U.S. Route 2 in Vermont

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This article is about the section of U.S. Route 2 in Vermont. For the entire length of the highway, see U.S. Route 2.

U.S. Route 2 marker

U.S. Route 2
Theodore Roosevelt Highway
Route information
Maintained by NYSDOT and VTrans
Length: 151.60 mi[3] (243.98 km)
US 2 continues west into New York for 0.88 miles (1.42 km)[1]
Existed: 1926[2] – present
Major junctions
West end: US 11 in Rouses Point, NY
  US 7 in Colchester and Burlington
VT 12 in Montpelier
I‑91 / US 5 in St. Johnsbury
East end: US 2 at Lancaster, NH
Highway system

State highways in Vermont

VT F-5 VT 3
VT 116 Vermont 116A.svg VT 117
VT 346 Vermont F-1.svg VT F-2
NY 1X NY 2

U.S. Route 2 (US 2) is a part of the U.S. Highway System that is split into two segments. Its eastern segment runs from Rouses Point, New York, to Houlton, Maine. In Vermont, US 2 extends 151.604 miles (243.983 km) from the New York state line in Alburgh to the New Hampshire state line in Guildhall. West of Vermont, US 2 continues into New York for another 0.88 miles (1.42 km) to an intersection with US 11 in Rouses Point. US 2 passes through the cities of Burlington and Montpelier as it traverses the state. The Burlington to Montpelier route was first laid out as a toll road in the early 19th century. It was later incorporated into the transcontinental auto trail known as the Theodore Roosevelt International Highway in 1919 before being designated as part of US 2 in 1926.

Although the portion of the road from Alburgh to Burlington follows a north-south alignment, US 2 is signed east (heading south during this portion) and west (heading north), making it the longest east-west signed route in the state.

Route description[edit]

U.S. Route 2 in Vermont

The eastern segment of US 2 begins in New York at an intersection with US 11 just one mile (1.6 km) south of the Canadian border in Rouses Point. From there, it crosses Lake Champlain into Grand Isle County, Vermont, traversing the length of the county and crossing Lake Champlain over several bridges until it reaches the mainland in Milton and Chittenden County. From there it travels south to Burlington, where it begins to closely parallel Interstate 89 and the Winooski River all the way to Montpelier and Washington County. In Montpelier, the main route bypasses the downtown area using Memorial Drive, while a business loop using State Street serves downtown. After leaving Montpelier, the road turns north-eastward, crossing into Caledonia County and passing through Saint Johnsbury. It then passes into rural Essex County, and eventually crosses the Connecticut River from Guildhall, Vermont into Lancaster, New Hampshire.

History[edit]

An improved road between the main settlements of Burlington and Montpelier was first established from old footpaths in 1805, when the 36-mile (58 km) Winooski Turnpike was chartered by the state of Vermont. The old turnpike road utilized the relatively flat banks of the Winooski River to connect the two major towns and opened to traffic several years after the company was chartered. The road ceased operating as a toll road several decades later in 1852, when the road became publicly owned.[4] The route of the old Winooski Turnpike between Burlington and Montpelier was later incorporated into the old Theodore Roosevelt International Highway. This cross-country auto trail, named in honor of recently deceased ex-president and naturalist Theodore Roosevelt, was organized in February 1919 to connect Portland, Maine with Portland, Oregon.[5] Within Vermont, the auto trail used what is now US 2 from Vermont Route 129 (VT 129) south of Alburgh center to VT 18 east of St. Johnsbury center.[6]

Before being designated as US 2, the current alignment was part of several inter-state routes of the 1922 New England road marking system. From Danville eastward to the state line, the US 2 alignment was part of Route 15; it was part of Route 18 between Montpelier and Danville; it used Route 14 between Burlington and Montpelier; and it used Route 30 between Alburgh and Burlington.[7] When the plans for the U.S. Highway System were first drawn up in 1925, US 2 began in Alburgh and was routed along the Roosevelt Highway from Alburgh to Montpelier. Both US 2 and the Roosevelt Highway connected Montpelier to St. Johnsbury; however, the Roosevelt Highway used a direct path along former Route 18 while US 2 was initially assigned to then-Route 25 (modern US 302) to Wells River, where it overlapped proposed US 5 north to St. Johnsbury. From St. Johnsbury, the Roosevelt Highway turned southeast towards Portland along modern VT 18 while US 2 continued east along former Route 15 to Bangor.[8] No changes were made to US 2 in the final system plan approved on November 11, 1926.[2] US 2 was relocated onto its modern alignment along the original Roosevelt Highway route between Montpelier and St. Johnsbury in the mid-1930s. The original alignment of US 2 became part of the newly designated US 302.[9][10]

Initially, Rouses Point, New York, and Alburgh, Vermont, were connected by way of a ferry across the Richelieu River. The ferry ran from the center of Rouses Point to Vermont's Windmill Point, where it connected to VT F-1, an east–west route linking Windmill Point to Alburgh.[11] When US 2 was assigned, it was overlaid on the pre-existing VT F-1, following the route and the ferry to the New York state line, where US 2 initially ended.[12] In 1937, a new tolled swing bridge across the Richelieu River opened, carrying an extended US 2 between US 11 in Rouses Point and Alburgh. The swing bridge was replaced with a toll-free permanent bridge on September 22, 1987.[13]

Suffixed routes[edit]

US 2 has two suffixed routes in the state of Vermont.

