U.S. Open (golf)

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For the women's tournament, see United States Women's Open Championship (golf).
U.S. Open
2015 US Golf Open Logo.png
2015 logo
Tournament information
Location University Place, Washington
in 2015
Established 1895, 120 years ago
Course(s) Chambers Bay in 2015
Par 72 in 2015
Length 7,585 yd (6,936 m) in 2015
Organized by USGA
Tour(s) PGA Tour
European Tour
Japan Golf Tour
Format Stroke play
Month played June
Tournament record score
Aggregate 268 Rory McIlroy (2011)
To par –16 Rory McIlroy (2011)
Current champion
Germany Martin Kaymer
2015 U.S. Open (golf)

The United States Open Championship, commonly known as the U.S. Open, is the annual open golf tournament of the United States. It is the second of the four major championships in golf, and is on the official schedule of both the PGA Tour and the European Tour. It is staged by the United States Golf Association (USGA) in mid-June, scheduled so that, if there are no weather delays, the final round is played on the third Sunday, which is Father's Day.

The U.S. Open is staged at a variety of courses, set up in such a way that scoring is very difficult with a premium placed on accurate driving. U.S. Open play is characterized by tight scoring at or around par by the leaders, with the winner usually emerging at around even par. A U.S. Open course is seldom beaten severely, and there have been many over-par wins (in part because par is usually set at 70, except for the very longest courses). Normally, an Open course is quite long and will have a high cut of primary rough (termed "Open rough" by the American press and fans), undulating greens (such as at Pinehurst No. 2 in 2005, which was described by Johnny Miller of NBC as "like trying to hit a ball on top of a VW Beetle"), and pinched fairways (especially on what are expected to be less difficult holes). Some courses that are attempting to get into the rotation for the U.S. Open will undergo renovations to develop these features. Rees Jones is the most notable of the "Open Doctors" who take on these projects; his father Robert Trent Jones had filled that role earlier. As with any professional golf tournament, the available space surrounding the course (for spectators, among other considerations) and local infrastructure also factor into deciding which courses will host the event.

History[edit]

The first U.S. Open was played on October 4, 1895, on a nine-hole course at the Newport Country Club in Newport, Rhode Island. It was a 36-hole competition and was played in a single day. Ten professionals and one amateur entered. The winner was a 21-year-old Englishman named Horace Rawlins, who had arrived in the U.S. in January that year to take up a position at the host club. He received $150 cash out of a prize fund of $335, plus a $50 gold medal; his club received the Open Championship Cup trophy, which was presented by the USGA.[1][2]

In the beginning, the tournament was dominated by experienced British players until 1911, when John J. McDermott became the first native-born American winner. American golfers soon began to win regularly and the tournament evolved to become one of the four majors.

U.S. Open Trophy at the 2008 PGA Golf Show.

Since 1911, the title has been won mostly by players from the United States. Since 1950, players from only six countries other than the United States have won the championship, most notably South Africa, which has won five times since 1965. A streak of four consecutive non-American winners occurred from 2004 to 2007 for the first time since 1910. These four players, South African Retief Goosen (2004), New Zealander Michael Campbell (2005), Australian Geoff Ogilvy (2006) and Argentine Ángel Cabrera (2007), are all from countries in the Southern Hemisphere. Northern Ireland's Graeme McDowell (2010) became the first European player to win the event since Tony Jacklin of England in 1970; three more Europeans won in the next four editions, making it only three American wins in the last 11 tournaments.

Qualification and prizes[edit]

The U.S. Open is open to any professional, or to any amateur with an up-to-date men's USGA Handicap Index not exceeding 1.4.[3] Players (male or female)[3] may obtain a place by being fully exempt or by competing successfully in qualifying. The field is 156 players.

About half of the field is made up of players who are fully exempt from qualifying. As of the most recent U.S. Open in 2014, the exemption categories are:[4]

The exemptions for amateurs apply only if the players remain amateurs as of the tournament date.

