U.S. Route 271

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U.S. Route 271 marker

U.S. Route 271
Route information
Auxiliary route of US 71
Length: 643 mi (1,035 km)
Existed: 1926[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: SH 31 / SH 155 at Tyler, TX
 

I-20 near Winona, TX
I-30 in Mount Pleasant, TX
Indian Nation Turnpike near Antlers, OK

I-540 in Fort Smith, AR
North end: US 71B / AR 255 at Fort Smith, AR
Location
States: Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas
Highway system

U.S. Route 271 is a north–south United States highway. Never a long highway, it went from bi-state route (Arkansas and Oklahoma) to a tri-state route (Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas). The highway's northern terminus is in Fort Smith, Arkansas at an intersection with Business U.S. Route 71 and Highway 255. It enters Arkansas from Oklahoma as a controlled-access highway, but the highway continues as Interstate 540 when US 271 exits toward downtown after a half-mile (800 m). Its southern terminus is in Tyler, Texas at an intersection with State Highway 31 and State Highway 155 in Texas.

Route description[edit]

Texas[edit]

US 271 begins in Tyler at an intersection with SH 31 (Front Street) and SH 155, and thus runs northward concurrent with SH 155. At 1 mile, there is an intersection with Spur 147 which runs across the north side of the city to connect with Broadway and then US 69.

At 3.2 miles is the intersection with Loop 323. The site of Camp Ford, a Confederate POW camp during the Civil War, is encompassed by a former TxDOT picnic area now maintained by Smith County at this junction. The SH 155 concurrency ends at 8 miles, near the University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler. SH 155 goes to Gilmer via Winona and Big Sandy. The easier route between Tyler and Gilmer is US 271.

At 12.7 miles is the interchange with Interstate 20, signed for Dallas (west) and Longview (east). North of the interstate, US 271 passes through Gladewater where there are junctions with SH 135 and US 80. Trucks are required to use Loop 485, a bypass around the east side of town, if they are following US 271 through the area or if they want to turn onto US 80.

North of Gladewater, US 271 passes through Gilmer, where there are junctions with SH 300 and SH 154. There is also another concurrency (only 1.5 miles) with SH 155 which then veers to the northeast toward Linden. North of Gilmer is Pittsburg, where US 271 intersects with SH 11. Then the highway crosses Big Cypress Creek just below the dam that forms Lake Bob Sandlin. In Mount Pleasant, there are junctions with SH 49 and US 67 and then the interchange with Interstate 30. Beyond IH 30 are the small towns of Talco, Bogata (junction with SH 37), Deport, and Pattonville.

In Paris, US 271 runs concurrently with Loop 286 and US 82 around the east and northeast sides of the city. After splitting northward from the loop, US 271 is a four-lane divided highway into Oklahoma, crossing the Red River 15 miles north of Paris and 10 miles south of Hugo.

Oklahoma[edit]

North of the Red River, US 271 continues as a four-lane highway. The Choctaw Nation operates a casino on the west side of the highway where US 271 is concurrent with SH 109. North of the junction with SH 109 west is the intersection with SH 271A, the only lettered spur along US 271, which runs westward to the Goodland Academy.

From Hugo westward 8 miles, US 271 is concurrent with US 70. The southern terminus of the Indian Nation Turnpike is an interchange on this concurrency. The ODOT roadside park at the west end of the concurrency is the only one on the entire route of US 271 in Oklahoma.

Northward, US 271 is a two-lane road. It goes under the turnpike without an interchange before entering Antlers, where there is a concurrency with SH 3 through town. Leaving Antlers, US 271 crosses the Kiamichi River. The road to Clayton is sinuous and scenic, passing through hilly woodlands. The route passes through the communities of Snow and Finley and then the western terminus of SH 144 before passing the Clayton Lake State Park and then crossing the Kiamichi again. There are weight limits of 15 tons (depending on vehicle length) posted between SH 144 and Clayton.

