U.S. Route 290

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US Highway 290 marker

US Highway 290
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length: 261 mi[1] (420 km)
Existed: 1927[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: I-10 southeast of Junction, TX
 

US 87 at Fredericksburg, TX
US 281 at Johnson City, TX
I-35 at Austin, TX
US 183 at Austin, TX

US 77 at Giddings, TX
East end: I-610 at Houston, TX
Highway system
SH 290 SH 294
U.S. Highway 290 intersection with Interstate 610 in Houston

U.S. Highway 290 (or U.S. 290) is an east–west U.S. Highway located entirely within the State of Texas. Its current western terminus is at Interstate 10 near Harper, and its eastern terminus is at Interstate 610 on the northwest side of Houston.[1]

Route description[edit]

West of Austin, U.S. 290 is a rather scenic route through the Texas Hill Country, passing through the towns of Fredericksburg and Johnson City, and hence close to the historical sites connected with Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, a top commander during the War in the Pacific (1941–45) and the deceased President from Texas, Lyndon Baines Johnson. East of Austin, U.S. 290 is a divided highway that passes through or near the towns of Giddings and Brenham.

U.S. 290 is part of a hurricane evacuation route. That route starts at SH 6 in Galveston. SH 6 is taken to U.S. 290. Then U.S. 290 is taken to where SH 6 and US 290 break apart. Then SH 6 is taken to Waco.

In Harris County outside of Houston, State Highway 6 (SH 6) joins with U.S. 290 and the two highways run concurrently until splitting just north of Hempstead.

The large remnant of U.S. 290 continues to be an important highway, one that connects Austin with Interstate 10, and from there eastward to Houston. Parts of U.S. 290 in Austin and near Houston are multilane freeways.

Austin[edit]

In Austin, U.S. 290 runs concurrently with Interstate 35 for approximately 8 miles (13 km), including the Downtown Austin area, as well as the entirety of W. Ben White Boulevard. At various intervals, U.S. 290 intersects with SH 71, RM 1826, Mopac Expressway, Capital of Texas Highway, S Lamar Boulevard, S Congress Avenue, and along the concurrent I-35 strip, Sixth Street, Loop 111, and RM 2222, and U.S. 183, among other roads.

Houston[edit]

In Houston, U.S. 290 is sometimes called the Northwest Freeway. The Texas Legislature officially designated this highway within Harris County as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway in 2005.[2]

History[edit]

U.S. 290 originally had an eastern terminus in San Antonio before 1935 when it was re-routed further north and extended eastward. The old highway into San Antonio was redesignated US 87.[1][3]

Prior to the Interstate era, it extended nearly 300 miles (483 km) farther west to an intersection with US 80 (now Interstate 20) before Interstate 10 supplanted it. Much of the old route near Sheffield became SH 290. Other former alignments that are part of the state highway system include the Fort Stockton and Balmorhea business routes of Interstate 10 and RM 1312 between Ozona and Sonora.[4][5][6][7]

Prior to construction of the Northwest Freeway, U.S. 290 through Houston followed Hempstead Highway, which runs parallel to the freeway approximately one-half mile to the southwest. The eastern terminus of U.S. 290 was also approximately one mile to the southeast at the intersection of Hempstead Highway, Washington Avenue and Old Katy Road. There is a small directional T interchange at this intersection.

Because of truncations in its length, U.S. 290 no longer intersects with its "parent" route, U.S. 90.

Toll roads are planned along segments of U.S. 290 in Houston and Austin.

In 2011 two members of the U.S. House of Representatives, John Culberson and Michael T. McCaul, asked TxDOT to advocate for the relabeling of U.S. 290 as an interstate highway.[8]

Austin[edit]

290 Toll Road.svg

290 Toll Road
Location: Austin, Texas

In Austin, the Central Texas Regional Mobility Authority the Manor Expressway along U.S. 290 from Austin to Manor, opened on May 17, 2014. The Manor Expressway is signed as the 290 Toll Road.[9]

Houston[edit]

Prior to construction of the Northwest Freeway, U.S. 290 through Houston followed Hempstead Highway, which runs parallel to the freeway approximately one-half mile to the southwest. The eastern terminus of U.S. 290 was also approximately one mile to the southeast at the intersection of Hempstead Highway, Washington Avenue and Old Katy Road. There is a small directional T interchange at this intersection.

The Interchange with I-610 and first part of frontage roads opened in 1963. The first freeway section opened in 1975. In 1982, freeway main lanes completed to just inside Beltway 8. In 1990, the stack interchange with Beltway 8 were completed. From 1985 to 2005, the main lanes outside Beltway 8 were completed.[10]

The freeway was constructed to only 3 lanes in each direction, but a major investment study in 2002 requested expansion to 5 lanes in each direction inside Beltway 8 and 4 lanes in each direction from Beltway 8 to the proposed Grand Parkway. It also recommended to build a new tollway along Hempstead Highway.[10]

In Houston, the Harris County Toll Road Authority is planning to construct toll managed lanes along and adjacent to the U.S. 290 right-of-way, to be called the Hempstead Tollway.[11]

Business routes[edit]

US 290 has three business routes.

