U.S. Route 1 in Maine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the section of U.S. Route 1 in Maine. For the entire length of the highway, see U.S. Route 1.

U.S. Route 1 marker

U.S. Route 1
Route information
Maintained by MaineDOT
Length: 527 mi[1][2] (848 km)
Existed: 1926 – present
Major junctions
South end: US 1.svg US 1 in Portsmouth, NH
  I-95 (ME).svg I-95 in Kittery
I-195 (ME).svg I-195 in Saco
I-295 (ME).svg I-295 in Portland /Yarmouth
US 302.svgMA Route 100.svg US 302/SR 100 in Portland
Falmouth Spur (I-495) in Falmouth
MA Route 9.svg SR 9 in Calais
US 2.svg US 2 in Houlton
I-95 (ME).svg I-95 in Houlton
MA Route 161.svg SR 161 in Caribou
North end: NB 161.png Route 161 in Clair, NB
Location
Counties: York, Cumberland, Sagadahoc, Lincoln, Knox, Waldo, Hancock, Washington, Aroostook
Highway system

State Routes in Maine

I‑495 US 1A
Route 20 N.E. Route 25

In the U.S. state of Maine, U.S. Route 1 (US 1) is a major north–south state highway serving the eastern part of the state. It parallels the Atlantic Ocean from New Hampshire north through Portland, Brunswick, and Belfast to Calais, and then the St. Croix River and the rest of the Canadian border via Houlton to Fort Kent. The portion along the ocean, known as the Coastal Route, provides a scenic alternate to Interstate 95.

Route description[edit]

Route 1 enters Maine from New Hampshire by bridging the Piscataqua River at Kittery on the Memorial Bridge. However, this bridge was abruptly closed in July, 2011 due to structural defects with a new bridge planned to replace it. That new bridge opened in the summer of 2013. Following the sandy southern Maine coast, the highway bridges the Cape Neddick River in Cape Neddick, Josias River and Ogunquit River in Ogunquit, the Webhannet River in Wells, and Merriland River, Mousam River and Kennebunk River in Kennebunk. After bridging the Saco River between Biddeford and Saco the highway bridges the Nonesuch River in Scarborough.

In South Portland, US 1 merges with I-295 at exit 4 and continues north through downtown Portland to Tukey's Bridge, now on I-295, before separating at exit 9. The Charles Loring Highway is part of US 1 in Portland, Maine. Like Loring Air Force Base it is named for Charles J. Loring, Jr..

North of Portland, the highway bridges the Presumpscot River in Falmouth, the Royal River in Yarmouth, and the Cousins River in Freeport before following the Androscoggin River through Brunswick and crossing the Kennebec River on the Carlton Bridge between Bath and Woolwich. The section between Brunswick (at its junction with US 201) and Bath is a four lane freeway, and the route continues as a four lane expressway through most of Bath, then crosses on a two lane viaduct before becoming four lanes again on the bridge over the Kennebec River. It then becomes a three lane road (with center turning lane) through Woolwich and then reverts to two lanes after that as it continues north towards Wiscasset.

The highway bridges the Sheepscot River in Wiscasset, the Damariscotta River in Damariscotta, the Medomak River in Waldoboro, and the Saint George River in Thomaston before reaching Rockland.

In Rockland there is a bypass of downtown (US 1A) which travels along Broadway and Maverick Streets, while US 1 itself has a one way pair with Main Street and Union Street in the downtown Rockland area (Main Street traffic goes north with two lanes, while Union St. traffic is southbound).

The highway follows the coast of Penobscot Bay bridging the Goose River in Rockport, the Ducktrap River in Lincolnville, the Little River in Northport, and the Passagassawakeag River in Belfast before bridging the Penobscot River at Bucksport. The Atlantic coast is less frequently visible as the highway bridges the Orland River in Orland, the Union River in Ellsworth, Sullivan Harbor, the Narraguagus River in Cherryfield, the Harrington River in Harrington, the Pleasant River at Columbia Falls, the Indian River in Addison, and the Chandler River in Jonesboro.

The monument marking the northern terminus in Fort Kent, ME

After bridging the East Machias River and Machias River in Machias the highway turns inland along Passamaquoddy Bay to bridge the Orange River in Whiting, the Dennys River in Dennysville and the Pennamaquan River in Pembroke. The highway then follows the Saint Croix River through Calais and turns inland at Woodland. The interior route bridges Grand Falls Flowage at Princeton, the Meduxnekeag River in Houlton, the North Branch Meduxnekeag River in Monticello, and the Aroostook River in Presque Isle before following the Saint John River upstream from Van Buren to Fort Kent.

