U.S. 500

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U.S. 500
Us5001996.jpg
Venue Michigan International Speedway (1996-1999)
Sponsor Toyota (1996-1999)
First race 1996
Distance 500 miles
Laps 250
Previous names Inaugural U.S. 500 (1996)
U. S. 500 Presented by Toyota (1997-1999)

The U.S. 500 was an automobile race sanctioned by CART on May 26, 1996 at the Michigan International Speedway as an alternative to the 1996 Indianapolis 500.

Tony George, owner of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, formed the Indy Racing League as an alternative to CART. While the Indianapolis 500 had continued to be sanctioned by the United States Auto Club (USAC) since the formation of CART in 1979, CART teams and drivers represented the vast majority of the Indy field, and USAC had taken steps to ensure that the technical specifications for Indy did not preclude CART teams from participating. In 1996, however, following his creation of the IRL, George stipulated that 25 of the 33 starting positions at Indy would be reserved for the top 25 teams which ran events in his series. This move created potential scheduling conflicts with CART-sanctioned events.

Interpreting this policy as a lockout of CART teams, the CART board agreed to stage the U.S. 500 at an alternative venue on Memorial Day weekend, the traditional date for the Indianapolis 500. George, on the other hand, viewed the refusal of CART teams to compete for the remaining eight positions on the Indy grid as a walkout/boycott.

While the Indianapolis 500 has a history of one-off participants (teams and drivers who participate in only the single race and not in other series events), the field for the U.S. 500 were comprised almost exclusively of teams and drivers who participated in the full CART season, as CART was formed of franchises owned by the various team owners, which formed the organization in 1978. CART franchise owners were required to field teams for all races.

Timeline[edit]

  • CART officially announces the inaugural running of the U.S. 500 on December 18, 1995, at a press conference in Chicago. The Indianapolis Motor Speedway immediately released a reaction expressing its disappointment of CART in what it called a "negative impact on automobile racing."[1]
  • On March 4, 1996, a total of twelve corporate sponsors were announced for the U.S. 500. In addition, telephone orders through Ticketmaster began offering tickets to the event.
  • On March 20, 1996, ticket sales for the event were attempted to be boosted by a "doubleheader" ticket for the U.S. 500 and the CART event at Detroit on June 9.
  • On April 25, 1996, it was announced that the Vanderbilt Cup would be recreated and awarded to the winner of the U.S. 500.
  • Despite CART's efforts to broadcast the race on network TV, ESPN was chosen in March to air the race. In addition, instead of being able to broadcast directly against the Indianapolis 500, the event had to be scheduled for 2 p.m., two hours after the start at Indy. CART had attempted to lure NBC or FOX, but neither deal came through. FOX wanted to show the race in primetime, which would have flatly defeated the purpose of racing the same day as the Indy 500, and in fact would have conflicted the broadcast of the race with that of the Coca-Cola 600 on TBS instead.

Inaugural event[edit]

CART scheduled what was billed as a "Special Qualifying Session" for the U.S. 500 on the weekend of May 11–12, 1996. Cold temperatures and reported snow flurries hampered the session at Michigan, although it was completed as scheduled.

The move was exclusive in that all other CART events featured qualifying the same weekend of the race. Qualifying directly conflicted with the first weekend of qualifying for the Indianapolis 500. The move effectively prevented teams potentially competing at both events from having hopes of qualifying for the pole position at both races. Teams would return two weeks later for the race.

Jimmy Vasser won the first such race in 1996, which was notable for its disastrous start. With the cars lined up in rows of three (the traditional starting formation of the Indy 500), Vasser, on pole, was about to take the green flag at the start, when he was struck by Adrian Fernandez. Fernandez then tagged Bryan Herta, and the resulting accident took out a number of cars. Though ten cars had wrecked out, CART allowed teams to bring out backup cars and made repairs to heavily-damaged cars; this hurt the credibility of CART for allowing DNFs to come back out as though nothing had happened; years earlier Roberto Guerrero, the polesitter for the Indianapolis 500, crashed on the pace lap and was ruled a DNF.

With the victory, Vasser won over $1 million and had his likeness inscribed onto the Vanderbilt Cup. In addition, an American flag was waved along with the twin checkered flags to end the race.

Results[edit]

