U.S. Route 16

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U.S. Route 16 marker

U.S. Route 16

US 16 highlighted in red
Route information
Length: 540 mi[1] (869 km)
Existed: 1926[1] – present
Major junctions
West end: US 14 / US 20 at Yellowstone National Park entrance
 

I-25 / US 87 in Buffalo, WY

US 85 in Newcastle, WY
East end: I-90 / I-190 / US 14 in Rapid City, SD
Highway system
WYO 14 WY US 18
SD 15 SD SD 16

U.S. Route 16 (US 16) is an east–west United States Highway between Rapid City, South Dakota and Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming.

As of 2004, the highway's eastern terminus is at a junction with Interstate 90/U.S. Route 14 (I-90/US 14), concurrent with I-190, in Rapid City, South Dakota. The western terminus is the east entrance to Yellowstone National Park, concurrent with US 14 and US 20.

Route description[edit]

Wyoming[edit]

US 16 in Wyoming crosses through the towns of Newcastle and Upton before joining I-90 near Moorcraft. It runs concurrently with I-90 to Gillette, where it splits off north and then arcs back down to the town of Buffalo. From Buffalo it goes over the Powder River Pass on its way to Worland. In Worland, it turns north and overlaps US 20 through the towns of Basin and Greybull. In Greybull, the two routes combine with US 14 and go west to Cody and into Yellowstone National Park. For most of the way it is a two-lane road.

South Dakota[edit]

US 16 is also known as Mount Rushmore Road in western South Dakota. The highway enters South Dakota east of Newcastle, Wyoming. It travels near Jewel Cave, the second-longest cave in the world.[2] The highway goes through the city of Custer and shares alignment with US 385. East of Hill City, US 16 splits off US 385. It then becomes a four-lane divided highway, with the two roadways separated by up to a half-mile (0.8 km) in some places, including the old gold-mining town of Rockerville, South Dakota, which is contained entirely between the two roadways. In Rapid City, a newly complete truck bypass runs along Catron Boulevard and Elk Vale Road up to Exit 61 on I-90.

The South Dakota section of US 16 is defined at South Dakota Codified Laws § 31-4-138.[3]

History[edit]

US 16 in Wyoming, westbound to Ten Sleep

US 16 originally connected Detroit with Yellowstone, including a ferry link across Lake Michigan between Muskegon, Michigan, and Milwaukee, Wisconsin. In Michigan, the route was in use long before automobiles and was known to white settlers as the Grand River Road, and prior to the designation of US Routes in 1926, had been designated as M-16 in the 1920s from Detroit to south of Muskegon. In 1938, reflectorized discs were placed on US-16 every 100 feet (30 m) from Detroit to Lansing, resulting in fewer nighttime traffic accidents. Other states would later do the same on their roads.

US 16 initially crossed the South Dakota – Wyoming state line west of Spearfish. U.S. Route 216 was commissioned in 1930 as a loop off US 16 to the south between Rapid City and Moorcroft, crossing the state line west of Custer. In 1934, US 16 was moved to the US 216 alignment, while the former US 16 became part of an extension of US 14.

In Michigan, most of US 16 was superseded by I-96 and a segment of Grand River Avenue in Detroit ultimately became M-5. US 16 was later decommissioned in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and eastern South Dakota to its present termini. Between Rapid City and Dexter, Minnesota, it has been supplanted by I-90. East of there it is now Minnesota State Highway 16 and Wisconsin Highway 16. In South Dakota it was replaced by various state highways (including South Dakota Highway 38) and county roads: generally, in West River the old alignment was transferred to county responsibility entirely, while in East River it remained a state-maintained highway.

An older Alternate US 16 in South Dakota has become South Dakota Highway 240.

In South Dakota, in 2009, the South Dakota Department of Transportation designated US-16/US-385 between Custer and Hill City, which passes by the Crazy Horse Memorial, now being carved in the Black Hills. This segment of US-385 is also a part of the George Hearst Memorial Highway.