From Madawaska to its "northern" terminus at the Clair – Fort Kent Bridge in Fort Kent, US 1 North actually travels geographically south (see 47°18′56″N 68°22′39″W / 47.315552°N 68.37759°W / 47.315552; -68.37759). The route's most northerly geographic point is at its intersection with the Edmundston–Madawaska Bridge in Madawaska, across the Saint John River from Edmundston, New Brunswick, Canada.

History[edit]

US 1 south of Calais was initially part of the Atlantic Highway, and became Route 1 when the New England road marking system was established in 1922.[3] The northward continuation from Calais was later designated as part of Route 24. In the original plan, Route 24 was to run from Brunswick to Moosehead Lake in Greenville. By 1925, however, Maine had transferred the Route 24 designation to a completely new alignment on the eastern edge of the state, running from Calais to Madawaska at a border crossing with Edmundston, New Brunswick.

The initial 1925 plan for the U.S. Highway system took US 1 along the better-quality inland route (then Route 15)[4] between Bangor and Houlton, and placed US 2 on the coastal route.[5] This changed in the final 1926 plan, when the inland shortcut — now generally followed by Interstate 95 - became part of US 2.[6]

The Waldo-Hancock Bridge opened in 1931,[7] allowing US 1 to bypass Bangor; the old route became US 1A.

The portion between Portland and Brunswick was rebuilt, mainly as a four-lane divided highway, in the 1950s, and later absorbed into I-95 (now I-295). A freeway from Brunswick east to Bath was built in the 1960s.

Major junctions[edit]

