U.S. Route 412

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U.S. Route 412 marker

U.S. Route 412
Route information
Length: 1,130 mi[2] (1,819 km)
Existed: 1982 (extended east in 1984, 1989, west in 1989, 1994)[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: I‑25 Bus. / US 56 / NM 21 at Springer, NM
 

I‑35 near Enid, OK
I‑44 at Tulsa, OK
I‑49 / US 62 / US 71 at Springdale, AR
I-55 at Caruthersville, MO
I-155 / US 51 at Dyersburg, TN

I-40 at Jackson, TN
East end: I-65 / SR 99 at Columbia, TN
Highway system

U.S. Route 412 is an east–west United States highway, first commissioned in 1982. Its route number is a "violation" of the usual AASHTO numbering scheme, as it comes nowhere near its implied "parent", US 12. U.S. 412 overlaps expressway-grade Cimarron Turnpike from Tulsa west to Interstate 35 and the Cherokee Turnpike from 5 miles (8.0 km) east of Chouteau, Oklahoma, to 8 miles (13 km) west of the Arkansas state line. U.S. 412 has a bannered route in eastern Oklahoma named Scenic US 412, one of only two such routes in the country. Another curiosity of this highway is that it runs the entire length of the Oklahoma Panhandle and traverses the Missouri Bootheel.

As of 2004, the highway's eastern terminus is in Columbia, Tennessee at an intersection with Interstate 65, where it continues east as State Route 99. Its western terminus is in Springer, New Mexico at an intersection with Interstate 25.[2][1]

Route description[edit]

U.S. 412 overlaps with U.S. 43, U.S. 56, US 60, U.S. 62, U.S. 63, U.S. 64, U.S. 65, I-155, and U.S. 270, runs parallel to U.S. 62 and U.S. 64 in various places and intersects U.S. 70.[3]

New Mexico to Texas[edit]

The highway begins at Interstate 25 in Springer. It is concurrent with U.S. Route 56 throughout its entire route in the state at just under 100 miles (160 km). Besides Springer, the only other town Route 412 passes through is Clayton, where it merges with U.S. Route 64. Just before entering Oklahoma, the highway touches the northwestern corner of Texas at a small road junction.

Oklahoma[edit]

Highway 412 runs across the Panhandle and northern part of the state passing through cities such as Boise City, Woodward, Enid, and Tulsa. Some major highway junctions include Interstate 35 in Noble County and several others in Tulsa such as I-44, 244, 444, and U.S. Routes 75 and 169. Two sections of this highway are tolled: the Cimarron Turnpike (from I-35 to the western outskirts of Tulsa), and the Cherokee Turnpike (from near Chouteau to about 10 miles (16 km) west of the Arkansas border).

Arkansas[edit]

The Arkansas section starts at the Oklahoma line, runs through the scenic Ozark Mountains in the northern part of Arkansas, and leaves the state at the Missouri Bootheel. Cities along the route include Siloam Springs, Springdale, Alpena, Harrison, Cotter, Mountain Home, Salem, Walnut Ridge, and Paragould. In Harrison, U.S. Route 412 is concurrent with both US 62 and US 65.

Northwest Arkansas[edit]

The route enters Arkansas in the extreme northwest corner of the state. In Benton County, the route serves Siloam Springs as a major route through the southern part of the city. US 412 has a concurrency with Highway 59 that ends in east Siloam Springs. US 412 becomes four-lane and runs east to enter Washington County.[4] The route enters Tontitown, passes the historic Tontitown School Building, and intersects Highway 112 before entering Springdale.[5]

U.S. 412 as it enters Arkansas in Siloam Springs.
US 412 near Hindsville, Arkansas.

US 412 crosses I-49/US 62/US 71 in Springdale, where the route is four-lane with a center left-turn lane.[6] Now named Sunset Avenue, the route passes through developed parts of Springdale, including many restaurants, hotels, and businesses before turning south, forming a concurrency with US 71B. The concurrency ends and US 412 heads east past the Springdale Municipal Airport and Highway 265 out of town. Again becoming four-lane divided, the route winds east to Hindsville.[7]

The route nears Hindsville, including an intersection with a former alignment now designated US 412B. The community was bypassed in 2009 with a four-lane alignment of US 412.[7] US 412 continues east, winding through forested land. Near Huntsville, the highway intersects another former alignment and Highway 23 before entering Carroll County.

