U.S. Route 209

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from U.S. Route 209 in New York)
Jump to: navigation, search

U.S. Route 209 marker

U.S. Route 209
Route information
Auxiliary route of US 9
Maintained by PennDOT and NYSDOT
Length: 211.74 mi[2][3] (340.76 km)
Existed: 1926[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: PA 147 in Millersburg, PA
  I-81 near Tremont, PA
I-476 / Penna Turnpike NE Extension near Weissport, PA
I-80 in Stroudsburg, PA
US 6 in Milford, PA
I-84 in Matamoras, PA
US 6 in Port Jervis, NY
US 44 / NY 55 near Kerhonkson, NY
North end: US 9W / NY 199 in Ulster, NY
Location
States: Pennsylvania, New York
Counties: PA: Dauphin, Schuylkill, Carbon, Monroe, Pike
NY: Orange, Sullivan, Ulster
Highway system
PA 208 PA PA 210
NY 208 NY NY 210

U.S. Route 209 (US 209) is a 211.74-mile (340.76 km) long U.S. Highway in the states of Pennsylvania and New York. Although the route is a spur of US 9, US 209 never intersects US 9, making the connection via US 9W instead. The southern terminus of the route is at Pennsylvania Route 147 (PA 147) in Millersburg, Pennsylvania. The northern terminus is at US 9W north of Kingston in Ulster, New York, where the road continues east as New York State Route 199 (NY 199).

US 209 is one of the original highways in the 1926 U.S. Highway System plan. In Pennsylvania, the highway travels through the length of the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area, along the middle part of the Lehigh Valley (through Jim Thorpe and along parts of the defunct historic Lehigh Canal and Lehigh Valley Railroad) then over the divide near Nesquehoning into the Schuylkill Valley (along Panther Creek). Similarly, for part of its route in New York, US 209 runs alongside the defunct Delaware and Hudson Canal, which ran from Port Jervis to Kingston,[4] in each case, following the old land road connections connecting the Anthracite fields of Northeastern Pennsylvania with the industries and heating customers in New York City.

US 209 was assigned as part of the establishment of the U.S. Highway System in 1926. The route was initially an intrastate highway contained entirely within the state of Pennsylvania. It began at an intersection with US 11 (now US 22 / US 322) in Clarks Ferry (east of Duncannon) and ended at U.S. Route 6 in Milford.[1] US 209 was extended northward to US 9W in Kingston, New York, c. 1935[5][6] and truncated to Millersburg, Pennsylvania, by 1938.[7] The portion of US 209 in New York north of Port Jervis was previously designated as US 6 from 1926 to 1928 and U.S. Route 6N from 1928 to 1933.[8]

US 209 was realigned onto limited-access highways in two locations along its routing during the 1960s. In Kingston, New York, construction began on a highway bypassing downtown to the northwest in the early 1960s. The highway began at US 209 south of the city and ended at US 9W north of downtown Kingston.[9][10] It opened to traffic as a realignment of US 209 by 1964. In Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, US 209 was moved onto a pair of new expressways south and east of the borough in the 1960s. US 209's former routing into Stroudsburg was redesignated as US 209 Business.[11][12]

Route description[edit]

Lengths
  mi km
PA 150.60[2] 242.37
NY 61.14[3] 98.40
Total 211.74 340.76

Although signed as a north–south route in both states for its entire length, 209 actually runs closer to east–west along its southern sections in Pennsylvania, only gently trending northward. Only at Stroudsburg does it begin to turn more to the north as it begins to follow the Delaware River. In New York it runs almost due northeast for its entire length.

Much of the highway in both states is a two-lane road, running through narrow mountain valleys, but there are expressway portions. In Pennsylvania, one near Stroudsburg connects concurrencies with PA 33 and Interstate 80 (I-80); in New York, the north end is an expressway.

Millersburg to Jim Thorpe[edit]

US 209 northbound in Tower City

From Millersburg, 209 runs alongside the Berry Mountain ridge into Schuylkill County, finally climbing a valley headwall near Tower City to intersect I-81 on the other side, then continues on to Tremont. Beyond that, the generally straight route starts to curve a little more frequently into Pottsville, after which it follows the upper Schuylkill as it heads into lightly populated coal mining regions such as Port Carbon, Cumbola, New Philadelphia, and Middleport on its way to Tamaqua.


