U.S. Route 290

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US Highway 290 marker

US Highway 290
Route information
Maintained by TxDOT
Length: 261 mi[1] (420 km)
Existed: 1927[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: I-10 southeast of Junction, TX
 

US 87 at Fredericksburg, TX
US 281 at Johnson City, TX
I-35 at Austin, TX
US 183 at Austin, TX

US 77 at Giddings, TX
East end: I-610 at Houston, TX
Highway system
SH 290 SH 294
U.S. Highway 290 intersection with Interstate 610 in Houston

U.S. Highway 290 (or U.S. 290) is an east–west U.S. Highway located entirely within the State of Texas. Its current western terminus is at Interstate 10 near Harper, and its eastern terminus is at Interstate 610 on the northwest side of Houston.[1]

Route description[edit]

West of Austin, U.S. 290 is a rather scenic route through the Texas Hill Country, passing through the towns of Fredericksburg and Johnson City, and hence close to the historical sites connected with Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, a top commander during the War in the Pacific (1941–45) and the deceased President from Texas, Lyndon Baines Johnson. East of Austin, U.S. 290 is a divided highway that passes through or near the towns of Giddings and Brenham.

U.S. 290 is part of a hurricane evacuation route. That route starts at SH 6 in Galveston. SH 6 is taken to U.S. 290. Then U.S. 290 is taken to where SH 6 and US 290 break apart. Then SH 6 is taken to Waco.

In Harris County outside of Houston, State Highway 6 (SH 6) joins with U.S. 290 and the two highways run concurrently until splitting just north of Hempstead.

The large remnant of U.S. 290 continues to be an important highway, one that connects Austin with Interstate 10, and from there eastward to Houston. Parts of U.S. 290 in Austin and near Houston are multilane freeways.

Austin[edit]

In Austin, U.S. 290 runs concurrently with Interstate 35 for approximately 8 miles (13 km), including the Downtown Austin area, as well as the entirety of W. Ben White Boulevard. At various intervals, U.S. 290 intersects with SH 71, RM 1826, Mopac Expressway, Capital of Texas Highway, S Lamar Boulevard, S Congress Avenue, and along the concurrent I-35 strip, Sixth Street, Loop 111, and RM 2222, and U.S. 183, among other roads.

Houston[edit]

In Houston, U.S. 290 is sometimes called the Northwest Freeway. The Texas Legislature officially designated this highway within Harris County as the Ronald Reagan Memorial Highway in 2005.[2]

History[edit]

U.S. 290 originally had an eastern terminus in San Antonio before 1935 when it was re-routed further north and extended eastward. The old highway into San Antonio was redesignated US 87.[1][3]

Prior to the Interstate era, it extended nearly 300 miles (483 km) farther west to an intersection with US 80 (now Interstate 20) before Interstate 10 supplanted it. Much of the old route near Sheffield became SH 290. Other former alignments that are part of the state highway system include the Fort Stockton and Balmorhea business routes of Interstate 10 and RM 1312 between Ozona and Sonora.[4][5][6][7]

Prior to construction of the Northwest Freeway, U.S. 290 through Houston followed Hempstead Highway, which runs parallel to the freeway approximately one-half mile to the southwest. The eastern terminus of U.S. 290 was also approximately one mile to the southeast at the intersection of Hempstead Highway, Washington Avenue and Old Katy Road. There is a small directional T interchange at this intersection.

Because of truncations in its length, U.S. 290 no longer intersects with its "parent" route, U.S. 90.

Toll roads are planned along segments of U.S. 290 in Houston and Austin.