  • VT 2A (13.853 miles or 22.294 kilometres) is a largely alternate route of US 2 between St. George and Colchester. It begins at VT 116 in St. George and continues north and west through Williston and Essex Junction before ending at US 2 and US 7 in Colchester.[3] Much of the portion of VT 2A that runs through Williston has been expanded from two lanes to four, particularly the stretch between US 2 and Interstate 89 (I-89), to accommodate the many restaurants, offices, and stores that have been developed there.
  • VT 2B (3.459 miles or 5.567 kilometres) is an east–west alternate route of US 2 between Danville and St. Johnsbury in Caledonia County. It leaves US 2 midway between Danville and St. Johnsbury and rejoins its parent in St. Johnsbury.[3] VT 2B is named Parker Road for its entire length.
Major intersections of VT 2A

The entire route is in Chittenden County.

Location Mile[3] km Destinations Notes
St. George 0.000 0.000 VT 116
Williston 4.911 7.903 I‑89 Exit 12 (I-89)
5.703 9.178 US 2
Essex Junction 8.591 13.826 VT 15 / VT 117 Western terminus of VT 117
Essex 10.624 17.098 VT 289 Exit 7 (VT 289); western terminus of VT 289
Colchester 13.626 21.929 To US 2 / US 7 south (VT 127)
13.853 22.294 US 2 / US 7 north
     Concurrency terminus     Closed     Unopened

Major intersections[edit]

The short continuation of US 2 into New York is included below.

County Location Mile[3][1] km Destinations Notes
Clinton Rouses Point 0.00 0.00 US 11
Lake Champlain 0.88
0.000
1.42
0.000
New York – Vermont state line
Grand Isle Alburgh 3.152 5.073 VT 225
6.234 10.033 VT 78
11.633 18.721 VT 129
Grand Isle 25.609 41.214 VT 314
South Hero 28.504 45.873 VT 314
Chittenden Colchester 39.921 64.247 I‑89 Exit 17 (I-89)
40.011 64.391 US 7 north North end of US 2 / US 7 overlap
42.901 69.042 VT 2A
43.095 69.355 VT 127
Winooski 47.338 76.183 VT 15 Rotary-style intersection
Burlington 48.631 78.264
US 7 Alt.
49.571 79.777 US 7 south South end of US 2 / US 7 overlap
South Burlington 50.685 81.570 I‑89 Exit 14 (I-89)
51.406 82.730 VT 116
Williston 54.736 88.089 VT 2A
Richmond 60.160 96.818 VT 117
60.221 96.916 I‑89 Exit 11 (I-89)
Washington Waterbury 75.039 120.764 VT 100 north West end of US 2 / VT 100 overlap
Moretown 76.354 122.880 VT 100 south East end of US 2 / VT 100 overlap
Middlesex 80.798 130.032 VT 100B
Montpelier 86.735 139.586
US 2 Bus.
86.914 139.875 Montpelier State Highway (Memorial Drive) To exit 8 (I-89)
87.336 140.554
US 2 Bus. / VT 12
89.060 143.328 US 302 Rotary-style intersection
East Montpelier 93.753 150.881 VT 14 south West end of US 2 / VT 14 overlap
93.960 151.214 VT 14 north East end of US 2 / VT 14 overlap
Plainfield 96.803 155.789 VT 214
Marshfield 104.185 167.670 VT 215
105.322 169.499 VT 232
Caledonia Danville 113.526 182.702 VT 15
119.191 191.819 VT 2B
St. Johnsbury 122.932 197.840
I‑91 / US 2 Truck
Exit 21 (I-91)
123.541 198.820 VT 2B
124.530 200.412 US 5 south South end of US 2 / US 5 overlap
124.644 200.595 US 5 north North end of US 2 / US 5 overlap
127.592 205.339
US 2 Truck / VT 18
Essex Guildhall 151.502 243.819 VT 102
151.604 243.983 US 2 New Hampshire state line
     Concurrency terminus     Closed     Unopened

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2008 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. June 16, 2009. p. 80. Retrieved January 18, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b United States Department of Agriculture (November 11, 1926). United States System of Highways (Map).
  3. ^ a b c d e "2006 (Route Log) AADTs – State Highways" (PDF). Vermont Agency of Transportation. June 2007. Retrieved May 16, 2009. [dead link]
  4. ^ Wood, F.J. (1919). The Turnpikes of New England. Boston: Marshall Jones Company. Retrieved July 20, 2010. 
  5. ^ Skidmore, Max J. (2006). Moose Crossing: Portland to Portland on the Theodore Roosevelt International Highway. Hamilton Books. ISBN 0-7618-3510-5. 
  6. ^ Automobile Club of America (1924). United States Touring Map (Map). http://cartweb.geography.ua.edu:9001/StyleServer/calcrgn?cat=North%20America%20and%20United%20States&item=/US1924d2.sid&wid=500&hei=400&props=item(Name,Description),cat(Name,Description)&style=simple/view-dhtml.xsl. Retrieved July 20, 2010.
  7. ^ Automobile Blue Book (Vol. 1), 1926 and 1927 eds., (Automobile Blue Book, Inc., Boston)
  8. ^ Report of Joint Board on Interstate Highways, October 30, 1925, Approved by the Secretary of Agriculture, November 18, 1925
  9. ^ Texas Oil Company (1933). Texaco Road Map – New England (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally and Company.
  10. ^ Thibodeau, William A. (1938). The ALA Green Book (1938–39 ed.). Automobile Legal Association. 
  11. ^ Standard Oil Company of New York (1930). Road Map of New York (Map). Cartography by General Drafting.
  12. ^ Weingroff, Richard (January 9, 2009). "U.S. 2: Houlton, Maine, to Everett, Washington". Highway History. Federal Highway Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2010. 
  13. ^ Faber, Harold (September 21, 1987). "New York and Vermont Get New Toll-Free Bridge". The New York Times. p. B2. Retrieved January 18, 2010. 


U.S. Route 2
Previous state:
Terminus
New York and Vermont Next state:
New Hampshire