U.S. Route 23 in North Carolina
|Maintained by NCDOT|
|Length:||106 mi (171 km)|
|Existed:||1930 – present|
|South end:||US 23 / US 441 / SR 15 at the GA line near Dillard, GA|
| US 74 / US 441 in Dillsboro
I‑26 / I‑240 / US 19 / US 70 in Asheville
|North end:||I-26 / US 23 at the TN line near Flag Pond, TN|
|Counties:||Macon, Jackson, Haywood, Buncombe, Madison|
From the Georgia state line, with US 441, it goes through the communities of Norton and Otto before reaching Franklin, where it bypasses the city to its east. Continuing north into Jackson County, it reaches the Great Smoky Mountains Expressway in Dillsboro, where it switches partners from US 441 to US 74. Going east, it bypasses Sylva and Waynesville; in Clyde, it switches partners again from US 74 to US 19 as it goes through downtown Clyde and Canton, parallel to I-40/US 74.
In Asheville, it connects with I-26/I-240 while crossing the French Broad River; it then continues northbound with I-26/US 19/US 70. US 23 stays in concurrency with I-26 to the Tennessee state line. Almost the entire route is four-lane, the exception being between Canton and Candler.
ADHS corridors A and B
US 23 overlaps with two corridors that are part of the Appalachian Development Highway System (ADHS), which is part of Appalachian Regional Commission (ARC). Passed in 1965, the purpose of ADHS is to generate economic development in previously isolated areas, supplement the interstate system, connect Appalachia to the interstate system, and provide access to areas within the Region as well as to markets in the rest of the nation.
- Corridor A – US 23 shares this corridor with US 64 in North Carolina; from the Georgia state line, south of Hayesville to I-40, near Clyde, a total of 82.7 miles (133.1 km). US 23 overlaps from Franklin to Clyde, all of which has been completed as required under ADHS, which features a limited-access road grade highway with interchanges at major intersections.
- Corridor B – US 23 shares this corridor with I-26 in North Carolina; from I-40, in Asheville to the Tennessee state line, a total of 31.0 miles (49.9 km). US 23 overlaps majority of this corridor, with exception to I-26/I-240 piece. All of this corridor in North Carolina has been completed as required under ADHS, which features a four-to-six-lane controlled-access highway.
Dedicated and memorial names
US 23 in North Carolina has three dedicated or memorialized sections of highway.
- Great Smoky Mountains Expressway – official name of US 23, on sections that overlap with US 74 in Haywood and Jackson counties (approved on September 16, 1983).
- Liston B. Ramsey Freeway – official name of US 23, on the section that overlaps with Interstate 26 in Madison.
- Morris L. McGough Freeway – official name of I-26/US 19/US 23 from I-240 to the Buncombe/Madison county line (approved on April 4, 2002).
US 23 is part of one scenic byway in the state (indicated by a Scenic Byways sign).
I-26 Scenic Byway is an 9-mile (14 km) byway from the Tennessee state line to exit 9 (US 19/US 23A), near Mars Hill. US 23, in concurrency with I-26, traverses the entire length, known for its unspoiled views of the North Carolina Mountains.
Established in 1930, it entered from Georgia and followed a similar route as the route today to Enka. In Asheville, its went along route Haywood St across the French Broad River to Jefferson Dr to Patton Dr to Broadway then finally Merrimon north and out of the city. Going through Weaverville, it continued its concurrency with US 19 till Bald Creek, where it went north with US 19W into Tennessee.
By 1932, US 23 was rerouted in Asheville to use Haywood to Clingman to Hilliard to Biltmore which turns into Broadway. By 1937, US 23 was rerouted again, using Clingman to Patton to College to Biltmore. Between 1939-44, US 23 was rerouted in Waynesville to use US 276 Russ St to Walnut St back to US 23 Bus. The old Main St routing became US 19A-23A. In 1949, US 23 was moved west onto new bypass (Patton Avenue) around western Asheville, leaving US 23 Alternate (later US 23 Business). In 1952, US 23 was rerouted north of Mars Hill, replacing NC 36 into Tennessee. In 1961, US 23 was removed from downtown Asheville and placed on the East-West Expressway, however continuing north on Merrimon Avenue. In 1966, it was placed on new freeway east, bypassing Weaverville; then in 1973, it was removed from Merrimon Avenue onto freeway.
In 1968, US 23 was placed on new freeway bypass west of Waynesville, leaving US 23 Business through town. In 1974, US 23 bypassed Franklin to the east, its old route is signed today as US 441 Business. Also in same year, Sylva was bypassed to the north, leaving US 23 Business following the old route through town.
