Type 094 submarine

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Jin class SSBN.svg
Jin (Type 094) Class Ballistic Missile Submarine.JPG
Type 094 submarine
Class overview
Builders: Bohai Shipyard, Huludao
Operators: People's Liberation Army Navy Submarine Force
Preceded by: Type 092 (Xia class)
Succeeded by: Type 096 Tang class
In service: 2010[1]
Planned: 5 (projected)
Completed: 4[2]
General characteristics
Length: 133 m (436 ft 4 in)[3]
Beam: 12.5 m (41 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: Nuclear reactor, 1 shaft
Armament: 12 JL-2 SLBM

The Type 094 (Chinese: 094型核潜艇; NATO reporting name: Jin-class;) is a class of ballistic missile submarine developed by the Chinese People's Liberation Army Navy Submarine Force. It is armed with the JL-2 submarine-launched ballistic missile. The Type 094 succeeds the Type 092 submarine armed with the JL-1 SLBM.

Description[edit]

JL-1 and JL-2 Missiles.

The Type 094 is armed with 12 JL-2 SLBMs,[4] each with an estimated range of 7400[5]-8000[6] km.

History[edit]

The Type 094 was first spotted in 2006 on commercial satellite imagery of the Xiaopingdao Submarine Base. It was noted as being longer than the Type 092.[3] Two Type 094s were spotted at the Bohai Shipyard in May 2007, although it was not clear if these included the one spotted in 2006.[7]

According to the United States Department of Defense, the Type 094 was not yet operational in 2008.[8] One was operational in 2010,[1] three in 2013,[5] and four in 2015.[2]

No operational patrols have been made; development of the JL-2 has suffered repeated delays. The first successful test launch of a JL-2 from a Type 094 occurred in 2009.[6] In 2015, the United States expected the first operational patrol to occur "in the near future."[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b United States Department of Defense. Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2010 (PDF) (Report). pp. 3 (pp12 of PDF). Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  2. ^ a b United States Office of Naval Intelligence. The PLA Navy: New Capabilities and Missions for the 21st Century (PDF) (Report). p. 20. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Kristensen, Hans M. (5 July 2007). "New Chinese Ballistic Missile Submarine Spotted". fas.org. Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  4. ^ National Air and Space Intelligence Center (2013). Ballistic & Cruise Missile Threat (PDF) (Report). p. 25. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  5. ^ a b United States Department of Defense (May 2013). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2013 (PDF) (Report). pp. 6 (pp14 of PDF). Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "JL-2 (CSS-NX-14)". Globalsecurity.org. 20 April 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  7. ^ Kristensen, Hans M. (4 October 2007). "Two More Chinese SSBNs Spotted". fas.org. Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved 21 April 2015. 
  8. ^ "Military Power of the People’s Republic of China 2008" (PDF). Office of the Secretary of Defense. pp. 4 and 25 (pp14 and 35 of PDF). 
  9. ^ United States Office of Naval Intelligence. The PLA Navy: New Capabilities and Missions for the 21st Century (PDF) (Report). p. 5. Retrieved 21 April 2015.