In 2011 two members of the U.S. House of Representatives, John Culberson and Michael T. McCaul, asked TxDOT to advocate for the relabeling of U.S. 290 as an interstate highway.[8]

Austin[edit]

290 Toll Road.svg

290 Toll Road
Location: Austin, Texas

In Austin, the Central Texas Regional Mobility Authority the Manor Expressway along U.S. 290 from Austin to Manor, opened on May 17, 2014. The Manor Expressway is signed as the 290 Toll Road.[9]

Houston[edit]

Prior to construction of the Northwest Freeway, U.S. 290 through Houston followed Hempstead Highway, which runs parallel to the freeway approximately one-half mile to the southwest. The eastern terminus of U.S. 290 was also approximately one mile to the southeast at the intersection of Hempstead Highway, Washington Avenue and Old Katy Road. There is a small directional T interchange at this intersection.

The Interchange with I-610 and first part of frontage roads opened in 1963. The first freeway section opened in 1975. In 1982, freeway main lanes completed to just inside Beltway 8. In 1990, the stack interchange with Beltway 8 were completed. From 1985 to 2005, the main lanes outside Beltway 8 were completed.[10]

The freeway was constructed to only 3 lanes in each direction, but a major investment study in 2002 requested expansion to 5 lanes in each direction inside Beltway 8 and 4 lanes in each direction from Beltway 8 to the proposed Grand Parkway. It also recommended to build a new tollway along Hempstead Highway.[10]

In Houston, the Harris County Toll Road Authority is planning to construct toll managed lanes along and adjacent to the U.S. 290 right-of-way, to be called the Hempstead Tollway.[11]

Business routes[edit]

US 290 has three business routes.

Brenham[edit]


Business US Highway 290
Location: Brenham, Texas
Length: 4.59 mi[12] (7.39 km)

Business U.S. Route 290-F is the original routing of US 290 through the town of Brenham. The route is 4.59 miles (7.39 km) in length. It was established in 1990 when the mainline of US 290 was rerouted along with SH 36 around the western and southern sides of Brenham.[12] The routing begins to the west of town at an intersection with SH 36. The business route continues east into downtown on Main Street. Before reaching downtown, the route splits into two parallel one-way streets: Main Street carrying westbound traffic and Alamo Street carrying eastbound traffic. It passes through downtown, meeting the business routing of State Highway 36 and the western terminus of SH 105. At this intersection, the business route turns south on Market Street, and continues out of Brenham, rejoining the mainline US 290 near an intersection with FM 577.[13][14]

Hempstead–Hockley[edit]


Business US Highway 290
Location: HempsteadHockley, Texas

Business U.S. Route 290-H is the original routing of US 290 through the towns of Hempstead, Waller, and Hockley.[15] This route was designated between 1995 and 1998 in stages as a limited-access bypass route was constructed to the north of these towns.[16]

Cypress[edit]


