U.S. Route 222

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U.S. Route 222 marker

U.S. Route 222
Route information
Length: 94.96 mi (152.82 km)
Existed: 1926 – present
Major junctions
South end:
US 1 / MD 222 / MD 222 Truck in Conowingo, MD
 

PA 372 in Quarryville, PA
PA 272 in Willow Street, PA
US 30 in Lancaster, PA
US 322 in Ephrata, PA
I-76 / Penna. Tpk. / PA 272 in East Cocalico Township., PA
US 422 near Reading, PA
PA 12 near Reading, PA

PA 61 near Reading, PA
North end: I-78 / PA 222 / PA 309 in Dorneyville, PA
Highway system

U.S. Route 222 is a spur of U.S. Route 22. It runs for 95 miles (153 km) from Conowingo, Maryland at U.S. Route 1 to Interstate 78 and Pennsylvania Route 309 in Dorneyville, Pennsylvania, where the US 222 right-of-way continues into Allentown as Pennsylvania Route 222.

Route description[edit]

Lengths
  mi[1] km
MD 3.61 5.81
PA 91.35 147.01
Total 94.96 152.82

Maryland[edit]

US 222 in Maryland used to extend down to Maryland Route 7 in Perryville, but was later truncated to US 1 at Conowingo, with the rest becoming Maryland Route 222. Because of hills, and also because of the narrowness of MD 222 in Port Deposit, a truck route (Maryland Route 222 Truck) also exists, with part of that truck route being a wrong-way concurrency with US 1.

Between Conowingo and the state line, US 222 follows an elongated "C-curve", curving to the west then doubling back east to cross the state line near the hamlet of Rock Springs.

Pennsylvania[edit]

The speed limits on US 222 in Pennsylvania range from 25 mph (40 km/h) through towns to 65 mph (105 km/h) on expressway portions. Insufficient shoulders throughout much of the length and the presence of horse and buggies in Lancaster and Berks County can make the road dangerous to travel on.

US 222 serves as the principal artery between the Lancaster and Reading areas and the Lehigh Valley. With increased development in the late 20th century the two-lane road became increasingly congested. To alleviate these problems a number of construction projects took place, most notably a four-lane Reading bypass, a four-lane expressway to connect Lancaster to Reading, and a four-lane expressway bypass around the town of Kutztown, which is situated between Reading and Allentown. The north-central and southern sections of the Reading bypass were under construction for quite a few years, which gave the open northern section the nickname of "The Road to Nowhere."[2][3]

Advance signage for US 422 on US 222 south

In Reading, US 222 has an auxiliary route, U.S. Route 222 Business, the only such route for US 222.

In Lehigh County a bypass around Trexlertown was constructed, since the area surrounding the intersection of Pennsylvania Route 100 and US 222 was one of the most problematic areas of the road. In 2005 the west half of the bypass was opened and the east half of the bypass, which was originally scheduled to open in late 2006, opened Sept. 28, 2007. That stretch carries a speed limit of 45 miles per hour (72 km/h).

History[edit]

Approaching US 30 on US 222 south

When US 222 was first designated in the 1920s, it only reached as far north as Reading, but at the time US 22 dipped down from Allentown to Reading, then west to Harrisburg. US 22 was rerouted to become a straight shot from Allentown to Harrisburg, so the roadway between Reading and Allentown became part of US 222, explaining why the highway, designated as north/south, actually runs mostly east/west between the two cities.

1939 USGS Allentown map. PA 222 was designated as US 222.

By the early 1930s the road then signed as US 22 became problematic for motorists in Lebanon along the current U.S. Route 422; Reading via U.S. Routes 22 and 222; and Allentown on Hamilton Street (US 22).[4] Pennsylvania Route 43 had been aligned as a bypass between Allentown and Harrisburg.[5] On June 8, 1931, the American Association of State Highway Officials came to a resolution to the traffic problem, by replacing the PA 43 corridor with US 22 and the William Penn Highway name to match.[4][6] The state truncated PA 43 to Susquehanna Street from Allentown to Bethlehem.[7] US 222 replaced the former US 22 alignment from Reading to Allentown. Hamilton Street was numbered as US 222, west of downtown Allentown, where it turned north onto 15th Street. This portion of US 222 was seven-blocks long which ended at Tilghman Street (then US 22).[8]

