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U.S. Route 25 in Michigan

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This article is about the section of highway in Michigan. For the entire length of highway, see U.S. Route 25.

US Highway 25 marker

US Highway 25
Route information
Maintained by MDSH
Length: 190.953 mi[1] (307.309 km)
Existed: November 26, 1926 (1926-11-26)[2] – 1973 (1973)[3][4]
History: Functionally replaced by I-75, I-94 and M-25
Major junctions
South end: US 25 near Toledo, OH
 
North end: M‑25 in Port Austin
Location
Counties: Monroe, Wayne, Macomb, St. Clair, Sanilac, Huron
Highway system
M‑24 M‑25

US Highway 25 (US 25) was a part of the United States Numbered Highway System in the state of Michigan that ran from the Ohio state line near Toledo and ended at the tip of The Thumb in Port Austin. Its general routing took it northeasterly from the state line through Monroe and Detroit to Port Huron. Along this southern half, it followed undivided highways and ran concurrently along two freeways, Interstate 75 (I-75) and I-94. Near the foot of the Blue Water Bridge in Port Huron, US 25 turned north and northwesterly along the Lake Huron shoreline to Port Austin.

Created with the initial US Highway System on November 11, 1926, US 25 replaced several previous state highway designations. Some of the preceding highways followed roadways created in the 19th and the early 20th centuries. It initially was only routed as far north as Port Huron; the northern extension to Port Austin happened in 1933. By the end of the 1950s, the entire route was paved. Starting in the early 1960s, segments of I-75 and I-94 were built, and US 25 was shifted to follow them south of Detroit to Port Huron. A business loop was created when the main highway bypassed downtown Port Huron, and then in 1973, the entire designation was removed from the state. The final routing of the highway is still maintained by the state under eight different designations, some unsigned.

Route description[edit]

State line to Downriver[edit]

In its final configuration before it was decommissioned in the state, US 25 entered Michigan south of Erie and followed Dixie Highway northward. The highway ran parallel to US 24 (Telegraph Road) about 23 mile (1.1 km) to the east of that roadway; both ran north-northeasterly in the area. At LaSalle, the roadway turned more northeasterly toward Monroe. US 25 followed Monroe Street next to Lake Monroe and through downtown Monroe over the River Raisin. North of town, Dixie Highway turned due north and terminated at an intersection with US 24; US 25 merged onto Telegraph Road, and the two highways ran concurrently northeasterly through rural Monroe County. At the crossing of the Huron River, US 24/US 25 crossed into Flat Rock and Wayne County.[3][5]

US 24/US 25 followed Telegraph Road through downtown Flat Rock and continued into the suburban area of Downriver. At the intersection with Dix–Toledo Road near Woodhaven, US 25 separated from US 24 and continued northeasterly for about two miles (3.2 km) to an interchange with I-75 where it merged onto the freeway. I-75/US 25 continued on the Fisher Freeway through the Downriver suburbs of Taylor, Southgate, Allen Park, Lincoln Park, and Melvindale before entering the city of Detroit. The freeway passed through an industrial area of the city and crossed the River Rouge before turning more northeasterly. At Clark Avenue, US 25 left the freeway to turn a block south and run along Fort Street. The highway continued along Fort Street running under the approaches to the Ambassador Bridge and into downtown.[5][6]

Downtown Detroit to Port Huron[edit]

In Downtown Detroit, Fort Street ended at Campus Martius Park at M-1 (Woodward Avenue). US 25 looped around the square and followed the street named Cadillac Square over to Randolph Street, turning north to connect to Gratiot Avenue. The highway followed Gratiot through the east side of Detroit running northeasterly. US 25 intersected the eastern end of the there-unnumbered Fisher Freeway. Gratiot Avenue is a major thoroughfare on the east side of Detroit running through residential neighborhoods and connecting to the Detroit City Airport. East of the airport, US 25 intersected the southern end of M-97 as well. At M-102 (8 Mile Road), US 25 exited Detroit and entered East Detroit, a suburb in Macomb County. The highway continued, roughly parallel to I-94 through Roseville and Mount Clemens. At Hall Road near Selfridge Air National Guard Base, M-59 merged with US 25 to follow Gratiot Avenue. At 23 Mile Road west of New Baltimore, US 25/M-59 turned eastward onto 23 Mile to an interchange with I-94. At that interchange, US 25 turned northward onto the I-94 freeway while M-59 terminated; 23 Mile continues eastward as M-29 into New Baltimore.[5][6]