Concurrencies with US 62 and US 63[edit]

The highway has a brief overlap with Highway 21 in the southwest corner of the county, and has junctions with many rural routes in Carroll County.[8] The highway passes the James C. Chaney House and Stamps Store in Osage, the Dog Branch School, and the Yell Masonic Lodge Hall in Carrollton. In Alpena, US 412 begins a concurrency with US 62.[9] This overlap is approximately 150 miles (240 km) through many north central Arkansas communities, including Harrison, Cotter, Mountain Home, Ash Flat, and Hardy.[9][10][11][12][13] In Imboden, US 412 breaks from US 62 north, now concurrent with US 63 until 2 miles east of Portia.[14]

This 1934 Parker pony truss bridge formerly carried US 412 over the Cache River, but was rated structurally deficient in 1991 and was bypassed in 1995. The main span remains intact.[15]

Northeast Arkansas[edit]

After the concurrency ends, US 412 runs due east to through downtown Walnut Ridge.[14] US 412 runs near the Old Walnut Ridge Post Office, Missouri-Pacific Depot, and the Walnut Ridge Commercial Historic District, each on the National Register of Historic Places. Further east, the route intersects US 67 at a full interchange before crossing the Cache River and entering Greene County. Historically, the route passed over the water on the Cache River Bridge, but the 1934 Parker pony truss bridge was bypassed in 1995.[6] The highway runs due east, intersecting Highway 228, Highway 141, and Highway 168 (which gives access to Crowley's Ridge State Park) before Paragould.[16] US 412 runs as Kings Hwy in Paragould, passing the Linwood Mausoleum, US 49B, Highway 69, and Highway 135 in the city limits. The route continues east across the St. Francis River, entering Missouri.

Missouri[edit]

U.S. 412 crosses Missouri on its Bootheel, and runs concurrent with Interstate 155 east of Hayti to the Tennessee state line.

Tennessee[edit]

The section from I-65 near Columbia westbound is overlapped with unsigned Tennessee State Route 99. East of I-65 at the eastern terminus of US 412, the route remains Tennessee 99.

History[edit]

Arkansas Highway 68 is the former designation of U.S. Highway 412 from the Arkansas-Oklahoma State Line to U.S. Highway 62 at Alpena. The original eastern terminus of Highway 68 was 10 miles (16 km) east of Huntsville at Highway 21, but was extended in the 1940s to Alpena.

An old alignment of Highway 68 can be found 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Huntsville. This section includes an open-spandrel arch bridge over War Eagle Creek. Highway 68 also had a business route that ran from Siloam Springs to Springdale.

Just east of Mountain Home, in Henderson, the highway crosses Lake Norfork, which at one time had to be crossed by ferry. Coinciding with the final trip of a Norfork Lake ferry at 8 a.m. Friday, October 14, 1983, the U.S. Highway 62 bridge across Lake Norfork was opened. Charles Gibson piloted the ferry on that trip, carrying three cars across the lake within the shadow of the bridge, which brought a 40-year era to an end.

Major intersections[edit]

See also[edit]

Bannered and suffixed routes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b mapguy, End of U.S. Highway 412 (with maps of U.S. 412 and related routes). URL accessed 19:45, 25 March 2006 (UTC).
  2. ^ a b Droz, Robert V. U.S. Highways : From US 1 to (US 830). URL accessed 22:46, 20 February 2006 (UTC).
  3. ^ mapguy, US route numbering curiosities and violations (with maps of U.S. 412 and related routes). URL accessed 20:10, 25 March 2006 (UTC).
  4. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. General Highway Map (Map) (Benton County ed.). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/BentonCounty.pdf. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  5. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. General Highway Map (Map) (Washington County ed.). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/WashingtonCounty.pdf. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  6. ^ a b "[Arkansas] State Highways 2009 (Database)." April 2010. AHTD: Planning and Research Division. Database. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  7. ^ a b Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. General Highway Map (Map) (Madison County ed.). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/MadisonCounty.pdf. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  8. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. General Highway Map (Map) (Carroll County ed.). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/CarrollCounty.pdf. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  9. ^ a b Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. General Highway Map (Map) (Boone County ed.). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/BooneCounty.pdf. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  10. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. General Highway Map (Map) (Marion County ed.). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/MarionCounty.pdf. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  11. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. General Highway Map (Map) (Baxter County ed.). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/MarionCounty.pdf. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  12. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. General Highway Map (Map) (Fulton County ed.). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/FultonCounty.pdf. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  13. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. General Highway Map (Map) (Sharp County ed.). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/SharpCounty.pdf. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  14. ^ a b Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. General Highway Map (Map) (Lawrence County ed.). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/LawrenceCounty.pdf. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
  15. ^ "Cache River US 412 Bridge." Bridgehunter.com. Updated April 19, 2010. Bridge Profile. Retrieved 2011-06-04.
  16. ^ Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department. General Highway Map (Map) (Greene County ed.). http://www.arkansashighways.com/maps/Counties/County%20PDFs/GreeneCounty.pdf. Retrieved June 4, 2011.
Browse numbered routes
NM 412 NM NM 414
SH-412A OK I‑444
Hwy. 400 AR US 425
US 400 MO Route 413
US 411 TN SR 416