U.S. Route 231 in Indiana
US 231 highlighted in red
|Maintained by INDOT|
|Length:||285.82 mi (459.98 km)|
|Existed:||August 22, 1952 – present|
|South end:||US 231 at Kentucky state line|
| I-64 in Dale
US 50 / US 150 in Loogootee
I-69 near Crane
I-70 near Cloverdale
US 40 near Putnamville
I-74 near Crawfordsville
US 52 in Lafayette
I-65 near Wolcott
I-65 in Crown Point
|North end:||US 41 in St. John|
|Counties:||Spencer, Dubios, Daviess, Martin, Greene, Owen, Putnam, Montgomery, Tippecanoe, White, Jasper, Porter, Lake|
|This section may require copy-editing. (January 2014)|
U.S. Route 231 (US 231) in Indiana is a main north–south highway in the western part of the state. The southern terminus of US 231 is at the Kentucky state line and the northern terminus is at US 41 just south of St. John. The highway has a mix of expressway and two-lane roadway. The expressway is mainly in southern Indiana and around the Lafayette area, with the rest mainly being two-lanes.
It was first signed as a state road from Spencer to Lafayette. North of Lafayette, the road was a U.S. Highway until it was decommissioned in favor of US 231. This route will become an expressway in southern Indiana from the current northern terminus of the expressway to the future interchange at Interstate 69 (I–69).
US 231 has two segments that are included as a part of the National Highway System (NHS). The first is from the Kentucky state line to SR 558 and the second is from I-70 to Lafayette. The NHS is a network of highways that are identified as being most important for the economy, mobility and defense of the nation. The highway is maintained by the Indiana Department of Transportation (INDOT) like all other U.S. Highways in the state. The department tracks the traffic volumes along all state highways as a part of its maintenance responsibilities using a metric called average annual daily traffic (AADT). This measurement is a calculation of the traffic level along a segment of roadway for any average day of the year. In 2010, INDOT figured that lowest traffic levels were the 1,100 vehicles and 180 commercial vehicles used the highway daily from US 52 to I–65. The peak traffic volumes were 27,990 vehicles and 1,950 commercial vehicles AADT along the section of US 231 that is concurrent with US 52.
US 231 enters Indiana on the William H. Natcher Bridge over the Ohio River from Kentucky. The road enters as a four-lane divided highway and immediately has a folded diamond interchange with State Road 66 (SR 66). The highway heads north passing by a power plant and through farmland on the way towards Dale. The expressway has an intersection with SR 70. The route turns northeast passing through woods, just south of the Lincoln State Park. The road turns due north having an interchange with SR 162, this exit is access to the State Park. The expressway turns northwest and enters Dale. On the south side of Dale is an intersection with SR 62, this is the old route of US 231. The highway turns northeast again, around the northwest side of Dale. The route has an interchange with I–64. At the Dubois County line, the highway enters Eastern Time Zone. Also at the Dubios County line, the expressway ends and US 231 becomes a two-lane rural highway.
The road heads north-northeast towards Huntingburg, passing through rural farmland. The highway enters Huntingburg from the south passing through residential areas of town. The route has a traffic light in downtown Huntingburg with SR 64. North of downtown Huntingburg the road passes through commercial properties, before leaving town. The highway heads north towards Jasper, on the ways passing by a mix of both farmland and woodland. The road enters Jasper from the south passing by commercial lots. West of downtown the route begins a concurrency with SR 56, with both routes heading east. The concurrency enters downtown and has a traffic light at the northern terminus of SR 64. That is intersection US 231 and SR 56 turn towards the north. The two highways head north out of downtown and into residential areas. The road leaves Jasper heading northeastward toward Loogootee. In Haysville, the concurrency with SR 56 ends. US 231 heads due north-northeast from SR 54, before turning more northward. The highway enters Loogootee and begins a concurrency with both U.S. Route 50 (US 50) and US 150. The concurrency heads due north, then turning northeast and entering downtown Loogootee. In downtown the concurrency ends, with US 50 and US 150 heading east and US 231 heading northwest. The road heads north towards Bloomfield, passing the Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division.
