U.S. Route 1 in Georgia

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"GA 4" redirects here. For the congressional district, see Georgia's 4th congressional district.
This article is about the section of U.S. Route 1 in Georgia. For the entire length of the highway, see U.S. Route 1.

U.S. Highway 1 marker

U.S. Highway 1
Route information
Maintained by GDOT
Length: 222.90 mi[1] (358.72 km)
Existed: 1926 – present
Major junctions
South end: US 1 / US 23 / US 301 / SR 15
SR 4 / SR 15 at the Florida state line northwest of Hilliard, FL
  US 301 / SR 23 / SR 40 / SR 121 in Folkston
US 82 / US 84 / SR 520 near Waycross
US 23 / SR 19 near Alma
US 341 / SR 27 in Baxley
US 280 / SR 30 in Lyons
I‑16 in Oak Park
US 80 / SR 26 in Swainsboro
US 319 / SR 78 in Wadley
US 221 / SR 17 / SR 24 in Louisville
US 221 / SR 17 / SR 80 / SR 88 in Wrens
I‑520 in Augusta
US 25 / US 78 / US 278 / SR 10 / SR 121 in Augusta
North end: US 1 / US 25 / US 78 / US 278 in North Augusta, SC
Location
Counties: Charlton, Ware, Bacon, Appling, Toombs, Emanuel, Jefferson, Richmond
Highway system
  • Georgia State Routes
SR 3 SR 4 SR 5

U.S. Route 1 (US 1) in Georgia, which is concurrent for almost its entire length with State Route 4 (SR 4), is a highway that travels south-to-north through portions of Charlton, Ware, Bacon, Appling, Toombs, Emanuel, Jefferson, and Richmond counties in the southeastern part of the U.S. state of Georgia. The route travels from its southern terminus at US 1/US 23/US 301/FL SR 15 at the St. Marys River and the Florida state line, northwest of Hilliard, FL, to its northern terminus at US 1/US 25/US 78/US 278/SR 10/SR 121 at the Savannah River and the South Carolina state line in Augusta.

Route description[edit]

The route starts at the Florida state line on the St. Marys River in eastern Charlton County, and initially runs north as a four-lane highway through Folkston, co-signed with US 23, US 301, and SR 15. In Homeland, US 301 splits off and runs in a northerly direction, while US 1 turns to the northwest, crosses into Ware County, and initially forms the county line between Ware County and Brantley County. The route continues northwest and runs west through Waycross. For the majority of its length in Charlton and Ware counties to Waycross the route is very closely paralleled by the CSX Transportation rail line from Georgia into Florida. In Waycross US 1 turns north to cross into Bacon County and Alma. In northern Bacon County, US 23 splits off to the northwest, while US 1 continues in a northeasterly direction, and crosses into Appling County.

Heading through Baxley, the route continues north, and crosses the Altamaha River into Toombs County, then heads through Lyons, and on into Emanuel County. US 1 becomes a four-lane grassy-median-divided highway just before crossing I-16 north of Oak Park, and continues north to Swainsboro. Still heading north, the route crosses into Jefferson County and runs through Wadley and Louisville, where it becomes concurrent with US 221 on its way to Wrens.

From Wrens, having split from US 221, US 1 turns northeast and crosses into Richmond County, cutting through the southern portion of Fort Gordon, before reaching the Augusta metro area, crossing I-520, and heading into downtown Augusta. In downtown Augusta, US 1 and SR 4 separate. SR 4 takes the older route to cross the Savannah River with U.S. Route 25 Business, while US 1 turns northeast with US 25, US 78, and US 278, which soon turn north and also cross the Savannah River into South Carolina.

History[edit]

In 1920, the designation of SR 4 was used for a route in northwestern Georgia, running from the Alabama state line east via Rome to Cartersville, where it met State Route 3. This route is signed today as SR 20 and SR 100 to Rome, and US 411 and SR 20 from Rome to Cartersville. The current route from Folkston to Alma was signed as SR 15, and the portion to Baxley had no state route designation at the time. Also, the current path north from Baxley through Lyons to Swainsboro does not appear on 1920 maps at all; instead, an unsigned route is shown from Lyons to Reidsville, and on to Metter. From Swainboro, the current route was signed at the time as SR 17 to Louisville, and another unsigned route continued to Augusta[2]

