United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois

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United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois
(N.D. Ill.)
Map
The Dirksen Federal Building in Chicago, one of four locations where the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois holds sessions.
The Dirksen Federal Building in Chicago, one of four locations where the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois holds sessions.
Appeals to Seventh Circuit
Established February 13, 1855
Judges assigned 22
Chief judge Ruben Castillo (judge)
Official site

The United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois (in case citations, N.D. Ill.) is the trial-level court with jurisdiction over the northern counties of Illinois.

Appeals from the Northern District of Illinois are taken to the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit (except for patent claims and claims against the U.S. government under the Tucker Act, which are appealed to the Federal Circuit).

The court is divided into two geographical divisions:

The eastern division includes Cook, DuPage, Grundy, Kane, Kendall, La Salle, Lake, and Will counties. Its sessions are held in Chicago and Wheaton.

The western division includes Boone, Carroll, De Kalb, Jo Daviess, Lee, McHenry, Ogle, Stephenson, Whiteside, and Winnebago. Its sessions are held in Freeport and Rockford.

History[edit]

The United States District Court for the District of Illinois was established by a statute passed by the United States Congress on March 3, 1819, 3 Stat. 502.[1][2] The act established a single office for a judge to preside over the court. Initially, the court was not within any existing judicial circuit, and appeals from the court were taken directly to the United States Supreme Court. In 1837, Congress created the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, placing it in Chicago, Illinois and giving it jurisdiction over the District of Illinois, 5 Stat. 176.[2]

The Northern District itself was created by a statute passed on February 13, 1855, 10 Stat. 606, which subdivided the District of Illinois into the Northern and the Southern Districts.[2] The boundaries of the District and the seats of the courts were set forth in the statute:

The district has since been re-organized several times. The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Illinois was created on March 3, 1905 by 33 Stat. 992,[2] by splitting counties out of the Northern and Southern Districts. It was later eliminated in a reorganization on October 2, 1978 which replaced it with a Central District, 92 Stat. 883,[2] formed primarily from parts of the Southern District, and returning some counties to the Northern District.

The Illinois Northern District, which contains the entire Chicago metropolitan area, accounts for 1531 of the 1828 public corruption convictions in Illinois between 1976 and 2012, almost 84%, making it the federal district with the most public corruption convictions in the nation between 1976 and 2012.[3]

Current judges[edit]

