U.S. Men's Clay Court Championships

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U.S. Men's Clay Court Championship
US Men's Clay Court Championships logo.jpg
Tournament information
Location Houston, Texas
United States
Venue River Oaks Country Club
Category Grand Prix Tour (1970–89) (GP Championship Series in 1974–77)
ATP World Series
(1990–1997)
ATP International Series
(1998–2008)
ATP World Tour 250 series
(2009–current)
Surface American Red Clay / Outdoors
Draw 28S/32Q/16D
Prize money $500,000
Website MensClayCourt.com
Current champions
Men's singles United States Jack Sock
Men's doubles Lithuania Ričardas Berankis / Russia Teymuraz Gabashvili

The U.S. Men's Clay Court Championship is an annual ATP Tour tennis tournament that started in 1910. It is the last remaining ATP Tour-level tournament in the United States to be played on clay courts.

The tournament began in 1910 when the Western Lawn Tennis Association (a section of the United States Lawn Tennis Association now known as the USTA/Midwest) lobbied the USLTA that a National Clay Court Championship would help promote the establishment of more clay courts in the West. Clay courts were more economical to install and maintain than grass courts, and the hope was that the lower costs associated with court construction would allow for a more rapid expansion of the game. The first National Clay Court Championships were held at the Omaha Field Club with a crowd of 5,000 watching the finals. Participation and play on clay grew as a result of the event and others, and in 1914 the event was moved to the Cincinnati Tennis Club. It has since been played in numerous cities, with long stints in River Forest and Indianapolis, and is today held in Houston, Texas.[1] Between 1970 and 1989 it was part of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour as part of the Grand Prix Championship Series of events (1970–1986).

Relocation[edit]

The event was held at the Houston Westside Tennis Club from 2001–07. On May 8, 2007, the U.S. Tennis Association announced that the River Oaks Country Club in the River Oaks neighborhood would host the tournament starting in 2008, which will keep the event in Houston for several years. Other cities that competed for the event were Atlanta, Georgia, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, and Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida. The tournament pays out US$474,000 with the winner receiving US$85,900.[2] The River Oaks venue features a stadium with seating for 3,000. Temporary seating for 500 will be installed for the second court.[3]

In 2007, after a few years being held on the same red clay used at the French Open, the event was held on Har-Tru green clay. In 2008, the event went to a maroon color of Har-Tru clay as the River Oaks Country Club renovated their courts in 2005. After renovating their courts again in late 2008, the surface remained the same.

Champions[edit]

River Oaks Country Club

Bill Tilden holds the record for most titles (7).
Bill Tilden and Frank Parker co-hold the record of most finals (8).