By 1926, SR 4 was still located in northwest Georgia in various states of surface condition, from hard surface around Rome to unimproved on some portions, but had been extended from Cartersville north to Fairmount; this stretch of the route is signed today as US 411 and SR 61. The current route in the southeast, which was already signed as US 1, featured semi-hard surface to Waycross, and was in various stages of improvement from Waycross to Baxley. The current section from Baxley to Swainsboro, which had not existed in 1920, appears as unimproved road, signed as SR 32, by 1926. From Swainsboro to Augusta, the route again appeared in various stages of improvement, now co-signed as SR 17 to Wrens, and as SR 24 from Louisville to Augusta.[3]

By 1929, the current designations of US 1 and SR 4 in the southeast of Georgia were found on Georgia highway maps.[4] By early 1932, the entirety of the current route appears to have been covered by hard surface, which makes this route an exception, rather than a rule, of the common surface conditions at the time.[5]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
Charlton   0.000 0.000 US 1 south / US 23 south / US 301 south (SR 15) – Hilliard, Jacksonville Florida state line
Folkston 4.194 6.750 SR 40 east (Main Street) to I‑95 – Kingsland
Love Street former SR 252 east
4.671 7.517 SR 23 south / SR 121 south – St. George Southern terminus of concurrency with SR 23 / SR 121
5.036 8.105 SR 40 Conn. east (Cross Street) – Kingsland, White Oak, D. Ray James Prison
Homeland 6.764 10.886 US 301 north / SR 23 north – Nahunta, Jesup interchange; northern terminus of concurrency with US 301 / SR 23
Racepond 18.729 30.141 SR 15 north / SR 121 north – Blackshear Northern terminus of concurrency with SR 15 / SR 121
Ware Braganza 30.912 49.748 SR 177 (Okefenokee Park Road) – Okefenokee Swamp Park, Laura S. Walker State Park and Golf Course, Dixon Memorial Wildlife Management Area, Camp for Blind
Waycross 37.733 60.725 US 82 east (South Georgia Parkway) / SR 520 east – Nahunta, Laura S. Walker State Park, Brunswick