# Title Judge Duty station Born Term of service Appointed by
Active Chief Senior
65 Chief Judge Ruben Castillo Chicago 1954 1994–present 2013–present Clinton
53 District Judge Norgle, Sr., Charles RonaldCharles Ronald Norgle, Sr. Chicago 1937 1984–present Reagan
58 District Judge Zagel, JamesJames Zagel Chicago 1941 1987–present Reagan
71 District Judge Pallmeyer, Rebecca R.Rebecca R. Pallmeyer Chicago 1954 1998–present Clinton
73 District Judge Kennelly, Matthew F.Matthew F. Kennelly Chicago 1956 1999–present Clinton
74 District Judge Guzman, Ronald A.Ronald A. Guzman Chicago 1948 1999–present Clinton
76 District Judge Darrah, John W.John W. Darrah Chicago 1938 2000–present Clinton
77 District Judge St. Eve, Amy J.Amy J. St. Eve Chicago 1965 2002–present G.W. Bush
78 District Judge Der-Yeghiayan, SamuelSamuel Der-Yeghiayan Chicago 1952 2003–present G.W. Bush
80 District Judge Kendall, Virginia MaryVirginia Mary Kendall Chicago 1962 2006–present G.W. Bush
81 District Judge Kapala, Frederick J.Frederick J. Kapala Rockford 1950 2007–present G.W. Bush
82 District Judge Dow Jr., Robert MichaelRobert Michael Dow Jr. Chicago 1965 2007–present G.W. Bush
83 District Judge Feinerman, Gary ScottGary Scott Feinerman Chicago 1965 2010–present Obama
84 District Judge Coleman, Sharon J.Sharon J. Coleman Chicago 1960 2010–present Obama
85 District Judge Chang, Edmond E.Edmond E. Chang Chicago 1970 2010–present Obama
86 District Judge Lee, John Z.John Z. Lee Chicago 1968 2012–present Obama
87 District Judge Tharp, Jr., John J.John J. Tharp, Jr. Chicago 1960 2012–present Obama
88 District Judge Durkin, Thomas M.Thomas M. Durkin Chicago 1953 2012–present Obama
89 District Judge Ellis, Sara L.Sara L. Ellis Chicago 1969 2013–present Obama
90 District Judge Wood, Andrea R.Andrea R. Wood Chicago 1973 2013–present Obama
91 District Judge Shah, Manish S.Manish S. Shah Chicago 1972 2014–present Obama
92 District Judge vacant
39 Senior Judge John Francis Grady Chicago 1929 1975–1994 1986–1990 1994–present Ford
45 Senior Judge Marvin E. Aspen Chicago 1934 1979–2002 1995–2002 2002–present Carter
46 Senior Judge Milton Irving Shadur Chicago 1924 1980–1992 1992–present Carter
47 Senior Judge Charles Petros Kocoras Chicago 1938 1980–2006 2002–2006 2006–present Carter
50 Senior Judge William Thomas Hart Chicago 1929 1982–1996 1996–present Reagan
51 Senior Judge Paul Edward Plunkett inactive 1935 1982–1998 1998–present Reagan
54 Senior Judge James F. Holderman Chicago 1946 1985–2013 2006–2013 2013–present Reagan
56 Senior Judge Brian Barnett Duff inactive 1930 1985–1996 1996–present Reagan
57 Senior Judge Harry Daniel Leinenweber Chicago 1937 1985–2002 2002–present Reagan
60 Senior Judge Suzanne B. Conlon Chicago 1939 1988–2004 2004–present Reagan
61 Senior Judge George Michael Marovich Chicago 1931 1988–2000 2000–present Reagan
62 Senior Judge George Wakem Lindberg Chicago 1932 1989–2001 2001–present G.H.W. Bush
64 Senior Judge Philip Godfrey Reinhard Rockford 1941 1992–2007 2007–present G.H.W. Bush
66 Senior Judge Blanche M. Manning Chicago 1934 1994–2010 2010–present Clinton
68 Senior Judge Robert William Gettleman Chicago 1943 1994–2009 2009–present Clinton
69 Senior Judge Elaine E. Bucklo Chicago 1944 1994–2009 2009–present Clinton
70 Senior Judge Joan B. Gottschall Chicago 1947 1996–2012 2012–present Clinton
75 Senior Judge Joan Lefkow Chicago 1944 2000–2012 2012–present Clinton

Vacancies[edit]

Seat Seat Last Held By Vacancy Reason Date of vacancy Nominee Date
nominated
19 James F. Holderman Senior status December 31, 2013 John Robert Blakey August 5, 2014
21 Ronald A. Guzman Senior status November 16, 2014 Jorge Luis Alonso August 5, 2014

Former Judges[edit]