Year City Champion Runner-up Score
1910 Omaha, Nebraska United States Melville H. Long United States Walter Merrill Hall 6–0, 6–1, 6–1
1911 United States Walter T. Hayes United States Percy D. Siverd 7–5, 6–2, 6–1
1912 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania United States Richard N. Williams United States Walter T. Hayes 6–3, 6–1, 8–6
1913 Omaha, Nebraska United States John R. Strachan United States Walter Merrill Hall 6–0, 6–4, 4–6, 6–4
1914 Cincinnati, Ohio United States Clarence Griffin United States Elia Fottrell 3–6, 6–8, 8–6, 6–0, 6–2
1915 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania United States Richard N. Williams United States Clarence Griffin Default
1916 Cleveland, Ohio United States Willis E. Davis United States Conrad B. Doyle 6–2, 7–5, 6–3
1917 United States Samuel Hardy United States Charles Garland 3–6, 6–1, 6–3, 6–3
1918 Chicago, Illinois United States Bill Tilden United States Charles Garland 6–4, 6–4, 3–6, 6–2
1919 United States William Johnston[4] United States Bill Tilden 6–0, 6–1, 4–6, 6–2
1920 United States Roland Roberts United States Vincent Richards 6–3, 6–1, 6–3
1921 United States Walter T. Hayes United States Alexander Squair 6–0, 6–2, 6–4
1922 Indianapolis, Indiana United States Bill Tilden Japan Zenzo Shimizu 7–5, 6–3, 6–1
1923 United States Bill Tilden Spain Manuel Alonso 6–2, 6–8, 6–1, 7–5
1924 St. Louis, Missouri United States Bill Tilden United States Harvey Snodgrass 6–2, 6–1, 6–1
1925 United States Bill Tilden United States George Lott 3–6, 6–3, 2–6, 6–2, 8–6
1926 Detroit, Michigan United States Bill Tilden South Africa Brian I. C. Norton Default
1927 United States Bill Tilden United States John F. Hennessey 6–4, 6–1, 6–2
1928 Not Held
1929 Indianapolis, Indiana United States Emmett Pare United States J. Gilbert Hall 6–4, 6–3, 4–6, 3–6, 6–1
1930 Kansas City, Missouri United States Bryan Grant United States Wilbur F. Coen, Jr. 6–2, 6–4, 6–2
1931 St. Louis, Missouri United States Ellsworth Vines United States Keith Gledhill 6–3, 6–3, 6–3
1932 Memphis, Tennessee United States George Lott United States Bryan Grant 3–6, 6–2, 3–6, 6–3, 6–3
1933 Chicago, Illinois United States Frank Parker United States Gene Mako 6–3, 6–3, 6–3
1934 United States Bryan Grant United States Donald Budge 6–2, 8–6, 6–3
1935 United States Bryan Grant United States Frank Parker 4–6, 6–1, 3–6, 6–3, 6–0
1936 River Forest, Illinois United States Bobby Riggs United States Frank Parker 6–1, 6–8, 6–4
1937 Chicago, Illinois United States Bobby Riggs United States Joe Hunt 6–3, 4–6, 6–3, 6–4
1938 River Forest, Illinois United States Bobby Riggs United States Gardnar Mulloy 6–4, 5–7, 4–6, 6–1, 7–5
1939 Chicago, Illinois United States Frank Parker United States Gardnar Mulloy 6–3, 6–0, 5–7, 6–1
1940 United States Donald McNeill United States Bobby Riggs 6–1, 6–4, 6–8, 6–3
1941 River Forest, Illinois United States Frank Parker United States Bobby Riggs 6–3, 7–5, 6–8, 4–6, 6–3
1942 St. Louis, Missouri United States Seymour Greenberg United States Harris Everett 5–7, 7–5, 7–9, 7–5
1943 Detroit, Michigan United States Seymour Greenberg United States William Talbert 6–1, 4–6, 6–3, 6–3
1944 Ecuador Pancho Segura United States William Talbert 6–3, 2–6, 7–5, 6–3
1945 Chicago, Illinois United States William Talbert Ecuador Pancho Segura 6–4, 4–6, 6–2, 2–6, 6–2
1946 River Forest, Illinois United States Frank Parker United States William Talbert 6–4, 6–4, 6–2
1947 Salt Lake City, Utah United States Frank Parker United States Ted Schroeder 8–6, 6–2, 6–4
1948 River Forest, Illinois United States Pancho Gonzalez United States Nick Carter 7–5, 6–2, 6–3
1949 United States Pancho Gonzalez United States Frank Parker 6–1, 3–6, 8–6, 6–3
1950 United States Herbert Flam United States Ted Schroeder 6–1, 6–2, 6–2
1951 United States Tony Trabert United States Arthur Larsen 6–8, 2–6, 6–4, 6–3, 8–6
1952 United States Arthur Larsen United States Richard Savitt 4–6, 6–4, 6–2, 6–4
1953 United States Vic Seixas United States Hamilton Richardson 6–2, 6–4, 6–3
1954 United States Bernard Bartzen United States Tony Trabert 6–4, 4–6, 6–0, 6–2
1955 Atlanta, Georgia United States Tony Trabert United States Bernard Bartzen 10–8, 6–1, 6–4
1956 River Forest, Illinois United States Herbert Flam United States Edward Moylan 3–6, 6–3, 1–6, 6–3, 6–3
1957 United States Vic Seixas United States Herbert Flam 1–6, 8–6, 6–1, 6–3
1958 United States Bernard Bartzen United States Sam Giammalva 3–6, 7–5, 6–2, 6–2
1959 United States Bernard Bartzen United States Whitney Reed 6–0, 8–6, 9–7
1960 United States Barry MacKay United States Bernard Bartzen 4–6, 7–5, 6–4, 6–0
1961 United States Bernard Bartzen United States Donald Dell 6–1, 2–6, 6–2, 6–0
1962 Chicago, Illinois United States Chuck McKinley Australia Fred Stolle 6–3, 8–6, 6–4
1963 River Forest, Illinois United States Chuck McKinley United States Dennis Ralston 6–2, 6–2, 6–4
1964 United States Dennis Ralston United States Chuck McKinley 6–2, 6–2, 6–1
