Typha domingensis

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Typha domingensis
Typha domingensis 4.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Typhaceae
Genus: Typha
Species: T. domingensis
Binomial name
Typha domingensis

Typha domingensis, known commonly as southern cattail or cumbungi, is a perennial herbaceous plant of the genus Typha.

It is found throughout temperate and tropical regions worldwide. It is sometimes found as a subdominant associate in mangrove ecosystems such as the Petenes mangroves ecoregion of Yucatán.[1]

In Turkish folk medicine the female inflorescences of this plant and other Typha are used externally to treat wounds such as burns. Extracts of T. domingensis have been demonstrated to have wound healing properties in rat models.[2]

Recently it was found that Typha domingensis is very effective at reducing bacterial contamination of water for agricultural use. This plant helps to reduce, up to 98 percent, pollution by enterobacteria (usually found in the intestines of mammals) involved in the development of disease. [3]

Typha domingensis grows in Switzerland, the Balearic Islands, Corsica, France, Portugal, Sardinia, Spain, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Italy, Crete, Romania, Turkey, Croatia, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo, Slovenia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Crimea, Russia, Ukraine, Algeria, Egypt,Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, the Azores, the Canary Islands, Cape Verde, Benin,Burkina Faso, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Guninée, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Toto, Central African Republic, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Gabon, Chad, Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan,Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Angola, Malawi, Malta, Mozambique, Zambia, Botswana, Mauritius, Réunion, Seychelles, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Mongolia, Japan, Korea, the Ryukyu Islands, Afghanistan, Cyprus, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Palestine, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Republic of Georgia, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, China, Assam, Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, the Andaman Islands, Burma, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, New Guinea, Australia, Norfolk Island, Fiji, New Caledonia, the Society Islands, Hawaii, the United States, Mexico, Central America, Bermuda, the West indies, French Guinea, Guyana, Surinam, Venezuela, Bolivia Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, and Uruguay.[4]


  1. ^ World Wildlife Fund. Eds. M. McGinley, C. M. Hogan, & C. Cleveland. 2010. Petenes mangroves. Encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington, DC.
  2. ^ Akkol, E. K., et al. (2011). The potential role of female flowers inflorescence of Typha domingensis Pers. in wound management. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 133(3) 1027-32.
  3. ^ Common weed revealed to diminish water pollution
  4. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Typha domingensis

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