# Judge State Born/Died Active service Chief Judge Senior status Appointed by Reason for
termination
1 Drummond, ThomasThomas Drummond IL 1809–1890 1855–1869[Note 1] Taylor, Taylor reappointment
2 Blodgett, Henry WilliamsHenry Williams Blodgett IL 1821–1905 1870–1892 Grant, Grant retirement
3 Grosscup, Peter StengerPeter Stenger Grosscup IL 1852–1921 1892–1899 Harrison, B.B. Harrison reappointment
4 Kohlsaat, Christian CecilChristian Cecil Kohlsaat IL 1844–1918 1899–1905 McKinley, McKinley reappointment
5 Bethea, Solomon HicksSolomon Hicks Bethea IL 1852–1909 1905–1909 Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt death
6 Landis, Kenesaw MountainKenesaw Mountain Landis IL 1866–1944 1905–1922 Roosevelt, T.T. Roosevelt resignation
7 Carpenter, George AlbertGeorge Albert Carpenter IL 1867–1944 1910–1933 Taft, Taft resignation
8 Wilkerson, James HerbertJames Herbert Wilkerson IL 1869–1948 1922–1940 1940–1948 Harding, Harding death
9 Cliffe, Adam C.Adam C. Cliffe IL 1869–1928 1922–1928 Harding, Harding death
10 Woodward, Charles EdgarCharles Edgar Woodward IL 1876–1942 1929–1942 Coolidge, Coolidge death
11 Barnes, John PeterJohn Peter Barnes IL 1881–1959 1931–1957 1948–1957 1957–1958 Hoover, Hoover resignation
12 Johnson, George E. Q.George E. Q. Johnson IL 1874–1949 1932–1933[Note 2] Hoover, Hoover not confirmed
13 Holly, William HarrisonWilliam Harrison Holly IL 1869–1958 1933–1943[Note 3] 1943–1958 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
14 Sullivan, Philip LeoPhilip Leo Sullivan IL 1889–1960 1933–1960[Note 4] 1957–1959 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
15 Igoe, Michael L.Michael L. Igoe IL 1885–1967 1938–1965[Note 5] 1965–1967 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
16 Campbell, William JosephWilliam Joseph Campbell IL 1905–1988 1940–1970 1959–1970 1970–1988 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
17 LaBuy, Walter J.Walter J. LaBuy IL 1888–1967 1944–1961 1961–1967 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
18 Shaw, Elwyn RileyElwyn Riley Shaw IL 1888–1950 1944–1950 Roosevelt, F.F. Roosevelt death
19 Perry, Joseph SamJoseph Sam Perry IL 1896–1984 1951–1971 1971–1984 Truman, Truman death
20 Hoffman, JuliusJulius Hoffman IL 1895–1983 1953–1972 1972–1983 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
21 Knoch, Winfred GeorgeWinfred George Knoch IL 1895–1983 1953–1958 Eisenhower, Eisenhower reappointment
22 Miner, Julius HowardJulius Howard Miner IL 1896–1963 1958–1963 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
23 Robson, Edwin AlbertEdwin Albert Robson IL 1905–1986 1958–1975[Note 6] 1970–1975 1975–1986 Eisenhower, Eisenhower death
24 Austin, Richard BevanRichard Bevan Austin IL 1901–1977 1961–1975 1975–1977 Kennedy, Kennedy death
25 Parsons, James BentonJames Benton Parsons IL 1911–1993 1961–1981 1975–1981 1981–1993 Kennedy, Kennedy death
26 Will, Hubert LouisHubert Louis Will IL 1914–1995 1961–1979 1979–1995 Kennedy, Kennedy death
27 Decker, Bernard MartinBernard Martin Decker IL 1904–1993 1962–1980[Note 7] 1980–1993 Kennedy, Kennedy death
28 Marovitz, Abraham LincolnAbraham Lincoln Marovitz IL 1905–2001 1963–1975 1975–2001 Kennedy, Kennedy death
29 Lynch, William JosephWilliam Joseph Lynch IL 1908–1976 1966–1976 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
30 Napoli, Alexander J.Alexander J. Napoli IL 1905–1972 1966–1972 Johnson, L.L. Johnson death
31 McGarr, Frank JamesFrank James McGarr IL 1921–2012 1970–1986 1981–1986 1986–1988 Nixon, Nixon retirement
32 McMillen, Thomas RobertsThomas Roberts McMillen IL 1916–2002 1971–1984 1984–1985 Nixon, Nixon retirement
33 Bauer, William JosephWilliam Joseph Bauer IL 1926–present 1971–1975 Nixon, Nixon reappointment
34 McLaren, Richard WellingtonRichard Wellington McLaren IL 1918–1976 1972–1976 Nixon, Nixon death
35 Tone, Philip WillisPhilip Willis Tone IL 1923–2001 1972–1974 Nixon, Nixon reappointment
36 Marshall, PrenticePrentice Marshall IL 1926–2004 1973–1988 1988–1996 Nixon, Nixon retirement
37 Flaum, Joel MartinJoel Martin Flaum IL 1936–present 1974–1983 Ford, Ford reappointment
38 Kirkland, Sr., Alfred YoungesAlfred Younges Kirkland, Sr. IL 1917–2004 1974–1979 1979–2004 Ford, Ford death
40 Leighton, George NevesGeorge Neves Leighton IL 1912–present 1976–1986 1986–1987 Ford, Ford retirement
41 Crowley, John PowersJohn Powers Crowley IL 1936–1989 1976–1981 Ford, Ford resignation
42 Roszkowski, Stanley JulianStanley Julian Roszkowski IL 1923–2014 1977–1991 1991–1998 Carter, Carter retirement
43 Bua, Nicholas JohnNicholas John Bua IL 1925–2002 1977–1991 Carter, Carter retirement
44 Moran, James ByronJames Byron Moran IL 1930–2009 1979–1995 1990–1995 1995–2009 Carter, Carter death
48 Getzendanner, Susan Christine O'MearaSusan Christine O'Meara Getzendanner IL 1939–present 1980–1987 Carter, Carter resignation
49 Nordberg, John AlbertJohn Albert Nordberg IL 1926–present 1982–1994 1994–2014 Reagan retirement[4]
52 Rovner, IlanaIlana Rovner IL 1938–present 1984–1992 Reagan, Reagan reappointment
55 Williams, Ann ClaireAnn Claire Williams IL 1949–present 1985–1999 Reagan, Reagan reappointment
59 Alesia, James HenryJames Henry Alesia IL 1934–2003 1987–1998 1998–2003 Reagan, Reagan death
63 Andersen, Wayne R.Wayne R. Andersen IL 1945–present 1991–2010 Bush, G.H.W.G.H.W. Bush retirement
67 Coar, DavidDavid Coar IL 1943–present 1994–2009 2009–2010 Clinton, Clinton retirement
72 Hibbler, William J.William J. Hibbler IL 1946–2012 1999–2012 Clinton, Clinton death
79 Filip, MarkMark Filip IL 1966–present 2004–2008 Bush, G.W.G.W. Bush resignation
  1. ^ Reassigned from the District of Illinois
  2. ^ Recess appointment; the United States Senate later rejected the appointment.
  3. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 8, 1934, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 20, 1934, and received commission on March 1, 1934.
  4. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 8, 1934, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 20, 1934, and received commission on March 1, 1934.
  5. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 5, 1939, confirmed by the United States Senate on February 9, 1939, and received commission on March 4, 1939.
  6. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 17, 1959, confirmed by the United States Senate on April 29, 1959, and received commission on April 30, 1959.
  7. ^ Recess appointment; formally nominated on January 15, 1963, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 28, 1963, and received commission on April 2, 1963.