Before 2011, the sole OWGR cutoff for entry was the top 50 as of two weeks before the tournament. An exemption category for the top 50 as of the tournament date was added for 2011, apparently in response to the phenomenon of golfers entering the top 50 between the original cutoff date and the tournament (such as Justin Rose and Rickie Fowler in 2010).[6]

Through 2011, exemptions existed for leading money winners on the PGA, European, Japanese, and Australasian tours, as well as winners of multiple PGA Tour events in the year before the U.S. Open. These categories were eliminated in favor of inviting the top 60 on the OWGR at both relevant dates.[6] Starting with the 2012 championship, an exemption was added for the winner of the current year's BMW PGA Championship, the European Tour's equivalent of The Players Championship.[7]

Potential competitors who are not fully exempt must enter the Qualifying process, which has two stages. Firstly there is Local Qualifying, which is played over 18 holes at more than 100 courses around the United States. Many leading players are exempt from this first stage, and they join the successful local qualifiers at the Sectional Qualifying stage, which is played over 36 holes in one day at several sites in the U.S., as well as one each in Europe and Japan. There is no lower age limit and the youngest-ever qualifier was 14-year-old Andy Zhang of China, who qualified in 2012 after Paul Casey withdrew days before the tournament.

The purse at the 2014 U.S. Open was $9 million, and the winner's share was $1.62 million. The European Tour uses conversion rates at the time of the tournament to calculate the official prize money used in their Race to Dubai (€6,665,578 in 2014). In line with the other majors, winning the U.S. Open gives a golfer several privileges that make his career much more secure if he is not already one of the elite players of the sport. U.S. Open champions are automatically invited to play in the other three majors (the Masters, The Open Championship (British Open), and the PGA Championship) for the next five years, as well as The Players Championship, and they are exempt from qualifying for the U.S. Open itself for 10 years. They may also receive a five-year exemption on the PGA Tour, which is automatic for regular members. Non-PGA Tour members who win the U.S. Open have the choice of joining the PGA Tour either within 60 days of winning, or prior to the beginning of any one of the next five tour seasons. Finally, U.S. Open winners receive automatic invitations to three of the five senior majors once they turn 50; they receive a five-year invitation to the U.S. Senior Open and a lifetime invitation to the Senior PGA Championship and Senior British Open.

The top 10 finishers at the U.S. Open are fully exempt from qualifying for the following year's Open, and the top four are automatically invited to the following season's Masters.

Playoff format[edit]

The U.S. Open is the only one of the four major championships which retains a full 18-hole playoff the following day (Monday). If a tie exists after that fifth round, then the playoff continues as sudden-death on the 91st hole. The U.S. Open has advanced to sudden-death three times (1990, 1994, 2008), most recently when Tiger Woods defeated Rocco Mediate on the first additional playoff hole in 2008. Before sudden-death was introduced in the 1950s, additional 18-hole rounds were played (1925, 1939, and 1946) to break the tie. When the playoff was scheduled for 36 holes and ended in a tie, as in 1931, a second 36-hole playoff was required.

Champions[edit]

Willie Anderson, Bobby Jones, Ben Hogan and Jack Nicklaus hold the record for the most U.S. Open victories, with four victories each.[8] Hale Irwin is the oldest winner of the U.S. Open at 45 years and 15 days in 1990.[9] The youngest winner of the U.S. Open is John McDermott at 19 years, 10 months and 14 days in 1911.[9]