With the construction of the Lehigh Valley Thruway in the early 1950s and the relocation of US 22 to that route, US 222 was extended east along Tilghman Street to 7th Street, then north on 7th Street to the interchange with the new freeway.[9]

In the late 1950s, US 222 was realigned to a newly constructed bypass carrying U.S. Route 309 and PA Route 29, west of Allentown. From the south, US 222 left Hamilton Boulevard and turned north onto the freeway. US 222 terminated at an interchange with US 22, US 309, and PA 29 in South Whitehall Township.[10][11] The freeway, originally signed as US 309/PA 29/US 222, dropped the PA 29 designation in 1966; in 1968, US 309 was downgraded to PA 309 and US 222 was truncated to end at the current northern termini.[12][13][14] By the 1980s, Interstate 78 became part of the freeway that occupied PA 309.[15]

In 1984, the Pennsylvania Department of Transportation was planning to extend PA Route 145 and US 222. Traffic engineer Samuel D. Darrohh said that Allentown is one of few Pennsylvania cities without a traffic route going through it. After the plan was introduced, he said that motorists might be aided if US 222 were extended along Hamilton Boulevard to connect with the proposed PA 145 corridor.[16]

PennDOT originally planned the road as U.S. Route 222 but AASHTO denied the extension.[17] In 1991, it was commissioned as Pennsylvania Route 222. PA 145 was extended south of the Lehigh Valley Thruway to the I-78/PA 309 overlap near Lanark.[18]

In 2010, officials in Berks County pushed for PennDOT to widen a portion of the two-lane road to four lanes due to traffic and safety issues.[19] In addition to a proposed widening, a roundabout is planned at the intersection with Pennsylvania Route 662 in Richmond Township.,[20]

Major intersections[edit]