County Location Mile km Exit Destinations Notes
York Kittery 0.00 0.00 US 1 south – Portsmouth Continuation into New Hampshire
0.6 1.0 SR 103 – Eliot, Navy Yard, Kittery Foreside
1.5 2.4 SR 236 south – Kittery Point Rotary
To I‑95 south (Maine Turnpike) to US 1 Bypass south (northbound only)
Southern terminus of concurrency with US 1 Bypass (southbound only)
1.7 2.7 SR 236 north / US 1 Bypass south – South Berwick, Eliot Northern terminus of concurrency with SR 236
Southern terminus of concurrency with US 1 Bypass
1.8 2.9 US 1 Bypass south – New Hampshire, Massachusetts Northern terminus of US 1 Bypass
Northern terminus of concurrency with US 1 Bypass (southbound only)
Southbound exit and northbound entrance only.
2.1 3.4 I‑95 / Maine Turnpike – Portland, Augusta, Portsmouth, Boston No southbound exit
Northbound entrance can only be accessed by US 1 south
Exit 3 on I-95 (Maine Turnpike)
2.4 3.9 SR 101 north – Eliot Southern terminus of SR 101
York 5.5 8.9 York River
6.7 10.8 SR 91 west – The Berwicks Eastern terminus of SR 91.
7.1 11.4 US 1A north – York Village, York Harbor, York Beach Southern terminus of US 1A
7.4 11.9 To I‑95 (Maine Turnpike) Exit 7 on I-95 (Maine Turnpike)
10.6 17.1 US 1A south – York Beach Northern terminus of US 1A
Ogunquit 14.2–
16.5
22.9–
26.6
No major intersections.
Wells 18.2 29.3 SR 9B west – North Berwick, Sanford Eastern terminus of SR 9B
20.2 32.5 SR 9 west / SR 109 north to I‑95 (Maine Turnpike) – Sanford Western terminus of first concurrency with SR 9
Southern terminus of SR 109
22.1 35.6 SR 9 east – Kennebunk, Kennebunkport Eastern terminus of first concurrency with SR 9
Kennebunk 25.0 40.2 SR 9A west / SR 99 west – Sanford Western terminus of concurrency with SR 9A
Eastern terminus of SR 99
25.4 40.9 SR 9A east / SR 35 to I‑95 (Maine Turnpike) – Kennebunkport Eastern terminus of concurrency with SR 9A.
Short wrong-way concurrency with SR 35
Arundel 26.6–
30.9
42.8–
49.7
No major junctions
Biddeford 31.7 51.0 Biddeford Connector To I‑95 (Maine Turnpike) to SR 111
32.9 52.9 SR 111 to I‑95 (Maine Turnpike) – Biddeford Pool, Alfred
Saco 34.8 56.0 SR 5 north / SR 9 north / SR 112 Northern terminus of wrong-way concurrency with SR 5
Southern terminus of SR 112
35.7 57.5 I‑195 / SR 5 south – Old Orchard Beach Exit 2A and 2B on I-195.
To I‑95 (Maine Turnpike) via I-195 west
Southern terminus of wrong-way concurrency with SR 5
38.3 61.6 SR 98 east – Old Orchard Beach Western terminus of SR 98
Cumberland Scarborough 40.5 65.2 SR 9 west – Pine Point, Old Orchard Beach Western terminus of second concurrency with SR 9
43.5 70.0 SR 114 north – Gorham
SR 207 east – Prouts Neck
Southern terminus of SR 114
Western terminus of SR 207
44.7 71.9 Scarborough Connector To I‑95 (Maine Turnpike) to I‑295 – Portland Southbound exit and northbound entrance only
South Portland 46.0 74.0 Maine Turnpike Approach To I‑95 (Maine Turnpike) to I‑295
46.2 74.4 SR 9 east Eastern terminus of concurrency with SR 9
47.7 76.8 4 I‑295 south – South Portland, Scarborough
Veterans Memorial Bridge To US 1A – Portland Waterfront
Southbound exit/northbound entrance only
Southern terminus of concurrency with I-295
Portland 49.0 78.9 5 US 1A north (Fore River Parkway) / SR 22 (Congress Street) – Rail - Bus Terminals Signed as exits 5A and 5B southbound
50.0 80.5 6 US 302 (Forest Avenue) / SR 100 Signed as exits 6A and 6B; US 1 removed from Forest Avenue in May 2007
50.5 81.3 7 US 1A south (Franklin Street) Northern terminus of US 1A
51.3 82.6 8 SR 26 (Washington Avenue, Baxter Blvd.) SR 26 concurency for about 14 mile (0.40 km)
52.0 83.7 9 I‑295 north – Falmouth, Brunswick Northern terminus of concurrency with I-295
Northbound exit/southbound entrance only
Presumpscot River 52.6 84.7 Martin Point Bridge
Cumberland Falmouth 53.9 86.7 SR 88 north Southern terminus of SR 88
55.0 88.5 Bucknam Road To I‑295 – West Falmouth
55.3 89.0 I‑495 west (Falmouth Spur) to I‑95 (Maine Turnpike) – Lewiston, Kittery
Cumberland 58.4 94.0 Tuttle Road To SR 88 – Cumberland Center, Cumberland Foreside Grade-separated.
Yarmouth 59.7 96.1 I‑295 – Freeport, Portland Exit 15 on I-295.