US 1 Bus. north / US 23 Bus. north / SR 4 Bus. north (Memorial Drive) – Alma
Southern terminus of concurrency with US 82 / SR 520
39.215 63.110 US 84 east (McDonald Street) / SR 38 east – Blackshear, Jesup, Savannah Eastern terminus of concurrency with US 84 / SR 38
40.577 65.302 US 84 west / SR 38 west (Victory Drive) – Valdosta Western terminus of concurrency with US 84 / SR 38
  42.688 68.700 SR 122 west (Carswell Avenue) – Lakeland, Baptist Village
  44.994 72.411 US 82 west / SR 520 west – Pearson, Tifton Northern terminus of concurrency with US 82 / SR 520
  49.045 78.930
US 1 Bus. south / US 23 Bus. south / SR 4 Bus. south – Airport
Bacon Alma 66.703 107.348 SR 4 Alt. north (South Dixon Street)
67.147 108.063 SR 32 (West 16th Street) – Douglas, Patterson
SR 4 Alt. south (North Dixon Street)
  73.479 118.253 US 23 north / SR 19 north – Hazlehurst Northern terminus of concurrency with US 23
Appling Baxley 84.908 136.646 SR 15 south – Bristol Southern terminus of concurrency with SR 15
85.941 138.309 US 341 / SR 27 (Parker Street) – Hazlehurst, Jesup
North Main Street - Glennville former SR 144 east
Altamaha River 97.283 156.562 Bridge
Toombs English Eddy 99.394 159.959 SR 147 east – Reidsville
Toombs Central 104.866 168.765 SR 56 – Uvalda, Reidsville
South Thompson 109.125 175.620 SR 15 north / SR 29 north – Vidalia Northern terminus of concurrency with SR 15
Lyons 115.748 186.278 SR 178 south (South Victory Drive) – State Prison
116.649 187.728 US 280 / SR 30 (Liberty Avenue) – Vidalia, Reidsville, Southeastern Tech
116.745 187.883 SR 152 east / SR 292 (Broad Street) – Vidalia, Cobbtown, Metter, Collins, Claxton
119.882 192.931 SR 130 west – Vidalia
Emanuel Oak Park 128.144 206.228 SR 86 east – Ohoopee Southern terminus of concurrency with SR 86
129.485 208.386 SR 46 west / SR 86 west Northern terminus of concurrency with SR 86; southern terminus of concurrency with SR 46
131.716 211.976 I‑16 (SR 404) – Macon, Savannah I-16 exit 90
131.915 212.297 SR 46 east – Metter Northern terminus of concurrency with SR 46
  134.382 216.267 SR 192 east – Stillmore
  140.533 226.166 SR 57 east – Stillmore south end of SR 57 overlap
  141.664 227.986 SR 297 south – Nunez
  142.043 228.596
US 1 Bus. north / SR 4 Bus. north
  145.538 234.221 SR 56 – Soperton, Swainsboro
  146.372 235.563 US 80 / SR 26 – Adrian, Swainsboro
  149.039 239.855 SR 57 west – Wrightsville, Swainsboro, Airport north end of SR 57 overlap
  150.785 242.665
US 1 Bus. south / SR 4 Bus. south
Jefferson   165.194 265.854
US 1 Bus. north / SR 4 Bus. north
Wadley 167.131 268.971 US 319 south / SR 78 – Bartow, Midville
  168.880 271.786
US 1 Bus. south / SR 4 Bus. south
Louisville 175.360 282.215
US 1 Bus. north / SR 4 Bus. north
176.150 283.486 SR 17 south – Midville, Airport Southern terminus of concurrency with SR 17
176.690 284.355 SR 24 (Waynesboro Road) – Louisville, Waynesboro
177.646 285.894
US 221 south / US 1 Bus. south / SR 4 Bus. south (Peachtree Street) – Louisville, Bartow
Southern terminus of concurrency with US 221
  181.291 291.760 SR 296 north – Stapleton
Wrens 190.288 306.239 SR 88 west – Orange Southern terminus of concurrency with SR 88
191.467 308.136 SR 17 north – Thomson Northern terminus of concurrency with SR 17
191.724 308.550 SR 80 / SR 88 to SR 17 / SR 102 – Warrenton, Waynesboro, Matthews, Keysville, Blythe, Avera, Thomson Northern terminus of concurrency with SR 88
192.717 310.148 US 221 north / SR 47 west – Harlem, Appling, Airport Northern terminus of concurrency with US 221
Richmond Blythe 204.943 329.824 SR 88 – Blythe, Hephzibah
Augusta Tobacco Road - Fort Gordon interchange
215.930 347.506 I‑520 (Bobby Jones Expressway / SR 415) I-520 exit 5
217.585 350.169 US 78 west / US 278 west / SR 10 west (Gordon Highway) / SR 4 north (Deans Bridge Road) – Augusta, Fort Gordon, Thomson north end of SR 4 overlap; south end of US 78 / US 278 / SR 10 overlap
US 25 south / SR 121 south – Waynesboro interchange; south end of US 25 / SR 121 overlap
SR 56 Spur south (D. Barnard Parkway) – Bush Field, Augusta Regional Airport
222.659 358.335
US 25 Bus. north / SR 28 (Broad Street) – Downtown Augusta, Fort Discovery
interchange
222.899 358.721 US 1 north / US 25 north / US 78 east / US 278 east / SC 121 north – Columbia South Carolina state line (Savannah River bridge)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Bannered routes[edit]

Waycross[edit]


U.S. Highway 1 Business
Location: Waycross
Length: 9.622 mi[1] (15.485 km)

US 1 Bus. / US 23 Bus. / SR 4 Bus. in Waycross, which is concurrent with US 23 Bus, continues northwest into the heart of Waycross, while the main route of US 1 / US 23 / SR 4 heads west across the southern portion of Waycross. US 1 Bus runs to its intersection with US 84 and SR 38, and turns northeast, co-signed with those routes for a short distance. US 1 Bus then turns sharply northwest again and is also called State Street, and continues northwest out of Waycross, before meeting up again with the main route of US 1 / US 23 / SR 4.

US 1 Bus. was established in 1994, replacing the old mainline US 1 through Waycross, via Memorial Drive, Plant Avenue, State Street, and Alma Highway.[6]
The entire route is in Ware County.