In Clayton, there is a concurrency with SH 2 which to the south is the better through travel route from Antlers. The town has a monument that indicates that the highway was built by convict labor in 1925. From Clayton, US 271 takes on an easterly trajectory, passing Tuskahoma and Albion, before turning northward prior to Talihina. In Talihina, there is a brief concurrency with SH 63. From Talihina eastward 8 miles, US 271 is concurrent with SH 1 until the beginning of the Talimena Scenic Drive. North and south of this intersection there are scenic overlooks. US 271 thus continues northward for another 15 miles to a T intersection with US 270, with which it runs concurrently for 6 miles into Wister. From Wister, US 271 runs northeasterly to Poteau. From Poteau via Panama to SH 9, the highway is co-signed with US 59. Thus US 271 runs concurrently with SH 9 through Spiro to the Arkansas line. Almost all of the route between Poteau and the border is four-lane divided highway.

Arkansas[edit]

The route runs for 3 miles (4.8 km) in Arkansas, all within Fort Smith. Its northern terminus is at Business U.S. 71 and Highway 255 in Fort Smith. Its southern terminus is at the Oklahoma State Line near Pocola.

History[edit]

In 1926, US 271 was commissioned between Fort Smith, Arkansas and Mena, Arkansas by way of Spiro and Poteau, Oklahoma but the route south of Poteau was turned over to U.S. Route 270 (and later, U.S. Route 59) in 1930. US 271 was then re-routed through Talihina and Hugo, Oklahoma as well as Paris and Tyler, Texas towards Beaumont near the Gulf of Mexico . The Tyler to Beaumont leg was taken over by U.S. Route 69 in 1934.

US 271's original northern terminus was at an intersection with U.S. Route 64 and U.S. Route 71 in Fort Smith. It has since been realigned twice: once beginning at U.S. 71 and Y Street then crossing into Oklahoma at Arkoma, the second time to its current terminus in southern Fort Smith. The Arkansas State Highway Commission ordered for US 271 to be extended along Highway 59 to the Missouri state line (pending AASHTO approval) in 1960.[2] Approval was not given by the national organization.

Bannered routes[edit]

Major intersections[edit]

State County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
Texas Smith Tyler SH 31 (East Front Street) / SH 155 south (South Beckham Avenue) South end of SH 155 overlap
Spur 147 west (Gentry Parkway) – Downtown Tyler
FM 14 north (East M.L. King Jr. Boulevard) – Texas College, Caldwell Zoo
Loop 323 (truck route) – Airport
Loop 323 south – The University of Texas at Tyler
FM 2015 north
SH 155 north – Big Sandy North end of SH 155 overlap
  FM 3270
  FM 2908 south
  I-20 – Dallas, Longview I-20 exit 571A
  FM 757 – Starrville
  FM 16 west – Starrville, Winona
Gregg Gladewater SH 135 south – Kilgore
Loop 485 north – truck route to US 80 / US 271
US 80 (Upshur Street) – Big Sandy, Longview
Loop 485 south – truck route to US 80 / US 271
FM 2275 east – Warren City
Upshur   FM 1844 east – East Mountain
West Mountain FM 726 east – Glenwood
Gilmer SH 155 south – Big Sandy, Tyler interchange; south end of SH 155 overlap
SH 300 south – Longview
SH 154 (Marshall Street) – Gilmer Business District
SH 155 north – Linden North end of SH 155 overlap
Bettie FM 2088 west – Simpsonville
Midway FM 593 east – Ewell
Camp   FM 1522 west – Pine
  FM 3384 north
  FM 3384 south
Pittsburg Loop 238 north (Rusk Street)
FM 993 (Lafayette Street)
FM 557 (Jefferson Street) – Lone Star
SH 11 (Daingerfield Street) – Daingerfield, Northeast Texas Community College
Loop 238 south (Mount Pleasant Street) – Business District
Loop 179 west (truck route) to SH 11 west – Lake Bob Sandlin State Park
  FM 3535 interchange
Titus Mount Pleasant FM 3417 interchange; south end of freeway
Southwest 48th Street northbound exit and southbound entrance

Bus. US 271 north
northbound exit and southbound entrance
Tennison Road
  FM 127
  FM 899 interchange; north end of freeway
Mount Pleasant SH 49 east
US 67 (Sixteenth Street) – Winfield, Omaha
I-30 – Dallas, Texarkana I-30 exit 160
FM 1734
 