60.8 97.8 SR 115 – Yarmouth, Gray Interchange.
61.8 99.5 SR 88 south – Falmouth Northern terminus of SR 88
62.0 99.8 I‑295 – Brunswick, Portland Exit 17 on I-295
Freeport 65.4 105.3 Desert Road To I‑295 – Brunswick, Augusta, Portland
67.0 107.8 SR 125 north / SR 136 north to I‑295 – Portland, Auburn
68.5 110.2 I‑295 north – Brunswick Exit 24 on I-295
Northbound exit and entrance only
Brunswick 73.7 118.6 I‑295 – Freeport, Portland, Topsham, Augusta
75.5 121.5 US 201 / SR 24 (Maine Street) – Topsham First exit on freeway (exits are not numbered)
No access NB US 1 to NB US 201
Southern terminus of US 201
76.2 122.6 SR 196 west to SR 24 to I‑295 – Topsham, Lewiston Eastern terminus of SR 196.
78.2 125.9 SR 24 – Cook's Corner, Brunswick Executive Airport, Orr's-Bailey Islands
Sagadahoc West Bath 81.0 130.4 New Meadows Road – West Bath
Bath 82.7 133.1 Congress Avenue / Richardson Street
83.4 134.2 SR 209 south (High Street) – Phippsburg, Small Point, Sebasco Northern terminus of SR 209.
Kennebec River 84.0 135.2 Sagadahoc Bridge
Sagadahoc Woolwich 84.3 135.7 SR 127 south – Arrowsic, Georgetown, Reid State Park Interchange; Southern terminus of concurrency with SR 127.
84.6 136.2 SR 127 north (Middle Road) Northern terminus of concurrency with SR 127.
Lincoln Wiscasset 90.4 145.5 SR 144 – Westport
93.7 150.8 SR 27 north – Gardiner, Augusta Western terminus of wrong-way concurrency with SR 27
94.0 151.3 SR 218 (Federal Street)
Sheepscot River 94.4 151.9 Sheepscot Bridge
Lincoln Edgecomb 95.6 153.9 SR 27 south – Boothbay, Boothbay Harbor Eastern terminus of wrong-way concurrency with SR 27.
Newcastle 100.8 162.2
US 1 Bus. – Pemaquid Point, Pemaquid Beach, Damariscotta, Bristol
Interchange; Northbound exit and southbound entrance only
Southern terminus of US 1 Bus.
To SR 129 / SR 130 / SR 215
101.6 163.5 SR 215 – Newcastle, Damariscotta, Damariscotta Mills Interchange; Southbound exit and northbound entrance only
Damariscotta 103.2 166.1
US 1 Bus. – Bristol, South Bristol, Pemaquid, Damariscotta
Northern terminus of US 1 Bus.
Nobleboro 104.1–
108.1
167.5–
174.0
No major junctions
Waldoboro 110.8 178.3 SR 32 – Jefferson, Waldoboro
111.6 179.6 SR 220 – Washington, Friendship
112.5 181.1 SR 235 – Union, Hope
Knox Warren 117.2 188.6 SR 90 east – Camden, Rockport Western terminus of SR 90
120.4 193.8 SR 97 (Cushing Road)
Thomaston 121.6 195.7 SR 131 north – Union Western terminus of wrong-way concurrency with SR 131.
123.3 198.4 SR 131 south – St. George Eastern terminus of wrong-way concurrency with SR 131
Rockland 126.3 203.3 US 1A (Broadway) Southern terminus of US 1A
126.7 203.9 SR 73 south (Main Street) Northern terminus of SR 73.
127.7 205.5 US 1A / SR 17 – Union Northern terminus of US 1A.
Rockport 132.9 213.9 SR 90 west – Warren Eastern terminus of SR 90.
Camden 134.9 217.1 SR 105 – Hope, Appleton
135.1 217.4 SR 52 – Lincolnville Center
Waldo Lincolnville 140.7 226.4 SR 173 (Beach Road)
Northport 142.3–
150.4
229.0–
242.0
No major junctions.
Belfast 153.0 246.2 SR 52 – Lincolnville Center
153.4 246.9 SR 3 west – Belfast, Augusta Interchange; Western terminus of concurrency with SR 3
154.0 247.8 SR 7 / SR 137 – Belfast, Brooks, Freedom Interchange; Southbound exit and northbound entrance via High St
154.7 249.0 SR 141 – Swanville
Searsport 157.1–
163.4
252.8–
263.0
No major junctions
Stockton Springs 164.2 264.3 US 1A – Winterport, Bangor Southern terminus of US 1A
Prospect 170.3 274.1 SR 174 – Fort Knox
Penobscot River 170.5 274.4 Penobscot Narrows Bridge
Hancock Verona Island 170.5–
171.7
274.4–
276.3
No major junctions
Bucksport 171.8 276.5 SR 15 north – Downtown Bucksport, Bangor Western terminus of wrong-way concurrency with SR 15
Orland 172.9 278.3 SR 46 – Dedham, East Holden
173.5 279.2 SR 175 – Orland, Castine
176.1 283.4 SR 15 south – Penobscot, Blue Hill, Deer Isle Eastern terminus of wrong-way concurrency with SR 15
180.3 290.2 SR 176 – Surry
Ellsworth 190.6 306.7 SR 172 – Blue Hill, Surry
190.8 307.1 SR 230 (Water Street)
191.1 307.5 US 1A – Bangor Northern terminus of US 1A
