Tywardreath

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Coordinates: 50°21′27″N 4°41′40″W / 50.3576°N 4.6945°W / 50.3576; -4.6945

Tywardreath
Cornish: Ti War Dreth
Tywardreath Church.jpg
Tywardreath Church
Tywardreath is located in Cornwall
Tywardreath
Tywardreath
 Tywardreath shown within Cornwall
OS grid reference SX084544
Civil parish Tywardreath and Par
Unitary authority Cornwall
Ceremonial county Cornwall
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PAR
Postcode district PL24
Dialling code 01726
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament South East Cornwall
List of places
UK
England
Cornwall

Tywardreath (Cornish: Ti War Dreth, meaning manorial centre on a beach[1]) is a small hilltop village in southern Cornwall, England, UK. about 3 miles (4.8 km) north west of Fowey. It is located in a sheltered spot overlooking a silted up estuary opposite Par and near the beach of Par Sands. It sits on the Saints' Way trail.

Tywardreath translates from the Cornish language as a manorial centre on a beach, or House on the Strand, and was featured by Daphne du Maurier in her novel The House on the Strand. Although a fictional tale of drug-induced time-travel, the history and geography of the area was carefully researched by du Maurier who lived in a house called Kilmarth (Cornish: Kilmergh, meaning horses' ridge), 1 mile (1.6 km) to the south.

The seal of the borough of Tywardreath was a Shield of Arms a saltire between four fleurs-de-lis, with the legend "Tywardreath".[2]

Tywardreath Priory[edit]

The settlement grew out of a Benedictine priory established at around the time of the Norman conquest. It was dissolved in 1540 and many of the better stones are reputed to have been shipped to its parent monastery at Angers in France.

Corrody in Tywardreath Priory[edit]

A Corrody was an annual charge on its income, originally a voucher issued by the priory to pay board and lodging of founders whilst visiting, later monetised and used by kings as transferable pensions. In 1486 Henry VII recommended his servant William Martyn to the Corrody which the Prior compromised (i.e. monetised) for 5 Marks a year charged on the manors of Tywardreath and Trenant. A Corrody, no doubt the same one, was held in this Priory in 1509 by Hugh Denys of Osterley (died 1511), Groom of the King's Close Stool to Henry VII.[3] On the death of Denys, Henry VIII transferred the Corrody ("in the King's gift by death of Hugh Denys") to John Porth, another courtier.[4]

St. Andrew's Church[edit]

St Andrew's Church was first dedicated in 1343 but was extensively rebuilt in 1880. It houses a peal of six bells. Memorials include those to the Harris family, active in the English Civil War. Philip Rashleigh, of Menabilly, the famous mineralogist and MP for Fowey, is buried here.

Menabilly[edit]

Main article: Menabilly

Within the parish is the historic estate of Menabilly, long the seat of the Rashleigh family, in 1873 the largest landowners in Cornwall.[5]

Freemasonry[edit]

Tywardreath has an imposing single storey Masonic Hall at 2 Southpark Road, next door to the local primary school. The Masonic hall has disabled access from the rear, with a few steep steps at the front. The building is owned by St Andrew Lodge No. 1151 and is home to Seven Masonic bodies, including three Craft Lodges [6]

  • Restormel Lodge No. 856 was consecrated on 6 November 1861, and currently meets on the 1st Thursday in each month.
  • Fowey Lodge No. 977 Date of Warrant, 24 July 1863, and currently meets on the 2nd Wednesday in each month, except July–September.
  • Saint Andrew Lodge No.1151 was consecrated on the 11 June 1867 and currently meet on the last Thursday in each month.
  • Fowey Chapter No. 977 was constituted on the 6 February 1946, and currently meet on the 1st Wednesday in February, April, June, October & December.
  • Edward the Black Prince Lodge of Mark Master Masons No. 1680 was consecrated on the 3 December 1990, and currently meet on the 3rd Monday in February, March, May, October & December.
  • Edward the Black Prince Lodge of Royal Ark Mariners No. 1680 was constituted on the 16 January 2008, and currently meet on the 1st Tuesday in February, April & October.
  • Restormel Castle Council of the Order of the Allied Masonic Degrees No. 85 was constituted on the 10 January 1977, and currently meet on 1st Friday in February, May & November, and the 2nd Friday in August

Trenython[edit]

Outside the village on the road up to Castle Dore is Trenython Manor (Cornish: Tre'n Eythyn, meaning the gorse farm). It was originally built for Colonel Peard as a thank-you from Garibaldi for support during his Italian struggle. In 1891 it became the bishop's palace for the Diocese of Truro and lasted in this role for 15 years. For half of the 20th century it was a railway convalescent home.

A local paper at the time reported: “Trenython, the seventh Railwaymen’s convalescent home was opened by Viscount Churchill, chairman of the GWR. It has accommodation for 85 men – the cost of refurbishment about £25,000 – and the architect was Mr B. Andrew of St Austell. The two Egyptian Pillars standing sentinel inside the front door had originated from the Temple of Ephesus and are thousands of years old. Trenython is to be a self-contained institution with its own water supply, own electric system and own sewage system.” Today Trenython Manor is a country house hotel.[7][8]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weatherhill, Craig. A Concise Dictionary of Cornish Place-names, 2009.
  2. ^ Pascoe, W. H. (1979). A Cornish Armory. Padstow, Cornwall: Lodenek Press. p. 135. ISBN 0-902899-76-7. 
  3. ^ Cornwall Archives 146 ART/3/146
  4. ^ Letters & Papers, Foreign & Domestic of Henry VIII, vol 1, 1920.
  5. ^ Per the Return of Owners of Land, 1873
  6. ^ Province of Cornwall (2012) Cornwall Masonic Yearbook 2012/13
  7. ^ Tywardreath Past and Present. Tywardreath WI. 1994. p. 132. ISBN 0952351900. 
  8. ^ "A brief history of Trenython Manor". Trenython Manor. 

External links[edit]