Type 97 aircraft machine gun
|Type 97 7.7 mm aircraft machine gun|
A Type 97 aircraft machine gun
|Type||Light machine gun|
|Place of origin||Empire of Japan|
|Used by||Imperial Japanese Navy|
|Wars||Second Sino-Japanese War, World War II|
|Weight||11.8 kg (26.01 lb)|
|Length||104 cm (40.94 in)|
|Action||Short recoil toggle locked|
|Rate of fire||900 rounds/min|
|Muzzle velocity||750 m/s (2,461 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||600 m|
The Type 97 fixed machine gun was the standard fixed light machine gun on aircraft of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II. This weapon was not related to the Type 97 light machine gun used by the Imperial Japanese Army in ground combat.
The Type 97 was similar to the Army Type 89 machine gun, being a licensed copy of the Vickers Class E machine gun. It was highly suitable for synchronization and was used as the cowling armament on the A6M Zero. However, the Type 97 and Type 89 were chambered for rounds of slightly different cartridge length, making their ammunition noninterchangeable.
- Francillon, Rene J. (1970). Japanese Aircraft of the Pacific War. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-313-X.
- Mikesh, Robert C. (2004). Japanese Aircraft Equipment 1940-1945. Schiffer Military History. ISBN 0-7643-2097-1.
- Williams, Anthony G., and Gustin, Emmanuel (2003). Flying Guns: The development of aircraft guns, ammunition and installations 1933-45. Airlife. ISBN 978-1-84037-227-4.