.2|
|Ind. Labour Party||George Harold Humphries||2,566||15.2|
|National Party||Dixon Scott||517||3.1|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing|
|General Election December 1910: Tynemouth
|Liberal||Herbert James Craig||4,106||51.1|
|General Election January 1910: Tynemouth
|Liberal||Herbert James Craig||4,487||52.9|
Elections in the 1900s
|General Election January 1906: Tynemouth|
|Liberal||Herbert James Craig||4,286||54.9|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
|General Election 1900: Tynemouth|
Elections in the 1890s
|General Election 1895: Tynemouth|
|Conservative||Richard Sims Donkin||3,168||51.7|
|General Election 1892: Tynemouth|
|Conservative||Richard Sims Donkin||3,121||52.9|
Elections in the 1880s
|General Election 1886: Tynemouth|
|Conservative||Richard Sims Donkin||2,795||55.1|
|General Election 1885: Tynemouth|
|Conservative||Richard Sims Donkin||3,027||57.2|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- Cosgrove was a Whitley Bay councillor and leading North East barrister
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- 2010 post-revision map Greater London and metropolitan areas of England
- Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "T" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- Frederick Leverton-Harris (1864-1926) Obituary in The Times, Tuesday, 16 November 1926; pg. 16; Issue 44430; col B