United States Medical Center for Federal Prisoners
|Location||Springfield, Greene County, Missouri|
|Managed by||Federal Bureau of Prisons|
|Warden||Juan D. Castillo|
The United States Medical Center for Federal Prisoners (MCFP Springfield) is a United States federal prison in Springfield, Missouri which provides medical, mental health, and dental services to male offenders. It is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice.
During the Great Depression, the people of Springfield, Missouri offered 620 acres (2.5 km2) of land to the federal government to build the prison. Congress authorized the building of the prison in 1930. The prison opened in 1933 under superintendent Dr. Marion R. King. The land surrounding the prison was used by the prisoners for farming until 1966. In 1977, the federal government returned some of the original 620 acres back to the city. Prison riots occurred in 1941, 1944 and 1959.
Several political prisoners and spies arrested during World War II were held at MCFP Springfield for medical treatment. Anastasy Vonsyatsky served 3 years of a 5-year sentence there for conspiring to aid Hitler's Germany in violation of the Espionage Act before being released in 1946. Robert Henry Best and Herbert John Burgman, who were sentenced to life in prison for treason in 1948 and 1949 for making propaganda broadcasts for the Nazis, served their sentences at this prison. Best died at MCFP Springfield in 1952, Burgman in 1953.
Several high-profile Mafia Bosses received medical treatment at MCFP Springfield, including Joseph Bonanno of the Bonanno crime family, Vito Genovese and Vincent Gigante of the Genovese crime family, and perhaps the most well-known Mafia figure of all time, John Gotti of the Gambino crime family. Genovese died at MCFP Springfield in 1969, Gotti in 2002, and Gigante in 2005. Other notable inmates held at MCFP Springfield for treatment include Robert Stroud, known as the "Birdman of Alcatraz," racecar driver Randy Lanier, drug trafficker Michael Riconosciuto, and "The Toxic Pharmacist" Robert Courtney. Terrorists Omar Abdel Rahman and Jose Padilla were also held there for brief periods.
Notable inmates (current and former)
- The following inmates are currently held at MCFP Springfield or served the majority of their sentence there.
†Inmates who were released from custody prior to 1982 are not listed on the Bureau of Prisons website.
|Inmate Name||Register Number||Status||Details|
|Lanier, RandyRandy Lanier||04961-069||Serving life without parole.||Racecar driver, 1984 IMSA Camel GT champion and 1986 Indy 500 Rookie of the Year; indicted in 1988 for conspiring to distribute more than 1,000 pounds of marijuana and of being principal administrators of a Continuing Criminal Enterprise between 1982 and 1986.|
|Loughner, Jared LeeJared Lee Loughner||15213-196||Serving a life sentence.||Perpetrator of the 2011 Tucson shooting in Arizona; pleaded guilty in 2012 to the attempted assassination of US Representative Gabrielle Giffords and the murder of six people, including US District Judge John Roll.|
|Hemant Lakhani||25753-050||Died in custody in 2013 while serving a 47-year sentence.||British businessman; convicted in 2005 of providing material support for terrorism and other charges for attempting to sell shoulder-fired missiles to what he thought was a terrorist group intent on shooting down US airliners.|
|Bonanno, JosephJoseph Bonanno||07255-008||Released from custody in 1986 after serving 14 months at MCFP Springfield.||Boss of the Bonanno crime family in New York City from 1931 to the mid-1960s; imprisoned for refusing to testify in a federal racketeering trial of the leaders of the five New York Mafia families.|
|Flynt, LarryLarry Flynt||78407-012||Released from custody in 1984 after serving 6 months at FMC Butner and MCFP Springfield.||Publisher of the pornographic magazine Hustler and the center of several high-profile First Amendment cases; imprisoned for contempt of court for disrespecting a federal judge.|
|Fountain, ClaytonClayton Fountain||89129-132||Died at MCFP Springfield in 2004 after serving 20 years there.||Member of the Aryan Brotherhood prison gang; murdered Correction Officer Robert Hoffman at the United States Penitentiary, Marion in 1983; held in solitary confinement until his death.|
|Young, HenriHenri Young||Unlisted†||Held at MCFP Springfield from 1948 to 1957.||Bank robber and murderer; attempted to escape from Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary in 1939; Young was the subject of the 1995 film Murder in the First.|
In popular culture
|Photos of the U.S. Medical Center for Federal Prisoners in Springfield|
- "Weekly Population Report". Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- Mary Bosworth (2002). The U.S. Federal Prison System. SAGE Publications. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "MCFP Springfield". Federal Bureau of Prisons. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- "United States Medical Center for Federal Prisoners". Springfield Greene County Library. Retrieved June 24, 2012.
- "Anastase Vonsiatsky and Marion Ream papers". National Endowment for the Humanities. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- Stadler, Glen (Dec 27, 1952). "Portrait of a Traitor". Eugene Register-Guard. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- Press, Associated (Dec 21, 1949). "Traitor Given Six to 20 Years". Montreal Gazette. Retrieved 3 January 2013.
- "Standard Certificate of Death - Herbert John Burgman". The Division of Health of Missouri. December 28, 1953. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- Raab, Selwyn (June 11, 2002). "John Gotti Dies in Prison at 61; Mafia Boss Relished the Spotlight". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- "Jury Says Guilty -- Man Claims Frame-Up But Faces 20-Year Term After Verdict On Seven Drug-Related Charges". The Seattle Times. January 19, 1992. Retrieved September 2, 2008.
- Virginia Lee McCullough (February 18, 2008). "Is puppet master Michael Riconosciuto pulling the strings in the Betty Cloer murder trial?". NewsMakingNews. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
- "Sports people: Auto Racing; Driver Jailed - New York Times". New York Times. 1988-12-22. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- "Jared Lee Loughner Pleads Guilty to Federal Charges in Tucson Shooting". Federal Bureau of Investigation. August 7, 2012. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- Jacques Billeaud; Brian Skoloff (November 8, 2012). "Jared Loughner Sentenced To Life In Prison For Arizona Shooting That Wounded Gabrielle Giffords". Huffington Post. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- Jonathan Wald; Maya Mantri (April 27, 2005). "Man convicted of missile plot". CNN. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- "Terror Briton jailed for 47 years". BBC News. September 12, 2005. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- Raab, Selwyn (May 12, 2002). "Joe Bonanno Dies; Mafia Leader, 97, Who Built Empire". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- "Joseph Bonanno". A&E Television Networks. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- Bruno, Anthony (2013). "Adventures of Larry Flynt". Turner Entertainment Networks. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- W. Paul Jones (January 14, 2012). "Clayton A. Fountain: The Murderer Who Became a Monk". Huffington Post. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- "Henri Young 244-AZ". Retrieved 3 November 2013.
- "Henri Young". Ocean View Publishing. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to United States Medical Center for Federal Prisoners.|
- MCFP Springfield at the Federal Bureau of Prisons
- MCFP Springfield on Google Maps
- Historic postcards of MCFP Springfield at the Springfield-Greene County Library