Business US Highway 290
Location: Cypress, Texas

Business U.S. Route 290-L is the original routing of US 290 through the town of Cypress.[17] The route was designated in 1993 as a limited-access bypass was built to the northeast of the original routing.[18]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
Kimble   I-10 – San Antonio, Junction I-10 exit 477; western terminus
  RM 479 to I-10 / FM 2169
  RM 385 north to US 377
Gillespie Harper RM 783 south – Kerrville West end of RM 783 overlap
RM 783 north / FM 2093 east – Doss East end of RM 783 overlap
Fredericksburg US 87 north – Mason West end of US 87 overlap
RM 965 north (Milam Street) – Enchanted Rock, Cross Mountain
SH 16 south (Adams Street) – Kerrville West end of SH 16 overlap
SH 16 north (Llano Street) – Llano East end of SH 16 overlap
US 87 south – San Antonio East end of US 87 overlap
RM 1631 east (Olive Street) – Cave Creek
  RM 1376 south – Boerne
Stonewall RM 1 east
RM 1623 north West end of RM 1623 overlap
RM 1623 south – Albert, Blanco East end of RM 1623 overlap
  PR 52 north – Lyndon B. Johnson State & National Historic Park
Blanco   RM 1 west
  RM 1320 north – Sandy
Johnson City Spur 356 north (Nugent Avenue)
US 281 north – Marble Falls, Burnet West end of US 281 overlap
RM 2766 east – Pedernales Falls State Park
  US 281 south – San Antonio East end of US 281 overlap
  RM 3232 north – Pedernales Falls State Park
Hays Henly RM 165 west – Blanco
Dripping Springs RM 12 – Wimberley, San Marcos
Travis Austin RM 1826 south – Driftwood
SH 71 west – Lake Travis, Llano West end of SH 71 overlap
Old Fredericksburg Road interchange; west end of freeway; no direct westbound exit
Monterey Oaks Boulevard / Industrial Oaks Boulevard
Loop 1 / Brodie Lane / Southwest Parkway
West Gate Boulevard no direct westbound exit (signed at Loop 343)
Loop 343 (Lamar Boulevard) / Loop 360 (Capital of Texas Highway)
Manchaca Road / Pack Saddle Pass / Victory Drive no direct eastbound exit (signed at Loop 343)
South First Street / Banister Lane
Loop 275 (South Congress Avenue) eastbound exit and westbound entrance
I-35 south / SH 71 east – Bastrop, San Antonio, Airport East end of SH 71 overlap; west end of I-35 overlap; US 290 west follows exit 230
Woodward Street / Ben White Boulevard westbound exit and eastbound entrance; I-35 exit 231
see I-35
51st Street / Cameron Road eastbound exit and westbound entrance; I-35 exit 237B
I-35 north / RM 2222 west (via Spur 69) – Waco East end of I-35 overlap; US 290 east follows exit 238B
Berkman Drive / Cameron Road
US 183 – Lampasas, Lockhart, Airport
290 Toll Road east / Tuscany Way / Springdale Road – Houston east end of freeway
290 Toll Road
290 Toll Road / Giles Lane / Johnny Morris Road
290 Toll Road / Harris Branch Parkway
SH 45 Toll / SH 130 Toll / 290 Toll Road – Waco, San Antonio SH 130 exit 437
FM 734 west (Parmer Lane) / Old Highway 20
Manor 290 Toll Road west – Austin westbound exit and eastbound entrance
Loop 212 (West Murray Avenue)
FM 973 / Loop 212 – Taylor, Manor
  FM 1100 east – Kimbro
Bastrop Elgin SH 95 north – Coupland, Taylor West end of SH 95 overlap
Loop 109 north to FM 1704 – Historical District
SH 95 south – Bastrop East end of SH 95 overlap
  FM 696 east – Lexington
McDade Loop 223 (Waco Street) – McDade
Loop 223 south (Columbus Street) / FM 2336 – McDade, Swiftex
  SH 21 – Bryan, Bastrop Interchange
Paige Spur 186 (Gonzales Street)
  FM 2104 south – Serbin, Smithville
Lee Giddings US 77
FM 141 north (Orange Street) – Dime Box
  FM 180 north – Nails Creek State Park
Fayette Ledbetter FM 1291 south – Fayetteville
Carmine Spur 458 south – Round Top
Washington   SH 237 south – Roundtop, La Grange Interchange
  FM 2502 south – Greenvine
Burton FM 390 east – Burton
  Spur 125 west – Burton, Cotton Gin Museum
  FM 1948 north
  FM 2679 north – Zionsville
Brenham
Bus. US 290 east / SH 36 north – Brenham, Somerville
interchange; west end of SH 36 overlap; west end of freeway
Old Mill Creek Road
FM 389 – Blinn College, Industrial Park
Lubbock Street / Industrial Boulevard westbound exit and eastbound entrance