Year Champion Country Venue Location Score Winning
margin
Runner(s)-up Winner's
share ($)
2015 Chambers Bay University Place, Washington
2014 Martin Kaymer  Germany Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina 271 (–9) 8 strokes United States Erik Compton
United States Rickie Fowler
1,620,000
2013 Justin Rose  England Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 281 (+1) 2 strokes Australia Jason Day
United States Phil Mickelson
1,440,000
2012 Webb Simpson  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California 281 (+1) 1 stroke Northern Ireland Graeme McDowell
United States Michael Thompson
1,440,000
2011 Rory McIlroy  Northern Ireland Congressional Country Club, Blue Course Bethesda, Maryland 268 (–16) 8 strokes Australia Jason Day 1,440,000
2010 Graeme McDowell  Northern Ireland Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 284 (E) 1 stroke France Grégory Havret 1,350,000
2009 Lucas Glover  United States Bethpage State Park, Black Course Farmingdale, New York[N 1] 276 (–4) 2 strokes United States Ricky Barnes
United States David Duval
United States Phil Mickelson
1,350,000
2008 Tiger Woods (3)  United States Torrey Pines Golf Course, South Course La Jolla, California[N 2] 283 (–1) Playoff United States Rocco Mediate 1,350,000
2007 Ángel Cabrera  Argentina Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 285 (+5) 1 stroke United States Jim Furyk
United States Tiger Woods
1,260,000
2006 Geoff Ogilvy  Australia Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 285 (+5) 1 stroke United States Jim Furyk
United States Phil Mickelson
Scotland Colin Montgomerie
1,225,000
2005 Michael Campbell  New Zealand Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina 280 (E) 2 strokes United States Tiger Woods 1,170,000
2004 Retief Goosen (2)  South Africa Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 276 (–4) 2 strokes United States Phil Mickelson 1,125,000
2003 Jim Furyk  United States Olympia Fields Country Club, North Course Olympia Fields, Illinois 272 (–8) 3 strokes Australia Stephen Leaney 1,080,000
2002 Tiger Woods (2)  United States Bethpage State Park, Black Course Farmingdale, New York[N 1] 277 (–3) 3 strokes United States Phil Mickelson 1,000,000
2001 Retief Goosen  South Africa Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma 276 (–4) Playoff United States Mark Brooks 900,000
2000 Tiger Woods  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 272 (–12) 15 strokes South Africa Ernie Els
Spain Miguel Ángel Jiménez
800,000
1999 Payne Stewart (2)  United States Pinehurst Resort, Course No. 2 Pinehurst, North Carolina 279 (–1) 1 stroke United States Phil Mickelson 625,000
1998 Lee Janzen (2)  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[N 3] 280 (E) 1 stroke United States Payne Stewart 535,000
1997 Ernie Els (2)  South Africa Congressional Country Club, Blue Course Bethesda, Maryland 276 (–4) 1 stroke Scotland Colin Montgomerie 465,000
1996 Steve Jones  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 278 (–2) 1 stroke United States Tom Lehman
United States Davis Love III
425,000
1995 Corey Pavin  United States Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 280 (E) 2 strokes Australia Greg Norman 350,000
1994 Ernie Els  South Africa Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 279 (–5) Playoff Scotland Colin Montgomerie
United States Loren Roberts
320,000
1993 Lee Janzen  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 272 (–8) 2 strokes United States Payne Stewart 290,000
1992 Tom Kite  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 285 (–3) 2 strokes United States Jeff Sluman 275,000
1991 Payne Stewart  United States Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, Minnesota 282 (–6) Playoff United States Scott Simpson 235,000
1990 Hale Irwin (3)  United States Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinois 280 (–8) Playoff United States Mike Donald 220,000
1989 Curtis Strange (2)  United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York[N 4] 278 (–2) 1 stroke United States Chip Beck
United States Mark McCumber
Wales Ian Woosnam
