Type 920 hospital ship

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HS Peace Ark-1.jpg
Hospital ship 866 (Daishando)
Career (China) Naval Ensign of the People's Republic of China.svg
Name: 866
Ordered: 1
Builder: CSIC (Guangzhou Shipyard International Company Limited)
Launched: 2007
Commissioned: December 22, 2008
Status: in active service, as of 2014
General characteristics
Displacement: approximately 14,000 tons
Length: 178 metres
Beam: approximately 25 metres
Propulsion: twin shaft diesel turbines
Aircraft carried: Z-8JH (27 passengers or 15 stretchers)
Aviation facilities: hangar

The Type 920 Hospital Ship is a class of hospital ship in the People's Liberation Army Navy of the Peoples' Republic of China.

920 is the type of the ship. 866 is the PLA Navy side number of this ship, 岱山岛号 (Daishandao) is the navy name, 和平方舟 (Peace Ark) is the name in peacetime.[1]

History[edit]

Launched in 2007, China is one of a few nations with naval floating hospitals. The Chinese rationale for the ship was to give China a platform to provide a better means to providing quicker humanitarian response to disasters around the world, but others contend it also allows China to extend the navy's blue water capabilities.[2] The single ship of the class has a pennant number 866. The ship is assigned to the East Sea Fleet and based out of Daishandao. The ship has 300 beds, 20 ICUs, 8 operating theatres, and the capacity to accommodate 40 major surgeries a day – about as many as a large hospital in Beijing.[2][3] The ship is unarmed and painted white with red crosses to conform to the Geneva Convention criteria for a civilian hospital ship; firing upon it is potentially a war crime under international law.

Operations[edit]

On September 1, 2010, the hospital ship embarked on a three months mission to the Gulf of Aden with a total of 428 officers including 100 medical workers. En route it visited and provided medical treatment to the local people of Djibouti, Tanzania, Kenya, the Seychelles and Bangladesh.[1]

In November 2013, the ship was deployed to Tacloban, Philippines to assist in the recovery from Typhoon Haiyan.[4]

Peace Ark also participated as part of the Chinese contribution to Exercise RIMPAC 2014 in addition to the United States hospital ship Mercy. [5]

Similar vessels[edit]

Other PLAN hospital ships:

  • Ships 832 (Nanyun) and 833 (Nankang) - 2 Nankang-class hospital ship are 2 150-ton modified Qiongsha class attack transport ships built in the 1980s and similar size to small passenger ships; has helipad in rear; built in Guangzhou and remains in service in the South Sea Fleet[2]
  • Y832 (Bei Kang) and Y834 (Dong Kang) - stationed at North Sea Fleet and East Sea Fleet
  • Ship 82 (Shichang) - 9 500 ton part-time hospital ship built in 1997 as multi-role aviation training ship and can be reclassified as hospital ship/defense mobilization ship with modular units added;[2] deck space can accommodate modular units for treatment centre and wards; supports has 2 helipads
  • Ship 865 - (approximately 30,000 ton) converted container ship with 14 modular medical units, heli pad and control tower; likely based at Sanya, Hainan Island
  • Ship 866 (Daishando) - 10,000 ton (half the size of 865) and likely a converted cruise ship with 500 beds, 8 surgery rooms; based in Zhoushan in eastern Zhejiang Province[6]
  • Project 320 Ob' Class Hospital Ship - a retired Russian hospital ship (1980–1997) was purchased in 2007 with plans to restore it for PLAN service as hospital ship; built at Adolf Warski Shipyard in the 1980s

References[edit]

External links[edit]