Typical striped grass mouse

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Typical striped grass mouse
Muridae - Lemniscopys striatus.jpg
Lemniscomys striatus at the Prague Zoo
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Muridae
Genus: Lemniscomys
Species: L. striatus
Binomial name
Lemniscomys striatus
(Linnaeus, 1758)

The typical striped grass mouse (Lemniscomys striatus) is a small rodent of the suborder Myomorpha in the family Muridae.

Lemniscomys striatus pulchella from Joseph Wolf – «Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1864»

Taxonomy[edit]

Lemniscomys striatus comprises a complex of various similar species.[1] Furthermore there are about eleven different species of striped grass mouse, of which Lemniscomys barbarus and Lemniscomys striatus are the two most frequently encountered in captivity.

The species is divided into the following six subspecies.

Synonyms[edit]

  • Lemniscomys ardens (Thomas, 1910)
  • Lemniscomys dieterleni Van der Straeten, 1976
  • Lemniscomys fasciatus (Wroughton, 1906)
  • Lemniscomys luluae Matschie, 1926
  • Lemniscomys lynesi Thomas and Hinton, 1923
  • Lemniscomys massaicus (Pagenstecher, 1885)
  • Lemniscomys micropus (Heller, 1911)
  • Lemniscomys orientalis (Desmarest, 1819)
  • Lemniscomys pulchella (Gray, 1864)
  • Lemniscomys pulcher (Wroughton, 1906)
  • Lemniscomys spermophilus Heller, 1912
  • Lemniscomys venustus (Thomas, 1911)
  • Lemniscomys versustus (Thomas, 1911)
  • Lemniscomys wroughtoni (Thomas, 1910) [3]

Description[edit]

Lemniscomys striatus at the Zoo Leipzig

Lemniscomys striatus is a rodent of small dimensions, with the length of the head and the body between 93 and 142 mm, the length of the tail between 92 and 155 mm, the length of the foot between 20.5 and 32 mm, the length of the ears between 14 and 17, 5 mm and a weight up to 68 g.[4] The average adult weight is 42.3g.[5]

The back is blackish-brown, with pale dorsal stripes extended up to the base of the tail and rows of small pale spots on each side of the body. The ventral parts are whitish, with yellowish reflections on the abdomen and chest. The feet are brownish. The tail is longer than the head and the body and it is darker above and clearer below. Females have two pairs of pectoral breasts and two inguinal pairs. The karyotype is 2n = 43–44, FN = 58-68-72-74.

Cycle of life[edit]

The female reaches sexual maturity at around 168 days, the gestation period is about twenty-five days, and the average number of mice in a litter is 4.54.[5]

The lifespan of the typical striped grass mouse is short. In the wild, they generally do not live longer of their first breeding season, but in captivity they may live longer. The maximum age documented for a typical striped grass mouse in captivity is 4.8 years.[5]

Distribution[edit]

This species is native to Central and Western Africa. It is widespread in Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Angola, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo, Tanzania, Zambia and Malawi.[3]

Habitat[edit]

This species lives in deforested areas, grasslands, secondary forest and savannah up to 1,700 meters above sea level.

References[edit]

  1. ^ van der Straeten, E., Decher, J., Corti, M. & Abdel-Rahman, E.H. (2008). Lemniscomys striatus. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2. Downloaded on 28 December 2012.
  2. ^ Glover M.Allen (1939). A checklist of African Mammals. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College. Museum in Cambridge, Mass.
  3. ^ a b Lemniscomys striatus. Mammals species of the world]. Bucknell.edu. Retrieved on 2012-12-28.
  4. ^ Jonathan Kingdon, East African Mammals: An Atlas of Evolution in Africa, Volume 2, Part B, University of Chicago Press, 1974
  5. ^ a b c ''Lemniscomys striatus'' entry in The Animal Aging Database. Genomics.senescence.info (2012-09-17). Retrieved on 2012-12-28.

External links[edit]