I-94/US 25 ran northeasterly through rural areas of Macomb County, intersecting the southern end of M-19 near New Haven. The freeway crossed into rural southern St. Clair County south of Richmond and continued northeastward to Marysville, where it turned northward, crossing Gratiot Avenue. A business loop, Business US 25 (Bus. US 25) ran northeasterly from the freeway along Gratiot Avenue to run parallel to the St. Clair River. From Marysville, I-94/US 25 skirted the western side of the Port Huron area, intersecting the M-21 freeway immediately east of the city before turning eastward to curve around the north side of town. After the freeway crossed the Black River, US 25 turned northward to separate from I-94.[3][5]

Along Lake Huron[edit]

North of downtown Port Huron, US 25 followed Pine Grove Avenue to the eastern terminus of M-136 and then followed 24th Avenue out of town. South of Lakeport, the road changed names to Lakeshore Road and ran along the Lake Huron shoreline in The Thumb region of the state. The highway stayed close to the shoreline and passed Lakeport State Park in the town of the same name. North of the park, US 25 crossed into souther Sanilac County and followed the shoreline to the community of Lexington where it intersected the eastern end of M-90. Further north, the highway intersected the eastern end of M-46 in Port Sanilac.[3][5]

North of the community of Richmondville, US 25 passed Sanilac State Park, and then north of Forestville, it crossed into Huron County. North of the county line, the highway passed through the community of White Rock and continued along the lake to Harbor Beach. There, US 25 intersected the eastern end of M-142 and began to curve around to the northwest to follow the northern tip of The Thumb. Eight miles (13 km) north of Harbor Beach, the highway passed through Port Hope and turned even more to the northwest on Lakeshore Road. US 25 turned due west at Huron City and passed south of Grindstone City on Grindstone Road. The highway was further inland on this east–west segment as it ran south of Pointe Aux Barques to Port Austin. At an intersection with M-53 (Van Dyke Road), US 25 merged with M-53 to run five blocks north along Lake Street to the waterfront in Port Austin. At the intersection with Spring Street just south of the marina, US 25/M-53 jointly terminated while M-25 continued west along Spring Street.[3][5]

History[edit]

Before the state highways[edit]

The chief transportation routes in 1701 were the Indian trails that crossed the future state of Michigan; the one connecting what are now Detroit and Port Huron was one of these 13 trails at the time.[7] Detroit created 120-foot (37 m) rights-of-way for the principle streets of the city, the modern Gratiot Avenue included, in 1805.[8] This street plan was devised by Augustus Woodward and others following a devastating fire in Detroit.[9] Gratiot Avenue, then also called Detroit–Port Huron Road,[8] was authorized by the US Congress on March 2, 1827, as a supply road from Detroit to Port Huron for Fort Gratiot. Construction started in Detroit in 1829, and the roadway was completed in the same year to Mount Clemens. The rest was finished in 1833.[10] The road was named for the fort near Port Huron, which was in turn named for Colonel Charles Gratiot,[11] the supervising engineer in charge of construction of the structure in the aftermath of the War of 1812.[12]

Telegraph lines were first installed from the Detroit area south to the Monroe area in the mid-19th century with additional lines north to Pontiac completed around 1868. As these communication lines were installed, roadways were added as needed to provide access for maintenance. The parallel road from Dearborn south was named for these lines, becoming Telegraph Road.[10] In 1915, the Dixie Highway, an auto trail that ran south from Detroit to Miami, Florida, was extended to Detroit,[10] and later in 1919 northward to the Straits of Mackinac.[13]

Initial state highways to US Highway[edit]

When the state highway system was first signed in 1919,[14] five separate highways were designated along US 25's general route from the state line north through Detroit and Port Huron to Port Austin. From the state line north to Monroe, the roadway was given the first M-56 designation. From there northward, there was no state highway that corresponded to the future US 25, but the first M-10 followed the future US 24 into the Detroit area. Near Dearborn, M-10 ran further inland than the future US 25 and included a concurrency with M-17 into Detroit. From Detroit northward, Gratiot Avenue was assigned the M-19 number into the Port Huron area. Through downtown Port Huron, the future US 25 was numbered as the first M-27 and along the lakeshore north to Harbor Beach, the highway was M-31. From Harbor Beach into Port Austin, M-27 took over the route.[15]