County Location Mile
[1][21]
km Destinations Notes
Cecil Conowingo 0.00 0.00
US 1 (Conowingo Road) to MD 222 south / MD 222 Truck south – Bel Air, Rising Sun, Perryville
Southern terminus of US 222; northern terminus of MD 222 Truck
Mason–Dixon Line 3.61
0.000
5.81
0.000
MarylandPennsylvania state line
Lancaster Fulton Township 4.054 6.524 PA 272 south (Nottingham Road) – Nottingham South end of PA 272 overlap
4.526 7.284 PA 272 north (Lancaster Pike) – Lancaster North end of PA 272 overlap
Quarryville 13.709 22.062 PA 372 east (State Street) to PA 472 – Atglen, Oxford South end of PA 372 overlap
14.162 22.792 PA 372 west (State Street) – Holtwood North end of PA 372 overlap
West Lampeter Township 22.807 36.704 PA 741 east (Village Road) – Lampeter, Strasburg South end of PA 741 overlap
24.180 38.914 PA 272 south (Willow Street Pike) / PA 741 west (Long Lane) – Buck, Wakefield, New Danville North end of PA 741 overlap; south end of PA 272 overlap
Lancaster Township 26.991 43.438 PA 324 south (New Danville Pike) – New Danville No direct access from northbound US 222 / PA 272 to PA 324
Lancaster 27.708 44.592 PA 72 north (Queen Street) No access from southbound US 222 / PA 272
28.127 45.266 PA 462 east (King Street)
28.345 45.617 PA 23 east (Chestnut Street) – New Holland
28.454 45.792 PA 23 / PA 462 west (Walnut Street) – Marietta, Columbia
29.210 47.009 PA 72 north (Prince Street) – Manheim, Lebanon No direct access between northbound US 222 / PA 272 and PA 72
Manheim Township 29.839 48.021 PA 501 north (Lititz Pike) – Lititz South end of PA 501 overlap with southbound US 222; no direct access from southbound PA 501 to northbound US 222
30.280 48.731 South end of freeway
30.280 48.731 US 30 west / PA 283 west – York, Harrisburg
PA 272 north (Oregon Pike)
PA 501 north (Lititz Pike) – Lititz
Diamond interchange with collector-distributor lanes along US 30 freeway; north end of PA 501 overlap with southbound US 222; north end of PA 272 overlap; south end of US 30 overlap
30.920 49.761 US 30 east – Coatesville, Philadelphia Trumpet interchange; north end of US 30 overlap
34.112 54.898 To PA 272 (Oregon Pike) Complementary half-diamond interchanges
West Earl Township 36.849 59.303 PA 772 – Rothsville, Brownstown Partial cloverleaf interchange
Ephrata Township 41.235 66.361 US 322 – Ephrata Diamond interchange
East Cocalico Township 46.385 74.649 I-76 / Penna. Tpk. / PA 272 – Denver Diamond interchange; I-76 Exit 286 (Reading)
Berks Brecknock Township 51.185 82.374 PA 272 / PA 568 – Adamstown, Knauers Partial cloverleaf interchange
Spring Township 53.120 85.488 Gouglersville (Mohns Hill Road) Diamond interchange
Cumru Township 54.629 87.917 Mohnton (Grings Hill Road) Diamond interchange
55.065 88.619
US 222 Bus. north (Lancaster Avenue) – Shillington
Northbound exit, southbound entrance, southbound exit to Mohnton only; no access from US 222 south to US 222 BUS or from US 222 BUS to US 222 nortbound
Spring Township 56.388 90.748 PA 724 – Sinking Spring, Shillington Partial cloverleaf interchange
Wyomissing 57.813 93.041
US 422 west / US 422 Bus. east (Penn Avenue) – Lebanon
Partial cloverleaf interchange with flyovers; south end of US 422 overlap
58.745 94.541 State Hill Road Partial cloverleaf interchange
59.232 95.325 Crossing Drive / Paper Mill Road Partial cloverleaf interchange
59.907 96.411 US 422 east – Pottstown
PA 12 east – Pricetown
Partial cloverleaf interchange with flyovers; no access from westbound PA 12 to northbound US 222 or from southbound US 222 to eastbound PA 12; north end of US 422 overlap
Spring Township 61.090 98.315 Broadcasting Road Diamond interchange
61.775 99.417 Spring Ridge Drive Diamond interchange
Bern Township 63.157 101.641 PA 183 (Bernville Road) – Strausstown Partial cloverleaf interchange
Muhlenberg Township 66.369 106.811 PA 61 – Pottsville, Tuckerton
Ontelaunee Township 68.266 109.863
US 222 Bus. south – Laureldale
Trumpet interchange
68.266 109.863 North end of freeway
Maidencreek Township 69.793 112.321 PA 73 (Main Street) – Leesport, Oley, Boyertown
Richmond Township 73.896 118.924 PA 662 (Moselem Springs Road) – Fleetwood, Shoemakersville
75.508 121.518 South end of freeway
75.508 121.518 Virginville, Kutztown (Kutztown Road) Northbound exit, southbound entrance
76.437 123.013 Virginville (Crystal Cave Road) Southbound exit, northbound entrance
Kutztown 78.200 125.851 PA 737 north – Krumsville Partial cloverleaf interchange
Maxatawny Township 79.717 128.292 Kutztown (East Main Street) Southbound exit, northbound entrance
79.717 128.292 North end of freeway
Lehigh Upper Macungie Township 83.226 133.939 PA 863 north (Independent Road) – New Smithville
85.693 137.910 To PA 100 south / Hamilton Boulevard – Trexlertown Northbound exit, southbound entrance
86.073 138.521 PA 100 south – Macungie, Pottstown Southbound exit, northbound entrance; south end of PA 100 overlap
87.454 140.744 PA 100 north – Fogelsville, Trexlertown Diamond interchange; north end of PA 100 overlap
Lower Macungie Township 90.533 145.699 Brookside Road Southbound exit only
South Whitehall Township 91.354 147.020 I-78 / PA 309 – Bethlehem, Quakertown, Harrisburg, Tamaqua
PA 222 north (Hamilton Boulevard) – Allentown
I-78 Exit 54; northern terminus of US 222; southern terminus of PA 222
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Bannered routes[edit]

Former Maryland truck route[edit]


U.S. Route 222 Truck
Location: PerryvilleConowingo, Maryland
Length: 12.49 mi[1] (20.10 km)

U.S. Route 222 Truck was a 12.49-mile (20.10 km) truck bypass of US 222 from US 222 in Perryville to US 1 and US 222 in Conowingo.[1] The signed route followed MD 275 from US 222 in Perryville north to MD 276 in Woodlawn. US 222 Truck continued north on MD 276 from Woodlawn north to US 1 west of Rising Sun. The truck route then headed west on US 1 to US 222 in Conowingo.[1][22] US 222 Truck was downgraded to Maryland Route 222 Truck when US 222 became MD 222 between Perryville and Conowingo.