Bus. US 271 south – Mount Pleasant
  FM 1896 south
Talco FM 71
Loop 96 east (Broad Street)
Franklin
No major junctions
Red River Bogata
Bus. US 271 north (South Main Street)
FM 909 north (Halesboro Street) south end of FM 909 overlap
FM 909 south (Halesboro Street) north end of FM 909 overlap
SH 37 – Mount Vernon, Clarksville
 
Bus. US 271 south
Rugby FM 410 south – Cunningham south end of FM 410 overlap
FM 410 north – Detroit north end of FM 410 overlap
Lamar Deport FM 1149 east (East Ruth Street)

Bus. US 271 north
FM 1503 south – Minter

Bus. US 271 south
Pattonville FM 196 south – Cunningham south end of FM 196 overlap
FM 196 north north end of FM 196 overlap
Paris FM 1508 north – Reno, Airport
Loop 286 south to SH 19 / SH 24 – Commerce Interchange; south end of Loop 286 overlap

Bus. US 271 north – Paris, Paris Junior College
Interchange
US 82 east (US 82 Bus. west) – Clarksville Interchange; south end of US 82 overlap
Pine Mill Road no direct northbound exit (signed at US 82 east)
FM 195 Interchange
Spur 139 east
Stillhouse Road Interchange

US 82 west / Loop 286 south / Bus. US 271 south to SH 19 / SH 24 – Bonham
Interchange; north end of US 82 / Loop 286 overlap
Hinckley FM 1499 west – Caviness, Lamar Point
Camp Maxey FM 2648 east – Novice
Powderly FM 3298 east
Midcity FM 906 – Pat Mayse Lake, Chicota, Slate Shoals
Arthur City FM 197 west – Chicota
Red River Bridge
Oklahoma Choctaw   SH-109 east – Frogville, Shoals South end of SH-109 overlap
  SH-109 west – Gay, Bluff North end of SH-109 overlap
  SH-271A west – Goodland Academy
 
US-70 east / US-271 Bus. north – Hugo, Idabel
Interchange; south end of US-70 overlap
 
Indian Nation Turnpike north / US-70 Bus. east / US-271 Bus. east – Antlers, McAlester, Tulsa, Hugo, Idabel, Airport
Interchange; US 271 follows exit 1
  US-70 west – Durant, Soper North end of US-70 overlap
Pushmataha Antlers SH-3 west (Main Street) to Indian Nation Turnpike – Atoka, Ada South end of SH-3 overlap
SH-3 east (Main Street) – Broken Bow North end of SH-3 overlap
Nashoba Y SH-144 east – Nashoba
Clayton SH-2 south South end of SH-2 overlap
  SH-2 north – Wilburton North end of SH-2 overlap
Le Flore Talihina SH-63 east – Mena, AR South end of SH-63 overlap
SH-1 west / SH-63 west (Dallas Street) – Hartshorne North end of SH-63 overlap; south end of SH-1 overlap
  SH-1 east (Talimena Scenic Drive) – Mena, AR North end of SH-1 overlap
Fanshawe US-270 west – Wilburton South end of US-270 overlap
Wister US-270 east – Wister Lake and Park North end of US-270 overlap
Poteau
US-59 south / US-59 Byp. north / US-271 Byp. north – Sallisaw, Fort Smith, Heavener
Interchange; south end of US-59 overlap

US-59 Byp. south / US-271 Byp. south / SH-112 north
Interchange
Panama SH-31 west – Bokoshe
Sunset Corner US-59 north / SH-9 west to I‑40 – Sallisaw, Stigler North end of US-59 overlap; south end of SH-9 overlap
  SH-9A east – Arkoma
Pocola SH-112 south (North Pocola Boulevard) – Poteau South end of SH-112 overlap
SH-112 north – Arkoma interchange; north end of SH-112 overlap
  state line
north end of SH-9 overlap
Arkansas Sebastian Fort Smith I-540 north / AR 253 south to I-40 – Hackett Interchange; US 271 north follows exit 14
AR 255 north (Zero Street) – Port of Fort Smith south end of AR 255 overlap
US 71B / AR 255 south – Downtown Fort Smith north end of AR 255 overlap
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Related routes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1926 "final plan"
  2. ^ "Minutes of the Meeting" (PDF). Arkansas State Highway Commission. 9 November 1960. p. 1399. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 

External links[edit]

Browse numbered routes
SH 261 TX SH 273
SH-270 OK US-277
US 270 AR AR 272