Type 93 Surface-to-air missile
|Type 93 SAM|
Type 93 SAM rockets on a Kōkidōsha
|Type||Passive infrared homing missile|
|Place of origin||Japan|
|In service||1993 - Present|
|Designer||Toshiba Heavy Industries|
|Manufacturer||Toshiba Heavy Industries|
|Engine||Solid Rocket Motor|
The Type 93 Surface-to-air missile (93式近距離地対空誘導弾 93shiki-kinkyori-titaikū-yuūdōdan?) is a surface-to-air missile used by the Japanese Self-Defense Forces. It is the vehicle-borne version of the Type 91 missile.
It's known in JSDF ranks as the Closed Arrow.
It was first deployed in 1993, due to a need to replace L-90 35mm Anti-Aircraft Twin Cannons in JGSDF service. It is typically deployed on a modified launcher Kōkidōsha (military version Toyota Mega Cruiser) with a total of 8 missiles ready to fire.
The Type 93 is a vast improvement over the L-90 as it has the ability to track down and shoot down enemy aircraft thanks to infrared homing on its system.
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