Several miles beyond, it crosses into Carbon County at Lansford, where it nestles between Nesquehoning, Sharpe and Pisgah mountains until it finally turns slightly to the north just before Nesquehoning. From there it follows the Nesquehoning Creek valley down to the Lehigh River, which 209 follows southeasterly through Jim Thorpe to Lehighton. At the south end of the town, it crosses the river and resumes its north-trending eastward course, which brings it presently to an interchange at I-476, the Pennsylvania Turnpike's northeast extension.

Jim Thorpe to Matamoras[edit]

Route 209 as it passes through Matamoras, concurrent with US 6.

Once again, there are no major settlements along 209 as it heads through isolated valleys, this time with more agricultural use evident, into Monroe County and eventually to its absorption into Route 33. Business 209 leaves the road at Sciota for travelers wishing to bypass the expressway.

At the next exit, 209 takes its own short branch of expressway several miles to I-80 just outside Stroudsburg. It stays with the interstate through the city and neighboring East Stroudsburg, leaving to the north at one of the last exits before the state line.

From this point on, 209 runs much more northerly, reconnecting with Business 209 after several miles and taking its more firmly northeast bearing to eventually run along the Delaware River shortly after entering Pike County, its last in the state. This 20-mile (32 km) segment provides access to New Jersey via toll bridges at Dingman's Bridge and Milford Crossing, where US 206 comes to its northern end. Just beyond the latter bridge, the road reaches Milford, where US 6 joins it.

The Mid-Delaware Bridge, taking Route 209, along with Route 6, from Pennsylvania (right) into New York.

The two highways eventually start to run alongside I-84, and development picks up as they approach Matamoras, the easternmost town in the state. After crossing under the interstate at its final Pennsylvania interchange, they form the borough's Main Street and cross into New York via the Mid-Delaware Bridge.

Mid-Delaware Bridge to Kingston[edit]

6 and 209 remain concurrent as they enter Port Jervis, but after less than a mile 209 strikes out to the northeast again on its own. After leaving the city, it enters the valley between the Shawangunk Ridge and the Catskill Plateau to its west, following the Neversink River until crossing it just prior to the hamlet of Cuddebackville. While the scenery is often spectacular, the settlements along the road are few, with only one blinker between Port Jervis and the Sullivan County line. At Wurtsboro, shortly after the NY 17 (future I-86) interchange, the first light is finally reached.

The Delaware and Hudson Canal, seen from the highway here in New York's Sullivan County.

The road follows along some of the old Delaware and Hudson Canal, a National Historic Landmark and passes Wurtsboro Airport, out of the county into Ulster County, and eventually reaches another village, more bustling Ellenville. Just past it, in the hamlet of Napanoch, it picks up its first concurrency partner since route 6, NY 55. These two routes run together as Rondout Creek crosses and eventually runs alongside the road.

At another small hamlet, Kerhonkson, 55 leaves to join US 44 at the latter's western terminus. 44 and 55 offer access ultimately to Poughkeepsie, 30 miles (48 km) to the east. The valley begins to widen as another road, NY 213, joins for a mile before leaving at a blinker in downtown Stone Ridge. To the north, the road eventually widens into four lanes, then four divided lanes as the freeway begins just short of NY 28 just west of Kingston, just inside the Catskill Park.

After turning to the east again, 209 crosses the New York State Thruway but does not have an exit. The eastbound highway remains an expressway to the Kingston–Rhinecliff Bridge. Route 209, however, does not make it that far, becoming NY 199 where it crosses over US 9W.

History[edit]

US 209 follows a straight, northeasterly course for almost its entire length within New York. This corridor, first used for long-distance transport by the Old Mine Road in colonial times and then the historic Delaware and Hudson Canal in the early 19th century, keeps it in the scenic valley between the Catskill Plateau and the Shawangunk Ridge. Except for the expressway at the northern end—the remnant of a much more ambitious plan to make the entire roadway one[13]—US 209 remains a two-lane rural road for much of its length in the state. The small communities along it are separated by great distances, and the road is a vital access link.