Pos. Start Driver No. C E T Laps Status Entrant
1 1 United States Jimmy Vasser 12 R H F 250 156.403 mph Target Chip Ganassi Racing
2 14 Brazil Mauricio Gugelmin 17 R F G 250 156.254 PacWest Racing
3 20 Brazil Roberto Moreno 34 L F F 249 Flagged Payton Coyne Racing
4 6 Brazil André Ribeiro 31 L H F 249 Flagged Tasman Motorsports
5 19 United Kingdom Mark Blundell 21 R F G 249 Flagged PacWest Racing
6 18 United States Eddie Lawson 10 L M G 249 Flagged Galles Racing
7 7 Canada Paul Tracy 3 P M G 248 Flagged Marlboro Team Penske
8 5 United States Al Unser, Jr. 2 P M G 246 Flagged Marlboro Team Penske
9 13 Brazil Gil de Ferran 8 R H G 245 Flagged Jim Hall Racing
10 8 Brazil Emerson Fittipaldi 9 P M G 241 Flagged Hogan Penske
11 16 United States Parker Johnstone 49 R H F 236 Broken gearbox Comptech Racing
12 12 Brazil Christian Fittipaldi 11 L F G 232 Engine Newman/Haas Racing
13 17 Canada Greg Moore 99 R F F 225 Engine Player's Forsythe Racing
14 25 Japan Hiro Matsushita 19 L F F 217 Flagged Payton/Coyne Racing
15 3 United States Bryan Herta 28 R M G 216 Engine Team Rahal
16 22 Sweden Stefan Johansson 16 R M G 195 Engine Bettenhausen Racing
17 4 Italy Alex Zanardi 4 R H F 175 Engine Target Chip Ganassi Racing
18 24 United States Jeff Krosnoff 25 R T F 143 Engine Arciero/Wells Racing
19 15 United States Bobby Rahal 18 R M G 130 Wreck Team Rahal
20 21 United States Robby Gordon 5 R F G 94 Engine Walker Racing
21 27 United States Gary Bettenhausen 26 P M G 79 Wreck Bettenhausen Racing
22 26 Argentina Juan Fangio II 36 E T G 69 Engine All American Racers
23 11 United States Michael Andretti 6 L F G 67 CV Joint Newman/Haas Racing
24 10 Brazil Raul Boesel 1 R F F 54 Engine Brahma Sports Team
25 23 Sweden Fredrik Ekblom 15 R F G 11 Engine Walker Racing
26 9 United States Scott Pruett 20 L F F 1 Engine Patrick Racing
DNS 2 Mexico Adrián Fernández 32 L H F -- Wreck Tasman Motorsports
DNS -- Italy Teo Fabi 37 R F G -- Withdrew PacWest Racing
DNS -- United States P.J. Jones 98 E T F -- Withdrew All American Racers

*C Chassis: E=Eagle, L=Lola, P=Penske, R=Reynard

*E Engine: F=Cosworth-Ford, H=Honda, M=Ilmor Mercedes-Benz, T=Toyota

*T Tire: F=Firestone, G=Goodyear

Demise[edit]

Following the 1996 season, CART decided not to run the U.S. 500 opposite the Indianapolis 500 again. The race, as it had been initially created, was discontinued. The success of the event was questionable, and the remaining reasons to hold the event were the subject of considerable debate. Teams and officials also were not keen on racing at the same facility twice in the same season. From 1997-1999, instead of creating a direct conflict, on the day before the Indianapolis 500, CART scheduled a race at the newly opened Gateway International Speedway as their Memorial Day weekend alternative. The race, however, experienced much less interest, and was eventually moved to August.

Starting in 1997, the Indy Racing League adopted new chassis and engine rules that were not compatible with the equipment used by CART teams, thus any teams choosing to race at Indianapolis would have to purchase all new machines. After experiencing unforeseen problems unrelated to the CART boycott, the IRL's 25/8 restriction for the Indianapolis 500 was dropped after the 1997 race. No CART team, however, would return to Indianapolis until 2000.

In 1997, Penske Corporation and CART added a season-ending race for the Champ Cars at California Speedway. As a result, some name-shuffling ensued. The Marlboro 500 name, which had been used for the 500-mile event held at Michigan in July or August from 1987 to 1996, was given to the new fall California Speedway race. The U.S. 500 was in turn the name given to the annual summer Michigan race, now being held in July, from 1997-1999.

In the 1998 race, three spectators were killed and six more injured[1] when a wheel from Adrian Fernández's car flew into the grandstands during a crash on lap 175 of the 250 lap race. CART was widely criticized for not stopping the race in deference to the dead and injured fans, though races in previous years were not stopped despite fatalities. CART's own investigation determined that the casualties were the result of an "accidental racing incident."[2] However, the track's fences were quickly extended by an additional four feet in an attempt to contain debris from future crashes.[3]

In 2000, the U.S. 500 name was dropped permanently as the race was changed to the Michigan 500 presented by Toyota, and in its last year, 2001, it was known as the Harrah's 500. In 2002, the race switched alliances to the Indy Racing League, and became what was known as the Firestone Indy 400.

Past winners[edit]

CART Champ Car history[edit]

Season Date Race Name Winning Driver Chassis Engine Team
1996 May 26 Inaugural U.S. 500 United States Jimmy Vasser Reynard Honda Chip Ganassi Racing
1997 July 27 U. S. 500 Presented by Toyota Italy Alex Zanardi Reynard Honda Chip Ganassi Racing
1998 July 26 U. S. 500 Presented by Toyota Canada Greg Moore Reynard Mercedes Forsythe Racing
1999 July 25 U. S. 500 Presented by Toyota Brazil Tony Kanaan Reynard Honda Forsythe Racing

References[edit]

For open-wheel races held at Michigan International Speedway prior to and after the U.S. 500, see: Firestone Indy 400.