Brenham[edit]


Business US Highway 290
Location: Brenham, Texas
Length: 4.59 mi[12] (7.39 km)

Business U.S. Route 290-F is the original routing of US 290 through the town of Brenham. The route is 4.59 miles (7.39 km) in length. It was established in 1990 when the mainline of US 290 was rerouted along with SH 36 around the western and southern sides of Brenham.[12] The routing begins to the west of town at an intersection with SH 36. The business route continues east into downtown on Main Street. Before reaching downtown, the route splits into two parallel one-way streets: Main Street carrying westbound traffic and Alamo Street carrying eastbound traffic. It passes through downtown, meeting the business routing of State Highway 36 and the western terminus of SH 105. At this intersection, the business route turns south on Market Street, and continues out of Brenham, rejoining the mainline US 290 near an intersection with FM 544.[13][14]

Hempstead–Hockley[edit]


Business US Highway 290
Location: HempsteadHockley, Texas

Business U.S. Route 290-H is the original routing of US 290 through the towns of Hempstead, Waller, and Hockley.[15] This route was designated between 1995 and 1998 in stages as a limited-access bypass route was constructed to the north of these towns.[16]

Cypress[edit]


Business US Highway 290
Location: Cypress, Texas

Business U.S. Route 290-L is the original routing of US 290 through the town of Cypress.[17] The route was designated in 1993 as a limited-access bypass was built to the northeast of the original routing.[18]

Junction list[edit]

County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
Kimble   I-10 – Junction, Kerrville
  RM 479 – Noxville
  RM 385 north
Gillespie Harper RM 783 south – Kerrville West end of RM 783 overlap
RM 783 north / FM 2093 east – Doss East end of RM 783 overlap
Fredericksburg US 87 north – Mason West end of US 87 overlap
RM 965 north – Crabapple
SH 16 south – Kerrville West end of SH 16 overlap
SH 16 north – Llano East end of SH 16 overlap
US 87 south – Comfort East end of US 87 overlap
RM 1631 east (Olive Street) – Cave Creek
  RM 1376 south – Luckenbach
Stonewall RM 1 east – Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park
RM 1623 north West end of RM 1623 overlap
RM 1623 south – Albert, Blanco East end of RM 1623 overlap
Blanco   RM 1 west – Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park
  RM 1320 north
Johnson City Spur 356 north
US 281 north – Marble Falls West end of US 281 overlap
FM 2726 east – Pedernales Falls State Park
  US 281 south – Blanco East end of US 281 overlap
  RM 3232 north – Pedernales Falls State Park
Hays   RM 165 west – Blanco
Dripping Springs RM 12 – Bee Cave, Wimberley
Travis Austin RM 1826 south
SH 71 west – Marble Falls, Llano West end of SH 71 overlap
Industrial Oaks Boulevard, Monterry Oaks Boulevard
Loop 1 (MoPac Expressway) / Southwest Parkway
Brodie Lane – Sunset Valley Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
West Gate Boulevard Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Loop 343 (Lamar Boulevard) / Loop 360 (Capital of Texas Highway)
Victory Drive/Pack Saddle Pass, Manchaca Road Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
South First Street
Loop 275 (Congress Avenue) – State Capitol
I-35 south / SH 71 east – San Antonio, Bastrop East end of SH 71 overlap; west end of I-35 overlap
Oltorf Street
Woodland Avenue
Riverside Drive
Holly Street Eastbound exit only
Cesar Chavez Street, Holly Street Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Cesar Chavez Street, 2nd-4th Streets Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
6th-8th Streets Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
6th-12th Streets Eastbound exit and westbound entrance
12th-11th Streets – State Capitol Westbound exit and eastbound entrance
15th Street, Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard – University of Texas, State Capitol
Manor Road
Dean Keeton Street, 32nd-38th 1/2 Streets
Loop 111 (Airport Boulevard)
51st Street, Cameron Road
I-35 north / Spur 69 west – Waco East end of I-35 overlap
Cameron Road, Berkman Drive
US 183 – Lampasas, Lockhart West end of Manor Expressway toll road
Tuscany Road, Springdale Road
Frontage Road
Johnny Morris Road
Braker Lane
SH 45 Toll / SH 130 Toll – Waco, San Antonio
FM 734 (Parmer Lane) Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; east end of Manor Expressway toll road/freeway
Manor Loop 212 east – Manor
FM 973 / Loop 212 west – Manor
  FM 1100 east – Elgin
Bastrop Elgin
Bus. US 290 east / SH 95 north – Elgin, Taylor
West end of SH 95 overlap

