U.S. Route 11 in West Virginia

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U.S. Route 11 marker

U.S. Route 11
Route information
Maintained by WVDOH
Length: 26.2 mi[2] (42.2 km)
Existed: Fall 1925[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: US 11 at the Virginia state line
  WV 51 in Inwood
WV 45 in Martinsburg
WV 9 in Martinsburg
I-81 near Marlowe
North end: US 11 at the Maryland state line
Location
Counties: Berkeley
Highway system
WV 10 WV 12

In the U.S. state of West Virginia, U.S. Route 11 (US 11) spans 26.2 miles (42.2 km) across the Eastern Panhandle region. US 11 enters the state near Ridgeway, and crosses into Maryland just south of Williamsport. The highway closely parallels Interstate 81 (I-81) for its entire length.

Route description[edit]

US 11 begins as an extension of US 11 in Virginia, crossing the state line just north of Rest. The highway travels northwest through a light residential setting in the community of Ridgeway. After leaving Ridgeway, the US 11, named Winchester Avenue, passes through light woodlands before they give way to the community of Bunker Hill. The highway, now named the Winchester Pike serves as the main north–south highway through the town. Several small business and residences line the highway as it leaves Bunker Hill. As the highway continues north, it passes between several sports stadiums before entering urbanized Inwood. In Inwood, US 11 becomes concurrent with West Virginia Route 51 (WV 51) for about 0.2 miles (0.32 km). As with the community of Ridgeway and Bunker Hill, US 11 serves as the main north–south road through the town.[2]

The intersection of County Route 32 and the Winchester Pike forms the southwestern corner of the Eastern WV Regional Airport, which the pike passes to the west of as it approaches the community of Pikeside and an intersection with County Route 19. The name of the road changes back to Winchester Avenue as it heads north into the city of Martinsburg, intersecting WV 45 before the highway turns east onto West King Street. US 11 heads east for several blocks along King Street before turning north along Queen Street, concurrent with WV 9 and WV 45. The three highways pass just west of the Martinsburg train station, which services both Amtrak and MARC, before passing under the railroad track, belonging to the Winchester and Western Railroad.[3] An intersection with East Moler Avenue carries WV 45 east, while another interchange in the northern outskirts of the city carries WV 9 north towards a cloverleaf interchange with I-81 as US 11 turns northeast.[2]

US 11 continues north through the communities of Bessemer and Hainesville, where the highway meets County Route 5, before approaching an intersection with WV 901, which serves as a short connector route to I-81. After passing through the community of Falling Waters on the western banks of the Potomac River, the highway turns more towards the north and has its only grade-separated interchange, a diamond interchange with I-81. After crossing over the freeway, a left intersection with County Route 1 provides access to Little Georgetown to the west as the pike passes through the community of Marlowe. US 11 in West Virginia ends at the southwestern bank of the Potomac River, however the roadway continues north as US 11 in Maryland.[2] In contrast to I-81, no part of US 11 is listed on the National Highway System, a system of roads that are important to the nation's economy, defense and mobility.[4]

History[edit]

The highway roughly parallels the Warrior Path, an old Indian trail which connected New York to the Carolina Piedmont via Virginia and West Virginia.[5] A series of roads linking Virginia to Maryland through Martinsburg were present on maps as early as 1873.[6]

US 11 is one of the original six highways that were part of the U.S. Numbered Highway System in the state, the others being US 19, US 21, US 40, US 50, and US 60.[1]

The oldest bridge still in use on the highway is the bridge over Middle Creek, about 0.02 miles (32 m) north of the interchange with County Route 11/8 in Martinsburg.[7] The overpass carrying the railroad tracks in Martinsburg was originally constructed in 1976.[3]

Major intersections[edit]

The entire route is in Berkeley County.

Location Mile[2] km Destinations Notes
  0.0 0.0 Virginia – West Virginia state line
Roadway continues south as U.S. Route 11 in Virginia
Bunker Hill 3.1 5.0 CR 26 (Old Mill Road)
Inwood 4.9 7.9 WV 51 east Southern end of concurrency
5.1 8.2 WV 51 west (Gerrardstown Road) to I-81 Northern end of concurrency
  8.3 13.4 CR 32 (Tabler Station Road) to I-81 – Eastern WV Regional Airport
Pikeside 9.9 15.9 CR 19 east (Paynes Ford Road)
Martinsburg 11.6 18.7 WV 45 (Apple Harvest Drive) to I-81
13.3 21.4 WV 9 / WV 45 (Queen Street) Southern end of WV 9 and WV 45 concurrency
14.2 22.9 WV 45 (Moler Avenue) Northern end of WV 45 concurrency
14.8 23.8 WV 9 (Edwin Miller Boulevard) Northern end of WV 9 concurrency
Hainesville 18.9 30.4 CR 5 east / CR 8 west (Bedington Road)
  20.4 32.8 WV 901 west to I-81
  23.4 37.7 I-81 – Martinsburg, Hagerstown Interchange
  23.7 38.1 CR 1 west (Grade Road)
Potomac River 26.2 42.2 West Virginia – Maryland state line
Roadway continues north as U.S. Route 11 in Maryland
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cramer, Dave. "A Brief History of West Virginia’s State Route System" (PDF). West Virginia Department of Highways. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Google Inc. "US Route 11 in West Virginia". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=US-11+S%2FMartinsburg+Pike&daddr=39.299554,-78.075414+to:39.372567,-78.0264729+to:39.45261,-77.97565+to:39.471579,-77.9546472+to:39.4923829,-77.9435995+to:39.561848,-77.8862041+to:US-11+N&hl=en&geocode=FXqVVwIdKJhY-w%3BFeKpVwId6qlY-ymxLEsTmvm1iTHPUrMgW4qWIQ%3BFRfHWAIdGGlZ-ynPB_MZTgfKiTGLs_4tFZxGWw%3BFcL_WQIdni9a-ykHo03xzAPKiTGsCLqvAGv1KQ%3BFdtJWgIdqYFa-ymRZZInXALKiTGX-to1tSMRgQ%3BFR6bWgId0axa-ymLk9TrlgLKiTECMvApWuT7pw%3BFXiqWwIdBI1b-ym7HRXPWfbJiTGfcMJjDjwVcA%3BFc8_XAId8GFc-w&mra=dme&mrcr=0&mrsp=7&sz=16&via=1,2,3,4,5,6&sll=39.597967,-77.833714&sspn=0.009871,0.014741&ie=UTF8&ll=39.410733,-78.034515&spn=0.633426,0.943451&z=10. Retrieved February 6, 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Structure 00000000002A026". National Bridge Inventory. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 
  4. ^ Federal Highway Administration (March 2005) (PDF). National Highway System: West Virginia (Map). http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/maps/wv/wv_WestVirginia.pdf. Retrieved February 6, 2011.
  5. ^ Rice, Otis K.; Brown, Stephen W. (1993). West Virginia: A History. University Press of Kentucky. p. 10. ISBN 978-0-8131-1854-3. Retrieved February 7, 2011. 
  6. ^ M.W. White (1873). White's Ttopographical, County & District Atlas of West Virginia. Counties of Morgan, Berkeley, Jefferson. (Map). 1:310,000. p. 22. http://www.davidrumsey.com/luna/servlet/detail/RUMSEY~8~1~28412~1120347:White-s-topographical,-county-&-dis?sort=Pub_List_No_InitialSort%2CPub_Date%2CPub_List_No%2CSeries_No. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
  7. ^ "Structure 00000000002A044". National Bridge Inventory. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved February 6, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing


U.S. Route 11
Previous state:
Virginia
West Virginia Next state:
Maryland