SH 36 south / Bus. SH 36 north – Bellville
East end of SH 36 overlap

Bus. US 290 west / FM 577
interchange; east end of freeway
  FM 2447 east
  FM 1371 south
  FM 1155 – Washington
  FM 1371 south
Waller   FM 1736 east
Hempstead SH 6 north (US 290 Bus. east) – College Station, Bryan, Hempstead interchange; west end of SH 6 overlap; west end of freeway
FM 1488 – Hempstead, Magnolia
  FM 359 – Brookshire no direct eastbound exit (signed at FM 1488)
Prairie View Liendo Parkway
FM 1098 – Prairie View
  James Muse Parkway
  FM 362
Harris Waller Fields Store Road
FM 2920 – Waller, Tomball
  Binford Road
Houston Kickapoo Road
  Kermier Road
  Hegar Road (US 290 Bus. west)
  Badtke Road
  Roberts Road / Katy Hockley Road
  Becker Road
  Bauer Road
  SH 99 Toll south (Grand Parkway)
  Fairfield Place Drive Westbound access only
  Mason Road
  Mueschke Road
Houston Cypress-Rosehill Road / Fry Road / Spring-Cypress Road No direct eastbound exit (signed at Mueschke Road)
  Skinner Road / Spring-Cypress Road
Houston Barker-Cypress Road
  Telge Road
Houston Hempstead Road / Huffmeister Road
SH 6 south / FM 1960 east East end of SH 6 overlap
Jersey Village Eldridge Road / West Road
Jones Road
Beltway 8 (Frontage Road) / FM 529 / Senate Avenue no direct westbound exit (signed at North Gessner Road)
  Sam Houston Tollway
Houston West Little York Road / North Gessner Road
Fairbanks-North Houston Road
West Tidwell Road / Hollister Road
Pinemont Drive / Bingle Road / West 43rd Street
Antoine Drive / West 34th Street
Mangum Road / Dacoma Street No eastbound entrance
I-610 I-610 west exit 13A, north exit 13B; eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "U.S. Highway No. 290". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Bill: HB 540 Legislative Session: 79(R)." Texas Legislature. Retrieved on February 12, 2009.
  3. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "U.S. Highway No. 87". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  4. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "State Highway No. 290". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  5. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Business Interstate Highway No. 10-F". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  6. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Business Interstate Highway No. 10-G". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  7. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Ranch to Market Road No. 1312". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 9, 2013. 
  8. ^ Foster, Robin. "Officials favoring upgrade by TXDOT." Houston Chronicle. Tuesday September 20, 2011. Retrieved on October 1, 2011.
  9. ^ "290 East Manor Expressway Toll Road". CTRMA. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  10. ^ a b Houston Freeways
  11. ^ "Hempstead/US 290 Managed Lanes". HCTRA. Retrieved October 19, 2011. 
  12. ^ a b Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Business U.S. Highway No. 290-F". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  13. ^ Texas Department of Transportation (2014) (PDF). Texas County Map Book (Map). 1:120,000. Cartography by Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2014 ed.). p. 452. http://www.dot.state.tx.us/apps-cg/grid_search/_includes/countymapbook/Pages/452.pdf. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  14. ^ Texas Department of Transportation (2014) (PDF). Texas County Map Book (Map). 1:120,000. Cartography by Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2014 ed.). p. 453. http://www.dot.state.tx.us/apps-cg/grid_search/_includes/countymapbook/Pages/453.pdf. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  15. ^ Texas Department of Transportation (2014) (PDF). Texas County Map Book (Map). 1:120,000. Cartography by Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2014 ed.). p. 475. http://www.dot.state.tx.us/apps-cg/grid_search/_includes/countymapbook/Pages/475.pdf. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  16. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Business U.S. Highway No. 290-H". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 10, 2013. 
  17. ^ Texas Department of Transportation (2014) (PDF). Texas County Map Book (Map). 1:120,000. Cartography by Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2014 ed.). p. 496. http://www.dot.state.tx.us/apps-cg/grid_search/_includes/countymapbook/Pages/496.pdf. Retrieved December 3, 2014.
  18. ^ Transportation Planning and Programming Division. "Business U.S. Highway No. 290-L". Highway Designation Files. Texas Department of Transportation. Retrieved August 10, 2013.