Bus. US 290 west – Elgin
FM 1704
SH 95 south – Bastrop East end of SH 95 overlap
  FM 696 east – Lexington
McDade Loop 223 east – McDade
Loop 223 south / FM 2336 – McDade, Camp Swift
  SH 21 – Caldwell, Bastrop Interchange
Paige FM 2104 south – Smithville
Lee Giddings US 77 – Rockdale, La Grange
FM 141 north – Old Dime Box
  FM 180 east – Lake Somerville
Fayette Ledbetter FM 1291 south – Fayetteville
Carmine Spur 458 east to SH 237 – La Grange
Washington   SH 237 south – La Grange Interchange; westbound exit and eastbound entrance
  FM 2502 west – Wesley
Burton FM 390 east – Gay Hill
  FM 1948 north – Lake Somerville
  FM 2679 west
Brenham
Bus. US 290 east / SH 36 north – Brenham, Caldwell
West end of SH 36 overlap; west end of freeway
FM 389 – Brenham, Shelby

SH 36 south / Bus. SH 36 north – Bellville, Brenham
East end of SH 36 overlap; eastbound exit and westbound entrance
Stringer Street

Bus. US 290 west (Gun and Rod Road) / FM 577 north
Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; east end of freeway
  FM 2447 east – Chapel Hill
  FM 1155 north – Chapel Hill
  FM 1371 south – Bellville
Waller   Brazos River turnaround Interchange
Hempstead FM 1736 north

Bus. US 290 east / SH 6 north – Hempstead, Navasota
West end of SH 6 overlap; west end of freeway
FM 1488 – Hempstead
  FM 359 – Brookshire
Prairie View Liendo Parkway
University Drive – Prairie View A&M University
James R. Muse Parkway
Waller FM 362 – Brookshire
Harris Field Store Road
FM 2920 – Tomball, Waller
  Binford Road
  Kickapoo Road
Hockley Kermier Road
Heger Road

Bus. US 290 west / Betka Road – Hockley
  Roberts Road, Katy Hockley Road
  Becker Road
  Bauer Road
  SH 99 Toll south (Grand Parkway) – Katy Current northwestern terminus of SH 99/Grand Parkway
  Fairfield Falls Way, Fairfield Place Westbound exit and entrance; access to Houston Premium Outlets
Cypress Mason Road
Mueschke Road
Cypress Rosehill Road, Spring Cypress Road No eastbound exit
Skinner Road
Barker Cypress Road
Telge Road
Satsuma Huffmeister Road
SH 6 south / FM 1960 east – Sugar Land, Humble East end of SH 6 overlap
Eldridge Parkway, West Road
Jersey Village Jones Road
Beltway 8 south (Sam Houston Parkway) / FM 529 (Spencer Road)
Houston Beltway 8 / Sam Houston Tollway – George Bush Intercontinental Airport
Little York Road, Gessner Road
Fairbanks Houston Road
Tidwell Road, Hollister Street
Pinemont Drive, Bingle Road, 43rd Street
Antoine Drive, 34th Street
Mangum Road No eastbound entrance
I-610 (Loop Freeway)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "U.S. Highway No. 290". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Bill: HB 540 Legislative Session: 79(R)." Texas Legislature. Retrieved on February 12, 2009.
  3. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "U.S. Highway No. 87". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  4. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "State Highway No. 290". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  5. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Business Interstate Highway No. 10-F". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  6. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Business Interstate Highway No. 10-G". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  7. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Ranch to Market Road No. 1312". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  8. ^ Foster, Robin. "Officials favoring upgrade by TXDOT." Houston Chronicle. Tuesday September 20, 2011. Retrieved on October 1, 2011.
  9. ^ "290 East Manor Expressway Toll Road". CTRMA. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  10. ^ a b Houston Freeways
  11. ^ "Hempstead/US 290 Managed Lanes". HCTRA. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Business U.S. Highway No. 290-F". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  13. ^ Texas Department of Transportation (2014) (PDF). Texas County Map Book (Map). 1:120,000. Cartography by Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2014 ed.). p. 452. http://www.dot.state.tx.us/apps-cg/grid_search/_includes/countymapbook/Pages/452.pdf. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  14. ^ Texas Department of Transportation (2014) (PDF). Texas County Map Book (Map). 1:120,000. Cartography by Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2014 ed.). p. 453. http://www.dot.state.tx.us/apps-cg/grid_search/_includes/countymapbook/Pages/453.pdf. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  15. ^ Texas Department of Transportation (2014) (PDF). Texas County Map Book (Map). 1:120,000. Cartography by Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2014 ed.). p. 475. http://www.dot.state.tx.us/apps-cg/grid_search/_includes/countymapbook/Pages/475.pdf. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  16. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Business U.S. Highway No. 290-H". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  17. ^ Texas Department of Transportation (2014) (PDF). Texas County Map Book (Map). 1:120,000. Cartography by Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2014 ed.). p. 496. http://www.dot.state.tx.us/apps-cg/grid_search/_includes/countymapbook/Pages/496.pdf. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  18. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Business U.S. Highway No. 290-L". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 10, 2013.