Type 1934A-class destroyer

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Paul Jakobi.jpg
Z5 Paul Jakobi c. 1938
Class overview
Builders: AG Weser, Bremen
F. Krupp Germaniawerft, Kiel
Blohm & Voß, Hamburg
Operators:  Kriegsmarine
 French Navy
 Soviet Navy
 Royal Navy
Preceded by: Type 1934 class
Succeeded by: Type 1936 class
Built: 1935–1936
In commission: 1937–1958
Completed: 12
Lost: 7
Scrapped: 5
General characteristics as built
Class & type: Type 1934A-class destroyer
Displacement: 2,171 long tons (2,206 t)
Length: 119 m (390 ft 5 in) o/a
114 m (374 ft 0 in) w/l
Beam: 11.3 m (37 ft 1 in)
Draft: 4.23 m (13 ft 11 in)
Installed power: 70,000 shp (52,000 kW)
Propulsion: 2 shafts, 2 × Wagner geared steam turbines
6 × water-tube boilers
Speed: 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph)
Range: 1,825 nmi (3,380 km; 2,100 mi) at 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph)
Complement: 325
Armament:

5 × 1 - 12.7 cm (5 in) guns
2 × 2 - 3.7 cm (1.5 in) guns
6 × 1 - 2 cm (0.79 in) guns
2 × 4 - 53.3 cm (21 in) torpedo tubes

60 mines
32–64 depth charges, 4 throwers and 6 individual racks

The Type 1934A class destroyer consisted of a dozen ships laid down between July and November 1935. They were only slightly modified from the design of the preceding 1934 class and continued their predecessors' limited endurance and magazine capacity - factors which contributed to the heavy German losses at the Second Battle of Narvik. Five survived the war.

Design and description[edit]

The ships had an overall length of 119 meters (390 ft 5 in) and was 114 meters (374 ft 0 in) long at the waterline. They had a beam of 11.3 meters (37 ft 1 in), and a maximum draft of 4.23 meters (13 ft 11 in). She displaced 2,171 long tons (2,206 t) at standard load and 3,110 long tons (3,160 t) at deep load. The Wagner geared steam turbines were designed to produce 70,000 shaft horsepower (52,199 kW) which would propel the ship at 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph). Steam was provided to the turbines by six Wagner or Benson boilers with superheaters. The Wagner boilers had a pressure of 70 kg/cm2 (6,865 kPa; 996 psi) and a working temperature of 460 °C (860 °F) while the Benson boilers used 110 kg/cm2 (10,787 kPa; 1,565 psi) at 510 °C (950 °F).[1] The Type 1934A carried a maximum of 752 metric tons (740 long tons) of fuel oil which was intended to give a range of 4,400 nmi (8,100 km; 5,100 mi) at 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph), but the ship proved top-heavy in service and 30% of the fuel had to be retained as ballast low in the ship.[2] The effective range proved to be only 1,825 nmi (3,380 km; 2,100 mi) at 19 knots (35 km/h; 22 mph).[1]

The Type 1934A class ships carried five 12.7 cm SK C/34 guns in single mounts with gun shields, two each superimposed, fore and aft. The fifth gun was carried on top of the rear deckhouse. Her anti-aircraft armament consisted of four 3.7 cm SK C/30 guns in two twin mounts abreast the rear funnel and six 2 cm C/30 guns in single mounts. The ship carried eight above-water 53.3-centimeter (21.0 in) torpedo tubes in two power-operated mounts.[1][3] Four depth charge throwers were mounted on the sides of the rear deckhouse and they were supplemented by six racks for individual depth charges on the sides of the stern. Enough depth charges were carried for either two-four patterns of 16 charges each.[4] Mine rails were fitted on the rear deck that had a maximum capacity of 60 mines.[1]

Ships[edit]

Z5 Paul Jakobi Laid down: DeSchiMAG Bremen, 15 July 1935

Launched: 24 March 1936
Commissioned: 29 June 1937
Fate: Transferred to France as a reparation Desaix, scrapped 1958
Named after Paul Jakobi

Z6 Theodor Riedel Laid down: DeSchiMAG Bremen, 18 July 1935

Launched: 22 April 1936
Commissioned: 2 July 1937
Fate: Transferred to France as the Kleber, scrapped 1958
Named after Theodor Riedel

Z7 Hermann Schoemann Laid down: DeSchiMAG Bremen, 7 September 1935

Launched: 16 July 1936
Commissioned: 9 September 1937
Fate: sunk 2 May 1942 by the British cruiser Edinburgh
Named after Hermann Schoemann

Z8 Bruno Heinemann Laid down: DeSchiMAG Bremen, 14 January 1936

Launched: 15 September 1936
Commissioned: 8 January 1938
Fate: sunk 25 January 1942 by a mine near Calais
Named after Bruno Heinemann

Z9 Wolfgang Zenker Laid down: Germaniawerft Kiel, 23 March 1935

Launched: 27 March 1936
Commissioned: 2 July 1938
Fate: scuttled on 13 April 1940
Named after Wolfgang Zenker

Z10 Hans Lody Laid down: Germaniawerft Kiel, 1 April 1935

Launched: 14 May 1936
Commissioned: 13 September 1938
Fate: Taken over by the United Kingdom after the war and used as a trials ship, scrapped 1946 - 1949
Named after Carl Hans Lody

Z11 Bernd von Arnim Laid down: Germaniawerft Kiel, 26 April 1935

Launched: 8 July 1936
Commissioned: 6 December 1938
Fate: scuttled on 13 April 1940
Named after Bernd von Arnim

Z12 Erich Giese Laid down: Germaniawerft Kiel, 3 May 1935

Launched: 12 March 1937
Commissioned: 4 March 1939
Fate: sunk 13 April 1940
Named after Erich Giese

Z13 Erich Koellner Laid down: Germaniawerft Kiel, 12 October 1935

Launched: 18 March 1937
Commissioned: 28 March 1939
Fate: sunk 13 April 1940
Named after Erich Koellner

Z14 Friedrich Ihn Laid down: Blohm & Voss Hamburg, 30 March 1935

Launched: 5 November 1935
Commissioned: 6 April 1938
Fate: Transferred to the Soviet Union, served in the Baltic Fleet as the Prytkiy (Прыткий) scrapped 1952
Named after Friedrich Ihn

Z15 Erich Steinbrinck Laid down: Blohm & Voss Hamburg, 30 March 1935

Launched: 24 September 1936
Commissioned: 31 May 1938
Fate: Transferred to the Soviet Union, served in the Baltic Fleet as the Pylkiy (Пылкий) scrapped 1958
Named after Erich Steinbrinck

Z16 Friedrich Eckoldt Laid down: Blohm & Voss Hamburg, 14 November 1935

Launched: 21 March 1937
Commissioned: 28 July 1938
Fate: sunk 31 December 1942 by HMS Sheffield
Named after Friedrich Eckoldt

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Gröner, p. 199
  2. ^ Whitley 1983, p. 26
  3. ^ Whitley 1983, p. 23
  4. ^ Whitley 1983, p. 299

References[edit]

  • Gröner, Erich (1990). German Warships: 1815–1945. Volume 1: Major Surface Warships. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-790-9. 
  • Haarr, Geirr H. (2009). The German Invasion of Norway, April 1940. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 978-1-59114-310-9. 
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (1983). Destroyer! German Destroyers in World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-143-9. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (1988). Destroyers of World War 2. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-326-1. 

External links[edit]