The route enters Bloomfield form the south beginning a concurrency with SR 54 in downtown. This intersection is also the southern terminus of SR 157. US 231 and SR 54 head due west after about 4 miles (6.4 km) the concurrency wnd with SR 54 keeps heading due west and US 231 turning due north. This intersection is the northern terminus of SR 57. US 231 heads north for about 4 miles (6.4 km), until SR 67. The two routes head northeast heading towards Spencer, along the banks of the White River. The highway turns towards the north away from the river and the concurrency ends. SR 67 heads northeast again and US 231 heads northwest. The road heads towards Cloverdale, passing through an intersection with SR 42. The route enters Cloverdale passing by a mix of commercial and residential properties. On the north side of Cloverdale the highway becomes a four-lane divided highway, with an interchange at I–70.
North of I–70, the road narrows to a two-lane highway still heading towards the northwest. The route has a traffic light at US 40 south of Greencastle. The highway enters Greencastle from the southeast and begins to turn due north. In downtown Greencastle the highway has a traffic light with the western terminus of SR 240. US 231 leaves Greencastle heading due north for Crawfordsville, passing through a traffic light at US 36, a brief concurrency with SR 236, and an intersection with SR 234. On the south side of Crawfordsville the route becomes a four-lane undivided highway, passing through commercial use properties. The road heads towards downtown Crawfordsville, and begins a concurrency with both SR 32 and SR 47. The concurrency passes Wabash College and an intersection with US 136. At this intersection the concurrency with both SR 32 and SR 47 turns east onto US 136. US 231 becomes a four-lane divided highway north of US 136, becoming an undivided highway again, heading through the north side of Crawfordsville. Through the north side of Crawfordsville the road passes through a mainly residential land, with a few commercial lands near the interchange with I–74.
North of I–74, the road returns to a two-lane rural highway and heads due north for Lafayette. On the way to Lafayette the route passes through rural farmland, paralleling a CSX rail line. The road enters Lafayette and becomes a four-lane divided highway with a mix of both residential and farmland. The highway has a traffic light at SR 25. US 52. As of 2013[update] the route crosses the Wabash River and heads for West Lafayette, where it runs along the south and west edges of the Purdue campus. US 231, which has been joined by US 52 by this point, continue north for a few miles, then turn west bound. US 231 leaves the concurrency, with US 52 continues northwest bound and US 231 heads due north.
North of US 52 the highway is a two-lane rural highway, passing through farmland. The road has an interchange with I–65, this is the first of four interchanges with I–65. The route begins a concurrency with US 24 in Wolcott. The two highways head north through Wolcott and then turn due west. After Wolcott, the concurrency crosses into Jasper County and also into Central Time Zone. The two routes have an interchange at I–65 east of Remington. In Remington the two highways end the concurrency, with US 24 continues due west and US 231 heads due north again. The road now enters Rensselaer, heading north turning northeast and has a traffic light at SR 114. North of the traffic light the road makes a sharp turn and heads northwest. North of Rensselaer, the route turns due north, heading towards SR 10. At SR 10, US 231 turns due west concurrent with the state road. After 2.5 miles (4.0 km) the concurrency ends, with SR 10 heading due south and US 231 heading due north. The highway enters Porter County on a bridge over the Kankakee River.
North of the Kankakee River the route begins a concurrency with SR 2 at a four-way stop south of Hebron. The concurrency enters Hebron from the south passing mainly residential areas. The concurrency has an intersection with the western terminus of SR 8 at the main intersection in downtown. North of downtown the concurrency with SR 2 ends with SR 2 heading due north and US 231 heading northwest. The road leaves Hebron passing more residential properties, heading towards Crown Point. On the southeast side of Crown Point the route has its last interchange with I–65. After I–65 the road has an intersection with SR 55. Passing through the southeast side of Crown Point the road is lined with housing additions on either side. The road begins a concurrency with SR 55 and the two roads head for downtown Crown Point. In downtown Crown Point the roads go around the county court house, on one-way streets. The concurrency ends when the state road heads due north. US 231 leaves Crown Point, heading towards its northern terminus on the south side of St. John. The route turns due west for the last few miles and to meet US 41. US 231 meets US 41 at an intersection controlled by a traffic light.