192.1 309.2 SR 3 east – Bar Harbor, Acadia National Park Eastern terminus of concurrency with SR 3
193.0 310.6 SR 184 – Lamoine
Hancock 196.8 316.7 SR 182 – Cherryfield
Sullivan 203.3 327.2 SR 200 – Franklin
204.3 328.8 SR 185 – Sorrento
205.9 331.4 SR 183 – Tunk Lake
Gouldsboro 209.3 336.8 SR 186 – Winter Harbor
210.6 338.9 SR 195 – Prospect Harbor, Corea
212.5 342.0 SR 186 – Prospect Harbor, Winter Harbor
Washington Steuben 215.8–
220.9
347.3–
355.5
No major junctions
Milbridge 222.8 358.6 US 1A – Calais, Machias, Harrington Southern terminus of US 1A
Cherryfield 227.8 366.6 SR 182 – Ellsworth
227.9 366.8 SR 193 – Deblois
Harrington 234.4 377.2 US 1A – Milbridge, Ellsworth Northern terminus of US 1A
Columbia 235.2–
237.8
378.5–
382.7
No major junctions
Columbia Falls 240.0 386.2 SR 187 – Addison, Jonesport, Beals
Jonesboro 245.8 395.6 SR 187 – Jonesport, Beals Island
248.9 400.6 US 1A – Whitneyville Southern terminus of US 1A
Whitneyville 250.9–
252.3
403.8–
406.0
No major junctions
Machias 254.6 409.7 SR 92 – Machiasport
254.7 409.9 SR 192 (Colonial Way)
255.1 410.5 US 1A – Whitneyville
East Machias 258.8 416.5 SR 191 north – Baring Western terminus of wrong-way concurrency with SR 191.
258.9 416.7 SR 191 south – Cutler Eastern terminus of wrong-way concurrency with SR 191
Whiting 271.5 436.9 SR 189 – Lubec
Dennysville 280.9 452.1 SR 86 – Dennysville
Pembroke 285.4 459.3 SR 214 – Meddybemps
Perry 292.0 469.9 SR 190 – Pleasant Point, Eastport
Robbinston 297.4–
303.2
478.6–
488.0
No major junctions
Calais 312.4 502.8 SR 9 east – St. Stephen, NB, International Border Eastern terminus of concurrency with SR 9
314.6 506.3 International Avenue– To Route 1 – St. Stephen, St. John All commercial vehicles to Canada
Baring 318.1 511.9 SR 191 – Machias
Baileyville 319.3 513.9 SR 9 west – Bangor Western terminus of concurrency with SR 9
Topsfield 348.6 561.0 SR 6 – Lincoln, Vanceboro, St. Croix NB, Springfield
Danforth 369.0 593.8 SR 169 – Prentiss, Springfield
Aroostook Houlton 402.9 648.4 US 2 east – Woodstock NB Southern terminus of concurrency with US 2
403.0 648.6 US 2A – Bangor
403.2 648.9 US 2 west – Island Falls Northern terminus of concurrency with US 2
404.0 650.2 I‑95 – Woodstock NB, Bangor Exit 302 on I-95
Mars Hill 430.5 692.8 US 1A – Fort Fairfield Southern terminus of US 1A
Presque Isle 444.7 715.7 SR 10 – Easton
445.3 716.6 SR 167 – Fort Fairfield
446.1 717.9 SR 163 – Ashland, Fort Fairfield
446.5 718.6 SR 164 – Washburn
Caribou 452.6 728.4 SR 164 – Caribou
455.5 733.1 SR 161 south / SR 161B (Fort Street) – Fort Fairfield Southern terminus of concurrency with SR 161
456.1 734.0 SR 89 west to SR 164 / SR 228 – Caribou Business District Southern terminus of concurrency with SR 89
456.5 734.7 SR 161 north – Van Buren Northern terminus of concurrency with SR 161
456.8 735.1 SR 89 east – Limestone Northern terminus of concurrency with SR 89
458.2 737.4 SR 161
Van Buren 477.9 769.1 US 1A – Hamlin
Bridge Street– To Route 2 (TCH) – Saint-Léonard
Northern terminus of US 1A
Madawaska 502.7 809.0 Bridge Street– To Route 2 (TCH) – Edmundston
Frenchville 509.8 820.4 SR 162 – St. Agatha
Fort Kent 521.7 839.6 SR 161 south – Caribou Southern terminus of concurrency with SR 161
522.2 840.4 SR 11 (Aroostook Road)
522.6 841.0 SR 161 north – Allagash Northern terminus of concurrency with SR 161
522.7 841.2 Route 161 north – Clair International Bridge over Saint John River;
Northern terminus of US 1
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

  1. ^ Maine State Route Log via floodgap.com
  2. ^ American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, United States Numbered Highways, 1989 Edition
  3. ^ New York Times, Motor Sign Uniformity, April 16, 1922, p. 98
  4. ^ Rand McNally Auto Road Atlas, 1926, accessed via the Broer Map Library
  5. ^ Report of Joint Board on Interstate Highways, October 30, 1925, Approved by the Secretary of Agriculture, November 18, 1925
  6. ^ United States System of Highways, November 11, 1926
  7. ^ Maine Department of Transportation, Waldo-Hancock Bridge, accessed October 2007


U.S. Route 1
Previous state:
New Hampshire
Maine Next state:
Terminus