Type 051C destroyer

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CNS Shijiazhuang (DDG-116).jpg
Class overview
Builders: Dalian Shipbuilding Industry Company
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy
Preceded by: Type 051B
In service: October 2006
Completed: 2
Active: 2
General characteristics
Displacement: 7,100 tons
Length: 155 metres (508.5 feet)
Beam: 17 metres (55.8 feet)
Draught: 6 metres (19.7 feet)
Propulsion: 2 indigenous steam turbines
Speed: 30 knots
Armament: 48 x S-300FM (SA-N-20) surface-to-air missiles (6 x 8 revolver-style VLS)

8 x YJ-83 (C-803) anti-ship missiles
1 x 100 mm dual purpose gun
2 x Type 730 30 mm seven-barrel Gatling gun close-in weapons systems
2 x 3 324mm torpedo launchers carrying Yu-7 torpedoes
2 x 15 Type 946 decoy launchers

2 x 18 Type 726-4 decoy launchers
Aircraft carried: Kamov Ka-28 Helix size Helicopter
Aviation facilities: No hangar

The Type 051C or Luzhou class destroyer is a long-range air-defence guided missile destroyer built by China in its ongoing effort to create a true blue water navy. The ship uses the hull design of the older Type 051B (Luhai class), but is equipped with the advanced Russian S-300FM air defence missiles systems. Currently, two ships of this class have been launched and deployed by People's Liberation Army Navy North Sea Fleet.

Program[edit]

The construction of the Luzhou class destroyer at of the China’s northern Dalian Shipyard was revealed in 2004 with the help of Internet photographs. A disadvantage of the Type 051C is that it lacks the stealthier radar cross-section found on the newer Chinese warships. The ship also possesses less advanced steam turbine propulsion compared to gas turbine propulsion present in all newer Chinese destroyers.

Missiles[edit]

The Luzhou class uses the advanced Russian S-300FM air defence missile system with track-via-missile homing guided by a single Tombstone radar. The missile has a maximum range of 150 km and an operating altitude of 10 m - 27 km.

The anti-ship abilities possessed by the Luzhou class includes 8 indigenous YJ-83 (C-803) Anti-ship missiles. This anti-ship missile has a range of 150+ km and approaches its target in sea skimming mode at a speed of Mach 1.5. As a secondary role, the missile can also be used against land targets.

Guns[edit]

The ship uses two Type 730 CIWS guns for air defence. The Type 730 is a highly effective CIWS that is also installed on the Type 052B (Guangzhou class) and Type 052C/052D destroyers, and the Type 054A (Jiangkai II class) frigates. The ship also has 100 mm gun based on a French design for use against surface targets.

Propulsion[edit]

The ship is powered by two indigenous steam turbine engines.

Ships of Class[edit]

 Number   Pennant Number   Name   Builder   Launched   Commissioned   Fleet   Status 
1 115 沈阳 / Shenyang Dalian 28 December 2004 1 January 2006 North Sea Fleet Active.
2 116 石家庄 / Shijiazhuang Dalian 26 July 2005 22 January 2007 North Sea Fleet Active.

References[edit]

External links[edit]