200,000
1988 Curtis Strange  United States The Country Club, Composite Course Brookline, Massachusetts 278 (–6) Playoff England Nick Faldo 180,000
1987 Scott Simpson  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[N 3] 277 (–3) 1 stroke United States Tom Watson 150,000
1986 Raymond Floyd  United States Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 279 (–1) 2 strokes United States Chip Beck
United States Lanny Wadkins
115,000
1985 Andy North (2)  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 279 (–1) 1 stroke Canada Dave Barr
Taiwan Tze-Chung Chen
Zimbabwe Denis Watson
103,000
1984 Fuzzy Zoeller  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 276 (–4) Playoff Australia Greg Norman 94,000
1983 Larry Nelson  United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 280 (–4) 1 stroke United States Tom Watson 72,000
1982 Tom Watson  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 282 (–6) 2 strokes United States Jack Nicklaus 60,000
1981 David Graham  Australia Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 273 (–7) 3 strokes United States George Burns
United States Bill Rogers
55,000
1980 Jack Nicklaus (4)  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 272 (–8) 2 strokes Japan Isao Aoki 55,000
1979 Hale Irwin (2)  United States Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 284 (E) 2 strokes United States Jerry Pate
South Africa Gary Player
50,000
1978 Andy North  United States Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado 285 (+1) 1 stroke United States J. C. Snead
United States Dave Stockton
45,000
1977 Hubert Green  United States Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma 278 (–2) 1 stroke United States Lou Graham 45,000
1976 Jerry Pate  United States Atlanta Athletic Club, Highlands Course Duluth, Georgia[N 5] 277 (–3) 2 strokes United States Al Geiberger
United States Tom Weiskopf
42,000
1975 Lou Graham  United States Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinois 287 (+3) Playoff United States John Mahaffey 40,000
1974 Hale Irwin  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 287 (+7) 2 strokes United States Forrest Fezler 35,000
1973 Johnny Miller  United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 279 (–5) 1 stroke United States John Schlee 35,000
1972 Jack Nicklaus (3)  United States Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California 290 (+2) 3 strokes Australia Bruce Crampton 30,000
1971 Lee Trevino (2)  United States Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 280 (E) Playoff United States Jack Nicklaus 30,000
1970 Tony Jacklin  England Hazeltine National Golf Club Chaska, Minnesota 281 (–7) 7 strokes United States Dave Hill 30,000
1969 Orville Moody  United States Champions Golf Club, Cypress Creek Course Houston, Texas 281 (+1) 1 stroke United States Deane Beman
United States Al Geiberger
United States Bob Rosburg
30,000
1968 Lee Trevino  United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York[N 4] 275 (–5) 4 strokes United States Jack Nicklaus 30,000
1967 Jack Nicklaus (2)  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 275 (–5) 4 strokes United States Arnold Palmer 30,000
1966 Billy Casper (2)  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[N 3] 278 (–2) Playoff United States Arnold Palmer 26,500
1965 Gary Player  South Africa Bellerive Country Club St. Louis, Missouri[N 6] 282 (+2) Playoff Australia Kel Nagle 26,000
1964 Ken Venturi  United States Congressional Country Club, Blue Course Bethesda, Maryland 278 (–2) 4 strokes United States Tommy Jacobs 17,000
1963 Julius Boros (2)  United States The Country Club, Composite Course Brookline, Massachusetts 293 (+9) Playoff United States Jacky Cupit
United States Arnold Palmer
17,500
1962 Jack Nicklaus  United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 283 (–1) Playoff United States Arnold Palmer 17,500
1961 Gene Littler  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 281 (+1) 1 stroke United States Bob Goalby
United States Doug Sanders
14,000
1960 Arnold Palmer  United States Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado 280 (–4) 2 strokes United States Jack Nicklaus (a) 14,400
