U.S. Route 278 in Alabama

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U.S. Route 278 marker

U.S. Route 278
State Route 74
Route information
Maintained by ALDOT
Length: 199.182 mi[1] (320.552 km)
Major junctions
West end: US 278 towards Amory, MS
 
East end: US 278 towards Atlanta, GA
Location
Counties: Marion, Winston, Cullman, Blount, Etowah, Cherokee, Cleburne
Highway system
  • Alabama State Routes
SR-277 SR-279
SR-73 SR-74 SR-75

U.S. Highway 278 (US-278), mostly internally designated by the Alabama Department of Transportation as State Route 74 (SR-74), is a major east–west state highway across the northern part of the U.S. state of Alabama. West of Hamilton, SR-74 continues west to end at US-78 (SR-4), while US-278 turns south along US-43 (SR-17 and SR-171) to Guin, where it turns west along SR-118 to Mississippi.

Route description[edit]

For the most part, US-278 and SR-74 are routed parallel to U.S. Highway 78, along the north side of it. The only section of State Route 74 that is signed as an independent route is along the former route of US-78 between the interchange with Corridor X/Future Interstate 22 and downtown Hamilton, a distance of approximately five miles. East of Hamilton, SR-74 is partnered with U.S. Highway 278.

Until the mid-1980s, a Business U.S. 278 existed in the city of Piedmont. U.S. 278 is carried on a four lane segment that bypasses the center of Piedmont. The Business U.S. 278 routing began where the four lane segment begins on the northeast side of Piedmont, then ran southwest into the center of the city and junctioned with Alabama State Route 9 and then ran north co-signed with Alabama 9 until junctioning with the 4 lane U.S 278 on the northern edge of the city.

History[edit]

During the 1960s–1980s, there were some different variations of the routing of U.S. 278 through the cities of Gadsden and Attalla, however construction of fourlane segments on the western side of Gadsden and in Attalla allowed the route to be placed on its current route which has been in place since the mid-1980s.

A four-laning project is ongoing east of Gadsden near the town of Hokes Bluff.

Junction list[edit]

County Location mi[1] km Destinations Notes
Lamar   0.000 0.000 US 278 west / SR-118 begins – Tupelo Continuation into Mississippi; western end of SR-118 overlap
Sulligent 5.741 9.239 SR-17 – Vernon, Hamilton
Marion Guin 17.785 28.622 SR-142 east
19.408 31.234 SR-107 south – Fayette
19.692 31.691 US-43 south / SR-118 west / SR-171 south (11th Avenue East) / SR-142 west (11th Avenue West) – Winfield Southern end of US-43 and SR-171 overlaps; eastern end of SR-118 overlap
Hamilton 28.054 45.149 I‑22 / US-78 – Tupelo, Birmingham
32.811 52.804 SR-17 south / SR-171 ends – Vernon Southern end of SR-17 overlap; northern end of SR-171 overlap
33.163 53.371 US-43 north / SR-17 north (Military Street North) / SR-74 west (Bexar Avenue West) – Hackleburg Northern end of US-43 and SR-17 overlaps; western end of SR-74 overlap
  43.486 69.984 SR-253 – Hackleburg, Winfield
  47.781 76.896 SR-241 north to SR-129 – Phil Campbell
  48.342 77.799 SR-129 – Haleyville, Fayette
Winston Natural Bridge 56.402 90.770 SR-13 south – Tuscaloosa Western end of SR-13 overlap
56.857 91.502 SR-5 south / SR-13 north – Russellville, Jasper Eastern end of SR-13 overlap
Double Springs 69.277 111.491 SR-195 north – Haleyville Western end of SR-195 overlap
69.742 112.239 SR-33 north / SR-195 south – Double Springs, Moulton Eastern end of SR-195 overlap
Cullman Cullman 105.738 170.169 I‑65 – Birmingham, Huntsville
107.674 173.285 US-31 (2nd Avenue SW) / SR-69 south Western end of SR-69 overlap
110.736 178.212 SR-69 north – Arab, Guntersville Eastern end of SR-69 overlap
111.173 178.916 SR-157 north
Holly Pond 120.978 194.695 SR-91 south – Hanceville, Garden City
Blount   126.822 204.100 US-231 – Arab, Birmingham
Brooksville 129.322 208.124 SR-79 – Guntersville, Birmingham
Snead 134.880 217.068 SR-75 – Albertville, Oneonta
Etowah   146.360 235.544 SR-132 west – Altoona, Oneonta
  148.539 239.050 SR-179 north
Attalla 152.840 245.972 SR-77 – Albertville, Lincoln
153.338 246.774 US-431 north – Albertville Western end of US-431 overlap
155.253 249.855 US-11 south (3rd Street SW) Western end of US-11 overlap
155.585 250.390 US-11 north (3rd Street NW) Eastern end of US-11 overlap
156.428 251.746 I‑59 – Birmingham, Chattanooga
Gadsden 159.707 257.024 SR-211 north (Noccalula Road)
161.182 259.397 US-411 – Centre, Rainbow City, Ashville Interchange
161.469 259.859 SR-291 south
163.243 262.714 US-431 south – Anniston Eastern end of US-431 overlap
Calhoun Piedmont 184.081 296.250 SR-200 south – Jacksonville, Anniston
184.605 297.093 SR-9 south (N. Main Street) Western end of SR-9 overlap
184.693 297.235 SR-9 north – Centre Eastern end of SR-9 overlap
Cherokee
No major junctions
Cleburne   199.182 320.552 US 278 east / SR 6 east – Atlanta Continuation into Georgia
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Milepost Maps". Alabama Department of Transportation. Retrieved March 21, 2015.