U.S. Route 281

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U.S. Route 281 marker

U.S. Route 281
Route information
Auxiliary route of US 81
Length: 1,872 mi[2] (3,013 km)
Existed: 1931[1] – present
Major junctions
South end:
Bus. US 77 / SH 48 at Brownsville, TX
 
North end: ND 3 / PTH 10 at the U.S.–Canada border
Highway system

U.S. Route 281 is a north–south United States highway. At 1,872 miles[2] (3,013 km) long it is the longest continuous three-digit U.S. Route.

The highway's northern terminus is at the International Peace Garden, north of Dunseith, North Dakota, at the Canadian border, where it continues as Highway 10. The route between Dunseith and the border is shared with North Dakota Highway 3. The southern terminus of US 281 is in Brownsville, Texas, just short of the Mexican border. Thus, US 281 is the only continuous three-digit US route to extend from the Canadian border to the Mexican border.

U.S. 281 is a "child" of U.S. Route 81. As a result of decommissioning portions of the parent route that have been displaced by concurrent Interstate highways, the length of U.S. 281 is 672 miles greater than that of its parent.

Route description[edit]

Texas[edit]

US 281 begins at an intersection with Business US 77 and SH 48 about 2 miles (3.2 km) from the Mexico border.[3] It travels along the border through the Rio Grande Valley, turning north at Hidalgo, travelling through many small towns, alternating as a divided highway and main street, until joining I-37. It splits with I-37 and travels through Pleasanton, travelling north to San Antonio. In San Antonio, US 281 overlaps I-410 on the south side of the city until the interchange with I-37. US 281 and I-37 then overlap north into downtown San Antonio until I-37 ends at I-35. US 281 continues north from downtown San Antonio as a freeway, intersecting I-410 again on the north side of the city, with access to the San Antonio International Airport. A project to construct a stack interchange at I-410 (the "San Antonio Web"[4]) was completed June 9, 2008;[5] formerly there was no direct access between the two freeways and surface streets were required travel between the freeways. North of San Antonio, US 281 is not a freeway and forms the Main Street of Blanco. It overlaps US 290 south of Johnson City. US 290 continues toward Austin, so US 281 and US 290 between San Antonio and Austin are available as a scenic and less congested alternate to I-35.

North of San Antonio, US 281 continues through central and north-central Texas, passing through many towns, including Stephenville, Mineral Wells and Jacksboro before reaching Wichita Falls, where the highway begins a concurrency with I-44 north across the Red River into Oklahoma.

Oklahoma[edit]

US-281 enters the state of Oklahoma at the Red River bridge north of Burkburnett, Texas on a route concurrent with Interstate 44 starting in Wichita Falls. About 6 miles (9.7 km) north of the Red River, US-281 leaves I-44 at Randlett, Oklahoma and follows a two-lane roadway parallel to the newer I-44, which becomes the Wichita Falls-Lawton section of the H.E. Bailey Turnpike, from Randlett to a point 6 miles (9.7 km) south of Lawton.

Through the Lawton/Fort Sill metropolitan area, US-281 again overlaps a toll-free section of I-44, while the former US-281 alignment through the city of Lawton is designated as Business US-281 between I-44 exits 34 and 39B. About 8 miles (13 km) north of downtown Lawton, US-281 departs from I-44 to continue north through the cities of Apache, Anadarko, Gracemont, Binger and Hinton. About 2 miles (3.2 km) north of its junction with Interstate 40 near Hinton, US-281 crosses a 1930s-vintage 38-span steel pony truss bridge over the South Canadian River that served traffic of the former east–west US-66 before that highway was superseded by I-40 in the 1960s. A four-mile (6 km) section of US-281's paving from north of I-40 to a point south of Geary is the original 18-foot (5.5 m) concrete surface of Route 66.

Through central and northern Oklahoma, US-281 then proceeds through the cities of Geary, Watonga, Seiling, Waynoka and Alva. The highway crosses the Kansas state line about 14 miles (23 km) north of Alva at Hardtner, Kansas.

Kansas[edit]

Passing largely through sparsely populated areas of central Kansas, US-281 enters the state at Hardtner in Barber County and passes through Medicine Lodge, Pratt, St. John and Great Bend, the only city along the route in Kansas which has more than 7,000 people. Along its venture through southern Kansas, US-281 intersects several major east–west routes: first US-54 and US-400, which heads east to Wichita and west to Dodge City, Garden City and Liberal; US-50, which veers east to Hutchinson and west to Garden City; and US-56, heading to Dodge City westbound and Emporia and Overland Park eastbound.

Following a four-mile (6 km) concurrency with K-4 near Hoisington, the highway intersects Interstate 70 at Russell before joining K-18 near Paradise for an eight-mile (13 km) concurrency.

The two highways split at Luray, and US-281 turns north into Osborne County, passing through the town of Osborne before joining US-24 and K-9 for another concurrency. US-281 joins US-36 at Smith Center, turning east before the two highways split, with US-281 turning north for its final stretch in the state, passing through Lebanon. All sections of US-281 in Kansas are two-lane. The last stretches of the highway overlaid with bricks, through downtown Pratt and Hoisington, were recently resurfaced with concrete.

Nebraska[edit]

U.S. 281 enters Nebraska south of Red Cloud and meets U.S. Route 136 there. It continues north to Hastings and meets U.S. Route 6 and U.S. Route 34. Between Hastings and Grand Island, U.S. 281 overlaps U.S. 34 and is designated as the Tom Osborne Expressway after the former Nebraska Cornhuskers football coach and U.S. Representative, who is a native of Hastings.

