Typica

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For other uses, see Typica (disambiguation).

. As the plural of typicon, see typicon.

In Eastern Orthodox Church, the liturgical service known as the Typica (Slavonic: изобразительных', Izobrazítel'nykhə, or Ob'ednitsa) is appointed to be served whenever the Liturgy is not celebrated. This may be either because, the Typicon does not permit the celebration of the Liturgy (as occurs, for example, on weekdays during Great Lent),[note 1] the Typica may be served instead of Liturgy,[note 2] or no priest is present or the priest for any reason does not serve the Liturgy.[note 3] The Typica, like the hours that it is aggregated with, is rarely read in Greek churches (aside from Monasteries), but it is relatively common in Slavic churches.

The name "Typica" refers to the "Typical Psalms" (Psalm 102, Psalm 145, and the Beatitudes). Essentially, the Typica involves the psalms and prayers of the Liturgy of the Catechumens.

The Typica may be read publicly in the church, or it may be read privately at home. Often in missions, where there is no priest permanently assigned to serve the parish, the Typica will be read on Sundays in place of the Liturgy.

Normally, the Typica is read after the Third and Sixth Hours (in the place where the Liturgy would normally be celebrated). During Great Lent the Ninth Hour is inserted before Typica, and the format of the Typica changes.

During the reading of the Typica, Troparia may be inserted between the verses of the Beatitudes, as during the Divine Liturgy. However,during Great Lent this is not done; instead, the Beatitudes are chanted by the choir and between each verse they chant "Remember us, O Lord, when Thou comest into Thy kingdom." Also, during Lent, Psalm 102 and Psalm 145 are omitted; and, as is typical of Lenten services, the Typica contains the Prayer of St. Ephraim.

The Typica is also read as the end of the Royal Hours on the Eve of Nativity, the Eve of Theophany, and on Great Friday (in these instances also, the Typica is read after the Ninth Hour).

The text of the Typica can be found in English in several places including the Horologion noted below in the citations. The text in Church Slavonic is available on-line at "Последование изобразительных – Celebration of the Typika" likewise noted below in the citations.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ During the lesser Fasts also, on weekdays on which there is only a simple commemoration in the Menaion
  2. ^ There is a certain similarity in concept between the Typica and the Missa Sicca of the medieval Roman Catholic Church at the discretion of the Pastor.
  3. ^ This may occur for any number of reasons. Married priests, because of the requirement for abstinence before serving, can not serve the Liturgy daily; however, it is rare for any priest to serve daily. Also, an emergency beyond his control may have prevented him from preparing according to the Rule for Holy Communion, he may have suffered an injury which would not permit him to enter the Sanctuary, etc.

Citations[edit]