United States Army Armor School

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United States Army Armor School
Image:200 pixels
US Army Armor School shoulder sleeve insignia
Active 1940 – present
Country  United States
Branch Armor Branch (United States)
Type School
Role Armor Training
Size 3,000
Part of Training and Doctrine Command
Garrison/HQ Fort Benning
Motto "Forge the Thunderbolt"
Colors Blue, Red, Yellow
Anniversaries 1 October 1940
Commanders
Commandant BG Leopoldo A. Quintas[1]
Insignia
Distinctive Unit Insignia Image:100 pixels

The United States Army Armor School is a training school located at Fort Benning, Georgia. Its primary focus is the training of United States Army soldiers, NCOs, and commissioned officers in the operation, tactics, and maintenance of Armor forces and equipment, including the M1 Abrams main battle tank, the Bradley Fighting Vehicle, assorted crew-served and personal weapons, and various other equipment including radios. The school is also the site where U.S. Marines are sent for training on the Abrams tank. The Armor School moved to Fort Benning in 2010 as part of the United States' BRAC program.

History[edit]

The United States Army Armor School was established on 1 October 1940, in Fort Knox, Kentucky as the Armored Force School.[2] 80,000 students passed through the school in its first four years, with the first class starting 4 November of the same year.[2] As of 30 September 1965, the armor school had graduated 214,122 students – 59,737 of which were officers, 140,909 of which were enlisted soldiers, 13,476 of which were officer candidates – as well as students from 63 nations.[3]

The school was established by then-Lieutenant Colonel Stephen G. Henry under the guidance of Brigadier General Adna R. Chaffee, for whom the headquarters building is now named after. On 1 July 1957, the school was given its current name.[3] It originally consisted of seven departments: Tank, Wheeled vehicle, Motorcycle, Communication, Tactics, Gunnery, and Field engineering.[3]

Courses offered[edit]

Armor Basic Officer Leaders Course[edit]

The Armor Basic Officer Leaders Course (ABOLC) is the introductory skills course for United States Army Cavalry and Armor Second and First Lieutenants.[4] These officers, recent graduates of the United States Military Academy, ROTC programs, and Officer Candidate School, receive eighteen weeks of training in basic soldiering skills, maneuver tactics, troop- and company-level strategy, and logistical planning.

Students must complete, among many tasks, four main field training exercises. The first five-day exercise covers cavalry operations, the second covers heavy armor operations, and the third covers contemporary operating environment (COE) operations.[4] The final exercise, known as "the Gauntlet," is a strenuous ten-day movement which covers all subjects in the first three operations. Students are evaluated based on their performance during each exercise, and rotate among every position within a platoon and troop.

The course is instructed by officers, non-commissioned officers, and civilians from the 2nd Squadron, 16th Cavalry Regiment of the 199th Infantry Brigade.

Armor Master Gunner Course[edit]

Richardson Hall.
Richardson Hall, the home of the Armored Master Gunner's Course, in Fort Knox, Kentucky.

The Armor Master Gunner Course is a strenuous fifty-five-day course offered by the United States Army Armor School.[5] Twenty-five days of the course is hands on activity, while twenty-eight days of the course consist of classroom instruction. Students must complete six exams and all hands on exams with 100% accuracy.

The course is the most focused of the courses offered at the Armor School, with eighteen students per class and a 2 to 1 student to teacher ratio. The course instructs on the M1A1 Tank and M1A2 SEP Tank.

The course is instructed by officers and non-commissioned officers from the 3rd Squadron, 16th Cavalry Regiment of the 316th Cavalry Brigade.

To be eligible to attend, a student meet some of the following criteria:[6]

Army Reconnaissance Course[edit]

The Army Reconnaissance Course (ARC) is a twenty-seven-day course offered by the United States Army Armor School.[7] Instruction centers around mounted and dismounted reconnaissance for small- to mid-level units, as well as advanced technological techniques such as UAV deployment, air-ground integration, and advance navigation. The course is taught predominantly around practical exercises, with four days of classroom instruction, four days of simulator training, six days of squad-level exercises, and eleven days of platoon-level exercises.[7]

Originally known as the Scout Platoon Leaders Course, it was created in 1986 to instruct junior officers in reconnaissance techniques. The outcomes of the course were successfully noticed in Operation Desert Storm, and the course was opened to other MOSs in 1995. It was renamed the Scout Leaders Course in 2002 after being opened to both officers and non-commissioned officers, and then again to its present name. It has been modified to handle up to 1,200 students per year beginning in 2011.[7]

The course is instructed by officers and non-commissioned officers from the 3rd Squadron, 16th Cavalry Regiment of the 316th Cavalry Brigade.

To be eligible to attend, a student meet the following criteria:[7]

The top twenty percent of the class are added as members of the Commandant's List, and one student selected by their peers receives the J.W. Thurman Award.

Cavalry Leader Course[edit]

The Cavalry Leaders Course (CLC) is a fifteen-day course offered by the United States Army Armor School.[8] The course emphasizes troop leading procedures and tactics for mid-level to senior members of the United States Army and United States Marine Corps. To successfully complete the course, students must pass four written examinations and a number of practical exercises.[8]

The course is instructed by officers and non-commissioned officers from the 3rd Squadron, 16th Cavalry Regiment of the 316th Cavalry Brigade.

To be eligible to attend, a student meet the following criteria:[7]

Instructors[edit]

Instructors for the United States Army Armor School are soldiers of the 316th Cavalry Brigade. Instructor certification is a strenuous process, with non-commissioned officers being pre-screened through the Army Basic Instructor Course.

IMSO Hall of Fame.
The International Military Students of the Armor School Wall of Fame.

After qualifying through the course, they must then be certified through the United States Army Armor School and the 316th Cavalry Brigade in a two-week course which centers around appropriate techniques of instruction and tactics.[9]

Upon being both qualified and certified, instructors are authorized to wear the Fort Knox instructor badge, similar to the Armor School Distinguished Uniform Insignia. It is worn in the same position as the Recruiter Badge.[9]

International students[edit]

The United States Army Armor School educates military officers from foreign countries in its programs as well. Due to the recent separation of the Maneuver Captains Career Course, the majority of international students attend the Armor Basic Officer Leaders Course, with an average of four students per class. Student come from (in order of number who attend) Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Greece, and the Republic of Turkey. A majority of Egyptians attend the course to train on their recently acquired M1 Abrams.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b ARMORED SCHOOL. Army and Navy Journal, 18 November 1944, p. 347, Vol: LXXXII, No: 12.
  3. ^ a b c ARMOR SCHOOL MARKS 25th YEAR OF SERVICE. Armor Magazine, November–December 1965, p. 32-33, Vol: LXXIV, No: 6.
  4. ^ a b "316th Cavalry Brigade", http://www.knox.army.mil/school/16cav/bolc_intro.asp The United States Army. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  5. ^ "316th Cavalry Brigade", http://www.knox.army.mil/school/16cav/MG1.asp The United States Army. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  6. ^ "316th Cavalry Brigade", http://www.knox.army.mil/school/16cav/MG4.asp The United States Army. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  7. ^ a b c d e "316th Cavalry Brigade", https://www.us.army.mil/suite/doc/19067813 The United States Army. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  8. ^ a b "316th Cavalry Brigade", http://www.knox.army.mil/school/16cav/CLC2.asp The United States Army. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 20 October 2010.
  9. ^ a b "316th Cavalry Brigade", http://www.knox.army.mil/school/16cav/default.asp The United States Army. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 4 October 2010.

External links[edit]