Before US 231
Between 1918 and 1926, US 231 was signed SR 18 from Rockport to Old SR 4 and then followed Old SR 4 to Jasper. From Jasper to Bloomfield the route was unimproved county roads. Bloomfield to Switz City the future US 231 would follow Old SR 30. North of Switz City the road was SR 12 this road is now SR 67. From Jasper to Lafayette the road was number as SR 32, where future US 231 followed SR 29, this is now US 52. The roadway from SR 29 until Wolcott was given SR 45 has a number. Wolcott to Remington the route followed SR 7. North of Remington the road was number SR 8 north to Hebron. From Hebron to the current terminus was an unimproved county road. This system was change on 1926 when the U.S. Highways were created.
The current number system in Indiana was put into place in 1926. The route that would become US 231 was signed as SR 45 from Rockport to SR 58 in Scotland. From Scotland to Bloomfield it was an unimproved county road. From Bloomfield to Spencer US 231 was given the same number that the route is concurrent with today. North of Spencer to Lafayette was number SR 43. The route that US 231 followers today along US 52 was the same. Then SR 53 from US 52 to Crown Point and SR 8 from Crown Point to US 41. The section of US 231 north of US 52 to US 41 was signed as US 152. The US 152 was used between 1934 and 1938, in 1938 US 152 was decommissioned. The road went back to state road numbers, this lasted until 1952 when US 231 was commissioned and signs installed.
As US 231
US 231 was first signed in Indiana in 1954 and the whole length of US 231 was two-lanes. In Southern Indiana the road has been widened from two-lanes surface road to a four-lane divided expressway. The expressway construction began in 2002 with a new bridge over the Ohio River and the state designated the old bridge near Owensboro, KY as SR 161. When the bridge was completed traffic had to exit the expressway at the first exit, SR 66. The expressway was built north towards Dale, on all new terrain, with some of the old highway being signed as SR 161, SR 62 and the rest becoming county roads. US 231 was moved onto the expressway in March 15, 2011. In Northern Indiana a new routing of US 231 around the south and west sides of the Lafayette/West Lafayette area opened September 13, 2013.
A project is planned that will put US 231 on a four-lane divided highway around Huntingburg and Jasper in the southern part of the state.
|This section may require copy-editing for the 2013 Lafayette bypass. (January 2014)|
|Spencer||Rockport||0.00||0.00||US 231 south – Owensboro||Kentucky state line|
|0.23||0.37||SR 66 – Rockport, Tell City||Interchange|
|Chrisney||6.93||11.15||SR 70 east – Newtonville||Western terminus of SR 70|
|Lincoln City||15.35||24.70||SR 162||Interchange|
|Dale||SR 62 – Evansville, Dale|
|21.86||35.18||I-64–St. Louis, Louisville||Interchange|
|Dubois||Huntingburg||29.33||47.20||SR 64 – Princeton, Oakland City, New Albany|
|Jasper||33.93||54.61||SR 162 south||Northern terminus of SR 162|
|36.25||58.34||SR 56 west||Southern end of SR 56 concurrency|
|36.25||58.34||SR 164 east||Western terminus of SR 164|
|Haysville||43.07||69.31||SR 56 east||Northern end of SR 56 concurrency|
|Martin||Loogootee||56.31||90.62||US 50 wesr / US 150 west – Vincennes, Washington||Southern end of US 50/US 150 concurrency|
|56.78||91.38||US 50 east / US 150 east to SR 550 – Bedford, New Albany||Northern end of US 50/US 150 concurrency|
|Daviess||Madison Township||66.95||107.75||SR 645 east – Burns City||Western terminus of SR 645|
|68.99||111.03||SR 58 west – Odon||Southern end of SR 58 concurrency|
|72.31||116.37||SR 558 east – Crane||Western terminus of SR 558|
|Greene||Taylor Township||73.68||118.58||SR 45 north / SR 58 east||Southern terminus of SR 45; northern end of SR 58 concurrency|
