Type 75 155 mm self-propelled howitzer

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Type 75 155 mm self-propelled howitzer
JGSDF Type75 15HSP.jpg
Type 75 of the JGSDF displayed at Camp Higasichitose
Type Self-propelled artillery
Place of origin Japan
Service history
In service 1975 - present
Used by  Japan
Production history
Designed 1969-1975
Produced 1975-1988
Number built 201
Specifications
Weight 25,300 kilograms (24.9 long tons; 27.9 short tons)
Length 21 ft 9 in (6.63 m) (hull)
Barrel length 4.65 metres (183 in) L/30
Width 10 ft 1 in (3.07 m)
Height 8 ft 4 in (2.54 m)
Crew 6 (commander, driver, two gunners, layer and radio operator)

Shell separate-loading, bag charge
Caliber 155 millimetres (6.1 in)
Elevation -5° to +65°
Traverse 360°
Rate of fire 6 rpm
Effective firing range 19,000 metres (21,000 yd) (HE)
Maximum firing range 24,000 metres (26,000 yd) (rocket-assisted)

Armor aluminum
Main
armament
1x Japan Steel Works, 155 mm L30 howitzer
Secondary
armament
1x 12.7 mm M-2HB machine gun
Engine Mitsubishi 6ZF 6-cylinder diesel
450 bhp
Suspension torsion bar
Ground clearance 40 centimetres (16 in)
Fuel capacity 650 liters (143 Imp. gallons)
Operational
range
300 km (190 mi)
Speed 47 km/h (29 mph)

The Type 75 155 mm self-propelled howitzer (75式自走155mm榴弾砲 nana-go-shiki-jisou-115mm-ryuudan-hou?) is an armored artillery vehicle in the exclusive use of the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force. Self-propelled howitzers are employed to provide mobile heavy fire support to army units in the field.

The Type 75 shares a number of automotive components with the Type 74 tank which was developed during the same time. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries developed the chassis, while the howitzer and turret were designed by Japan Steel Works. Two prototypes were completed in 1971-2 and differed only in their loading systems. Trials were conducted 1973-4 and the howitzer was accepted for service in October 1975. It carries 28 rounds of ammunition on board.

As of 2001 Japan reported to the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs that 201 Type 75s were in service.[1] It is being gradually replaced by the Type 99 155 mm Self-propelled howitzer. As of December 2008 it still equips the 5th, 11th, 171st and 172nd Field Artillery Battalions.[2]

Similar Vehicles[edit]

M109 howitzer

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "JGSDF Inventory circa 2001". United Nations. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  2. ^ Handout for Yama Sakura 55 exercise

References[edit]

  • Chant, Christopher. A Compendium of Armaments and Military Hardware. New York and London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987 ISBN 0-7102-0720-4, p. 76

External links[edit]