Type 074-class landing ship

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駐港部隊艦艇大隊 - 7593登陸艇.JPG
Type 074-class landing ship (Yuhai class)
Class overview
Name: Yuhai-class
Builders: Wuhu Shipyard Wuhu, Anhui
Operators:  People's Liberation Army Navy
 Sri Lanka Navy
Preceded by: Type 079 (Yuling-class)
Succeeded by: Type 074A
In commission: 1995-present
Completed: 12 PLAN
1 Sri Lanka
Active: 12 PLAN
1 Sri Lanka
General characteristics
Type: Landing ship medium
Displacement: 800 tonnes (full)
Length: 58.4m
Beam: 10.4m
Draft: 2.7m
Installed power: 4,900hp
Propulsion: Two diesels
Speed: 18 knots
Capacity: 2 tanks
Troops: 350
Complement: 56
Sensors and
processing systems:
One I-band navigational radar
Armament: 3 x Type 61 dual-25mm AAA guns.

The Type 074-class landing ship (NATO reporting name: Yuhai-class) is a class of landing ship medium (LSM) of the People's Liberation Army Navy. They were built at Wuhu Shipyard of Wuhu, Anhui from 1995 to 2000. Although entering service in the mid-1990s, the origin of Type 074 actually dates to almost three decade earlier in the mid-1960s, and Type 074 is the result of experience learned from around half a dozen models earlier.

Background[edit]

The preceding Type 079-class landing ship suffers from inherit design flaws so that in order to achieve ease of production, it could be mass-produced, the hull shape was a very simply flat bottom design, and this is not good for sailing in poor weathers. As a result, PLAN issued a request of upgrade of the Type 079-class in the 1990s. However, as study progressed, it was discovered that in order to reach the requirement, major redesign is needed, and the cost would be prohibitive. The only alternative was to enlarge the successful design of the older Type 271-class landing ships, hence Type 074-class was borne as a cross between the Type 079 and the Type 271-classes, with the upgraded equipment of the former installed on an enlarged hull of the latter.

Design[edit]

This class of landing ship is capable of making oceanic voyages in moderate sea states. They are used for tactical beach lodgement, and can carry up to 100 tonnes of cargo. Indicative maximum loads include either 2 main battle tanks, or 6 light amphibious tanks, or 350 fully equipped troops. The ships of this class are fitted with three Type 61 dual-25mm antiaircraft artillery guns. Some units are also fitted with Type 81H 122mm multiple rocket launchers. Although on board equipment of Type 074-class is derived from that of Type 079, advancement in Chinese technological and industrial capability enabled the adaptation of automation, which significantly reduced the number of crew needed almost by a half, down to 56 from the original 109 of Type 079-class.[1]

  • Displacement: 800 tonnes (full)
  • Length: 58.4 m
  • Beam: 10.4 m
  • Draft: 2.7 m
  • Speed: 18 kt
  • Propulsion: 2 MAN AG diesel engines or its Chinese copy @ 4,900 hp with 2 shafts
  • Complement: 56
  • Lift capacity: 2 main battle tanks plus 250 troops
  • Armament: Two 25 mm guns (II x 1)
  • Radar: One I-band navigational radar

Ships of the class[edit]

Pennant Number Builder Status
3111 Wuhu Shipyard, Wuhu In Service
3113 Wuhu Shipyard, Wuhu In Service
3115 Wuhu Shipyard, Wuhu In Service
3116 Wuhu Shipyard, Wuhu In Service
3117 Wuhu Shipyard, Wuhu In Service
3229 Wuhu Shipyard, Wuhu In Service
3244 Wuhu Shipyard, Wuhu In Service
7593 Wuhu Shipyard, Wuhu In Service
7594 Wuhu Shipyard, Wuhu In Service
7595 Wuhu Shipyard, Wuhu In Service
???? Wuhu Shipyard, Wuhu In Service
???? Wuhu Shipyard, Wuhu In Service

Operators[edit]

Type 074A-class landing ship[edit]

The Type 074-class landing ship features a totally different design to the base Type 074. It is has a wave-piercing catamaran hull among other changes. Approximately 6 are in active service.[2][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]