|I-69–Evansville||Temporary northern terminus of I-69|
|Bloomfield||81.55||131.24||SR 54 east / SR 157 north||Eastern end of SR 54 concurrency; southern terminus of SR 157|
|Fairplay Township||85.55||137.68||SR 54 east / SR 57 south – Switz City||Western end of SR 54 concurrency; northern terminus of SR 57|
|88.84||142.97||SR 67 south – Switz City||Southern end of SR 67 concurrency|
|Worthington||92.09||148.20||SR 157 north||Southern end of SR 157 concurrency|
|92.13||148.27||SR 157 south||Northern end of SR 157 concurrency|
|Owen||Spencer||109.55||176.30||SR 46 west||Western end of SR 46 concurrency|
|110.33||177.56||SR 46 east to SR 43||Eastern end of SR 46 concurrency|
|Montgomery Township||115.66||186.14||SR 67 north||Northern end of SR 67 concurrency|
|128.82||207.32||I-70 – Terre Haute, Indianapolis|
|Warren Township||132.48||213.21||US 40|
|Greencastle||136.44||219.58||SR 240 east||Western terminus of SR 240|
|Monroe Township||146.02||235.00||US 36|
|151.64||244.04||SR 236 west||Southern end of SR 236 concurrency|
|152.14||244.85||SR 236 east||Northern end of SR 236 concurrency|
|Montgomery||Scott Township||157.32||253.18||SR 234|
|Crawfordsville||164.32||264.45||SR 32 west / SR 47 south||Southern end of SR 32/SR 47 concurrency|
|165.51||266.36||US 136 / SR 32 east / SR 47 north||Northern end of SR 32/SR 47 concurrency|
|168.20||270.69||I-74 – Indianapolis, Champaign|
|192.81||310.30||SR 43 north||Southern terminus of the northern section of SR 43|
|194.14||312.44||SR 126 west||Eastern terminus of SR 126|
|195.60||314.79||US 52 east||Eastern end of US 52 concurrency|
|Shelby Township||201.30||323.96||US 52 west||Western end of US 52 concurrency|
|White||Round Grove Township||211.54||340.44||SR 18|
|West Point Township||215.92||347.49||I-65 – Indianapolis, Gary|
|Wolcott||221.59||356.61||US 24 east – Logansport||Eastern end of US 24 concurrency|
|Jasper||Carpenter Township||226.67||364.79||I-65 – Indianapolis, Gary|
|Remington||228.45||367.65||US 24 west||Western end of US 24 concurrency|
|Carpenter Township||231.48||372.53||I-65 – Indianapolis, Gary|
|Jordan Township||235.37||378.79||SR 16|
|Union Township||246.63||396.91||SR 14|
|Walker Township||254.67||409.85||SR 110 west||Eastern terminus of the western section of SR 110|
|257.64||414.63||SR 10 east||Eastern end of SR 10 concurrency|
|Demotte||260.02||418.46||SR 10 west||Western end of SR 10 concurrency|
|Porter||Boone Township||267.01||429.71||SR 2 west||Southern end of SR 2 concurrency|
|Hebron||269.04||432.98||SR 8 east||Western terminus of SR 8|
|269.18||433.20||SR 2 east||Northern end of SR 2 concurrency|
|Lake||Crown Point||277.42||446.46||I-65 – Indianapolis, Gary|
|278.23||447.77||SR 53 north – Merrillville||Southern terminus of SR 53|
|279.64||450.04||SR 55 south||Eastern end of SR 55 concurrency|
|280.36||451.20||SR 55 north – Gary||Western end of SR 55 concurrency|
|St. John||285.82||459.98||US 41 – Terre Haute, Hammond||Northern terminus of US 231|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Weingroff, Richard (April 7, 2011). "US 231 – Indiana to Florida: How a Highway Grew". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- Staff. "INDOT Roadway Referencing System" (PDF). Indiana Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- Federal Highway Administration (December 2003) (PDF). National Highway System: Indiana (Map). Cartography by FHWA. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/planning/nhs/maps/in/in_Indiana.pdf. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
- Adderly, Kevin (April 4, 2011). "National Highway System". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved December 19, 2011.
- "INDOT Traffic Zones". Indiana Department of Transportation. 2010. Retrieved July 9, 2012.
