U.S. Route 271

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U.S. Route 271 marker

U.S. Route 271
Route information
Auxiliary route of US 71
Length: 643 mi (1,035 km)
Existed: 1930[1] – present
Major junctions
South end: SH 31 / SH 155 at Tyler, TX
 

I‑20 near Winona, TX
I‑30 in Mount Pleasant, TX
Indian Nation Turnpike near Antlers, OK

I‑540 in Fort Smith, AR
North end: US 71B / Hwy. 255 at Fort Smith, AR
Location
States: Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas
Highway system

U.S. Route 271 is a north–south United States highway. Never a long highway, it went from bi-state route (Arkansas and Oklahoma) to a tri-state route (Arkansas, Oklahoma and Texas). The highway's northern terminus is in Fort Smith, Arkansas at an intersection with Business U.S. Route 71 and Highway 255. It enters Arkansas from Oklahoma as a controlled-access highway, but the highway continues as Interstate 540 when US 271 exits toward downtown after a half-mile (800 m). Its southern terminus is in Tyler, Texas at an intersection with State Highway 31 and State Highway 155 in Texas.

Route description[edit]

Texas[edit]

US 271 begins in Tyler at an intersection with SH 31 (Front Street) and SH 155, and thus runs northward concurrent with SH 155. At 1 mile, there is an intersection with Spur 147 which runs across the north side of the city to connect with Broadway and then US 69.

At 3.2 miles is the intersection with Loop 323. The site of Camp Ford, a Confederate POW camp during the Civil War, is encompassed by a former TxDOT picnic area now maintained by Smith County at this junction. The SH 155 concurrency ends at 8 miles, near the University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler. SH 155 goes to Gilmer via Winona and Big Sandy. The easier route between Tyler and Gilmer is US 271.

At 12.7 miles is the interchange with Interstate 20, signed for Dallas (west) and Longview (east). North of the interstate, US 271 passes through Gladewater where there are junctions with SH 135 and US 80. Trucks are required to use Loop 485, a bypass around the east side of town, if they are following US 271 through the area or if they want to turn onto US 80.

North of Gladewater, US 271 passes through Gilmer, where there are junctions with SH 300 and SH 154. There is also another concurrency (only 1.5 miles) with SH 155 which then veers to the northeast toward Linden. North of Gilmer is Pittsburg, where US 271 intersects with SH 11. Then the highway crosses Big Cypress Creek just below the dam that forms Lake Bob Sandlin. In Mount Pleasant, there are junctions with SH 49 and US 67 and then the interchange with Interstate 30. Beyond IH 30 are the small towns of Talco, Bogata (junction with SH 37), Deport, and Pattonville.

In Paris, US 271 runs concurrently with Loop 286 and US 82 around the east and northeast sides of the city. After splitting northward from the loop, US 271 is a four-lane divided highway into Oklahoma, crossing the Red River 15 miles north of Paris and 10 miles south of Hugo.

Oklahoma[edit]

North of the Red River, US 271 continues as a four-lane highway. The Choctaw Nation operates a casino on the west side of the highway where US 271 is concurrent with SH 109. North of the junction with SH 109 west is the intersection with SH 271A, the only lettered spur along US 271, which runs westward to the Goodland Academy.

From Hugo westward 8 miles, US 271 is concurrent with US 70. The southern terminus of the Indian Nation Turnpike is an interchange on this concurrency. The ODOT roadside park at the west end of the concurrency is the only one on the entire route of US 271 in Oklahoma.

Northward, US 271 is a two-lane road. It goes under the turnpike without an interchange before entering Antlers, where there is a concurrency with SH 3 through town. Leaving Antlers, US 271 crosses the Kiamichi River. The road to Clayton is sinuous and scenic, passing through hilly woodlands. The route passes through the communities of Snow and Finley and then the western terminus of SH 144 before passing the Clayton Lake State Park and then crossing the Kiamichi again. There are weight limits of 15 tons (depending on vehicle length) posted between SH 144 and Clayton.