Pennsylvania[edit]

Before the advent of the U.S. Highway System, the alignment of US 209 in Pennsylvania carried several designations. On May 31, 1911, as part of the Sproul Road Bill,[14] the highway was assigned several Legislative Route numbers, each corresponding to a specific section of what would become US 209. The segment of the route from Duncannon north to Millersburg was part of Legislative Route 1. From Millersburg east to Pottsville, the highway was referenced as LR 199. Between Pottsville and Lehighton, the road carried LR 162. The section connecting Lehighton to Stroudsburg was given LR 164. Lastly, the segment from Stroudsburg to Milford was designated LR 167. The future US 6 / US 209 concurrency between Milford and the state line carried LR 8.[15]

The US 209 freeway between PA 33 and I-80 in Monroe County

The Pennsylvania portion of US 209 dates back to the formation of the U.S. Highway System in 1926. At the time, US 209 began at US 11 (today US 22 / US 322) east of Duncannon and ended at US 6 in Milford. Northeast of Milford, US 6 continued alone to Matamoras and across the Delaware River into New York.[1] Between Duncannon and Millersburg, US 209 was routed along the eastern banks of the Susquehanna River on what is now PA 147.[16] In the Poconos, US 209 ran along the modern US 209 Business.[17] US 209 was extended northward to Kingston, New York, c. 1935, creating an overlap with US 6 from Milford to the state line.[5][6] Meanwhile, US 209 was truncated by 1938 to end in Millersburg while the former routing of US 209 from Clarks Ferry to Millersburg became part of an extended US 15.[7]

In the 1960s, the routing of US 209 was altered in the vicinity of Stroudsburg. At what is now the interchange between US 209 and US 209 Business, US 209 broke from its previous alignment and continued east to a newly built freeway (modern PA 33). PA 115, which was concurrent with US 209 from Brodheadsville to the freeway, continued south on the expressway while US 209 proceeded north. At the present-day split between PA 33 and US 209, US 209 followed the east fork, leaving the west fork with no designation. US 209 then followed its current alignment around Stroudsburg, running concurrent to I-80 from exit 46A to exit 52 (now exits 304 and 309, respectively). It left I-80 at exit 52 and rejoined its previous alignment northeast of the borough. The old alignment through the borough was redesignated as US 209 Business. Part of US 209's new alignment east of Stroudsburg was previously part of PA 402.[11][18] By 1972, PA 115 was truncated to Brodheadsville and the length of the north–south freeway near Stroudsburg was designated PA 33, overlapping US 209 for roughly two miles.[19]

Signage of US 209 closed at Route 739 in Dingmans Ferry in November 2011

The National Park Service began the rule of no trucks along the Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area on US 209 in August 1983. The bill was passed by President Ronald Reagan on the 1st of the month.[20] It was projected to begin in April 1983, but the bill was delayed 180 days.[21] In 1995, commercial vehicles began running in the area again, as long as they pay fee at two toll booths, one in Bushkill and one just south of downtown Milford.[22] Prices began in 1995 and charged from $3.00 for 2-axles to $18.00 for 5 or more axles.[23]

After rains from Hurricane Irene in August and Tropical Storm Lee in September, the grounds under the highway were saturated and after a landslide occurred on October 21, the National Park Service closed US 209 between PA 739 in Dingmans Ferry and the North Contact Station just south of the Milford–Montague Toll Bridge. Due to the approach of winter, the National Park Service can only get engineering done with outside contractors.[24] The detour set in place takes motorists across the Dingmans Ferry Bridge and Old Mine Road or via PA 739 and State Route 2001 (Milford Road) to access Milford.[25] Delaware Township has asked the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation to keep PA 739 near US 209 clear of snow, due to the importance of the intersection. However, Route 209 was slated to be closed through the winter and likely into summer of 2012.[24] The project was then slated to be finished in the fall of 2012, a delay from the original spring/summer repair.[26]

The project was completed on November 21, 2012 and US 209 was re-opened to traffic. With the construction, new guard rails were instituted and the road was stabilized and repaved. The reconstruction of the McDade Recreational Trail was slated for completion in the Spring 2013.[27]

Marshalls Creek Bypass[edit]

