U.S. Route 277

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U.S. Route 277 marker

U.S. Route 277
Route information
Auxiliary route of US 77
Length: 633 mi[1] (1,019 km)
Existed: 1930 – present
Major junctions
South end: US 83 at Carrizo Springs, TX
  US 57 at Eagle Pass, TX
US 90 at Del Rio, TX
I‑10 at Sonora, TX
US 67 / US 87 at San Angelo, TX
US 83 / US 84 at Abilene, TX
I‑20 at Abilene, TX
US 82 / US 183 / US 283 at Seymour, TX
I‑44 / US 281 at Wichita Falls, TX
US-62 / US-81 / SH-9 at Chickasha, OK
North end: I‑44 / US-62 at Newcastle, OK
Highway system
Scenic view of U.S. 277 between Del Rio and Sonora, Texas
First southbound sign for U.S. 277 in Newcastle, Oklahoma

U.S. Route 277 is a north–south United States Highway. It is a spur of U.S. Route 77. It runs for 633 miles (1,019 km) across Oklahoma and Texas. US 277's northern terminus is in Newcastle, Oklahoma at Interstate 44, which is also the northern terminus of the H.E. Bailey Turnpike. Its southern terminus is in Carrizo Springs, Texas at U.S. Route 83. It passes through the states of Oklahoma and Texas.

Most of U.S. 277's route through the two states overlaps other U.S. highways. Those include U.S. 62 from Newcastle to Chickasha, Oklahoma, U.S. 62 and U.S. 281 from five miles (8 km) west of Elgin, Oklahoma, to Lawton, U.S. 281 from Lawton to Wichita Falls, Texas, U.S. 82 from Wichita Falls to Seymour, Texas, and U.S. 83 from Anson, Texas to Abilene, Texas. Through the Lawton area and again from Randlett, Oklahoma, to near downtown Wichita Falls, U.S. 277 is also co-signed with I-44.

Route description[edit]

Lengths
  mi km
TX 508.9 819.0
OK 124.1[2] 199.7

Texas[edit]

U.S. Route 277 continues into Texas concurrent with I-44. It remains concurrent with I-44 until it reaches the city of Wichita Falls where it splits off and travels in a west-southwest direction as part of a concurrency with U.S. Route 82. The route picks up U.S. 183 and 283 in the unincorporated community of Mabelle and the four routes continue into the town of Seymour, where the other three routes split off again. Route 277 continues in a westerly direction until reaching the town of Munday, where it turns southward again. It then passes through the towns of Haskell and Stamford before picking up U.S. Route 83 at Anson. The route continues into Abilene, where it crosses Interstate 20 before maintaining a short concurrency with U.S. Route 84. Route 277 then splits off and travels in a southwesterly direction through rural areas, as the route approaches San Angelo, where the route joins U.S. Route 67 as a main east-west street in the city, then turns southward and joins U.S. Route 87. The two routes split south of the city and U.S. 277 continues southward, passing through rural areas and crossing Interstate 10 in Sonora. Farther south, the route joins U.S. Route 377, then crosses the Amistad Reservoir. The two routes then join U.S. Route 90 just north of Del Rio and then U.S. 277 splits off again, running southeastward roughly parallel to the U.S.-Mexico border. The route enters the city of Eagle Pass, along the international border, before turning eastward yet again and ending in Carrizo Springs.

Oklahoma[edit]

