South Tyrone (UK Parliament constituency)

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South Tyrone
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
18851922
Number of members One
Replaced by Fermanagh and Tyrone
Created from Dungannon and Tyrone

South Tyrone was a UK Parliament constituency in Ireland which returned one Member of Parliament from 1885 to 1922, using the first past the post electoral system.

Boundaries and Boundary Changes[edit]

This county constituency comprised the southern part of County Tyrone.

Prior to the 1885 redistribution the area was part of the Tyrone constituency. From 1922 it formed part of the Fermanagh and Tyrone constituency.

Politics[edit]

The constituency was a majority unionist area. Sinn Féin and the Independent Nationalist candidate together polled about 2,500 votes less than the Unionist received in 1918.

The First Dáil[edit]

Sinn Féin contested the general election of 1918 on the platform that instead of taking up any seats they won in the United Kingdom Parliament, they would establish a revolutionary assembly in Dublin. In republican theory every MP elected in Ireland was a potential Deputy to this assembly. In practice only the Sinn Féin members accepted the offer.

The revolutionary First Dáil assembled on 21 January 1919 and last met on 10 May 1921. The First Dáil, according to a resolution passed on 10 May 1921, was formally dissolved on the assembling of the Second Dáil. This took place on 16 August 1921.

In 1921 Sinn Féin decided to use the UK authorised elections for the Northern Ireland House of Commons and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland as a poll for the Irish Republic's Second Dáil. This area, in republican theory, was incorporated in an eight-member Dáil constituency of Fermanagh and Tyrone of which Sinn Féin won three.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 William O'Brien Nationalist
1886 Thomas Wallace Russell Liberal Unionist
1902 Russellite Unionist
1907 Liberal
Jan 1910 Andrew Long Horner Irish Unionist
1916 (b) William Coote Irish Unionist
May 1921 Ulster Unionist
1922 constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

General Election 5 December 1885: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Nationalist William O'Brien 3435 50.4
Conservative Capt. Somerset Henry Maxwell 3382 49.6
Majority 53 0.8
Turnout 7725 88.2
Irish Nationalist gain from new seat Swing
General Election 17 July 1886: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Thomas Wallace Russell 3481 50.7
Irish Nationalist William O'Brien 3382 49.3
Majority 99 1.4
Turnout 7725 88.8
Liberal Unionist gain from Irish Nationalist Swing
General Election 13 July 1892: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Thomas Wallace Russell 3468 52.8
Liberal Thomas Alexander Dickson 3096 47.2
Majority 372 5.6
Turnout 7070 92.8
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election 24 July 1895: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Thomas Wallace Russell 3239 51.5
Independent Nationalist Thomas Shillington 3046 48.5
Majority 193 3.0
Turnout 6730 93.4
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election 4 October 1900: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unionist Thomas Wallace Russell 2499 48.0
Independent Nationalist Dr Edward Charles Thompson 2409 46.0
Independent Unionist Major Robert James Howard 303 5.8
Majority 90 2.0
Turnout 6220 83.8
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election 25 January 1906: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Russellite Unionist Thomas Wallace Russell 2954 52.5
Irish Unionist Andrew Long Horner KC 2671 47.5
Majority 283 5.0
Turnout 5982 94.0
Russellite Unionist gain from Liberal Unionist Swing
General Election 20 January 1910: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Andrew Long Horner KC 3054 52.4
Liberal Rt. Hon. Thomas Wallace Russell 2770 47.6
Majority 284 4.8
Turnout 6059 96.1
Irish Unionist gain from Russellite Unionist Swing
General Election 8 December 1910: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist Andrew Long Horner KC 2962 52.7
Liberal Robert Nathaniel Boyd 2662 47.3
Majority 300 5.4
Turnout 6059 92.8
Irish Unionist hold Swing
By-election 28 February 1916: Tyrone South
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist William Coote unopposed
Turnout 6434
Irish Unionist hold Swing
General Election 14 December 1918: South Tyrone
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Irish Unionist William Coote 10,616 47.3 N/A
Sinn Féin Denis McCullagh 5,437 24.2 N/A
Independent Nationalist John Skeffington 2,602 11.6 N/A
Majority 5,179 N/A
Turnout 22,465 N/A
Irish Unionist hold Swing N/A

References[edit]

External links[edit]

See also[edit]