- Google Inc. "Overview map of US 231 from Kentucky to Cloverdale". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=US-231+N&daddr=N+Main+St&hl=en&ll=38.959409,-87.025452&spn=0.655665,1.145325&sll=37.902558,-87.032769&sspn=0.010396,0.017896&geocode=FWxeQgId_O3P-g%3BFRs-WwId0X3T-g&mra=mift&mrsp=0&sz=16&t=m&z=101. Retrieved May 14, 2012.
- Indiana Deportment of Transportation (2011) (PDF). Indiana Transportation Map (Map). Cartography by INDOT (2011–12 ed.). http://www.in.gov/indot/files/StateTransportationMap.pdf. Retrieved May 14, 2012.
- Google Inc. "Overview map of US 231 from Cloverdale to St. John". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=N+Main+St&daddr=40.5946708,-87.0303948+to:40.74142,-87.04135+to:40.7658082,-87.131179+to:41.17552,-87.15083+to:41.3454081,-87.2419129+to:W+109th+Ave&hl=en&ll=40.576413,-87.940063&spn=2.561719,4.581299&sll=40.61708,-87.032318&sspn=0.320027,0.572662&geocode=FTw-WwIdyH3T-g%3BFe5sawIdhgXQ-imd0_qsefgSiDEGEK11fZ_UUg%3BFSyqbQIdutrP-inzMe8KQFASiDHBwNgTICfuGQ%3BFXAJbgId1XvO-ikjMU0jskQSiDGu9iWade_LVw%3BFeBJdAIdEi_O-illGAwhUCESiDHKn_8Jnzx_jg%3BFYDhdgIdSMvM-ilBZNuyRfMRiDHqFtwXOHP4Aw%3BFXAJeAIdu1DJ-g&mra=dpe&mrsp=1&sz=11&via=1,2,3,4,5&t=k&z=8. Retrieved May 14, 2012.
- Indiana Department of Transportation (August 23, 2011) (PDF). Indiana Railroad Map (Map). Cartography by INDOT. http://www.in.gov/indot/files/MAIN-RR-11_V1.pdf. Retrieved May 14, 2012.
- Vizza, Chris Morisse (September 13, 2013). "U.S. 231 Bypass Open: 'Wow. We Really Did It'". Journal & Courier. Retrieved January 22, 2014. (subscription required (. ))
- Vizza, Chris Morisse (September 12, 2013). "U.S. 52 Route Moves to Teal Road". Journal & Courier. Retrieved January 22, 2014. (subscription required (. ))
- Indiana State Highway Commission (1917). Main Market Highways (Map). Cartography by ISHC (1917 ed.). http://bl-libg-doghill.ads.iu.edu/gm-web/imdb/inhwy1917.jpg. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- Indiana State Highway Commission (1918). Indiana Transportation Map of 1918 (Map). Cartography by ISHC (1918 ed.).
- Indiana State Highway Commission (1926). Indiana Transportation Map of 1926 (Map). Cartography by INDOT (1926 ed.).
- Indiana State Highway Commission (1927) (PDF). State Highway System of Indiana (Map). Cartography by ISHC (1927 ed.). http://bl-libg-doghill.ads.iu.edu/gm-web/imdb/inhwy1927.pdf. Retrieved May 15, 2012.
- Indiana State Highway Commission (1933). Indiana Transportation Map of 1933 (Map). Cartography by ISHC (1933 ed.).
- Indiana State Highway Commission (1934). Indiana Transportation Map of 1934 (Map). Cartography by ISHC (1934 ed.).
- Indiana State Highway Commission (1938). Indiana Transportation Map of 1938 (Map). Cartography by ISHC (1938 ed.).
- Indiana State Highway Commission (1939). Indiana Transportation Map of 1939 (Map). Cartography by ISHC (1939 ed.).
- Indiana State Highway Commission (1951). Indiana Transportation Map of 1951 (Map). Cartography by ISHC (1951 ed.).
- Indiana State Highway Commission (1952). Indiana Transportation Map of 1952 (Map). Cartography by ISHC (1952 ed.).
- Indiana State Deportment of Transportation (2011). Indiana Transportation Map of 2011 (Map). Cartography by INDOT (2011 ed.).
|U.S. Route 231|