At Grand Island, U.S. 281 intersects Interstate 80, loses U.S. 34 and intersects U.S. Route 30. U.S. 281 continues north of Grand Island to St. Libory as American Legion Memorial Highway. From there northward, U.S. 281 is a two-lane undivided highway passing mostly through unpopulated areas, with the exception of the regional trade center O'Neill, where it junctions U.S. Route 20 and U.S. Route 275. U.S. 281 exits the state north of Spencer.

South Dakota[edit]

U.S. Highway 281 enters South Dakota in Gregory County. Just north of the South Dakota-Nebraska border, it is cosigned with U.S. 18. It crosses the Missouri River at Fort Randall Dam. Just south of Armour, U.S. 18 leaves the U.S. 281 alignment. North of Armour, U.S. 281 makes a short jaunt west on South Dakota Highway 44, then continues north. U.S. 281 and Interstate 90 intersect at Plankinton. West of Huron, U.S. 14 is cosigned with U.S. 281 for 7 miles (11 km). U.S. 281 becomes an expressway at South Dakota Highway 20. This expressway continues through Aberdeen to a point near Westport. South Dakota Highway 10 is cosigned with U.S. 281 for 3 miles (4.8 km) near Barnard. It exits the state north of Frederick.

U.S. 281 was recently realigned in the city of Aberdeen. A bypass was built that travels on the west side of Aberdeen, and the U.S. 281 designation was moved onto that new roadway. It runs north from U.S. Highway 12 and connects with the old alignment south of 24th Avenue Northeast.

The South Dakota section of U.S. 281, with the exception of concurrencies with U.S. 18 and U.S. 14, is defined at South Dakota Codified Laws § 31-4-229.[6]

North Dakota[edit]

In North Dakota, U.S. 281 is a major north–south artery. It enters south of Ellendale and intersects Interstate 94 and U.S. Route 52 at Jamestown, ND. 281 and 52 remain paired together to Carrington. From there, U.S. 281 continues northward through Sheyenne. Ten miles north of Sheyenne the highway curves in order to go around Devil's Lake, and then continues to west of Minnewaukan, North Dakota. From there it goes to North Dakota Highway 5 at Rocklake. U.S. 281 follows ND 5 westward to Dunseith, where the highway turns north in concurrence with North Dakota Highway 3 to its end at the Canadian border in the International Peace Garden. The northernmost section of U.S. 281 passes through North Dakota's Turtle Mountains. Recently, 281 was rebuilt near Minnewaukan, North Dakota to accommodate flooding close to the city.

Major intersections[edit]

US 281 between San Antonio and Johnson City, Texas

US 281 intersects with the following Interstate Highways:

Bypass[edit]


U.S. Route 281 Bypass
Location: Great Bend, Kansas
Length: 1.4 mi (2.3 km)

U.S. Route 281 Bypass is a 1.4-mile (2.3 km) long bypass of U.S. Route 281 running within the northeastern and eastern portions of Great Bend, Kansas. This mostly unsigned, two-lane surface highway bypasses downtown Great Bend. The only visible indication of this being a bypass is via street signs along intersecting streets.

Route description[edit]

281 Bypass begins its journey near the intersection of 10th (US-56/K-96/K-156) and Pine Streets. 10th Street, which is normally east–west, travels slightly southwest-northeast for one block with its intersection with the bypass.

The bypass travels mostly to the northwest until near Park and Frey Streets. Then, it steers towards the north-northwest.

After intersecting with 22nd Street, 281 Bypass starts to curve to the west until it intersects with 24th Street. It remains unsigned on 24th Street until its northwestern terminus with its parent route on Main Street (US-281). The northwestern terminus of U.S. Highway 281 Bypass is directly adjacent to Brit Spaugh Park in Great Bend.[7]

See also[edit]

Related routes[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Droz, Robert V. North - South US Highways with daughter routes, From US 1 to US 101. US Highways from US 1 to (US 830). URL accessed 11 August 2006.
  2. ^ a b Droz, Robert V. Sequential List with Termini and Lengths in Miles. US Highways from US 1 to (US 830). URL accessed 11 August 2006.
  3. ^ Texas Department of Transportation (2012) (PDF). Texas County Map Book (Map). 1:120,000. Cartography by Transportation Planning and Programming Division (2012 ed.). p. 477. http://www.dot.state.tx.us/apps-cg/grid_search/_includes/countymapbook2006/Pages/477.pdf. Retrieved 2011-01-11.
  4. ^ Driscoll, Patrick (2006-01-16). "Now there's a name for it". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  5. ^ Driscoll, Patrick (2008-06-10). "U.S. 281/Loop 410 interchange ramps are complete". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved 2008-06-20. 
  6. ^ South Dakota Codified Laws
  7. ^ Google Inc. "U.S. Highway 281 Bypass". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?f=d&source=s_d&saddr=10th+St%2FKS-156%2FKS-96%2FUS-56&daddr=US-281+Bypass+to:US-281+Bypass+to:Main+St%2FUS-281&geocode=FexZSQIdniwd-g%3BFQx5SQIdMRYd-g%3BFc2QSQIdOwgd-g%3BFSmTSQIdcPYc-g&hl=en&mra=mr&mrcr=0&via=1,2&sll=38.370665,-98.757563&sspn=0.022543,0.038581&ie=UTF8&z=15. Retrieved June 8, 2009.
Browse numbered routes
SH 279 TX US 283
US-277 OK US-283
K-279 KS US-283
US 275 NE US 283
SD 273 SD SD 296
ND 256 ND ND 281