US 23, in concurrency with Interstate 26 and US 19, is planned to be realigned onto a new interchange at Interstate 240 and freeway improvements north from it. Right-of-way purchases is to begin in 2023, however project is unfunded.
|Macon||State line||0.0||0.0||US 23 south / US 441 south / SR 15 south – Dillard||Continuation into Georgia|
US 64 west / US 441 Bus. north – Franklin, Murphy
|West end of US 64 overlap|
|14.4||23.2||US 64 east / NC 28 (Highlands Road) – Franklin, Highlands||East end of US 64 overlap|
US 441 Bus. west (Main Street) – Franklin
|Jackson||29.1||46.8||NC 116 east (Webster Road) – Webster||Superstreet intersection, southbound must u-turn first|
US 23 Bus. north (Haywood Road) – Dillsboro, Sylva
|32.4||52.1||81||US 74 west / US 441 north (Great Smoky Mountains Expressway) – Cherokee, Bryson City||West end of US 74 and north end of US 441 overlap|
|Sylva||34.4||55.4||83||Grindstaff Cove Road – Sylva|
US 23 Bus. to NC 107 – Sylva
|To Western Carolina University|
|Haywood||Balsam||45.3||72.9||Blue Ridge Parkway|
US 23 Bus. – Waynesville
|52.8||85.0||102||US 276 – Waynesville, Brevard, Maggie Valley||Northbound signed exits 102A (south) and 102B (north)|
|Lake Junaluska||54.5||87.7||103||US 19 south – Maggie Valley, Cherokee||South end of US 19 overlap; southbound exit and northbound entrance|
US 23 Bus. / NC 209 – Lake Junaluska, Waynesville, Hot Springs
|56.4||90.8||105||West Jones Cove||No southbound entrance|
|Clyde||57.1||91.9||106||US 74 east (Great Smoky Mountains Expressway) to I‑40 – Asheville, Knoxville||East end of US 74 overlap|
|Canton||61.3||98.7||NC 215 north (Blackwell Drive)||North end of NC 215 overlap|
|61.8||99.5||NC 215 south (Reed Street)||South end of NC 215 overlap|
|62.0||99.8||NC 110 south (Pisgah Drive)|
|Buncombe||Candler||71.0||114.3||NC 151 south (Pisgah Highway)|
|Enka||72.4||116.5||NC 112 east (Sand Hills Road)|
|Asheville||74.0||119.1||I‑40 / US 74 / US 74A – Statesville, Knoxville||West end of US 74A overlap|
US 19 Bus. north / US 23 Bus. north (Haywood Road)
|77.0||123.9||NC 63 north (Leicester Highway) – Leicester|
Future I‑26 east / I‑240 west / US 19 Bus. south / US 23 Bus. south
|East end of Future I-26 overlap, west end of I-240 overlap; business routes hidden at intersection|
|3B||Westgate / Resort Drive|
|I‑240 east / US 70 east / US 74A east / Patton Avenue||East end of I-240/US 70/US 74A overlap|
|25||NC 251 – University of North Carolina at Asheville|
|Woodfin||24||Elk Mountain Road Woodfin|
US 25 / US 19 Bus. (Merrimon Avenue) – North Asheville, New Bridge
|South end of US 25 overlap|
|Weaverville||21||New Stock Road – Weaverville|
|19||US 25 north / US 70 west – Marshall, Weaverville||North end of US 25 and west end of US 70 overlap|
US 19 Bus. south / Monticello Road – Weaverville
|Flat Rock||17||Old Mars Hill Highway|
|15||NC 197 – Jupiter, Barnardsville|
|13||Stockton Road – Forks of Ivy|
|Madison||Mars Hill||11||NC 213 – Mars Hill, Marshall|
|9||US 19 north / US 23A north – Burnsville, Spruce Pine||North end of US 19 overlap; east end of I-26 and west end of Future I-26|
|3||US 23A south – Wolf Laurel|
|State line||I-26 west / US 23 north – Johnson City||Crosses through Sam's Gap; continuation into Tennessee|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Bannered routes of U.S. Route 23
- French Broad River
- Nantahala National Forest
- North Carolina Bicycle Route 2
- Pisgah National Forest
- Wolf Ridge Ski Resort
- Google Inc. "US 23". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=US-23+N%2FUS-441+N%2FGeorgia+Rd&daddr=35.5345522,-82.826245+to:35.545357,-82.673101+to:35.57735,-82.61078+to:I-26+W&hl=en&geocode=FUj6FQIdnLEH-w%3BFdg2HgId-ysQ-ynpvhfqVoNZiDFiqP043jtSjQ%3BFQ1hHgIdM4IS-ylRWfBgQY5ZiDEQQBpjW08RaA%3BFQbeHgIdpHUT-ym38pnTXYxZiDFtIM1NsSCOvw%3BFb6fJAIdJzsU-w&mra=dpe&mrsp=3&sz=13&via=1,2,3&sll=35.564071,-82.611179&sspn=0.104311,0.222988&ie=UTF8&ll=35.503164,-82.998962&spn=1.6702,3.56781&z=9. Retrieved 2011-02-17.
- "Appalachian Development Highway System". Appalachian Regional Commission. Retrieved June 30, 2014.
- "Status of Corridors in North Carolina" (PDF). Appalachian Regional Commission. September 30, 2013. Retrieved June 29, 2014.
- "North Carolina Memorial Highways and other Named Facilities" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- "North Carolina Scenic Byways" (PDF). North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- "NCRoads.com: U.S. 23". Retrieved 2011-02-17.
- Staff. "Project #B-3656". Project Details. North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- Staff. "Project #R-4406". Project Details. North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- Staff. "Project #A-0010". Project Details. North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- Staff. "Project #I-2513". Project Details. North Carolina Department of Transportation. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- Media related to U.S. Route 23 in North Carolina at Wikimedia Commons
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