United States Attorney[edit]

The United States Attorney's Office for the Northern District of Illinois represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. Patrick Fitzgerald was the most recent U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Illinois, having served from September 1, 2001 to June 30, 2012.[5] Gary S. Shapiro currently serves as Acting U.S. Attorney.[6] On Monday, December 3, 2012, according to an online Associated Press news article from the Peoria Journal Star, the two U.S. Senators for the state of Illinois, Democrat Senate Majority Whip Dick Durbin and Republican Mark Kirk, have recommended four names to President Barack Obama, so that one of them can perhaps be nominated by Obama and confirmed by the Senate. Their names are: Jonathan Bunge (former prosecutor now in private practice in corporate litigations and investigations), Zachary Fardon (now in private practice after working as a prosecutor in Illinois and Tennessee), Lori Lightfoot (in private practice after serving as Director of the Chicago Police Department's Office of Professional Standards), and Gil Soffer (former prosecutor who now focuses on white collar crime).[7]

On May 23, 2013, President Obama nominated Zachary Fardon to fill this vacancy.[8] Zachary T. Fardon began serving as the United States Attorney on October 23, 2013.[9]

Succession of seats[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Asbury Dickens, A Synoptical Index to the Laws and Treaties of the United States of America (1852), p. 393.
  2. ^ a b c d e U.S. District Courts of Illinois, Legislative history, Federal Judicial Center.
  3. ^ Simpson, Dick; Nowlan, James; Gradel, Thomas J.; Mouritsen Zmuda, Melissa; Sterrett, David; Cantor, Douglas (2012-02-15). "Chicago and Illinois, Leading the Pack in Corruption; Anti-Corruption Report Number 5" (PDF). University of Illinois at Chicago Department of Political Science. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  4. ^ "UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE JOHN NORDBERG RETIRES AFTER 32 YEARS OF SERVICE". United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Attorney Patrick Fitzgerald stepping down June 30". Chicago Tribune. May 23, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  6. ^ Wisniewski, Mary (June 25, 2012). "Acting attorney named for Chicago after Fitzgerald leaves". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.pjstar.com/free/x1978613189/Durbin-Kirk-recommend-4-for-U-S-attorney
  8. ^ http://www.mainjustice.com/2013/05/23/fardon-nominated-to-be-next-chicago-u-s-attorney/
  9. ^ "Office of the United States Attorneys". Executive Office for United States Attorneys. United States Department of Justice. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 

External links[edit]