Typhoon Herb

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Super Typhoon Herb (Huaning)
Typhoon (JMA)
Category 5 Typhoon (SSHWS)
Typhoon Herb.gif
Super Typhoon Herb near peak intensity
Formed July 21, 1996
Dissipated August 3, 1996
Highest winds 10-minute sustained:
175 km/h (110 mph)
1-minute sustained:
260 km/h (160 mph)
Lowest pressure 925 mbar (hPa); 27.32 inHg
Fatalities 284 dead, 306 missing
Damage $5 billion (1996 USD)
Areas affected Ryūkyū Islands, Taiwan, People's Republic of China
Part of the 1996 Pacific typhoon season

Super Typhoon Herb was the strongest and the largest storm of 1996. Herb struck the Ryūkyū Islands, Taiwan and the People's Republic of China, causing major damage. The name Herb was used in the Western Pacific name list for the first time after the list had been revised earlier in 1996. Although the name was not retired, the Western Pacific name list was changed from English names to Asian names in 2000, so 1996 was in fact the only occasion when the name was used (it was never used in the Atlantic Ocean or the Eastern Pacific.)

Meteorological history[edit]

Map showing the sequential path of the storm; the colored points indicate the storm's position and intensity at six-hour intervals.

The active monsoon trough that spawned Typhoons Frankie (08W) and Gloria (09W) consolidated into a third area well east of the other two to develop Tropical Depression 10W near Saipan on July 23. It moved northward at first, then westward in response to the subtropical ridge to its north. Tropical Depression 10W was upgraded to Tropical Storm Herb on July 24. Tropical Storm Herb moved west, growing in size and strengthening to Typhoon Herb on July 25 before 48 hours later reaching Category 4 (125 knots). An interaction with Typhoon Gloria (in what is known as the "Fujiwhara effect") saw Herb downgraded to 115 knots. Shortly afterward Herb began to intensify again, and became a Category 5 super typhoon (140 knots) on July 30. Herb also became a very large typhoon: the largest typhoon in July and the 8th largest typhoon since 1977.

Herb struck the Ryūkyū Islands and made landfall in northern Taiwan as a Category 4 Super Typhoon (130 knots) on July 31. The eye of the storm passed directly over the capital, Taipei, Taiwan . Herb weakened as it crossed Taiwan and then the Taiwan Strait, to make landfall in China as a strong Category 2. Herb rapidly weakened over the country, and dissipated on August 3.

Impact[edit]

Wettest tropical cyclones and their remnants in Taiwan
Highest known recorded totals
Precipitation Storm Location Ref
Rank mm in
1 3060 120.5 Morakot 2009 Alishan, Chiayi [1]
2 2319 91.3 Nari 2001 Wulai, New Taipei [2]
3 2162 85.1 Flossie 1969 Beitou, Taipei [1]
4 1987 78.2 Herb 1996 Alishan, Chiayi [3]
5 1774 69.8 Saola 2012 Yilan City [4]
6 1672 65.8 Carla 1967 Dongshan, Yilan [5]
7 1611 63.4 Sinlaku 2008 Heping, Taichung [6]
8 1561 61.5 Haitang 2005 Sandimen, Pingtung [7]
9 1546 60.9 Aere 2004 Miaoli County [8]
10 1500 59.1 Parma 2009 Yilan County [9]

Ryūkyū Islands[edit]

Prior to the typhoon's arrival in the southern Ryūkyū Islands, officials issued storm warnings for most islands and canceled 76 flights.[10] On July 31, the eye of Typhoon Herb passed roughly 16 to 20 km (9.9 to 12.4 mi) southwest of Iriomote Island. On the island, a barometric pressure of 927.1 mbar (hPa; 27.38 inHg) was measured. On Yonaguni, a maximum wind gust of 244 km/h (152 mph) was also measured. Widespread damage took place across the southern Ryūkyū Islands, with losses reaching ¥667 million (US$6.2 million).[nb 1][12][10] On Ishigaki Island, one home was destroyed and eighteen others were damaged. Extensive losses to agriculture, fisheries, and forestry took place across the region as well. Losses on Ishigaki alone reached ¥630 million (US$5.9 million).[12] In Okinawa, large swells up to 4 m (13 ft) flooded low-lying areas, leaving minor damage.[13]

Taiwan[edit]

In Taiwan and China, heavy rain from Herb caused flooding and major damage. In Taiwan, at least 51 people were killed and 22 went missing. Herb is the fourth wettest known tropical cyclone to impact the country.

Mainland China[edit]

In China, at least 233 people were killed and 284 people went missing. Total damage to agriculture and property totaled US$5 billion (1996 dollars).[14]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The total was originally reported in Yen. Total converted via the Oanda Corporation website.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Central Weather Bureau (2010). "侵台颱風資料庫". Retrieved 2011-10-19. 
  2. ^ Unattributed (2009-09-09). "莫拉克颱風暴雨量及洪流量分析". Water Resources Agency, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Republic of China. Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  3. ^ Unattributed (2009-09-09). "莫拉克颱風暴雨量及洪流量分析". Water Resources Agency, Ministry of Economic Affairs, Republic of China. Retrieved 2011-07-17. 
  4. ^ Chen Zhi (August 2, 2012). "Typhoon Saola dumps heavy downpours around Taiwan". Xinhua General News. Retrieved August 2, 2012. 
  5. ^ Lianshou, Chen. "Topic 2.1 Observing and forecasting rainfall". Fifth International Workshop on Tropical Cyclones. Retrieved August 4, 2012. 
  6. ^ "Typhoon Sinlaku Central emergency operation center No.12". Central emergency operation center. 2008-09-16. Retrieved 2009-01-13. 
  7. ^ Chiu Yu-Tzu (July 20, 2005). "Haitang fizzles out, leaves Taiwan wet". Taipei Times. Retrieved April 11, 2010. 
  8. ^ Padgett, Gary. "Monthly Global Tropical Cyclone Summary: November 2004". Retrieved 2012-06-10. 
  9. ^ "Agricultural losses from Typhoon Parma total NT$29.5 million". Taiwan News. 2009-10-06. Retrieved 2009-10-06. 
  10. ^ a b (Japanese) "Weather Disaster Report: (1996-927-05)". National Institute of Informatics. 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Historical Exchange Rates". Oanda Corporation. 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-31. 
  12. ^ a b (Japanese) "Weather Disaster Report: (1996-918-01)". National Institute of Informatics. 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  13. ^ (Japanese) "Weather Disaster Report: (1996-936-04)". National Institute of Informatics. 2012. Retrieved October 19, 2012. 
  14. ^ Chun-Chieh Wu and Ying-Hwa Kuo. Typhoons Affecting Taiwan: Current Understanding and Future Challenges. Retrieved on 2008-12-01.

External links[edit]