1959 Billy Casper  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 282 (+2) 1 stroke United States Bob Rosburg 12,000
1958 Tommy Bolt  United States Southern Hills Country Club Tulsa, Oklahoma 283 (+3) 4 strokes South Africa Gary Player 8,000
1957 Dick Mayer  United States Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 282 (+2) Playoff United States Cary Middlecoff 7,200
1956 Cary Middlecoff (2)  United States Oak Hill Country Club, East Course Rochester, New York[N 4] 281 (+1) 1 stroke United States Julius Boros
United States Ben Hogan
6,000
1955 Jack Fleck  United States Olympic Club, Lake Course San Francisco, California[N 3] 287 (+7) Playoff United States Ben Hogan 6,000
1954 Ed Furgol  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Lower Course Springfield, New Jersey 284 (+4) 1 stroke United States Gene Littler 6,000
1953 Ben Hogan (4)  United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 283 (–5) 6 strokes United States Sam Snead 5,000
1952 Julius Boros  United States Northwood Club Dallas, Texas 281 (+1) 4 strokes United States Ed Oliver 4,000
1951 Ben Hogan (3)  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 287 (+7) 2 strokes United States Clayton Heafner 4,000
1950 Ben Hogan (2)  United States Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 287 (+7) Playoff United States George Fazio
United States Lloyd Mangrum
4,000
1949 Cary Middlecoff  United States Medinah Country Club, Course No. 3 Medinah, Illinois 286 (+2) 1 stroke United States Clayton Heafner
United States sam Snead
2,000
1948 Ben Hogan  United States Riviera Country Club Pacific Palisades, California[N 7] 276 (–8) 2 strokes United States Jimmy Demaret 2,000
1947 Lew Worsham  United States St. Louis Country Club Ladue, Missouri 282 (–2) Playoff United States Sam Snead 2,500
1946 Lloyd Mangrum  United States Canterbury Golf Club Beachwood, Ohio 284 (–4) Playoff United States Vic Ghezzi
United States Byron Nelson
1,833
1942–1945: Cancelled due to World War II
1941 Craig Wood  United States Colonial Country Club Fort Worth, Texas 284 (E) 3 strokes United States Denny Shute 1,000
1940 Lawson Little  United States Canterbury Golf Club Beachwood, Ohio 287 (–1) Playoff United States Gene Sarazen 1,000
1939 Byron Nelson  United States Philadelphia Country Club, Spring Mill Course Gladwyne, Pennsylvania 284 (–4) Playoff United States Denny Shute
United States Craig Wood
1,000
1938 Ralph Guldahl (2)  United States Cherry Hills Country Club Cherry Hills Village, Colorado 284 (E) 6 strokes United States Dick Metz 1,000
1937 Ralph Guldahl  United States Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 281 (+1) 2 strokes United States Sam Snead 1,000
1936 Tony Manero  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Upper Course Springfield, New Jersey 282 (–2) 2 strokes EnglandUnited States Harry Cooper 1,000
1935 Sam Parks, Jr.  United States Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 299 (+11) 2 strokes ScotlandUnited States Jimmy Thomson 1,000
1934 Olin Dutra  United States Merion Golf Club, East Course Ardmore, Pennsylvania 293 (+9) 1 stroke United States Gene Sarazen 1,000
1933 Johnny Goodman (a)  United States North Shore Country Club Glenview, Illinois 287 (–1) 1 stroke United States Ralph Guldahl 0
1932 Gene Sarazen (2)  United States Fresh Meadow Country Club Queens, New York 286 (+2) 3 strokes Scotland Bobby Cruickshank
England |Philip Perkins
1,000
1931 Billy Burke  United States Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 292 (+4) Playoff United States George Von Elm 1,000
1930 Bobby Jones (a) (4)  United States Interlachen Country Club Edina, Minnesota 287 (–1) 2 strokes ScotlandUnited States Macdonald Smith 0
1929 Bobby Jones (a) (3)  United States Winged Foot Golf Club, West Course Mamaroneck, New York 294 Playoff United States Al Espinosa 0
1928 Johnny Farrell  United States Olympia Fields Country Club, North Course Olympia Fields, Illinois 294 Playoff United States Bobby Jones (a) 500
1927 Tommy Armour  Scotland
 United States
Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania 301 Playoff ScotlandUnited States Harry Cooper 500
1926 Bobby Jones (a) (2)  United States Scioto Country Club Columbus, Ohio 293 1 stroke United States Joe Turnesa 0
1925 Willie Macfarlane  Scotland Worcester Country Club Worcester, Massachusetts 291 Playoff United States Bobby Jones (a) 500
1924 Cyril Walker  England Oakland Hills Country Club, South Course Bloomfield Hills, Michigan 297 3 strokes United States Bobby Jones (a) 500
1923 Bobby Jones (a)  United States Inwood Country Club Inwood, New York 296 Playoff Scotland Bob Cruickshank 0
1922 Gene Sarazen  United States Skokie Country Club Glencoe, Illinois 288 1 stroke Scotland John Black
United States Bobby Jones (a)
500
1921 Jim Barnes  England Columbia Country Club Chevy Chase, Maryland 289 9 strokes United States Walter Hagen
ScotlandUnited States Fred McLeod
500
1920 Ted Ray  Jersey Inverness Club Toledo, Ohio 295 1 stroke United States Jack Burke, Sr.
United States Leo Diegel
United States Jock Hutchison
Jersey Harry Vardon
500
1919 Walter Hagen (2)  United States Brae Burn Country Club, Main Course West Newton, Massachusetts 301 Playoff United States Mike Brady 500
1917–1918: Cancelled due to World War I
1916 Chick Evans (a)  United States The Minikahda Club Minneapolis, Minnesota 286 2 strokes Scotland Jock Hutchison 0
1915 Jerome Travers (a)  United States Baltusrol Golf Club, Revised Course Springfield, New Jersey 297 1 stroke United States Tom McNamara 0
1914 Walter Hagen  United States Midlothian Country Club Midlothian, Illinois 290 1 stroke United States Chick Evans (a) 300
1913 Francis Ouimet (a)  United States The Country Club Brookline, Massachusetts 304 Playoff Jersey Ted Ray
Jersey Harry Vardon
0
1912 John McDermott (2)  United States Country Club of Buffalo Buffalo, New York 294 2 strokes United States Tom McNamara 300
1911 John McDermott  United States Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois 307 Playoff United States Mike Brady
United States George Simpson
300
1910 Alex Smith (2)  Scotland Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's Course Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 298 Playoff United States John McDermott
Scotland Macdonald Smith
300
1909 George Sargent  England Englewood Golf Club Englewood, New Jersey 290 4 strokes United States Tom McNamara 300
1908 Fred McLeod  Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 322 Playoff Scotland Willie Smith 300
1907 Alec Ross  Scotland Philadelphia Cricket Club, St. Martin's Course Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 302 2 strokes England Gilbert Nicholls 300
1906 Alex Smith  Scotland Onwentsia Club Lake Forest, Illinois 295 17 strokes Scotland Willie Smith 300
1905 Willie Anderson (4)  Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 314 2 strokes Scotland Alex Smith 200
1904 Willie Anderson (3)  Scotland Glen View Club Golf, Illinois 303 4 strokes England Gilbert Nicholls 200
1903 Willie Anderson (2)  Scotland Baltusrol Golf Club, Original Course Springfield, New Jersey 307 Playoff Scotland David Brown 200
1902 Laurie Auchterlonie  Scotland Garden City Golf Club Garden City, New York 307 6 strokes Scotland Stewart Gardner
United States Walter Travis (a)
200
1901 Willie Anderson  Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 331 Playoff Scotland Alex Smith 200
1900 Harry Vardon  Jersey Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois 313 2 strokes England J.H. Taylor 200
1899 Willie Smith  Scotland Baltimore Country Club, Roland Park Course Lutherville-Timonium, Maryland 315 11 strokes Scotland Val Fitzjohn
Scotland George Low
England Bert Way
150
1898 Fred Herd  Scotland Myopia Hunt Club South Hamilton, Massachusetts 328 7 strokes Scotland Alex Smith 150
1897 Joe Lloyd  England Chicago Golf Club Wheaton, Illinois 162 1 stroke Scotland Willie Anderson 150
1896 James Foulis  Scotland Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York 152 3 strokes England Horace Rawlins 150
1895 Horace Rawlins  England Newport Country Club Newport, Rhode Island 173 2 strokes Scotland Willie Dunn 150

