Typhoon Nina (1987)
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|Category 5 super typhoon (SSHWS)|
Super Typhoon Nina approaching landfall.
|Formed||November 16, 1987|
|Dissipated||November 30, 1987|
|Highest winds||10-minute sustained:
165 km/h (105 mph)
270 km/h (165 mph)
|Lowest pressure||930 mbar (hPa); 27.46 inHg|
|Damage||$40 million (1987 USD)|
|Areas affected||Micronesia, Philippines, China|
|Part of the 1987 Pacific typhoon season|
Super Typhoon Nina (international designation: 8722, JTWC designation: 22W) was the fourth most intense typhoon of the 1987 Pacific typhoon season and was also the deadliest and the most destructive typhoon of that season. Nina, also designated Super Typhoon Sisang, was the worst typhoon to strike the Philippines in 17 years, since Patsy in 1970.
Nina formed from an low pressure system west of the international date line on November 17. For two days the disturbance moved westward until November 19 when it was upgraded to tropical depression status. Later, Nina was further upgraded to tropical storm status south of the Truk Atoll on November 21 as the storm moved southwestward at 20 mph (32 km/h). Later that day, the storm reached typhoon status. Nina then passed north of the islands of Ulithi and Yap.
As Nina approached the Philippine Islands, the storm rapidly intensified into a giant, 800 mile wide (1,290 km) Category 5 Super Typhoon, with sustained winds at 165 mph (145 kt, 265 km/h), while JMA recorded Nina's peak winds of 160 kph. On November 25, Supertyphoon Nina made landfall in the Bicol Region, bringing extremely strong winds and heavy rains and a maximum gust of 175 kts (205 mph, 330 km/h). The storm's barometric pressure plunged to 930 millibars (27.46 inHg) as it made landfall. Nina, slicing westward, crossed the Southern Luzon area and entered the South China Sea. By November 28, the storm was beginning to weaken due to wind-shear and on the 30th, the storm dissipated over the South China Sea.
Nina is responsible for killing 692 - 1036 (?) people and left $40 million (1987 USD) in damage from its strong winds and heavy rains making it the deadliest typhoon of the 1987 Pacific typhoon season.
Federated States of Micronesia
Truk Atoll (Chuuk)
Several weather stations in the Truk Atoll reported sustained winds between 60-70 mph and an 90 mph gust was reported in Moen Island.Five people were killed and 38 injured, mainly from landslides or drowning incidents and 40,000 people were ether left homeless or without power. There was $30–40 million in damage to buildings and crops and in the aftermath, U.S. Military airlifted food and supplies to the ravaged islands.
There were moderate damage from floods and 20% of the buildings received structural damage.
Fourteen fishing villages along the Philippine coast were completely submerged by Nina's storm surge, and 35,000 homes and buildings were destroyed. Between 540-687 people were killed and between 80,000 and 100,000 people were left homeless. The damage in the Philippines was at $26 million (1987 USD). Nine countries and several foreign Red Cross organizations responded to the aftermath of Super Typhoon Nina. President Corazon Aquino declared four regions in Luzon are under State of calamity after the onslaught of a supertyphoon. Despite that, PAGASA did not retire the name Sisang on the list of tropical cyclones in the country.
People's Republic of China
While no damage was reported, Nina did impact the south China coastal waters.
A very intense surge of winter monsoon reached the south China coast on the morning of 28 November and Nina was about 290 km south-southwest of Hong Kong that afternoon. The monsoon enhanced by Nina caused significant temperature drops and gale force winds over the coastal waters. The temperature at Hong Kong Observatory dropped from 25.5C to 9.9C in 24 hours and an hourly mean wind speed of 85 km/h was recorded at Waglan Island, the highest ever recorded during winter monsoon. This surge of the winter monsoon injected large amounts of cold air into the circulation of Nina which then weakened rapidly and dissipated over open waters soon afterwards. Hong Kong Observatory claimed that Nina was the strongest typhoon to affect South China Sea in 1987 but they did not issue a tropical cyclone signal.
On the other side of the Pearl River, Macau hoisted a tropical cyclone signal on November 27, the second latest in their history.
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