In Clayton, there is a concurrency with SH 2 which to the south is the better through travel route from Antlers. The town has a monument that indicates that the highway was built by convict labor in 1925. From Clayton, US 271 takes on an easterly trajectory, passing Tuskahoma and Albion, before turning northward prior to Talihina. In Talihina, there is a brief concurrency with SH 63. From Talihina eastward 8 miles, US 271 is concurrent with SH 1 until the beginning of the Talimena Scenic Drive. North and south of this intersection there are scenic overlooks. US 271 thus continues northward for another 15 miles to a T intersection with US 270, with which it runs concurrently for 6 miles into Wister. From Wister, US 271 runs northeasterly to Poteau. From Poteau via Panama to SH 9, the highway is co-signed with US 59. Thus US 271 runs concurrently with SH 9 through Spiro to the Arkansas line. Almost all of the route between Poteau and the border is four-lane divided highway.

Arkansas[edit]

The route runs for 3 miles (4.8 km) in Arkansas, all within Fort Smith. Its northern terminus is at Business U.S. 71 and Highway 255 in Fort Smith. Its southern terminus is at the Oklahoma State Line near Pocola.

History[edit]

In 1926, US 271 was commissioned between Fort Smith, Arkansas and Mena, Arkansas by way of Spiro and Poteau, Oklahoma but the route south of Poteau was turned over to U.S. Route 270 (and later, U.S. Route 59) in 1930. US 271 was then re-routed through Talihina and Hugo, Oklahoma as well as Paris and Tyler, Texas towards Beaumont near the Gulf of Mexico . The Tyler to Beaumont leg was taken over by U.S. Route 69 in 1934.

US 271's original northern terminus was at an intersection with U.S. Route 64 and U.S. Route 71 in Fort Smith. It has since been realigned twice: once beginning at U.S. 71 and Y Street then crossing into Oklahoma at Arkoma, the second time to its current terminus in southern Fort Smith. The Arkansas State Highway Commission ordered for US 271 to be extended along Highway 59 to the Missouri state line (pending AASHTO approval) in 1960.[2] Approval was not given by the national organization.

Bannered routes[edit]

Junction list[edit]

County Location Mile km Destinations Notes
Smith Tyler SH 31 (Front St) / SH 155 south (Beckham Ave) – Chandler, Kilgore, Frankston South end of SH 155 overlap
Spur 147 west (Gentry Pkwy)
FM 14 west (Martin Luther King Jr Blvd)
  Loop 323
  To Loop 323
  FM 2015 north
  SH 155 north – Winona North end of SH 155 overlap
  FM 3270 north (Friendline Rd)
  FM 2908 south
  I‑20 – Lindale, Liberty City Interchange
  FM 757
  FM 16 west
Gregg Gladewater SH 135 south – Liberty City
Loop 485 east
US 80 (Upshur Ave) – Big Sandy, Longview
Loop 485 south
FM 2275 east (Vesta Ave)
Upshur   FM 1844 east
  FM 726 east
Gilmer SH 155 west – Big Sandy South end of SH 155 overlap
SH 300 south (Gilmer Rd)
SH 154 (Tyler St) – Quitman, Marshall
SH 155 east – Avinger North end of SH 155 overlap
  FM 2088 west
  FM 593 east
Camp   FM 1522 west
  FM 3384 north
  FM 3384 south
Pittsburg Loop 238 north (Rusk St)
FM 993 (Lafayette St)
FM 557 (Jefferson St)
SH 11 (Daingerfield St) – Winnsboro, Daingerfield
Loop 238 south (Mt Pleasant St)
Spur 179 west (David H Abernathy Blvd)
Titus Mount Pleasant FM 3417 west