1965 United States Dennis Ralston United States Cliff Richey 6–4, 4–6, 6–4, 6–3
1966 Milwaukee, Wisconsin United States Cliff Richey United States Frank Froehling II 13–11, 6–1, 6–3
1967 United States Arthur Ashe United States Marty Riessen 4–6, 6–3, 6–1, 7–5
1968 United States Clark Graebner United States Stan Smith 6–3, 7–5, 6–0
1969 Indianapolis, Indiana Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović United States Arthur Ashe 8–6, 6–3, 6–4
1970 United States Cliff Richey United States Stan Smith 6–2, 10–8, 3–6, 6–1
1971 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Željko Franulović United States Cliff Richey 6–3, 6–4, 0–6, 6–3
1972 South Africa Bob Hewitt United States Jimmy Connors 7–6, 6–1, 6–2
1973 Spain Manuel Orantes France Georges Goven 6–4, 6–1, 6–4
1974 United States Jimmy Connors Sweden Björn Borg 5–7, 6–3, 6–4
1975 Spain Manuel Orantes United States Arthur Ashe 6–2, 6–2
1976 United States Jimmy Connors Poland Wojtek Fibak 6–2, 6–4
1977 Spain Manuel Orantes United States Jimmy Connors 6–1, 6–3
1978 United States Jimmy Connors Spain José Higueras 7–5, 6–1
1979 United States Jimmy Connors Argentina Guillermo Vilas 6–1, 2–6, 6–4
1980 Argentina José Luis Clerc United States Mel Purcell 7–5, 6–3
1981 Argentina José Luis Clerc Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl 4–6, 6–4, 6–2
1982 Spain José Higueras United States Jimmy Arias 7–5, 5–7, 6–3
1983 United States Jimmy Arias Ecuador Andrés Gómez 6–4, 2–6, 6–4
1984 Ecuador Andrés Gómez Hungary Balázs Taróczy 6–0, 7–6
1985 Czechoslovakia Ivan Lendl Ecuador Andrés Gómez 6–1, 6–3
1986 Ecuador Andrés Gómez France Thierry Tulasne 6–4, 7–6
1987 Sweden Mats Wilander Sweden Kent Carlsson 7–5, 6–3
1988 Charleston, South Carolina United States Andre Agassi United States Jimmy Arias 6–2, 6–2
1989 United States Jay Berger United States Lawson Duncan 6–4, 6–3
1990 Kiawah Island, South Carolina United States David Wheaton South Africa Mark Kaplan 6–4, 6–4
1991 Charlotte, North Carolina Peru Jaime Yzaga United States Jimmy Arias 6–3, 7–5
1992 United States MaliVai Washington Switzerland Claudio Mezzadri 6–3, 6–3
1993 Argentina Horacio de la Peña Peru Jaime Yzaga 3–6, 6–3, 6–4
1994 Birmingham, Alabama Australia Jason Stoltenberg Argentina Gabriel Markus 6–3, 6–4
1995 Pinehurst, North Carolina Sweden Thomas Enqvist Argentina Javier Frana 6–3, 3–6, 6–3
1996 Brazil Fernando Meligeni Sweden Mats Wilander 6–4, 6–2
1997 Orlando, Florida United States Michael Chang South Africa Grant Stafford 4–6, 6–2, 6–1
1998 United States Jim Courier United States Michael Chang 7–5, 3–6, 7–5
1999 Sweden Magnus Norman Argentina Guillermo Cañas 6–0, 6–3
2000 Chile Fernando González Chile Nicolás Massú 6–2, 6–3
2001 Houston, Texas United States Andy Roddick South Korea Hyung-Taik Lee 7–5, 6–3
2002 United States Andy Roddick United States Pete Sampras 7–6(11–9), 6–3
2003 United States Andre Agassi United States Andy Roddick 3–6, 6–3, 6–4
2004 Germany Tommy Haas United States Andy Roddick 6–3, 6–4
2005 United States Andy Roddick France Sébastien Grosjean 6–2, 6–2
2006 United States Mardy Fish Austria Jürgen Melzer 3–6, 6–4, 6–3
2007 Croatia Ivo Karlović Argentina Mariano Zabaleta 6–4, 6–1
2008 Spain Marcel Granollers United States James Blake 6–4, 1–6, 7–5
2009 Australia Lleyton Hewitt United States Wayne Odesnik 6–2, 7–5
2010 Argentina Juan Ignacio Chela United States Sam Querrey 5–7, 6–4, 6–3
2011 United States Ryan Sweeting Japan Kei Nishikori 6–4, 7–6(7–3)
2012 Argentina Juan Mónaco United States John Isner 6–2, 3–6, 6–3
2013 United States John Isner Spain Nicolás Almagro 6–3, 7–5
2014 Spain Fernando Verdasco Spain Nicolás Almagro 6–3, 7–6(7–4)
2015 United States Jack Sock United States Sam Querrey 7–6(11–9), 7–6(7–2)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clifford Terry (July 11, 1965). "Tennis by the quartz". Chicago Tribune. pp. Sunday Magazine, 16–19. 
  2. ^ "ATP Website – tournament profile". Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  3. ^ Robertson, Dale (May 8, 2007). "Clay Courts finds new home at River Oaks". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved December 11, 2014. 
  4. ^ "W.M. Johnston Wins Two Tennis Titles". The Toronto World (Chicago). July 21, 1919. p. 8. 

Sources[edit]

  • References used for the Pre-Open Era locations and champions: United States Lawn Tennis Association Yearbook (1942–'44, '48–49, '51, '53. '55–56, '60, '64, '66 & '69), Spalding Lawn Tennis Annual (1916, '24–'28, '30–'31 & '39), Wright & Ditson's Lawn Tennis Annual (1911–'14, 1921, 1932–'33, '35 & '37), New York Times articles (1910–'14, '16, '18–'19 & '21–'22), From Club Court to Center Court by Phillip S. Smith (2007 Edition, page 67).

External links[edit]

Awards and achievements
Preceded by
Sweden Båstad
ATP International Series Tournament of the Year
2003, 2004
(shared with Sweden Båstad)
Succeeded by
Sweden Båstad

Coordinates: 29°45′11″N 95°25′26″W / 29.753°N 95.424°W / 29.753; -95.424