Tyuleniy Archipelago (Kazakhstan)

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Location of the Tyuleniy Archipelago
Islands of the Tyuleniy Archipelago

The Tyuleniy Archipelago or Tüledi Araldary is an island group in the northeastern Caspian Sea,[1]located west of the Mangyshlak Peninsula and about 13 km NW of the Tupkaragan Peninsula, 27 km north of Bautino.

Administratively, the Tyuleniy Archipelago belongs to the Mangystau Province of Kazakhstan.


  • Kulaly Island (Kulaly-Aral) is the westernmost and longest island, stretching 25 km from tip to tip. Its shape is slightly irregular, with inlets and headlands. There is a meteorological station with a lighthouse and a Kazakh border guard post on this island, making it the only one in the group inhabited by man. The terrain on Kulaly is either arid or waterlogged and reed-covered.[2]
  • Morskoy Island (Morskoy Aral) is the next island and the second largest island. It is also the biggest in area, with a length of 19 km and a maximum width of 7 km. This island consists mostly of wetland.
  • Rybachy Island (formerly Ostrov Svyatoy) is long and narrow and is located south of Morskoy.
  • Podgornyy Island is located NE of Rybachy.[3]
  • Novyy Island is the easternmost island. It is located between Podgorny and the mainland and has an irregular shape.


The Tyuleniy Archipelago owes its name to the Caspian seal

The islands are desert-like and sandy, with little grass. There are reeds on the leeward side of Kulaly as well as on the other islands, which are much lower and waterlogged. Many Caspian seals come to the islands' shores, hence their name "Tyuleniy", which means "seal".

The islands have been declared an IBA and a National Protected Zone (State Reservation). There are large concentrations of seagulls and wetland birds, like coots, wild ducks, swans, egrets and waders, in the archipelago during their nesting period. This archipelago is also an important breeding ground for the Sandwich Tern (Sterna sandvicensis).


  1. ^ Muhammad Aurang Zeb Mughal (2013) 'Caspian Sea'. Robert Warren Howarth (ed.), Biomes & Ecosystems, vol. 2. Ipswich, MA: Salem Press, pp. 431-433.
  2. ^ Structures on Kulaly Island
  3. ^ Podgornyy Island

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 44°55′N 50°22′E / 44.917°N 50.367°E / 44.917; 50.367