Marshalls Creek Bypass under construction

The junction where US 209 intersects with PA 402 in the hamlet of Marshalls Creek (within Middle Smithfield Township) was plagued with traffic for several decades. In 1990, studies were launched to investigate construction of a new bypass of the hamlet. The new bypass was approved in October 2004 and was originally projected to cost $70 million (2004 USD).[28] The bypass was designed to be 3.5 miles (5.6 km) in length and have an asphalt surface. Nine new signalized intersections were proposed for the bypass construction: seven on US 209, one on PA 402, and one on River Road. The first of three phases of construction was completed in mid-2007 and cost $14.2 million. Phase two, which was projected to start in fall of 2007, was originally projected to cost $17 million for constructing a new 400-space park and ride lot on US 209 and relocating Oak Grove Drive and Mount Nebo Roads,[29] was completed in 2009 at only a cost of $6.3 million.[30]

The third stage of construction of the bypass was originally projected to be completed in late 2012, but opened on June 11, 2012 with a ribbon cutting ceremony. With the opening, US 209 was realigned onto the new bypass, US 209 Business was extended from Seven Bridges Road to the new US 209 interchange east of Marshalls Creek and old US 209 along Seven Bridges Road was renumbered to State Route 1019 (SR 1019).[31] Upon opening, Seven Bridges Road will be closed for two to three months for bridge replacement, while the junction with US 209 Business is reconstructed. That portion of the project is slated for completion in early 2013, with a final stage three cost of $18.2 million.[32]

New York[edit]

In the mid-1920s, a highway connecting PA 7 at Port Jervis to NY 10 (now US 9W) in Kingston via Wurtsboro and Napanoch was designated as NY 50.[33][34] In 1927, the first official route log published by AASHO included the NY 50 alignment as part of US 6. A year later, AASHO modified the definition of US 6, placing the route along a new alignment further south in the state. In turn, the Port Jervis–Kingston highway was redesignated US 6N. The designation remained in place until 1933, when it was removed[35] due to a conflict with another US 6N in Pennsylvania.[disputed ] The former US 6N was then redesignated as NY 279.[5] The road changed designations for the final time c. 1935, rejoining the U.S. Highway System and becoming part of an extended US 209.[5][36]

The portion of US 209 south of Kingston has remained virtually unchanged, with the exception of local realignments. Two such reroutings were in the vicinity of the hamlets of Spring Glen and Napanoch, where US 209 was initially routed on Phillipsport Road and Main Street, respectively.[36] US 209 was realigned to bypass Napanoch c. 1962,[37][38] by which time construction had begun on a bypass of Spring Glen.[39] It was opened to traffic by 1964.[40]

US 209 initially entered Kingston on what is now Old Route 209 and Hurley Avenue. Within the city, the route followed North Front Street, and Clinton, Albany, and Ulster Avenues to a terminus at East Chester Street (US 9W). At the time, US 209 had an overlap with NY 32 from Broadway to Flatbush Avenue.[7] Construction began in the early 1960s on a new limited-access highway bypassing downtown Kingston to the northwest. The highway began at US 209 south of Hurley and ended at an interchange with US 9W north of Kingston and south of Lake Katrine, where it met the western terminus of NY 199.[39][41] The new route was completed by 1964 and became a realignment of US 209.[42]

Major intersections[edit]