When the US Highway System was created on November 11, 1926,[2] US 25 was included in Michigan's section of the system.[16] The US Highway designation was assigned to run along Dixie Highway replacing that segment of M-56. From Monroe northward, US 25 overlapped US 24 on Telegraph Road to the Dearborn area and then followed M-17 (Ecorse Road) to Fort Street and into Downtown Detroit. From there, the highway replaced M-19 to Port Huron; the remainder of the highway to Port Austin was numbered M-29.[17] The highway was rerouted off Telegraph Road along Dix–Toledo Highway into downtown Detroit in 1929.[18][19] By the end of 1932, US 25 was rerouted from downtown Monroe along Dixie Highway north to US 24 instead of turning westward in the city.[20] The next year, US 25 was extended northward from Port Huron to Port Austin, replacing that section of M-29 in the process. The remainder of M-29 westward to Bay City was renumbered M-25.[21][22]

US 25 along Gratiot Avenue in Detroit in 1941

In 1936, US 25 was changed to traffic along a one-way pairing of streets on the southwest side of Port Huron. Northbound traffic remained on Military Avenue while southbound traffic was diverted to Electric Avenue.[23][24] Two US 25A routings were created in the 1940s. The first, in Port Huron provides access to the Blue Water Bridge from the mainline of the highway in 1940.[25][26] The second near Erie was numbered by 1942,[27] and renumbered US 24A by 1945.[28] That last segment of US 25 to be paved was completed near Port Hope at the end of the 1950s.[29][30]

Freeway era[edit]

With the completion of a segment of I-94 between Roseville and Marysville in 1963, US 25 was rerouted to follow I-94 from the Mount Clemens area north to Marysville.[31][32] The next year, an additional freeway from the northern end of I-94 at Marysville to Port Huron was completed. I-94/US 25 was extended north and east, replacing part of M-146 to the Blue Water Bridge. The former route of US 25 through downtown was redesignated Bus. US 25 while US 25A became a part of the mainline highway to connect to I-94.[32][33] In 1967, another segment, this time south of Detroit, was rerouted to follow another freeway, I-75.[34][35]

Six years later, the US 25 designation was decommissioned in Michigan, although all sections of it are still state highways. The southern section from the state line northward through Monroe was renumbered M-125 and the US 25 designation was removed from US 24 (Telegraph Road). In the Detroit area, the connection between US 24 and I-75 in Woodhaven was redesignated Conn. US 24. The US 25 designation was removed from I-75 northward into Detroit, while the routing along Clark Street became an unsigned connector highway (now Connector 850[36]). The routing along Fort Street and Gratiot Avenue was numbered as M-3. The US 25 designation was removed from I-94, and the routing through Port Huron and northward to Port Austin became part of an extended M-25.[3][4]

Major intersections[edit]

All exits are unnumbered.