Bus. US 271 north (Jefferson Ave) / SH 49 east (Ferguson Rd/Madison St)
FM 899 east (1st St) / FM 127 south (O'Tyson Ave) South end of FM 899 overlap
FM 899 west (1st St) North end of FM 899 overlap
Spur 134 west
US 67 (16th St) – Winfield, Omaha
I‑30 – Winfield, New Boston Interchange
FM 1734 (Edwards Ave)
 
Bus. US 271 south
  FM 1896 west
Talco FM 71
Loop 96 east (Broad St)
Franklin
No major junctions
Red River Bogata
FM 909 (Halesboro St/Clarksville St) to Bus. US 271 north (Main St)
SH 37 – Clarksville, Mount Vernon

Bus. US 271 east
  FM 410
Lamar Deport FM 1149 east

Bus. US 271 north (Main St)
FM 1503 south

Bus. US 271 east (Monroe St)
Pattonville FM 196
Paris FM 1508 north (Airport Rd)
Loop 286 south Interchange, south end of SL 286 overlap

Bus. US 271 west (Clarksville St)
Interchange

US 82 east / Bus. US 82 west (Lamar Ave)
Interchange, south end of US 82 overlap
FM 195 (20th St) Interchange
Spur 139 east
County Road 41100 (Stillhouse Rd) Interchange

Bus. US 271 south (Main St) / US 82 west / Loop 286 west
Interchange, north end of SL 286 and US 82 overlaps
FM 1499 west
  FM 2648 east
  FM 3298 east
  FM 906Pat Mayse State Park
  FM 197 west
Red River TexasOklahoma state line
Choctaw   SH-109 east – Fort Towson South end of SH-109 overlap
  SH-109 west – Boswell North end of SH-109 overlap
  SH-271A west – Goodland
Hugo
US-70 east (Jake Pulliam Bypass) / US-271 Bus. north (F St) – Sawyer
Interchange, south end of US-70 overlap

US-70 Bus. east / US-271 Bus. east / Indian Nation Turnpike
Interchange
  US-70 west – Soper North end of US-70 overlap
Pushmataha Antlers SH-3 west (Main St) – Atoka South end of SH-3 overlap
SH-3 east (Main St) – Rattan North end of SH-3 overlap
  SH-144 east
Clayton SH-2 south – Antlers South end of SH-2 overlap
  SH-2 north – Wilburton North end of SH-2 overlap
Le Flore Talihina SH-63 east – Whitesboro South end of SH-63 overlap
SH-63 west (Dallas St) / SH-1 (2nd St) – Hartshorne North end of SH-63 overlap, south end of SH-1 overlap
Ouachita National Forest SH-1 east (Talimena Scenic Drive) North end of SH-1 overlap
Fanshawe US-270 west – Red Oak South end of US-270 overlap
Wister US-270 east (Magnolia Ave) – Heavener North end of US-270 overlap
Poteau
US-59 south (Cavanal Scenic Expy) / US-271 Bus. north / US-59 Bus. north (Broadway St) – Howe
Interchange, south end of US-59 overlap

SH-112 east / US-271 Bus. south / US-59 Bus. south (Broadway St) – Cameron
Interchange
  SH-31 west
  SH-9 west / US-59 west – Keota, Brent North end of US-59 overlap, south end of SH-9 overlap
  SH-112 south (Pocola Blvd) – Cameron South end of SH-112 overlap
  SH-112 north – Arkoma Begin freeway, interchange, north end of SH-112 overlap
  OklahomaArkansas state line
SH-9 ends
Sebastian Fort Smith I‑540 east / Hwy. 253 south (BL Klutz Memorial Hwy) Interchange
US 71B / Hwy. 255 (Zero St)
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

Related routes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Droz, Robert V. U.S. Highways : From US 1 to (US 830). URL accessed 19 March 2006.
  2. ^ "Minutes of the Meeting" (PDF). Arkansas State Highway Commission. 9 November 1960. p. 1399. Retrieved 28 January 2013. 

External links[edit]

Browse numbered routes
SH 261 TX SH 273
SH-270 OK US-277
US 270 AR Hwy. 272