From its present terminus at Interstate 44 near Newcastle (Exit 107 and starting/ending point of the H.E. Bailey Turnpike north section), U.S. 277 runs concurrent with U.S. 62 through Blanchard into downtown Chickasha, where U.S. 277 joins U.S. 81 for several miles to an intersection south of Chickasha near Ninnekah, where U.S. 277 turns west/southwest through the cities of Cement, Cyril, Fletcher and Elgin - crossing over I-44/H.E. Bailey east of Cement (no access), under the interstate south of Fletcher (no access) and under the interstate/turnpike on the west side of Elgin (Exit 53 - tolls charged northbound exit/southbound entry and no tolls southbound exit/northbound entry). About five miles west of Elgin, U.S. 277 rejoins U.S. 62 (and U.S. 281, whose concurrency with U.S. 277 to Wichita Falls, Texas begins) for the next 10 miles with the triplex 62-277-281 route joining Interstate 44 at the starting/ending point of the H.E. Bailey Turnpike north section (Exit 46) near Medicine Park south through Fort Sill to I-44 Exit 40A, where U.S. 62 diverts from the interstate. U.S. 277 and 281 continue their concurrent route with I-44 through the Lawton-Fort Sill area to a point six miles south of Lawton where I-44 becomes the H.E. Bailey Turnpike south to Randlett. At this interchange (Exit 30) which also includes Oklahoma 36 west/southwest to Chattanooga and Grandfield, U.S. 277-281 diverts east and then curve south to parallel the interstate past Geronimo, OK and 10 miles later joins Oklahoma 5 about 5 miles west of Walters for three miles west crossing over I-44/H.E. Bailey Turnpike at the Walters exit and toll plaza (Exit 21). West of I-44, U.S. 277-281 turns south from Oklahoma 5 and continues south, crossing under I-44 (with no access) south of Cookietown and then joins U.S. 70 at Randlett, from where the triplex U.S. 70-277-281 continues 3 miles west to an interchange with I-44 at the beginning/ending points of the H.E. Bailey Turnpike (Exit 6). At this interchange, U.S. 277-281 joins I-44 for the last 6 miles in Oklahoma before crossing the Red River into Texas.

Free road alternative to the H.E. Bailey Turnpike[edit]

From Newcastle to the Red River north of Wichita Falls, Texas, U.S. 277 (and concurrent sections of U.S. 62, U.S. 81 and U.S. 281) serves as an alternate free route to the two sections of the H.E. Bailey Turnpike between Oklahoma City and the Red River from Newcastle southwest of Oklahoma to near Medicine Park north of Lawton and from near Geronimo south of Lawton to Randlett just north of the Red River near Burkburnett, Texas.

Former U.S. 277 route in Lawton now U.S. 281 Business[edit]

The former route of U.S. 277 (and 281) through the City of Lawton via 2nd Street and 11th Street (and a diagonal street connecting those two streets) has been designated as U.S. 281 Business since the completion of Lawton's Pioneer Expressway (now I-44) in 1964 from present I-44 Exit 39-B to Exit 33. Present U.S. 281 Business and former U.S. 277-281 follows 2nd Street south of I-44 (Exit 39B) into the downtown area and south of Lee Boulevard (Oklahoma 7),curves into the diagonal route to 11th Street and still locally designated by the City of Lawton as Highway 277 even though it is officially designated as U.S. 281 Business. From the end of the diagonal route at 11th and Tennessee Avenue south past the Lawton-Fort Sill Regional Airport to Exit 33 of Interstate 44, the former U.S. 277-281 and current U.S. Business 281 route follows 11th Street. South of this point, U.S. 281 Business ends/begins and current U.S. 277-281 continues to run concurrent with I-44 for another 3 miles to Exit 30 (the starting/ending point for the southern section of the H.E. Bailey Turnpike), bypassing 3 miles of the former U.S. 277-281 concurrency that followed 11th Street south of Lawton until the completion of the present I-44 route south of Lawton in 1964, when the former highway reverted to local jurisdiction. At Exit 31, Oklahoma 36 begins its route to Chattanooga and Grandfield west of I-44 while U.S. 277-281 uses the same route east of the interstate for a half-mile and turning south toward Geronimo, over the continuation of Lawton's 11th Street.

History[edit]

When U.S. 277 was commissioned in 1930, it ended at the U.S.-Mexico border in Del Rio, Texas. It was extended southeast to its present terminus in 1952.[1] The original northern terminus was in Oklahoma City at its intersection with parent route U.S. 77 and U.S. 62. The northern terminus remained there until 1964. when it was truncated to its present terminus following the completion of the H. E. Bailey Turnpike and the connecting U.S. 62 freeway into Oklahoma City, which would become Interstate 44 in the 1980s.

As of February 2010, U.S. 277 allows a speed limit of 75 mph only in Dimmit County, Texas.

Business U.S. Route 277[edit]

See also[edit]

Related routes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Droz, Robert V. U.S. Highways : From US 1 to (US 830). Accessed 20 February 2006.
  2. ^ Stuve, Eric. U.S. 277. OKHighways. Accessed 22 February 2006.
Browse numbered routes
SH 276 TX SH 279
US-271 OK US-281