State County Location Mile[2][43] km Destinations Notes
Pennsylvania Dauphin Millersburg 0.00 0.00 PA 147 (Market Street)
0.45 0.72 PA 25 east (Johnson Street) Western terminus of PA 25
Elizabethville 8.06 12.97 PA 225 (Market Street)
Schuylkill Tower City 22.87 36.81 PA 325 west (10th Street) Eastern terminus of PA 325
Tremont Township 29.04 46.74 I-81 (American Legion Memorial Highway) – Hazleton, Harrisburg Exit 107 (I-81)
31.76 51.11 PA 125 north (Spring Street) South end of PA 125 concurrency
32.05 51.58 PA 125 south (Swatara Avenue) to I-81 south – Pine Grove North end of PA 125 concurrency
Reilly Township 34.53 55.57 PA 25 west (West Pine Street) to I-81 – Hegins Eastern terminus of PA 25
Norwegian Township 40.66 65.44 PA 901 west (Minersville–Pottsville Highway) – Minersville South end of PA 901 concurrency
Pottsville 41.52 66.82 PA 901 east (Gordon Nagle Trail) – Cressona North end of PA 901 concurrency
44.33 71.34 PA 61 (Claude A. Lord Boulevard) – St. Clair, Reading, Harrisburg
Tamaqua 59.90 96.40 PA 309 (North Railroad / Center Street) – Hazleton, Allentown
Carbon Lansford 65.20 104.93 PA 902 east (Spring Garden Street) Western terminus of PA 902
Nesquehoning 69.68 112.14 PA 54 west (Stock Street) – Mahanoy City Eastern terminus of PA 54
71.27 114.70 PA 93 north (Hunter Street) Southern terminus of PA 93
Jim Thorpe 74.21 119.43 PA 903 east (River Street) – Lake Harmony, Blakeslee Western terminus of PA 903
Lehighton 78.47 126.29 PA 443 west (Blakeslee Boulevard) – Tamaqua Eastern terminus of PA 443
Weissport 78.79 126.80 PA 248 east (Parryville Bypass) – Allentown, Easton Western terminus of PA 248
Franklin Township 80.54 129.62 I-476 / Penna Turnpike NE Extension – Scranton, Allentown Exit 74 (I-476 / Turnpike)
Monroe Polk Township 90.98 146.42 PA 534 west (Merriwill Lane) – Jonas, Hickory Run Eastern terminus of PA 534
Chestnuthill Township 96.42 155.17 PA 115 north Southern terminus of PA 115
96.69 155.61 PA 715 north – McMichaels, Reeders, Tannersville Southern terminus of PA 715
South end of freeway section
Hamilton Township 100.96 162.48
US 209 Bus. north (Hamilton East Road) – Sciota
Southern terminus of US 209 Business
101.88 163.96 PA 33 south – Bethlehem, Easton US 209 joins PA 33 northbound and leaves southbound
103.55 166.65 Snydersville (Manor Drive)
104.27 167.81 PA 33 north – Bartonsville PA 33 leaves northbound and joins southbound
Stroud Township 108.43 174.50 I-80 west – Hazleton US 209 joins I-80 northbound and leaves southbound; exit 304 (I-80)
Stroudsburg 108.80 175.10
US 209 Bus. (Main Street)
Exit 305 (I-80)
109.44 176.13 Dreher Avenue Westbound exit and eastbound entrance; exit 306 (I-80)
109.90 176.87 PA 611 (Park Avenue) to PA 191 Eastbound exit and entrance; exit 307 (I-80)
110.40 177.67 PA 191 (Broad Street) Westbound exit and entrance; exit 307 (I-80)
East Stroudsburg 111.11 178.81 East Stroudsburg (Prospect Street) Exit 308 (I-80)
Smithfield Township 112.43 180.94 I-80 east – Delaware Water Gap US 209 leaves I-80 northbound and joins southbound; exit 309 (I-80)
North end of freeway section
112.70 181.37 PA 447 north (Independence Road) Southern terminus of PA 447