(a) denotes amateur

Summary by course, state and region[edit]

Legend
State totals - preceding courses are in that state
Division totals – Divisions as defined by U.S. Census Bureau
Region totals - each is composed of 2 or 3 divisions
Total U.S. Opens
Note: 2014 U.S. Open at Pinehurst is included
Col. 4 shows larger region which contains entity in col. 1
Course/State/Region No. Years hosted Geog.
sort
Myopia Hunt Club 4 1908,1905,1901,1898 MA
The Country Club 3 1913,1963,1988 MA
Worcester Country Club 1 1925 MA
Brae Burn Country Club 1 1919 MA
Total Massachusetts 9 NewEng
Newport Country Club 1 1895 RI
Total Rhode Island 1 NewEng
Total New England 10 NEast
Winged Foot Golf Club 5 2006,1984,1974,1959,
1929
NY
Shinnecock Hills Golf Club 4 2004,1995,1986,1896 NY
Oak Hill Country Club 3 1989,1968,1956 NY
Bethpage State Park 2 2009,2002 NY
Fresh Meadow Country Club 1 1932 NY
Inwood Country Club 1 1923 NY
Country Club of Buffalo 1 1912 NY
Garden City Golf Club 1 1902 NY
Total New York 18 MidAtl
Oakmont Country Club 8 2007,1994,1983,1973,
1962,1953,1935,1927
PA
Merion Golf Club 5 2013,1981,1971,1950,
1934
PA
Philadelphia Cricket Club 2 1910,1907 PA
Philadelphia Country Club 1 1939 PA
Total Pennsylvania 16 MidAtl
Baltusrol Golf Club 7 1993,1980,1967,1954,
1936,1915,1903
NJ
Englewood Golf Club 1 1909 NJ
Total New Jersey 8 MidAtl
Total Mid-Atlantic 42 NEast
Total Northeast 52 USA
Congressional Country Club 3 2011,1997,1964 MD
Baltimore Country Club 1 1899 MD
Columbia Country Club 1 1921 MD
Total Maryland 5 SthAtl
Pinehurst Resort 3 2014,2005,1999 NC
Total North Carolina 3 SthAtl
Atlanta Athletic Club 1 1976 GA
Total Georgia 1 SthAtl
Total South Atlantic 9 South
Total East South Central 0 South
Southern Hills Country Club 3 2001,1977,1958 OK
Total Oklahoma 3 WSC
Champions Golf Club 1 1969 TX
Colonial Country Club 1 1941 TX
Northwood Club 1 1952 TX
Total Texas 3 WSC
Total West South Central 6 South
Total South 15 USA
Medinah Country Club 3 1990,1975,1949 IL
Chicago Golf Club 3 1911,1900,1897 IL
Olympia Fields Country Club 2 2003,1928 IL
North Shore Country Club 1 1933 IL
Skokie Country Club 1 1922 IL
Midlothian Country Club 1 1914 IL
Onwentsia Club 1 1906 IL
Glen View Club 1 1904 IL
Total Illinois 13 ENC
Inverness Club 4 1979,1957,1931,1920 OH
Canterbury Golf Club 2 1946,1940 OH
Scioto Country Club 1 1926 OH
Total Ohio 7 ENC
Oakland Hills Country Club 6 1996,1985,1961,1951,
1937,1924
MI
Total Michigan 6 ENC
Total East North Central 26 Midwest
Hazeltine National Golf Club 2 1991,1970 MN
Interlachen Country Club 1 1930 MN
The Minikahda Club 1 1916 MN
Total Minnesota 4 WNC
Bellerive Country Club 1 1965 MO
St. Louis Country Club 1 1947 MO
Total Missouri 2 WNC
Total West North Central 6 Midwest
Total Midwest 32 USA
Cherry Hills Country Club 3 1978,1960,1938 CO
Total Colorado 3 Mtn
Total Mountain 3 West
Olympic Club 5 2012,1998,1987,1966,
1955
CA
Pebble Beach Golf Links 5 2010,2000,1992,1982,
1972
CA
Torrey Pines Golf Course 1 2008 CA
Riviera Country Club 1 1948 CA
Total California 12 Pac
Total Pacific 12 West
Total West 15 USA
Total U.S. Opens 114

Records[edit]

There is an extensive records section on the official site here.

