Typhlops

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Typhlops
AB069 Typhlops Head.JPG
Typhlops sp. (head)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Typhlopidae
Genus: Typhlops
Oppel, 1811
Synonyms

Typhlops is a genus of blind snakes found in Europe, Africa, Asia and Central and South America. Currently, 120 species are recognized, accounting for over half of the species in the family Typhlopidae.[2] Common names include: blind snakes, blindsnakes.[2]

Geographic range[edit]

Snakes of this genus are found in southeastern Europe, the Middle East, tropical and subtropical Asia, most of Africa, Madagascar and certain islands of the Indian Ocean, the Philippines, Moluccas, New Guinea, Central America, South America, and the West Indies.[1]

Species[edit]

Species[2] Taxon author[2] Subsp.*[2] Common name Geographic range
T. ahsanai Khan, 1999 0 Ahsan's blind snake
T. andamanensis Stoliczka, 1871 0 Andaman worm snake
T. angolensis (Bocage, 1866) 0 Angola blind snake
T. annae Breuil, 1999 0 Saint Barthélemy blind snake
T. arenarius (Grandidier, 1872) 0
T. ater Schlegel, 1839 0
T. beddomii Boulenger, 1890 0 Beddome's worm snake
T. bibronii (A. Smith, 1846) 0 Bibron's blind snake
T. biminiensis Richmond, 1955 1
T. bipartitus Sauvage, 1879 0
T. bisubocularis Boettger, 1893 0
T. bothriorhynchus Günther, 1864 0
T. boulengeri Bocage, 1893 0
T. brongersmianus Vanzolini, 1976 0 burrowing snake
T. canlaonensis Taylor, 1917 0
T. capitulatus Richmond, 1964 0
T. cariei Hoffstetter, 1946 0
T. castanotus Wynn & Leviton, 1993 0
T. catapontus Thomas, 1966 0
T. caymanensis Sackett, 1940 0
T. ceylonicus M.A. Smith, 1943 0
T. coecatus Jan, 1863 0
T. collaris Wynn & Leviton, 1993 0
T. comorensis Boulenger, 1889 0
T. congestus (A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844) 0
T. conradi W. Peters, 1874 0
T. costaricensis Jiménez & Savage, 1963 0
T. cuneirostris W. Peters, 1879 0
T. decorosus Buchholz &
W. Peters, 1875
0
T. decorsei Mocquard, 1901 0
T. depressiceps Sternfeld, 1913 0
T. diardii Schlegel, 1839 0 Diard's blindsnake
T. domergnei Roux-Estève, 1980 0
T. dominicanus Stejneger, 1904 1
T. elegans W. Peters, 1868 0
T. epactius Thomas, 1968 0
T. exiguus Jan, 1864 0 Belgaum worm snake
T. floweri Boulenger, 1899 0
T. fornasinii Bianconi, 1847 0 Fornasini's blind snake
T. fredparkeri Wallach, 1996 0
T. giadinhensis Bourret, 1937 0
T. gierrai Mocquard, 1897 0
T. gonavensis Richmond, 1964 0
T. granti Ruthven & Gaige, 1935 0 Grant's blind snake
T. grivensis Hoffstetter, 1946 0
T. hectus Thomas, 1974 0
T. hedraeus Savage, 1950 0
T. hypogius Savage, 1950 0
T. hypomethes Hedges & Thomas, 1991 0 Coastal blindsnake
T. hypsobothrius F. Werner, 1917 0
T. inornatus Boulenger, 1888 0
T. jamaicensis (Shaw, 1802) 0
T. jerdoni Boulenger, 1890 0 Jerdon's worm snake
T. khoratensis Taylor, 1962 0
T. klemmeri Taylor, 1962 0
T. koekkoeki Brongersma, 1934 0
T. koshunensis Ōshima, 1916 0
T. kraalii Doria, 1874 0
T. lankaensis Taylor, 1947 0
T. lehneri Roux, 1926 0
T. leucomelas Boulenger, 1890 0
T. leucostictus Boulenger, 1898 0
T. lineolatus Jan, 1863 0
T. loveridgei Constable, 1949 0 Loveridge's worm snake
T. lumbricalisT (Linnaeus, 1758) 0
T. luzonensis Taylor, 1919 0
T. madagascariensis Boettger, 1877 0
T. madgemintonai Khan, 1999 1 Madge's blind Snake, Sherman's blind snake
T. malcolmi Taylor, 1947 0
T. manilae Taylor, 1919 0
T. manni Loveridge, 1941 0
T. marxi Wallach, 1993 0
T. mcdowelli Wallach, 1996 0
T. microstomus Cope, 1866 0 Yucatán blind snake
T. minuisquamus Dixon & Hendricks, 1979 0
T. mirus Jan, 1860 0
T. monastus Thomas, 1966 1
T. monensis K.P. Schmidt, 1926 0 Mona blind snake
T. mucronatus Boettger, 1880 0
T. oatesii Boulenger, 1890 0 Andaman Island worm snake
T. obtusus W. Peters, 1865 0 Slender blind snake
T. ocularis Parker, 1927 0
T. oligolepis Wall, 1909 0 few-scaled worm snake
T. pammeces Günther, 1864 0 Peninsular worm snake
T. paucisquamus Dixon & Hendricks, 1979 0
T. platycephalus A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 0 Flat-headed blindsnake
T. platyrhynchus Sternfeld, 1910 0
T. porrectus Stoliczka, 1871 0 Slender worm snake
T. punctatus (Leach, 1819) 1
T. pusillus Barbour, 1914 0
T. reticulatus (Linnaeus, 1758) 0
T. reuteri Boettger, 1881 0
T. richardii A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844 0 Richard's blind snake
T. rondoensis Loveridge, 1942 0
T. rostellatus Stejneger, 1904 0 Puerto Rican wetland blind snake
T. ruber Boettger, 1897 0
T. ruficaudus (Gray, 1845) 0
T. schmidti Laurent, 1956 1
T. schmutzi Auffenberg, 1980 0
T. schwartzi Thomas, 1989 0
T. siamensis Günther, 1864 0
T. socotranus Boulenger, 1889 0
T. steinhausi F. Werner, 1909 0
T. sulcatus Cope, 1868 0 sulcate blind snake
T. syntherus Thomas, 1965 0
T. tasymicris Thomas, 1974 0
T. tenebrarum Taylor, 1947 0
T. tenuicollis (W.Peters, 1864) 0
T. tenuis Salvin, 1860 0
T. tetrathyreus Thomas, 1989 0
T. thurstoni Boettger, 1890 0
T. tindalli M.A. Smith, 1943 0
T. titanops Thomas, 1989 0
T. trangensis Taylor, 1962 0
T. trinitatus Richmond, 1965 0 Trinidad worm snake
T. uluguruensis Barbour & Loveridge, 1928 0
T. unilineatus (A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1844) 0
T. veddae Taylor, 1947 0
T. vermicularis Merrem, 1820 0
T. violaceus Taylor, 1947 0
T. wilsoni Wall, 1908 0
T. yonenagae Rodriques, 1991 0
T. zenkeri Sternfeld, 1908 0

*) Not including the nominate subspecies.
T) Type species.[1]

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Motion of a Typhlops, not like an earthworm. (Video shot in Taiwan.)

Images of a Typhlops from Binnaguri, North Bengal, India:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ a b c d e "Typhlops". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 18 August 2007. 

External links[edit]