US 209 Bus. south (Milford Road)
Northern terminus of US 209 Business
Pike Delaware Township 135.67 218.34 PA 739 (Bethany and Dingmans Choice Turnpike) Southern terminus of PA 739
Dingman Township 143.07 230.25 US 206 south (Milford-Montague Toll Bridge) – New Jersey Northern terminus of US 206
Milford 143.91 231.60 US 6 west (Milford Street) South end of US 6 overlap
Westfall Township 149.28 240.24 I-84 – Scranton, Port Jervis Exit 53 (I-84)
Delaware River 150.60
0.00
242.37
0.00
Mid-Delaware Bridge
Pennsylvania–New York state line
New York Orange Port Jervis 0.61 0.98 NY 42 / NY 97 north Southern terminus of NY 42 and NY 97
0.86 1.38 US 6 east North end of US 6 overlap
Deerpark 8.91 14.34 NY 211 east Hamlet of Cuddebackville; western terminus of NY 211
Sullivan Mamakating 17.60 28.32 NY 17 Exit 113 (NY 17)
Ulster Ellenville 30.80 49.57 NY 52 NY 52 intersects at both Canal and Center streets
Wawarsing 32.54 52.37 NY 55 west – Grahamsville Hamlet of Napanoch; southern terminus of US 209 / NY 55 overlap
36.92 59.42 US 44 / NY 55 east – Poughkeepsie Northern terminus of US 209 / NY 55 overlap; western terminus of US 44
Marbletown 47.59 76.59 NY 213 east – Rosendale, High Falls Southern terminus of US 209 / NY 213 overlap
48.43 77.94 NY 213 west – Olivebridge Hamlet of Stone Ridge; northern terminus of US 209 / NY 213 overlap
South end of freeway section
Ulster 57.51 92.55 NY 28 to I-87 / New York Thruway – Pine Hill, Kingston Access to I-87 / Thruway at exit 18 via NY 28 eastbound
59.81 96.25 CR 31 (Sawkill Road)
60.57 97.48 CR 157 (Enterprise Drive)
61.14 98.40 US 9W – Kingston, Saugerties
61.14 98.40 NY 199 east – Rhinecliff Bridge Continuation beyond US 9W
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

US 209 Business[edit]


U.S. Route 209 Business
Location: Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania
Existed: 1962–present

U.S. Route 209 Business is a business route of US 209 in eastern Pennsylvania. The southern terminus of the route is at US 209 in the Hamilton Township hamlet of Sciota. The northern terminus is at US 209 in the Smithfield Township hamlet of Marshalls Creek. US 209 Business is the lone auxiliary route of US 209 in Pennsylvania.

US 209 Business was US 209 until 1962 when US 209 was moved onto I-80 between Marshalls Creek and present-day I-80 exit 305 in Stroudsburg, allowing US 209 Business to occupy the former alignment of US 209. US 209 Business was extended southward to its current southern terminus in 1964 when US 209 was relocated onto a bypass paralleling its former alignment between Stroudsburg and Sciota. In 1966, the portion of this bypass from the mile long connecting freeway to what was US 611 up to what is now exit 305 became designated as Interstate 80 as well as US 209 and the two routes run concurrently today.

Major intersections
The entire route is in Monroe County.

Location Mile km Destinations Notes
Hamilton Township US 209 Interchange
PA 33 north – Bartonsville Interchange
Stroudsburg I-80 / US 209 – Hazleton, Delaware Water Gap Exit 305 (I-80 / US 209)
PA 611 north (9th Street) South end of PA 611 concurrency
PA 611 south (7th Street) to I-80 North end of PA 611 concurrency
PA 191 south (4th Street) South end of PA 191 concurrency southbound
PA 191 north (4th Street) North end of PA 191 concurrency southbound
East Stroudsburg PA 447 south (6th Street) South end of PA 447 concurrency
PA 447 north (Paradise Trail) North end of PA 447 concurrency
Smithfield Township PA 402 north (Resica Falls Road) – Resica Falls, Hawley Southern terminus of PA 402
US 209 (Milford Road/Marshalls Creek Bypass)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi


See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c United States Department of Agriculture (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways (Map).
  2. ^ a b c Calculated using DeLorme Street Atlas USA software
  3. ^ a b "2007 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. July 25, 2008. Retrieved June 16, 2009. 
  4. ^ Haufrecht, Herbert; Norman Studer and Norman Cazden (1982). Folk Songs of the Catskills. SUNY Press. ISBN 0-87395-580-3. 
  5. ^ a b c d Gulf Refining Co. (1934). Rand McNally Official Road Map of New Jersey (Map).
  6. ^ a b Sun Oil Company (1935). Road Map & Historical Guide – New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  7. ^ a b c Thibodeau, William A. (1938). The ALA Green Book (1938–39 ed.). Automobile Legal Association. 
  8. ^ Richard F. Weingroff. "U.S. 6 – The Grand Army of the Republic Highway". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved June 16, 2009. 
  9. ^ Gulf (1960). New York and New Jersey Tourgide Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  10. ^ Sinclair (1962). New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  11. ^ a b Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1960). Official Map of Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1960fr.pdf. Retrieved June 15, 2009.
  12. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1970). Official Map of Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1970fr.pdf. Retrieved June 15, 2009.
  13. ^ Anderson, Steve. "Catskill Expressway (US 209 and NY 199)". NYCRoads. Retrieved March 30, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Department of Highways". Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  15. ^ Breuker and Kessler, Co. (1911) (PDF). Map of Pennsylvania showing state highways as adopted under the Sproul Road Bill (Map). Cartography by Ralph C. Benedict and Charles W. Erisman. ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1911.pdf. Retrieved June 15, 2009.
  16. ^ Automobile Blue Book (central Pennsylvania) 3. Automobile Blue Book Inc. 1929. p. 45. Retrieved June 15, 2009. 
  17. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1930). Tourist Map of Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1930fr.pdf. Retrieved June 15, 2009.
  18. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways (1970). Official Map of Pennsylvania (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1970fr.pdf. Retrieved June 15, 2009.
  19. ^ PennDOT (1972) (PDF). Monroe County Map (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_PDF_FILES/Maps/Type_10_GHS_Historical_Scans/Monroe_1972.pdf. Retrieved 2007-07-14.
  20. ^ "Truck Ban Begins On US 209". Philadelphia Inquirer. August 2, 1983. Retrieved 2007-07-14. 
  21. ^ "Truck ban on US 209 is delayed for 180 days". The Philadelphia Inquirer. April 21, 1983. Retrieved 2007-07-14. 
  22. ^ "Bill would allow trucks on Route 209 in the Gap". Philadelphia Accident Lawyers. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  23. ^ "Commercial Vehicle Fees on Rt. 209 PA". Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. Washington D.C.: National Park Service. 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  24. ^ a b Brelje, Beth (November 16, 2011). "Route 209 detour in Pike County in place for at least 6 months". The Pocono Record. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  25. ^ Becker, Peter (November 14, 2011). "Rt. 209 closure to last into Spring". The News Eagle. Retrieved 17 November 2011. 
  26. ^ "Area and Road Closures". Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area. Washington D.C.: National Park Service. 15 June 2012. Retrieved 17 June 2012. 
  27. ^ Sandt, Kathleen (November 20, 2012). "Rt. 209 Reopens through Park for Holidays". Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area (Press release). National Park Service. Retrieved January 16, 2013. 
  28. ^ "Monroe County, Pa., bypass gets approval". The Morning Call. October 25, 2004. Retrieved 2007-07-14. 
  29. ^ "Project Fact Sheet". Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2007-07-14. 
  30. ^ "Project Overview". Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. 2012. Retrieved 2012-06-16. 
  31. ^ "Marshalls Creek bypass roundabout fully open". Pocono Record (Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania: Dow Jones Local Media Group, Inc). 2012-06-15. Retrieved 2012-06-16. 
  32. ^ "Marshalls Creek Bypass Is Open to Traffic" (Press release). Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. 2012-06-12. Retrieved 2012-06-16. 
  33. ^ "New York's Main Highways Designated by Numbers". The New York Times. December 21, 1924. p. XX9. 
  34. ^ Automobile Blue Book: Standard Touring Guide of America 1 (1926 ed.). Chicago: Automobile Blue Books, Inc. 
  35. ^ Weingroff, Richard F. (July 27, 2009). "U.S. 6 – The Grand Army of the Republic Highway". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved July 20, 2010. 
  36. ^ a b Sun Oil Company (1935). Road Map & Historical Guide – New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  37. ^ Sunoco (1961). New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by H.M. Gousha Company (1961–62 ed.).
  38. ^ Esso (1962). New York with Sight-Seeing Guide (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  39. ^ a b Sinclair Oil Corporation (1962). New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  40. ^ Sinclair Oil Corporation (1964). New York and Metropolitan New York (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  41. ^ Gulf Oil Company (1960). New York and New Jersey Tourgide Map (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  42. ^ United States Geological Survey (1980). Kingston West Quadrangle – New York – Ulster Co. (Map). 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series (Topographic). http://gis.ny.gov/gisdata/quads/drg24/usgspreview/index.cfm?code=o41074h1. Retrieved June 15, 2009.
  43. ^ "2008 Traffic Volume Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. pp. 187–188. Retrieved February 1, 2010. 

External links[edit]