County Location mi[1] km Destinations Notes
Monroe Erie Township 0.000 0.000 US 25 south – Toledo Continuation into Ohio
5.417 8.718
Conn. US 25 (Summit Street) to I‑75
Now Conn. M-125
5.876 9.457
Conn. US 24 (Luna Pier Road) to US 24
Monroe M‑50 west – Jackson Eastern terminus of M-50
Frenchtown Township 19.480 31.350 US 24 south – Toledo Southern end of US 24 concurrency
Wayne Brownstown Township 31.979 51.465 US 24 north – Detroit Northern end of US 24 concurrency
34.007 54.729 I‑75 south – Monroe Southern end of I-75 concurrency
Taylor 35.018 56.356 To US 24 (Telegraph Road) Northbound exit and southbound entrance; unsigned Conn. US 24
36.185 58.234 Eureka Road
TaylorSouthgate city line 37.024–
37.535
59.584–
60.407
Allen Road, Northline Road
Lincoln Park 40.009 64.388 Dix Highway No access from southbound I-75/US 25 to northbound Dix Highway, northbound Dix Highway to southbound I-75/US 25, or southbound Dix Highway to northbound I-75/US 25
40.910–
40.935
65.838–
65.878
M‑39 (Southfield Highway)
Melvindale 42.051 67.675 Outer Drive
Detroit 43.223 69.561 M‑85 (Fort Street) / Schaefer Highway Northern terminus of M-85
45.086 72.559 Dearborn Street Northbound exit and southbound entrance
45.818 73.737 Springwells Street
46.708 75.169 Livernois Avenue
47.276 76.083 I‑75 north – Detroit
Clark Street
Northern end of I-75 concurrency; US 25 follows Clark Street off the freeway
49.375 79.461 M‑1 (Woodward Avenue)
50.773–
50.811
81.711–
81.772
I‑75 south (Fisher Freeway) to I‑75 north / I‑375 south – Toledo
53.288 85.759 M‑53 north (Van Dyke Avenue)
54.254–
54.265
87.313–
87.331
I‑94 – Detroit, Port Huron
55.572 89.434 M‑97 north (Gunston Street)
WayneMacomb county line DetroitEastpointe city line 54.740 88.095 M‑102 (8 Mile Road) 8 Mile Road is the county line
Macomb Roseville 64.657–
64.746
104.055–
104.199
To I‑94 west – Detroit Northbound entrance and southbound exit only; exit 231 on I-94
Mount Clemens 72.489–
72.529
116.660–
116.724
M‑59 east (Hall Road) – Pontiac Southern end of M-59 concurrency
Chesterfield Township 76.527–
76.557
123.158–
123.207
I‑94 west – Detroit
M‑59 west – Pontiac
M‑29 north (23 Mile Road) – New Baltimore
Southern end of I-94 concurrency; northern end of M-59 concurrency roadway continues beyond I-94 as M-29
79.641 128.170 M‑19 north – Richmond, New Haven Eastbound exit and westbound entrance; southern terminus of M-19
Lenox Township 81.096 130.511 26 Mile Road – Marine City
St. Clair CascoColumbus township line 90.089 144.984 Richmond, St. Clair
St. Clair Township 95.035 152.944 Wadhams Road
Kimball Township 99.234 159.702
Bus. US 25 north (Gratiot Road) – Marysville
Southern terminus of Bus. US 25
KimballPort Huron township line 102.429 164.843 Range Road, Dove Street
Port Huron Township 104.175–
104.724
167.653–
168.537
M‑21 – Flint, Port Huron
106.730 171.765 Water Street, Lapeer Avenue – Port Huron Indirect access to Lapeer Avenue via Lapeer Connector (former M-146)
Port Huron 108.009 173.824 I‑94 east Northern end of I-94 concurrency
109.602 176.387 M‑136 west (Pine Grove Avenue) Eastern terminus of M-136
Sanilac Lexington 125.092 201.316 M‑90 west (Huron Avenue) Eastern terminus of M-90
Port Sanilac 136.458 219.608 M‑46 west (Main Street) Eastern terminus of M-46
Huron Harbor Beach 165.989 267.133 M‑142 west (State Street) Eastern terminus of M-142
Port Austin 190.615 306.765 M‑53 south (Lake Street) Southern end of M-53 concurrency
190.953 307.309 M‑53 south (Lake Street)
M‑25 west (Spring Street) – Bay City
Northern end of M-53 concurrency; northern terminus of M-53 and eastern terminus of M-25
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Related trunklines[edit]

