Tzannis Tzannetakis

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Tzannis Tzannetakis
Greek: Τζαννής Τζαννετάκης
175th Prime Minister of Greece
In office
2 July 1989 – 12 October 1989
President Christos Sartzetakis
Preceded by Andreas Papandreou
Succeeded by Yiannis Grivas
8th Minister for Foreign Affairs
In office
3 July 1989 – 12 October 1989
Preceded by Karolos Papoulias
Succeeded by Georgios Papoulias
Personal details
Born (1927-09-13)13 September 1927
Gytheio, Greece
Died 1 April 2010 (aged 82)
Athens, Greece
Political party New Democracy
Spouse(s) Maria Rangousi
Religion Greek Orthodox

Tzannis Tzannetakis (Greek: Τζαννής Τζαννετάκης) (13 September 1927 – 1 April 2010) was a Greek politician who was briefly Prime Minister of Greece during the political crisis of 1989.

Biography[edit]

Tzannetakis was born in Gytheio in the region of Mani in 1927. He served as a naval officer but resigned on 22 April 1967, the day after the military coup d'état which brought the dictatorship of Georgios Papadopoulos to power. He was imprisoned by the military junta from 1969 to 1971 for his resistance activity.

When democracy was restored in 1974, Tzannetakis joined the New Democracy party of Constantine Karamanlis. From 1974-77 he served as General Secretary of the Ministry of Tourism. He was elected to the Greek Parliament in 1977 and served as Minister for Public Works in the government of Georgios Rallis (1980–81).

Prime Minister[edit]

The Greek legislative election, June 1989 left the PASOK party of Andreas Papandreou in the minority, following a series of government scandals. New Democracy, however, now led by Constantine Mitsotakis, could not form a government despite its significant lead in the popular vote, because of changes to Greek electoral law that PASOK had voted into effect before the elections. The result was the formation of the first coalition government since the fall of the Greek dictatorship in 1974 and the first government to include the Communist left since 1944.

The government was based on an alliance between ND and the Coalition of Forces of the Left and Progress (Synaspismos), which then included the Communist Party of Greece, with a mandate to conduct a clean-up ("katharsis") after the scandals. The agreement was for a short-term government which would last only until the process of parliamentary investigation of those Members of Parliament accused of involvement in the scandals had been completed. Tzannetakis was a compromise candidate for Prime Minister, given that the left refused to accept Mitsotakis in this role. In contrast, Tzannetakis was acceptable to the left because of his credentials from the anti-Junta resistance. In addition to the premiership, Tzannetakis also retained the portfolios of Foreign Affairs and of Tourism.

The formation of a government bringing together the Greek right and the communist left was regarded as symbolising national reconciliation after the 1940s civil war. One of the government's acts was to burn all the secret police files held on Greek citizens during the post-Civil War period.

The parliamentary investigation into the scandals concluded with the lifting of the parliamentary immunity of several former government ministers, including former Prime Minister Andreas Papandreou himself, and their referral to the justice system. This was the first time that a former Greek Prime Minister had ever been referred for trial.

The Tzannetakis government also abolished the state monopoly on TV broadcasting and allowed private TV stations to function for the first time.

Aftermath[edit]

In accordance with the initial agreement among the coalition partners, the government resigned in October. Yiannis Grivas then formed a caretaker government until fresh elections could be held. New Democracy won these elections too, but once more could not form a government, despite tallying 46% of the vote, with PASOK coming second with 40%. In November an "ecumenical government", headed by Xenophon Zolotas, with the participation of all three political parties (New Democracy, PASOK, Synaspismos) was formed, again with an agreement for a short-term mandate to last until the election of the President of the Republic, due the following March. In the Zolotas government, Tzannis Tzannetakis served as Minister for Tourism and National Defence. In the election of April 1990, for the third consecutive time within a year, New Democracy (Greece) won, this time with an even more significant lead of 8% over PASOK, securing the party a one-seat majority. In the Mitsotakis government, Tzannetakis became Deputy Prime Minister, a post he held until the government fell in 1993. He remained a Member of the Greek Parliament until September 2007, when he announced his intention to retire from political activity.

Tzannetakis died in an Athens hospital on 1 April 2010.

Preceded by
Stefanos Manos
Minister for Public Works
1980–1981
Succeeded by
Athanasios Apostolos
Preceded by
Karolos Papoulias
Minister for Foreign Affairs
1989
Succeeded by
Georgios Papoulias
Preceded by
Minister for Tourism
1989
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Andreas Papandreou
Prime Minister of Greece
1989
Succeeded by
Yiannis Grivas
Preceded by
Theodoros Degiannis
Minister for National Defence
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Theodoros Degiannis
Preceded by
Minister for Tourism
1989–1990
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Georgios Mylonas
Minister for Culture
1990–1991
Succeeded by
Anna Psarouda-Benaki
Vacant
Title last held by
Ioannis Charalambopoulos and
Menios Koutsogiorgas
(in the 1985–89 A. Papandreou cabinet)
Deputy Prime Minister of Greece
1990–1993
(with Athanasios Kanellopoulos)
Vacant
Title next held by
Theodoros Pangalos
(in the 2009–12 G. Papandreou cabinet)