Location Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
Waycross 0.000 0.000 US 1 / US 82 / SR 4 / SR 520

US 23 Bus.
Southern terminus of US 1 BUS/SR 4 BUS; southern terminus of concurrency with US 23 Bus
1.212 1.951 US 84 south / SR 38 – Homerville Southern terminus of concurrency with US 84 and SR 38
1.399 2.251 US 84 north / SR 38 – Blackshear Northern terminus of concurrency with US 84 and SR 38
  9.622 15.485
US 1 / SR 4 / US 23 Bus.
Northern terminus of US 1 BUS/SR 4 BUS; northern terminus of concurrency with US 23 Bus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Alma[edit]

State Route 4 Alternate
Location: Alma
Length: 1.613 mi[1] (2.596 km)

SR 4 Alternate in Alma runs south-to-north through the western part of town, crossing SR 32, while the main route of US 1 and SR 4 heads through the heart of downtown, past the Alma campus of Okefenokee Technical College.

The entire route is in Alma, Bacon County.

Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
0.000 0.000 US 1 / SR 4 Southern terminus of SR 1 Alt
0.587 0.945 SR 32
1.613 2.596 US 1 / SR 4 Northern terminus of SR 1 Alt
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Swainsboro[edit]


U.S. Highway 1 Business
Location: Swainsboro
Length: 7.876 mi[1] (12.675 km)

US 1 Bus. / SR 4 Bus. in Swainsboro runs first north, then northwest through the heart of downtown, crossing US 80 and SR 26, while the main route of US 1 and SR 4 heads west around Swainsboro. US 1 Bus. was established in 2001, replacing the old mainline US 1 through Swainsboro, via Main Street.[6]

The entire route is in Swainsboro, Emanuel County.

Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
0.000 0.000 US 1 / SR 4 Southern terminus of US 1 Bus/SR 4 Bus
4.204 6.766 US 80 / SR 26 east
7.876 12.675 US 1 / SR 4 Northern terminus of US 1 Bus/SR 4 Bus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Wadley[edit]


U.S. Highway 1 Business
Location: Wadley
Length: 3.645 mi[1] (5.866 km)

US 1 Bus. / SR 4 Bus. in Wadley runs north through the heart of downtown, crossing US 319 and SR 78, while the main route of US 1 and SR 4 heads east around Wadley. US 1 Bus. was established in 1981, replacing the old mainline US 1 through Wadley, via Main Street.[6]

The entire route is in Wadley, Jefferson County.

Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
0.000 0.000 US 1 / SR 4 Southern terminus of US 1 Bus/SR 4 Bus
1.866 3.003 US 319 / SR 78 – Bartow, Midville
3.645 5.866 US 1 / SR 4 Northern terminus of US 1 Bus/SR 4 Bus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Louisville[edit]


U.S. Highway 1 Business
Location: Louisville
Length: 2.900 mi[1] (4.667 km)

US 1 Bus. / SR 4 Bus. in Louisville runs first northwest, then cuts northeast, concurrent with US 221 and SR 24, through the heart of downtown, while the main route of US 1 and SR 4 heads east through Louisville. US 1 Bus. was established in 1981, replacing the old mainline US 1 through Louisville, via Broad Street and Peachtree Street.[6]

The entire route is in Louisville, Jefferson County.

Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
0.000 0.000 US 1 / SR 4 Southern terminus of US 1 Bus/SR 4 Bus
1.607 2.586 US 221 west / SR 24 – Davisboro Western terminus of concurrency with US 221 and SR 24
1.990 3.203 SR 24 east – Waynesboro Eastern terminus of concurrency with SR 24
2.900 4.667 US 1 / US 221 / SR 4 Northern terminus of US 1 Bus/SR 4 Bus; eastern terminus of concurrency with US 221
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "County GIS Base map shapefiles/geodatabases (varies by county)". Georgia Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ State Highway Department of Georgia. State of Georgia System of State Roads (Map) (1920 ed.). http://www.dot.state.ga.us/maps/Documents/StateMaps/1920.pdf. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  3. ^ State Highway Department of Georgia. State of Georgia System of State Roads (Map) (May 17, 1926 ed.). http://www.dot.state.ga.us/maps/Documents/StateMaps/1926.pdf. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  4. ^ State Highway Department of Georgia. State of Georgia System of State Roads (Map) (October 1929 ed.). http://www.dot.state.ga.us/maps/Documents/StateMaps/1926.pdf. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  5. ^ State Highway Department of Georgia. State of Georgia System of State Roads (Map) (January 1932 ed.). http://www.dot.state.ga.us/maps/Documents/StateMaps/1932_01.pdf. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
  6. ^ a b c d "Business U.S. Highways US1 - US29". Retrieved March 4, 2011. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing


U.S. Route 1
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Florida
Georgia Next state:
South Carolina