Broadcasting[edit]

As of 2015, Fox Sports is the official broadcaster of the U.S. Open, as the result of a 12-year deal with the USGA for exclusive rights to its tournaments through 2026. Coverage will be telecast by Fox (over-the-air) and Fox Sports 1 (cable).[12]

Coverage was previously televised by NBC and ESPN through 2014. NBC's most recent period as rightsholder began in 1995; ABC held the broadcast rights from 1966 through 1994.[13]

Future sites[edit]

2015 U.S. Open Logo
Year Edition Course Location Dates Times hosted
2015 115th Chambers Bay University Place, Washington June 18–21 Never
2016 116th Oakmont Country Club Oakmont, Pennsylvania June 16–19 1927, 1935, 1953, 1962, 1973, 1983, 1994, 2007
2017 117th Erin Hills Erin, Wisconsin June 15–18 Never
2018 118th Shinnecock Hills Golf Club Shinnecock Hills, New York June 14–17 1896, 1986, 1995, 2004
2019 119th Pebble Beach Golf Links Pebble Beach, California June 13–16 1972, 1982, 1992, 2000, 2010
2020 120th Winged Foot Golf Club Mamaroneck, New York June 18–21 1929, 1959, 1974, 1984, 2006
2021 121st Torrey Pines Golf Course La Jolla, California June 17–20 2008

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Most of the course lies within the hamlet of Old Bethpage, but the clubhouse is in Farmingdale, and the park has a Farmingdale postal address. Both places are within the Town of Oyster Bay.
  2. ^ La Jolla is a neighborhood within the city of San Diego that has a unique postal identity.
  3. ^ a b c d The course straddles the border between Daly City and San Francisco; the club's postal address is in San Francisco.
  4. ^ a b c The club has a Rochester postal address, but is located in the adjacent town of Pittsford.
  5. ^ The club is located in a portion of the Duluth postal area that became part of the newly incorporated city of Johns Creek in 2006. Although the club is still served by the Duluth post office, it now lists its mailing address as Johns Creek.
  6. ^ The club has a St. Louis postal address, but is located in the Missouri suburb of Town and Country.
  7. ^ Pacific Palisades is a neighborhood within the city of Los Angeles that has a unique postal identity.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://golf.about.com/od/majorchampionships/f/usopen1stwinner.htm
  2. ^ http://www.ticketcity.com/golf-tickets/us-open-golf-tickets/us-open-golf-history.html
  3. ^ a b "112th U.S. Open Championship application form". USGA. Retrieved June 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Open – Exemption List". USGA. Retrieved February 24, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "USGA - Changes Made To Exemptions For 2012 USGA Championships". USGA. February 23, 2012. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "U.S. Open to expand world-ranking use". ESPN. Associated Press. February 5, 2011. Retrieved February 5, 2011. 
  7. ^ "USGA Announces Changes To Exemption Categories" (Press release). USGA. February 5, 2011. Retrieved January 12, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Champions". U.S. Open. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008. 
  9. ^ a b "Age". U.S. Open. Archived from the original on March 3, 2008. Retrieved April 26, 2008. 
  10. ^ a b "Rory McIlroy runs away with Open title". ESPN. June 20, 2011. Retrieved June 20, 2011. 
  11. ^ Murray, Scott (June 19, 2011). "US Open 2011 – day four as it happened". The Guardian. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 
  12. ^ Baysinger, Tim (August 7, 2013). "Fox Sports Reaches Rights Deal for Golf's U.S. Open". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved August 7, 2013. 
  13. ^ Rosaforte, Tim (June 27, 1994). "See Ya Later". Sports Illustrated: 49. Retrieved June 12, 2013. 

External links[edit]