There were three additional trunkline highways related to US 25 in Michigan. There was a US 25A near Erie what was created by 1942;[27] it was renumbered US 24A by 1945.[28] A second US 25A was designated near Port Huron in 1940 to provide a connection from the mainline to the Blue Water Bridge approaches.[25][26] A business loop, Bus. US 25 was created for Port Huron in 1964 when the mainline was rerouted to follow the I-94 freeway west of the city.[32][33] Both the remaining US 25A and Bus. US 25 were decommissioned when US 25 was decommissioned in the state in 1973, renumbered as part of M-25 and Business Loop I-94, respectively.[3][4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Michigan Department of Transportation & Michigan Center for Shared Solutions and Technology Partnerships (2009). MDOT Physical Reference Finder Application (Map). Michigan Department of Transportation. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  2. ^ a b McNichol, Dan (2006). The Roads that Built America. New York: Sterling. p. 74. ISBN 1-4027-3468-9. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g Michigan Department of State Highways (1973). Official Highway Map (Map). 1 in≈14.5 mi. Lansing: Michigan Department of State Highways. §§ I14–M14, M13–N13. OCLC 81679137. 
  4. ^ a b c Michigan Department of State Highways and Transportation (1974). Official Transportation Map (Map). 1 in≈14.5 mi. Lansing: Michigan Department of State Highways and Transportation. §§ I14–M14, M13–N13. OCLC 83138602. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f Google (April 9, 2015). "Overview Map of the Former US 25 in Michigan" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Michigan Department of State Highways (1973). Official Highway Map (Map). 1 in≈2.5 mi. Lansing: Michigan Department of State Highways. Detroit and Vicinity inset. §§ H6–A12. OCLC 81679137. 
  7. ^ Mason, Philip P. (1959). Michigan Highways from Indian Trails to Expressways. Ann Arbor, MI: Braun-Brumfield. p. 3. OCLC 23314983. 
  8. ^ a b Lingeman, Stanley D. (April 6, 2001). Michigan Highway History Timeline 1701–2001: 300 Years of Progress. Lansing: Library of Michigan. pp. 1–2. OCLC 435640179. 
  9. ^ Baulch, Vivian M. (June 13, 1999). "Woodward Avenue, Detroit's Grand Old 'Main Street'". The Detroit News. Retrieved September 5, 2010. 
  10. ^ a b c Barnett, LeRoy (2004). A Drive Down Memory Lane: The Named State and Federal Highways of Michigan. Allegan Forest, MI: Priscilla Press. pp. 74–75, 95, 210–11. ISBN 1-88616-7-24-9. 
  11. ^ Farmer, Silas (1884). History of Detroit and Michigan. Detroit: S. Farmer & Co. p. 940. OCLC 11182400. Retrieved May 9, 2012 – via Google Books. 
  12. ^ Jenks, William A. (January 1920). "Fort Gratiot and Its Builder Gen. Charles Gratiot". Michigan History Magazine (Lansing: Michigan Historical Commission) 4 (1): 144–46. Retrieved May 9, 2012 – via Google Books. 
  13. ^ "System of Roads Urged by Hoosier State Automobile Association". Fort Wayne News and Sentinel. August 27, 1919. p. 6. OCLC 11658858. 
  14. ^ "Michigan May Do Well Following Wisconsin's Road Marking System". The Grand Rapids Press. September 20, 1919. p. 10. OCLC 9975013. 
  15. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (July 1, 1919). State of Michigan: Lower Peninsula (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. OCLC 15607244. 
  16. ^ Bureau of Public Roads & American Association of State Highway Officials (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways Adopted for Uniform Marking by the American Association of State Highway Officials (Map). 1:7,000,000. Washington, DC: U.S. Geological Survey. OCLC 32889555. Retrieved November 7, 2013 – via University of North Texas Libraries. 
  17. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (December 1, 1926). Official Highway Condition Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. OCLC 79754957. 
  18. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (May 1, 1929). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. 
  19. ^ Michigan State Highway Department & H.M. Gousha (January 1, 1930). Official Highway Service Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. 
  20. ^ Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (October 1, 1932). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. 
  21. ^ Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (May 1, 1933). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. 
  22. ^ Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (September 1, 1933). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. 
  23. ^ Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (June 1, 1936). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Port Huron inset. 
  24. ^ Michigan Department of Transportation (2014). Pure Michigan: State Transportation Map (Map). 1 in≈3.5 mi / 1 cm≈2 km. Lansing: Michigan Department of Transportation. Port Huron inset. OCLC 900162490. 
  25. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (April 15, 1940). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map) (Spring ed.). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Port Huron inset. 
  26. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (December 1, 1940). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map) (Winter ed.). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. Port Huron inset. 
  27. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department & Rand McNally (June 1, 1942). Official Michigan Highway Map (Map) (Summer ed.). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. § N13. 
  28. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department (October 1, 1945). Official Highway Map of Michigan (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. § N13. OCLC 554645076. 
  29. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (1958). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. § I14. OCLC 51856742.  (Includes all changes through July 1, 1958)
  30. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (1960). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. § I14. OCLC 81552576.  (Includes all changes through July 1, 1960)
  31. ^ Michigan State Highway Department (1963). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. §§ K14–L14. 
  32. ^ a b c Michigan State Highway Department (1964). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. §§ K14–L14. OCLC 81213707. 
  33. ^ a b Michigan State Highway Department (1965). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan State Highway Department. § K14. 
  34. ^ Michigan Department of State Highways (1967). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan Department of State Highways. § M13. 
  35. ^ Michigan Department of State Highways (1968). Official Highway Map (Map). Scale not given. Lansing: Michigan Department of State Highways. § M13. 
  36. ^ Staff (May 1, 2008). "Appendix C: State Trunkline Connector Routes" (PDF). Michigan Geographic Framework. Michigan Department of Information Technology. Archived from the original on January 8, 2011. Retrieved October 15, 2008. 

External links[edit]

Route map: Bing


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