Reading business loop[edit]


U.S. Route 222 Business
Location: Reading, Pennsylvania
Length: 12 mi[23] (19 km)
Existed: 1977–present

U.S. Route 222 Business is an auxiliary route of U.S. Route 222 located in Reading, Pennsylvania. Its northern terminus is at US 222 north of Laureldale. The southern terminus is at US 222 near Mohnton. US 222 Business is the only auxiliary route of U.S. Route 222 in Pennsylvania.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Highway Information Services Division (December 31, 2013). Highway Location Reference. Maryland State Highway Administration. Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  2. ^ "Highway Link Status Uncertain". Reading Eagle. June 24, 1964. Retrieved January 11, 2012. 
  3. ^ Youker, Darrin (June 18, 2006). "The wait is over". Reading Eagle. Retrieved January 11, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Butko, Brian A.; Kevin Joseph Patrick (1999). Diners of Pennsylvania. Stackpole Books. ISBN 0-8117-2878-1. 
  5. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1930 state map, front side (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1930fr.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-26.
  6. ^ "William Penn Highway: US 22 in Pennsylvania". Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved 2007-06-26. 
  7. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1941 Lehigh County Map (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_PDF_FILES/Maps/Type_10_GHS_Historical_Scans/Lehigh_1941.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-25.
  8. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1940 state map, back side (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1940bk.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-26.
  9. ^ "Pennsylvania Highways: US 222". Jeffrey J. Kitsko, pahighways.com. Retrieved 2011-01-07. 
  10. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1960 Lehigh County Map (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_PDF_FILES/Maps/Type_10_GHS_Historical_Scans/Lehigh_1960.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-26.
  11. ^ National Bridge Inventory, a database compiled by the United States Department of Transportation Federal Highway Administration, available at nationalbridges.com. Accessed 2007-06-26.
  12. ^ "End of US Highway 222". Dale Sanderson, USEnds.com. Retrieved 2011-01-07. 
  13. ^ "Pennsylvania Highways: US 309 (Decommissioned)". Jeffrey J. Kitsko, pahighways.com. Retrieved 2011-01-07. 
  14. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Highways. 1970 state map, back side (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1970bk.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-26.
  15. ^ PennDOT. 1980 state map, back side (Map). ftp://ftp.dot.state.pa.us/public/pdf/BPR_pdf_files/Maps/Statewide/Historic_OTMs/1980bk.pdf. Retrieved 2007-06-28.
  16. ^ Mellin, Ted (1984-07-31). "Route 145 Extension Through The City Receives Backing". The Morning Call. pp. B03. Retrieved 2007-06-26. 
  17. ^ "Route documents" (PDF). AASHTO. Retrieved 2007-07-10. 
  18. ^ "Routes 222, 145 Hookup Approved PENNDOT Signs Along Hamilton Will Lead To 7th St. CROSSING". The Morning Call. 1991-07-10. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  19. ^ Cunningham, Pam (April 28, 2010). "Pa. Urged To Fund 222 Improvements". WFMZ-TV. Retrieved April 30, 2010. 
  20. ^ Davidow, Kimberly (December 5, 2012). "PennDOT looking at ways to ease congestion on Route 222". WFMZ-TV. Retrieved December 7, 2012. 
  21. ^ Bureau of Maintenance and Operations (December 31, 2012). "Roadway Management System Straight Line Diagrams" (2013 ed.). Pennsylvania Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2013-09-14. 
  22. ^ Google Inc. "Maryland Route 222 Truck". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=Perrylawn+Dr&daddr=MD-276%2FJacob+Tome+Hwy+to:US-1+S%2FConowingo+Rd&hl=en&geocode=FTI-XAIdYE13-w%3BFX_MXQIdZhN3-w%3BFZBvXQIdhOd1-w&mra=ls&sll=39.6774,-76.155553&sspn=0.00758,0.01929&ie=UTF8&t=h&z=12. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
  23. ^ Pennsylvania Highways - U.S. Route 222 Business

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing

Browse numbered routes
MD 221 MD MD 222
PA 221 PA PA 222