Major intersections[edit]

Mileage resets at the state line crossing

County Location Mile[4][5][6] km Destinations Notes
Park Yellowstone National Park 0.00 0.00 US 14 / US 20 West end of US 14 / 20 overlap
Cody 49.87 80.26 WYO 291
52.36 84.27
US 14 Alt. east
WYO 120 north
West end of WYO 120 overlap
54.58 87.84 WYO 120 East end of WYO 120 overlap
Big Horn   85.66 137.86 WYO 30
86.26 138.82 WYO 32
100.75 162.14 US 310 / WYO 789 north North end of WYO 789 overlap
Greybull 204.05 328.39 US 14 East end of US 14 overlap
  199.27 320.69 WYO 36 (Golf Course Road)
Basin 196.42 316.11 WYO 30
  185.52 298.57 WYO 433
Manderson 184.35 296.68 WYO 31
Washakie Worland 0.00 0.00 US 20 / WYO 789 west
WYO 432 south
East end of US 20 overlap; south end of WYO 789 overlap
Ten Sleep 26.42 42.52 WYO 434
  30.04 48.34 WYO 436
33.90 54.56 WYO 435
Johnson Buffalo 92.12 148.25
I-25 Bus. / US 87 Bus. / WYO 196 (Main Street)
South end of WYO 196 overlap
100.00 160.93
I-25 Bus. / US 87 Bus. / WYO 196 (Main Street)
North end of WYO 196 overlap
  100.61 161.92 I-25 / US 87 Interchange
2.12 3.41 I-90 Interchange
Sheridan Ucross 17.64 28.39 US 14 West end of US 14 overlap
  54.72 88.06 WYO 341
Campbell   102.07 164.27 WYO 59 North end of WYO 59 overlap
Gillette 114.86 184.85 WYO 50 (Skyline Drive)
113.10 182.02 WYO 59 (Douglas Highway) South end of WYO 59 overlap
127.57 205.30 I-90
WYO 51 ahead
West end of I-90 overlap
Crook Moorcroft 153.41 246.89 I-90 East end of I-90 overlap
153.56 247.13 WYO 51
200.00 321.87 US 14 East end of US 14 overlap
Weston Upton 219.83 353.78 WYO 116 West end of WYO 116 overlap
220.13 354.26 WYO 116 East end of WYO 116 overlap
Osage 233.29 375.44 WYO 451
  245.67 395.37 WYO 450
Newcastle 247.34 398.06
US 16 Bus.
248.99 400.71
US 16 Bus.
249.82 402.05 US 85
  259.08
0.00
416.95
0.00
Wyoming–South Dakota state line
Custer Custer 26.46 42.58 US 385 / SD 89 South end of US 385 overlap; west end of SD 89 overlap
26.96 43.39 US 16A / SD 89 East end of SD 89 overlap
Pennington   37.49 60.33 SD 87 (Needles Highway)
37.69 60.66 SD 244
Hill City 40.51 65.19
US 16 Truck / US 385 Truck
41.06 66.08
US 16 Truck / US 385 Truck
  45.00 72.42 US 385 North end of US 385 overlap
  50.60 81.43 US 16A
Rapid City 64.19 103.30
US 16 Truck
69.00 111.04 SD 44 (Omaha Street) East end of SD 44 overlap
69.20 111.37 I-190
SD 44 (Omaha Street) west
South end of I-190 overlap; west end of SD 44 overlap
I-90 North end of I-190 overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Related routes[edit]

Bannered and suffixed routes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b US Highways from US 1 to US 830 Robert V. Droz
  2. ^ "Jewel Cave National Monument". U.S. National Park Service. Retrieved May 18, 2008. 
  3. ^ South Dakota Codified Laws
  4. ^ "Reference Marker Book" (PDF). Wyoming Department of Transportation. November 2004. Retrieved April 26, 2011. [dead link]
  5. ^ "U.S. 16 Junction List". AARoads. September 22, 2005. Retrieved April 26, 2011. 
  6. ^ "State Highway Log - Rapid City Region" (PDF). South Dakota Department of Transportation. January 2011. Retrieved April 13, 2010. 

External links[edit]